Stability and Reciprocal Effects of Abuse and Neglect by Parents and Adolescent Depression and Delinquency

부모의 학대 및 방임과 청소년의 우울 및 비행의 안정성 및 상호적 영향

  • Kim, Minjoo (Child & Family Research Institute, Ewha Womans University) ;
  • Doh, Hyun-Sim (Department of Child Development & Intervention, Ewha Womans University)
  • 김민주 (이화여자대학교 아동가족연구소) ;
  • 도현심 (이화여자대학교 아동학과)
  • Received : 2017.02.28
  • Accepted : 2017.04.12
  • Published : 2017.04.30


Objective: This study focused on the stability and reciprocal effects between abuse and neglect by parents and adolescent depression and delinquency. We examined both parent and child effects by adopting the transactional model proposed by Sameroff (2009). Methods: Using autoregressive cross-lagged modeling, data from the $2^{nd}$ to the $4^{th}$ wave of the Korean Children and Youth Panel Study (KCYPS) were analyzed. The sample consisted of 1,982 adolescents who were $8^{th}$ graders in 2011. Data were collected at three different phases: when participants were in $8^{th}$ grade (T1), $9^{th}$ grade (T2) and $10^{th}$ grade (T3). Results: First, the effects of abuse and neglect by parents and adolescent depression and delinquency showed stability from the $8^{th}$ to the $10^{th}$ grade. Second, abuse at T1 and T2 had effects on adolescent delinquency at T2 and T3, respectively, but not on adolescent depression. In terms of child effects, abuse was influenced by adolescent depression only. Adolescent depression and delinquency had no reciprocal effects. Finally, there were reciprocal effects between neglect on one hand and adolescent depression and delinquency on the other. That is, there were child effects as well as parent effects. No significant effects were found in the reciprocal relations between adolescent depression and delinquency. Conclusion: The present study found the stability of abuse and neglect by parents and adolescent depression and delinquency. Furthermore, this study identified the child effects as well as parent effects, thus supporting the transactional model of neglect by parents and adolescent depression and delinquency.



Supported by : National Research Foundation of Korea


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