The Moderating Effect of Kindergarten Teachers' Resilience in the Relation Between Job Stress and Psychological Burnout

유치원교사의 직무스트레스와 심리적 소진의 관계에서 회복탄력성의 조절효과

  • 류슬기 (인천대학교 교육대학원) ;
  • 김상림 (인천대학교 유아교육과)
  • Received : 2020.01.08
  • Accepted : 2020.02.03
  • Published : 2020.05.31


We aimed to investigate the moderating effect of kindergarten teachers' resilience in the relation between job stress and psychological burnout. The subjects were 164 early childhood teachers in Metropolitan area, South Korea. We measured subjects' job stress, psychological burnout, and resilience using the questionnaires. The collected data were analyzed with descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation analyses, and the analyses of hierarchical regression using SPSS 21.0. As results, kindergarten teachers' job stress showed the significantly positive correlation with their psychological burnout, but resilience showed the significantly negative correlation with it. It was found that kindergarten teachers' resilience had the moderating effect in the relation between job stress and psychological burnout.

본 연구의 목적은 유치원교사의 직무스트레스와 심리적 소진의 관계에서 회복탄력성의 조절효과를 알아보는 것이다. 연구대상은 수도권 소재 유치원에 근무하는 유치원교사 164명이다. 연구대상의 직무스트레스와 심리적 소진 및 회복탄력성은 설문지를 사용하여 측정되었다. 수집된 자료는 SPSS 21.0을 활용하여 분석했으며, 기술통계분석과 Pearson 상관관계분석 및 위계적중다회귀분석을 실시했다. 연구결과로는 첫째, 유치원교사의 직무스트레스는 심리적 소진과 유의한 정적 상관관계를 보였고, 회복탄력성은 심리적 소진과 유의한 부적 상관관계를 보였다. 둘째, 유치원교사의 직무스트레스는 심리적 소진에 영향을 미쳤으며, 이와 같은 영향은 회복탄력성에 의해 조절되는 것으로 밝혀졌다.



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