The Effects of Sense of Community and Trust in Charitable Organization on Donation Motive and Attitude of Adolescents

청소년의 공동체의식과 기부기관신뢰가 기부동기와 기부태도에 미치는 영향

  • 이창식 (한서대학교 아동청소년복지학과) ;
  • 장하영 (한서대학교 평생교육학과)
  • Received : 2017.03.02
  • Accepted : 2017.04.20
  • Published : 2017.04.28


The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a sense of community and trust in charitable organization on donation motive and attitude. For this study, 901 adolescents were surveyed in four areas of Chungnam province. And data analysis was performed by frequency analysis, T-test, ANOVA, correlation analysis, and structural equation modeling. The major results were as follow. First, it was found out that donation attitude was higher in female adolescents than male adolescents, and in high school students than middle school students. Second, there were positively significant correlation among a sense of community, trust in charitable organization, donation motive, and donation attitude. Third, as a result of SEM, donation motive was fully mediated between trust in charitable organization and donation attitude as well as between a sense of community and donation attitude. Lastly, the limitations of this study and policy implication for the activation of donation were presented.

본 연구는 중 고등학생 청소년들의 공동체의식과 기부기관신뢰가 기부동기와 기부태도에 미치는 영향력을 파악하는데 연구의 목적을 두었다. 이를 위하여 충청남도 S시, D시, T군 및 H군 4개 지역에서 청소년 901명을 대상으로 설문조사를 실시하였고 자료 분석은 빈도분석, T-test, ANOVA, 상관분석 및 구조방정식 모형 분석을 수행하였다. 주된 연구 결과는 다음과 같다. 첫째, 기부태도는 여학생이 남학생보다, 고등학생이 중학생보다 높았다. 둘째, 상관분석 결과 기부태도는 공동체의식, 기부기관신뢰 및 기부동기와 정적 상관관계를 보였다. 셋째, 구조방정식 모형 분석 결과, 공동체의식과 기부기관신뢰 모두 기부동기를 완전 매개로 하여 기부태도에 긍정적 영향을 미쳤다. 끝으로 본 연구의 한계와 기부 활성화를 위한 정책적 함의를 제시하였다.


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