• Title/Summary/Keyword: 수학불안

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Elementary Students' Mathematics Anxiety: A Review (초등학생 수학불안에 관한 문헌연구)

  • Kim, Rina
    • Education of Primary School Mathematics
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.223-235
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    • 2018
  • This literature review focuses on the history of research on elementary students' mathematics anxiety. The results of analysis shows the characteristics, measurement tools, causes and the treatments of mathematics anxiety. The purpose of this study is to provide analytical views of elementary students' mathematics anxiety to teachers, researchers and policymakers. I categorize the results of analysis according to the key words of literatures: (1) the relationship between mathematics anxiety and students' behavior (2) measurements of mathematics anxiety (3) the causes of mathematics anxiety and (4) the treatment of mathematics anxiety.

Analysis of Changes in Mathematical Anxiety of Elementary School Students: A Longitudinal Study (초등학교 학생의 수학불안 변화 분석: 종단연구)

  • Kim, Rina
    • Communications of Mathematical Education
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    • v.35 no.1
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    • pp.1-14
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    • 2021
  • Mathematics anxiety is a term for emotional and physical resistance to mathematics. Understanding students' mathematics anxiety is important not only in terms of improving mathematics academic achievement, but also in nurturing mathematics manpower necessary for the future society. In particular, mathematics anxiety is most likely to occur in elementary school, and it has a negative effect on subsequent learning. Therefore, it is important to understand the aspects of students' mathematics anxiety in elementary school. In this study, I presented the patterns of changes in students' mathematics anxiety over time and statistically verified them. As a result of a follow-up survey of 249 elementary school students' mathematics anxiety for 3 years from 4th to 6th grade, it was found that, rather than having a special pattern related to the formation of math anxiety, it may increase and decrease and vary depending on individual confirmed. Later, in this study, five patterns of Mathematics anxiety patterns were identified through statistical analysis. In addition, I confirmed that the students' interest about teachers' mathematics lessons was consistently influencing the change in mathematics anxiety. The results of this study will increase students' understanding of the formation of mathematics anxiety and can be used as basic data for the development of teaching and learning materials related to mathematics anxiety in the future and subsequent research.

A Study on the Relationship between Mathematics Anxiety and Mathematics Teaching Anxiety in Elementary School Teachers (초등학교 교사의 수학불안과 수학교수불안의 상관관계 분석 연구)

  • Kim, Rina
    • Education of Primary School Mathematics
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.71-81
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    • 2021
  • In this study, I investigate the relationship between mathematics anxiety and mathematics teacher anxiety of elementary school teachers with integrated method. As a result of statistical analysis of the survey of 256 elementary school teachers, there was a statistically significant positive correlation between the two factors (r = .630, p <.05). The analysis show that teaching experience and degree may affect mathematics anxiety and teaching experience, degree, and teacher qualification may affect mathematics teaching anxiety. Subsequently I conduct a qualitative study focusing on interviews with 20 elementary school teachers. As a result of the analysis, I confirm that even if the mathematics anxiety is low, mathematics teaching anxiety may occur due to the teaching environment. As a result of the quantitative and qualitative analysis of this study, Korean elementary school teachers' mathematics anxiety and mathematics teaching anxiety might be regarded as separate factors. From the result of the study, I suggest that mathematics anxiety and mathematics teaching anxiety of elementary school teachers, each emotional state might be considered as independent emotional status. The implication of the study indicate that independent methods might be developed in order to prevent and treat mathematics anxiety and mathematics teaching anxiety in elementary school teachers.

A Study on the Relativity of Mathematical Anxiety Depending on the Types of Students' Characteristics (성격유형에 따른 수학불안 관련성 연구)

  • Ko, Ho-Kyoung;Park, Sang-Heui
    • Journal of the Korean School Mathematics Society
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.369-384
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    • 2007
  • This study examined and compared the level of mathematical anxiety according to the types of students' characteristics based on the former research study showing that there exists a close relationship between characteristics and mathematical anxiety. The subjects of this study are 159 students enrolled in Chungnam Gongju and Kyunggi-do Ahnyang. They were categorized into groups following various standards such as preference index(E-1, S-N, T-F, J-P), ability & disposition, 16 types of characteristics. Then these were tested for types and the level of mathematical anxiety by the factors of mathematical anxiety. The results show that Type E students show the greatest anxiety in learning motivation, and Type N students in the pedagogy of teaching and loaming for the subfactor of mathematical anxiety. Further, Type NT students respond strongly to the pedagogy of teaching and loaming in psychological ability and disposition, which shows that mathematical anxiety and sub-factors of mathematical anxiety are closely somehow related.

