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Association between Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice Regarding Blood Donation in University Students

대학생의 헌혈에 대한 지식, 인식수준에 따른 헌혈행태

  • 김정현 (서울대학교 보건학과) ;
  • 윤중수 (경동대학교 임상병리학과)
  • Received : 2015.05.18
  • Accepted : 2015.07.16
  • Published : 2015.10.28

Abstract

The present study aims to investigate the association between knowledge, attitude, and practice of blood donating in an effort to increase the participation rate of blood donation among university students. Data was obtained among 272 in theirs 20s health sciences students in two university of South Korea through self-reported questionnaires including Knowledge, attitude, and behavioral practice regarding blood donation during 8st December 2014 to 12st December 2014. Pearson correlation test, student's t-test or descriptive statistics were performed for the data analysis. The results were as follows: 1) There was positive significant relationship between Attitude and behavioral practice towards blood donation(P <.05). 2) There was significant difference in the knowledge(P<.01) and attitude(P<.05) regarding blood donation according to public health vs non-public health. 3) The participants with previous blood donation experiences showed a higher participation rate than those without such an experience(P<.01). It is important not only to improve the university student's attitude towards blood donation through media advertising but also to reinforce the compensation offered to donors.

본 연구는 대학생의 헌혈지식, 헌혈인식, 헌혈태도간의 관련성을 살펴보고, 헌혈 촉진 및 저해 요인을 파악하여 헌혈 참여 확대 방안을 모색하는 것이다. 자료는 2014년 12월 8일부터 12일까지 국내 두 개 대학교의 보건계열 20대 대학생 272명을 대상으로 헌혈지식, 헌혈인식, 헌혈경험에 관한 구조화된 자기기입식 설문지를 이용하여 수집되었다. 분석방법은 Pearson correlation test, t-test, descriptive statistics를 실시하였다. 주요 연구결과는 다음과 같다. 첫째, 현혈인식이 긍정적일수록 헌혈횟수가 증가하는 것으로 나타났다(P <.05). 둘째, 보건계열 전공생과 비보건계열 전공생 집단 간 헌혈지식(P<.01)과 헌혈인식(P<.05)에 차이가 있었다. 셋째, 헌혈경험자가 헌혈비경험자에 비해 헌혈 참여의도가 높았다(P<.01). 분석 결과를 토대로 20대 대학생의 헌혈을 장려하기 위해서는 미디어 홍보를 통한 헌혈인식 개선과 헌혈에 대한 보상을 강화하는 방법이 효과적일 것이라 제언한다.

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