An Exploration of IT Convergence Methods for School Forests Education

초, 중등 학교 숲 활용 교육을 위한 IT 융합 방안 탐색

  • Received : 2019.04.01
  • Accepted : 2019.06.20
  • Published : 2019.06.28


The purpose of this study is to explore educational methods for elementary, middle and high schools using school forests via IT convergence. To this aim, we reviewed the previous literature on education using school forests to identify the problems with the existing education using school forests, and conducted interviews with experts to analyze the demands. we proposed an educational method that can utilize the school forests via IT convergence, and explored its validity through content reviews conducted by experts. The findings of this study are as follows. First, we proposed the IT convergence instruction focused on hands-on activities on top of the existing educational contents. Second, we proposed IT convergence instruction that incorporates diverse materials, physical computing tools, and programming tools. Third, we presented methods for utilizing such IT convergence instruction in connection with various elements of the 2015 Revised Curriculum as well as with various other activities such as middle school free semester activities and after-school activities. The school forest is a crucial learning space for the areas related to agriculture and biotechnology. Thus, we anticipate that the IT convergence instruction proposed in this study will lead to the re-discovery and re-evaluation of a value of school forests as an educational space that contributes to fulfilling the objective of the 2015 Revised Curriculum to nurture creative convergent talent.

본 연구는 초, 중등 교육에서 IT 융합을 통한 학교 숲 활용 교육 방안을 탐색하는 데 그 목적이 있다. 이 목적을 달성하기 위해 학교 숲 활용 교육에 대한 선행 연구를 분석하여 기존의 학교 숲 활용 교육의 문제점을 파악하였으며 초, 중등 교육 전문가의 인터뷰를 통해 학교 숲 활용 교육에 대한 요구를 분석하였다. 기존의 문제점과 요구 분석을 통해 IT융합을 통한 학교 숲 활용 교육 방안을 제시하였으며 전문가의 내용 검토를 통해 적합성을 탐색하였다. 본 연구의 결과는 다음과 같다. 첫째, 동식물의 수집 및 관찰, 재배 및 수확, 간단한 공예 활동으로 이루어진 기존의 교육에 더하여 Hands-on Activity 중심의 IT 융합 수업을 제안하였다. 둘째, 다양한 재료, 피지컬 컴퓨팅 도구, 프로그래밍 툴을 활용한 IT융합 수업을 제안하였다. 셋째, 초등학교 실과의 식물 가꾸기, 동물 기르기 관련 단원과 중, 고등학교 기술 가정과의 생명기술 관련단원 등 2015 개정 교육과정과 연계한 수업 뿐 아니라 중학교 자유학기 활동 및 방과 후 학교 등 다양한 교육활동에서 활용할 수 있는 방안을 포함하였다. 학교 숲은 농업, 생명기술 관련 영역의 학습을 위해 매우 중요한 학습 공간이다. 따라서, 제시된 IT융합 수업을 통해 창의 융합 인재 양성을 목표로 하는 2015 개정 교육과정의 목표를 달성할 수 있는 교육 공간으로서의 가치가 재발견됨은 물론이며 재평가되는 계기가 될 것으로 기대된다.


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Fig. 1. Methods of IT Convergence in School Forest Utilization Education

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Fig. 2. IT Convergence Materials According to the Status of Programming

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Fig. 3. The Flow of the Curriculum Clusters in High School

Table 1. 2015 revised curriculum related to school forest education

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Table 2. School forest utilization program by periods

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Table 3. Lesson plan in the Free semester activity

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Table 4. Validation of the Method of Convergence Classes

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