• Title/Summary/Keyword: adolescent depression

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Stability and Reciprocal Effects of Abuse and Neglect by Parents and Adolescent Depression and Delinquency (부모의 학대 및 방임과 청소년의 우울 및 비행의 안정성 및 상호적 영향)

  • Kim, Minjoo;Doh, Hyun-Sim
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.38 no.2
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    • pp.133-148
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    • 2017
  • Objective: This study focused on the stability and reciprocal effects between abuse and neglect by parents and adolescent depression and delinquency. We examined both parent and child effects by adopting the transactional model proposed by Sameroff (2009). Methods: Using autoregressive cross-lagged modeling, data from the $2^{nd}$ to the $4^{th}$ wave of the Korean Children and Youth Panel Study (KCYPS) were analyzed. The sample consisted of 1,982 adolescents who were $8^{th}$ graders in 2011. Data were collected at three different phases: when participants were in $8^{th}$ grade (T1), $9^{th}$ grade (T2) and $10^{th}$ grade (T3). Results: First, the effects of abuse and neglect by parents and adolescent depression and delinquency showed stability from the $8^{th}$ to the $10^{th}$ grade. Second, abuse at T1 and T2 had effects on adolescent delinquency at T2 and T3, respectively, but not on adolescent depression. In terms of child effects, abuse was influenced by adolescent depression only. Adolescent depression and delinquency had no reciprocal effects. Finally, there were reciprocal effects between neglect on one hand and adolescent depression and delinquency on the other. That is, there were child effects as well as parent effects. No significant effects were found in the reciprocal relations between adolescent depression and delinquency. Conclusion: The present study found the stability of abuse and neglect by parents and adolescent depression and delinquency. Furthermore, this study identified the child effects as well as parent effects, thus supporting the transactional model of neglect by parents and adolescent depression and delinquency.

Comparison of CES-D and RADS-2-K in Measuring Adolescent Depression (청소년 우울 측정을 위한 CES-D와 RADS-2-K 도구의 비교)

  • Sung, Kyung Mi
    • Journal of the Korean Society of School Health
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.53-62
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the scales measuring adolescent depression. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted using CES-D and RADS-2-K as sales measuring adolescent depression. The participants were 1,217 adolescents from two middle schools located in South Korea. Data were analyzed using SPSS/WIN 21.0. All the items included in the two instruments were analysed through content analysis. Results: The study revealed that the two instruments produced different results in the number of depressive students, depression levels according to subjects' characteristics, and item distribution based on content analysis. The total number of the students belonging to the depression group was 194, including 132 from CES-D and 183 from RADS-2-K. Based on the content analysis covering two categories, general and adolescent depression, the study determined fifteen subcategories in the items of the two scales. Conclusion: In this study, CES-D showed less sensitivity than RADS-2-K in depression levels according to factors relevant to adolescent depression, and both scales had no item for three subcategories of adolescent depression and one subcategory of general depression. The researcher suggests that further studies to evaluate the validity of adolescent depression scales will be useful for helping adolescents with depression.

Association between Educational Level of Parents and Adolescent Depression Feeling: Based on 14th Korean Youth Health Behavior Survey (부모의 학력수준과 우울감 사이의 연관성: 제14기(2018년) 청소년건강행태조사 자료를 이용하여)

  • Kang, yung Mo;Yoon, Chae Yeon;Kim, Ye Ji;Kim, Jae-Hyun
    • Health Policy and Management
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.422-430
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    • 2019
  • Background: This study aimed to demonstrate the association between the education level of parents and adolescent depression feeling. Methods: We used the chi-square test and the multiple logistic regression model to analyze the data of the "Korean Youth Health Behavior Survey in 2018" (n=43,220) conducted by the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Results: As a result of the analysis, a group whose parents' education level is 'above the university graduation (including the graduation of the college)' had statistically significant experience of depression than a group whose parents' education level is 'high school graduation.' Conclusion: When preparing a policy on adolescent depression feeling, we need to consider the association between the education level of parents and adolescent depression feeling. Especially, a higher level of education of parents needs attention and management to foster positive mental health rather than excessive academic pressure, especially in the parent-child relationship of the same gender.

The Effect of Socioeconomic Status to Change in Adolescent Depression: A Multilevel Latent Growth Analysis (사회경제적 수준이 청소년 우울감에 미치는 영향: 다층잠재성장모형을 적용하여)

  • Choi, You-Jung;Lee, Tae-Ro
    • The Journal of Korean Society for School & Community Health Education
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.69-84
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    • 2019
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study is to examine change in adolescent depression across time and to determine the relation between individual and neighborhood socioeconomic status (SES) and depression. Methods: This study employed multilevel latent growth analysis using longitudinal data from Korea Children and Youth Panel Survey. A sample of this study consists of 2,351 adolescents who were in first grade of middle school in 2010. Results: Results showed that both initial level and downward trajectory of depression varied significantly across individuals as well as across neighborhoods. On the individual level, self-rated economic condition(b=-0.203, p<.001) was related to the initial level of depression. Adolescents whose father had a high educational level(b=0.028, p<.001) or whose mother had a low educational level(b=-0.022, p=.011) had lower rates of decline in adolescent depression. On the neighborhood level, neighborhood deprivation index (b=0.003, p=.019) and gini coefficient(b=0.124, p=.040) were associated with lower rates of decline in depression. Conclusions: Low SES in adolescence is correlated with worse mental health, especially depression. Social disparities in depression likely originate before adulthood. The findings argue for the importance of understanding depression in adolescence from a multilevel or ecological framework.