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A Study on the Factors of Mathematics Anxiety of Mathematical Underachievers in the Elementary School (초등수학 학습부진아의 수학불안요인에 대한 연구)

  • Jung, Ji-Yeon;Kim, Sung-Joon
    • Journal of the Korean School Mathematics Society
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.315-335
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    • 2008
  • This study is to recognize importance of casing anxiety on mathematics for underachievers and to examine a plan to solve a problem with anxiety, by analyzing factors which make underachievers anxious on the mathematics. First, we analyze factors which make mathematical underachievers anxious on the mathematics. Second, we compare and analyze a level of anxiety on the mathematics and factors which cause anxiety on the mathematics according to their grade and gender. This study's participants were 308 mathematical underachievers at 4th, 5th, and 6th grade, studying at six different elementary schools in three different areas. The results of factors which make mathematical underachievers anxious on the mathematics obtained from the survey are as follows. First, in the top-category factor, mathematical underachievers are influenced by following factors in order, which are a mathematic subject, learner's attitude, environment, and a teacher. Second, in the factor of making students anxious on the mathematics according tn their grade, although the mathematic anxiety of students at 6th grade is higher than students at 4th and 5th grade, in the anxiety differences between the different grades. Third, in the factors which make the students anxious on the mathematics according to their gender, female students show more anxiety than male students. In summary, an anxiety of the underachievers at the elementary schools are different in the top and sub-category factor, according to their grades and their gender. It is shown that the underachievers feel more anxiety compared to normal elementary schools, and therefore the anxiety on the mathematics is one of the causes of under-achievement of the mathematics.

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The Changes of Mathematics Anxiety Shown Brain-Based Measurement through a Remedy Program for High School Students (심리적 처치프로그램에서 고등학교 학생들의 뇌파반응에 따른 수학불안의 변화)

  • Han, Se Ho;Choi-Koh, Sang Sook
    • Journal of Educational Research in Mathematics
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.205-224
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    • 2016
  • Nowadays technological instruments are advanced to measure brain waves called EEG. Also, it is important to find some facts that cause students to have mathematic anxiety (MA) and to provide remedy programs to lessen their MA in order to help students cure MA that could contribute to negative self-efficacy toward mathematics and mathematical learning. To find how they change the MA level, a small group of 11 high school students in Suwon city participated for ten weeks at the remedy program based on students' levels of MA diagnosed by MASS instrument (Ko, & Yi, 2011) and proofread by 8 advisors who worked in related research areas. The results showed that the remedy program was effective to lessen students' MA and it should provide a long term period since some negative experiences were accumulated for a long time of his or her past schooling by others such as teachers, peers, and parents. EEG showed that students got better scores on a percent of correct answers and a reaction time and some student' EEG from a group HMA became smaller heights and width in comparison of the other groups.

A Study on Math anxiety according to the features of brain preference (좌우뇌선호도에 따른 수학불안에 관한 연구)

  • Shim, Seul-Ki;Lee, Kwang-Ho
    • Journal of the Korean School Mathematics Society
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.443-458
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    • 2010
  • This study is about how differ math anxiety according to the features of brain preference. In order to solve questions, BPI test and math anxiety test were done to high school students in the second grade. The test sheets were analyzed by ANOVA and MANOVA using SPSS 14.0. The result was found out that math anxiety was high in the order of left-brain preferences, both-brain preferences, and right-brain preferences. High level of math anxiety among students with right-brain preferences seem to be influenced by the right brain which prefers emotional features. Therefore, students need to stimulate their left brain by writing and reading something a lot when they solve math questions. Also, teachers can lessen math anxiety of students by give them opportunities to solve step-by-step questions, using various visual teaching materials promoting students' reasoning ability which can help them solve questions in a systematic and analytic way.

