Association between Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice Regarding Blood Donation in University Students

대학생의 헌혈에 대한 지식, 인식수준에 따른 헌혈행태

  • 김정현 (서울대학교 보건학과) ;
  • 윤중수 (경동대학교 임상병리학과)
  • Received : 2015.05.18
  • Accepted : 2015.07.16
  • Published : 2015.10.28


The present study aims to investigate the association between knowledge, attitude, and practice of blood donating in an effort to increase the participation rate of blood donation among university students. Data was obtained among 272 in theirs 20s health sciences students in two university of South Korea through self-reported questionnaires including Knowledge, attitude, and behavioral practice regarding blood donation during 8st December 2014 to 12st December 2014. Pearson correlation test, student's t-test or descriptive statistics were performed for the data analysis. The results were as follows: 1) There was positive significant relationship between Attitude and behavioral practice towards blood donation(P <.05). 2) There was significant difference in the knowledge(P<.01) and attitude(P<.05) regarding blood donation according to public health vs non-public health. 3) The participants with previous blood donation experiences showed a higher participation rate than those without such an experience(P<.01). It is important not only to improve the university student's attitude towards blood donation through media advertising but also to reinforce the compensation offered to donors.

본 연구는 대학생의 헌혈지식, 헌혈인식, 헌혈태도간의 관련성을 살펴보고, 헌혈 촉진 및 저해 요인을 파악하여 헌혈 참여 확대 방안을 모색하는 것이다. 자료는 2014년 12월 8일부터 12일까지 국내 두 개 대학교의 보건계열 20대 대학생 272명을 대상으로 헌혈지식, 헌혈인식, 헌혈경험에 관한 구조화된 자기기입식 설문지를 이용하여 수집되었다. 분석방법은 Pearson correlation test, t-test, descriptive statistics를 실시하였다. 주요 연구결과는 다음과 같다. 첫째, 현혈인식이 긍정적일수록 헌혈횟수가 증가하는 것으로 나타났다(P <.05). 둘째, 보건계열 전공생과 비보건계열 전공생 집단 간 헌혈지식(P<.01)과 헌혈인식(P<.05)에 차이가 있었다. 셋째, 헌혈경험자가 헌혈비경험자에 비해 헌혈 참여의도가 높았다(P<.01). 분석 결과를 토대로 20대 대학생의 헌혈을 장려하기 위해서는 미디어 홍보를 통한 헌혈인식 개선과 헌혈에 대한 보상을 강화하는 방법이 효과적일 것이라 제언한다.