The Mediating Effects of Family Factors and Friendship Factors on Adolescent Depression: Differences between the Low-income Group and the Middle-class (청소년의 가정요인이 친구요인을 매개하여 청소년의 우울에 미치는 영향: 저소득층과 중산층 차이를 중심으로)

  • Kim, Bong-Geum;Kim, Sang-Cheol
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.12
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    • pp.493-504
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the differences between low-income and middle-income groups with respect to how family factors intervene with friendship factors to influence adolescent depression. In order to do this, we selected 1,552 adolescents (246 from low-income group and 1276 from middle-income group) from 1 panel of the 6th Korean Children & Youth Panel Survey and conducted multiple-group analysis for structural equation modeling. The results are as follows. Firstly, there were no direct effects of parenting style on adolescent depression for the low-income group, whereas effects were found to be significant for the middle-income group. Secondly, parenting style had a greater influence on friendship factors for the low-income group than the middle-income group. Thirdly, the influence of friendship factors on depression was much more negative for the middle-income group than the low-income group. Fourthly, it was found that parenting style had greater intervention effects on friendship factors influencing adolescent depression for the middle-income group as compared to the low-income group. However, intervention effects were not found for peer alienation.

Manifestation of Affect States Across Daily Interpersonal Contexts Depending on the levels of Adolescent Depression (일상생활에서 나타나는 청소년기 우울증의 정서적 증상 - 대인맥락 변화를 중심으로 -)

  • Lee Meery;Kim Jinhan
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.43 no.5
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    • pp.81-91
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    • 2005
  • The goal of this study was to investigate the daily manifestation of positive and negative affect states of early adolescent depression across daily interpersonal contexts. Forty-five boys and 44 girls in the second `year of middle schools participated and were classified into 3 groups according to CDI scores. Among 89 students 59 students in the highest or the lowest CDI groups continued to participate in the next step of this study. Using the Experience Sampling Method(ESM), the 59 students reported their affect states 6 times per day across four daily interpersonal contexts: the contexts alone, with all classmates, with a few friends, and with family members. The major findings were as follows. frst, the high CDI group felt more worried, angrier, more hurried, less happy, less interested, less control, and less relaxed than the low CDI adolescent group. Second, the negative affect states of the high CDI adolescent group did not vary across the interpersonal contexts, whereas their positive affect states were the highest in the context with a few friends. Implications of the findings were discussed in illuminating the phenomenology of adolescent depression.

Investigation on Factors Affecting Adolescent Depression: Using Korean Children and Youth Panel Survey (청소년 우울증 영향요인에 관한 연구 : 아동·청소년 패널데이터 이용)

  • Choi, Young Jin;Gang, Hong Ik;Kim, Dong Wook;Seong, Gyu Hwan;Han, Whiejong M
    • The Journal of Korean Society for School & Community Health Education
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.45-53
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    • 2017
  • Objectives: This study aimed to analyze the association between adolescent depression and personal factors such as interpersonal relationship and personal characteristics. Methods: The data used for this study was taken from the 2014 Korean Children and Youth Panel Survey. Of those 2,351 subjects in a data set, data of 1,938 subjects were analyzed after excluding 413 subjects with missing information. Hierarchical regression analysis was conducted for multi-variate analysis. In addition, controlling effects of ego-resiliency was analyzed. SPSS 22.0. was utilized for statistical analyses. Results: The study found that the depressive index was higher in women than men, and lower in adolescent who has a good relationship with parents and friends. This study also found that adolescents with high ego-resiliency are more vulnerable to depression. Conclusions: It is recommended to understand and to utilize ego-resiliency of adolescents, in order to reduce adolescents depression. Promoting good relationship with parents and friends will also positively impact to lower adolescents depression.

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Interaction Effects of Stress and Coping Strategies on Adolescent Depression (청소년의 우울증에 대한 스트레스와 대처전략의 상호작용 효과)

  • Lee, Meery
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.27 no.5
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    • pp.67-78
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    • 2006
  • This study investigated interaction effects of stress and coping strategies on depression among middle school students. The scale created to measure coping strategies included three types of coping strategies : problem-focused, emotion-discharge, and affective-regulation. Two hundred forty-four students were selected from juniors of two middle schools in Seoul. Boys used problem-focused and affective-regulation coping strategies more than emotion-discharge coping strategies. Girls used affective-regulation coping strategies most frequently. The interaction effects of emotion-discharge coping strategies for boys and problem-focused coping strategies for girls were significant. Findings were discussed in developing coping education programs for intervention of adolescent depression.

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Cultural Differences in Levels of Adolescent Depression in Relation to Experience of Daily Life Activities: A Comparative Study of Korean and American High School Seniors (청소년의 우울증 수준에 있어서 문화적 차이와 일상 생활 활동 경험과의 관계 - 한국과 미국 고등학교 3학년생의 비교 -)

  • Lee, Mee Ry
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.137-152
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    • 1996
  • The goal of this study was to investigate how daily experiences of schoolwork and leisure activities explained cultural differences in levels of adolescent depression. A combined sample of 58 high school seniors in Korea and 62 high school seniors in the United States reported time use patterns and affect states in daily activities and levels of depression. The time use pattern in daily independent study during class hours and in active leisure activities significantly explained cultural differences in levels of depression. Affect states in all schoolwork activities and passive leisure activities also significantly explained cultural differences in levels of depression. These findings suggest that Korean adolescents' experience of 'exam hell', particularly the lack of active leisure activities and more negative emotional experiences of daily activities are partly responsible for their higher depression relative to American counterparts.

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