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수학적 의사소통불안에 따른 소집단의 구성 ${\cdot}$ 협동학습이 정의적 영역에 미치는 효과 -중학교 1학년을 중심으로-

  • Jeon, Pyeong-Guk;Lee, Jin-Hui
    • Communications of Mathematical Education
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.495-514
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    • 2002
  • 본 연구의 목적은 수학교실에서 의사소통 불안에 따른 이질 집단과 동질 집단으로 소집단 구성을 달리하였을 때 정의적 영역에서 소집단 협동학습 효과의 차이가 있는지 알아보는데 있다. 이러한 연구 목적을 달성하기 위해 다음과 같은 연구 문제를 설정하였다. 첫째, 의사소통 불안에 따른 동질 집단과 이질 집단간에 정의적 영역(수학적 태도, 자아존중감)에서 차이가 있는가? 둘째, 동질 집단과 이질 집단간의 비교에서 어느 집단의 불안 수준이 정의적 영역(수학적 태도, 자아존중감)에 더 긍정적인 효과가 있는가? 이러한 연구 문제를 해결하기 위하여 독립변인은 협동학습에서의 의사소통 불안에 따른 집단 구성 형태이고 종속변인은 정의적 영역(수학적 태도와 자아존중감)인 원인비교 연구 설계(casual-comparative research design)를 세워 원인비교 연구를 실시하였다. 본 연구의 결과로부터 다음과 같은 결론을 얻을 수 있다. 첫째, 의사소통 불안에 따른 집단 구성방법이 수학과 소집단 협동학습의 효과, 특히 자아존중감 향상에 영향을 끼치기 때문에, 효과적인 협동학습을 위해서 학생들의 의사소통 불안을 측정하여 이질 집단으로 구성할 필요가 있다. 둘째, 의사소통 불안에 따른 집단 구성을 했을 때 이질 집단의 불안 하위수준 학생들이 자아존중감 향상에 가장 큰 효과를 볼 수 있다. 결론적으로, 수학 교실에서의 의사소통 불안은 집단의 상호작용 행동에 영향을 준다고 말할 수 있고 의사소통 불안에 따른 이질 집단은 자아존중감 향상에 효과적인 집단 구성방법임을 시사한다.

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Development of Strategies to Reduce Anxiety toward Mathematics (수학불안 감소 방안에 관한 연구)

  • 최택영;김시주;김현태
    • Journal of the Korean School Mathematics Society
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.127-142
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    • 2003
  • This study was done to research and analyze the reasons why students feel anxious about learning mathematics. The aim of this study are to learn how to decrease the anxiety toward mathematics, and to find ways to give the learners confidence in their ability to study as well as increase their mathematical competence. The research method used was the development of a mathematics program through which the learners could have easy access to the mathematics to be studied.

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The Development of a Math-Friendly Activity Program for the Alleviation of Mathematics Anxiety (수학불안 감소를 위한 수학 친화적 활동 프로그램 개발)

  • Yoon, Rak-Kyeong;Jeon, In-Ho
    • Journal of Elementary Mathematics Education in Korea
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.583-613
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    • 2010
  • Mathematics anxiety is likely to be a drag on mathematics learning if that is left alone, and it is important to grasp the cause of mathematics anxiety and devise how to get rid of it. The purpose of this study was to examine the cause of mathematics anxiety among elementary school children, to develop a math-friendly activity program geared toward easing mathematics anxiety and to check the effect of the developed program on the alleviation of mathematics anxiety. The subjects in this study were 32 students in a fourth-grade class in I elementary school located in Dongdaemoon-gu, Seoul. A math-friendly activity program was designed to alleviate the mathematics anxiety of the five subfactors-test anxiety, time constraints, comprehension, learning motivation and parent attitude-on which the students scored higher than their pretest collective averages. The mathematics anxiety pretest data, the objectives and content system of the current 7th national mathematics curriculum and the mathematics textbooks for 4-A and 4-B were analyzed to develop the math-friendly activity program that consisted of psychological remedy (positive thinking training) and non-psychological remedy (mathematics activities). After the program was implemented, we analyze the pretest and posttest mathematics anxiety data to determine the effect of the program. As a result, the collective averages of every student on math anxiety and its subfactors were lower in the posttest than in the pretest.

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