  1. Korea Institute for Health & Welfare Policy, Blood management Policy in Korea, 2014.
  2. Korean Red Cross, Korean Red Cross Blood Services Statistics 2012, Ministry of Health & Welfare, 11-1352000-000016-10.
  3. K. H. Hong and H. R. Park, "A Study on the Repeated Blood-Donation and Health Promotion Behavior Self-efficacy, and Self-esteem of Blood-donors", Journal of Korea Community Health Nursing Academic Society, Vol.17, No.2, pp.333-341, 2003.
  4. E. N. Lee, Y. S. Song, H. O. Ju, J. Y. Kang, S. J. Kim, Y. J. Youn, and J. H. Oh, "Predictive Factors of Blood Donation Behavior in university Students", The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, Vol.12, No.1, pp.70-77, 2006.
  5. E. H. Lee, "A Study on the Cognizance of University Students for Blood Donation", J. Kor. Soc. Hygienic Sciences, Vol.14, No.1, pp.702-722, 2008.
  6. B. D. Hwang, C. H. Kim, and K. W. Cho, "A Study on Attitude and Knowledge to Blood Donation in university and University Students", The Korean Journal of Health Service Management, Vol.3, No.1, pp.66-77, 2009.
  7. A. G. Salaudeen and E. Odeh, "Knowledge and behavior towards voluntary blood donation among students of a tertiary institution in Nigeria", Nigerian journal of clinical practice, Vol.14, No.3, pp.303-307, 2011.
  8. B. H. Shaz, D. G. Demmons, C. P. Crittenden, C. V. Carnevale, M. Lee, M. Burnett, K. Easley, and C. D. Hillyer, "Motivators and barriers to blood donation in African American university students", Transfusion and Apheresis Science, Vol.41, No.3, pp.191-197, 2009.
  9. V. Kowsalya, R. Vijayakumar, R. Chidambaram, R. Srikumar, E. P. Reddy, S. Latha, I. G. Fathima, and C. K. Kumar, "A study on knowledge, attitude and practice regarding voluntary blood donation among medical students in Puducherry", India Pakistan journal of biological sciences, Vol.16, No.9, pp.439-442, 2013.
  10. R. S. K. Vijaya and P. Rajaram, "A descriptive study of knowledge, attitude and practice with regard to voluntary blood donation among medical undergraduate students in Pondicherry", India Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, Vol.6, No.4, pp.602-604, 2012.
  11. M. S. Koo, A Study on the Knowledge and Attitude toward Blood Donation of University Students, Master Thesis, Hanyang University, 1998.
  12. J. H. Shin, S. K. Jun, S. B. Kim, C. Y. Kim, P. S. Kang, and J. H. Chung, "Comparison Study of Knowledge, Attitude and Motivation Between Blood Donors and Non-donors", Yeungnam University Journal of Medicine, Vol.6, No.2, pp.159-172, 1989.
  13. P. Duboz and B. Cuneo, "How barriers to blood donation differ between lapsed donors and non-donors in France", Transfusion medicine, Vol.20, No.4, pp.227-236, 2010.
  14. T. N. Muthivhi, M. G. Olmsted, H. Park, M. Sha, V. Raju, T. Mokoena, E. M. Bloch, E. L. Murphy, and R. Reddy, "Motivators and deterrents to blood donation among Black South Africans: a qualitative analysis of focus group data", Transfusion Medicine, 2015.
  15. T. C. Bednall and L. L Bove, "Donating blood: a meta-analytic review of self-reported motivators and deterrents", Transfusion medicine review, Vol.25, No.4, pp.317-334, 2011.
  16. E. Lownik, E. Riley, T. Konstenius, W. Riley, and J. McCullough, "Knowledge, attitudes and practices surveys of blood donation in developing countries", Vox sanguinis, Vol.103, No.1, pp.64-74, 2012.
  17. K. S. Schlumpf, S. A. Glynn, G. B Schreiber, D. J Wright, W. R. Steele, Y. Tu, S. Hermansen, M. J. Higgins, G. Garratty, and E. L. Murphy, "Factors influencing donor return", Transfusion, Vol.48, No.2, pp.264-272, 2008.
  18. E. Ferguson, F. Atsma, W. de Kort, and I. Veldhuizen, "Exploring the pattern of blood donor beliefs in first-time, novice, and experienced donors: differentiating reluctant altruism, pure altruism, impure altruism, and warm glow", Transfusion, Vol.52, No.2, pp.343-355, 2008.
  19. S. K. Yoon and S. J. Kim, "A Study on the Relationship between the Awareness of Blood Program and the Blood Donation Experience", The Korean Journal of Blood Transfusion, Vol.7, No.2, pp.153-161, 1996.
  20. D. P. Cha, "The Application and Extension of the Theory of Planned Behavior", Journal of Media Economics & Culture, Vol.7, No.2, pp.96-127, 2009.
  21. A. Dubey, A. Sonker, R. Chaurasia, and R. Chaudhary, "Knowledge, attitude and beliefs of people in North India regarding blood donation", Blood Transfusion, Vol.12, No.1, pp.21-27, 2014.
  22. G. M. Hosain, M. Anisuzzaman, and A. Begum, "Knowledge and attitude towards voluntary blood donation among Dhaka University students in Bangladesh", East African medical journal, Vol.74, No.9, pp.549-553, 1997.
  23. N. Shenga, R. Pal, and S. Sengupta, "Behavior disparities towards blood donation in Sikkim, India", Asian journal of transfusion science, Vol.2, No.2, pp.56-60, 2008.
  24. M. A. Fernandez, L. D. C. J. de Dios, B. A. Lopez, and F. A. Rodriguez, "Attitudes, beliefs, and motivations in blood donors and non-donors", Sangre(Barc), Vol.41, No.6, pp.427-440, 1996.
  25. A. Agrawal, A. K. Tiwari, A. Ahuja, and R. Kalra, "Knowledge, attitude and practices of people towards voluntary blood donation in Uttarakhand", Asian journal of transfusion science, Vol.7, No.1, pp.59-62, 2013.
  26. I. J. Kim, A Study on the Influence of Military Blood Donation Policy on Civilian Blood Donation Policy and Revitalization Scheme for Military Blood Donation, Master Thesis, Kyunghee University, 2011.
  27. E. Lownik, E. Riley, T. Konstenius, W. Riley, and J. McCullough, "Knowledge, attitudes and practices surveys of blood donation in developing countries", Vox sanguinis, Vol.103, No.1, pp.64-74, 2012.
  28. L. E. Boulware, L. E. Ratner, P. M. Ness, L. A. Cooper, S. Campbell-Lee, T. A. LaVeist, and N. R. Powe, "The contribution of sociodemographic, medical, and attitudinal factors to blood donation among the general public", Transfusion, Vol.42, No.6, pp.669-678, 2002.
  29. V. Wiwanitkit, "Knowledge about blood donation among a sample of Thai university students", Vox sanguinis, Vol.83, No.2, pp.97-99, 2002.
  30. I. M. Belda Suarez, A. Fernandez-Montoya, A. Rodriguez Fernandez, A. Lopez Berrio, and M. Cillero-Penuela, "How regular blood donors explain their behavior", Transfusion, Vol.44, No.10, pp.1441-1446, 2004.
  31. M. Vasquez, P. Ibarra, and M. Maldonado, "Blood donation: knowledge and attitudes of a university population in Chile", Revista Panamericana de Salud Publica, Vol.22, No.5, pp.323-328, 2007.
  32. B. Singh, R. M, Pandey, N. D'Souza, A. Anushyanthan, V. Krishna, V. Gupta, and A. Singh, "Knowledge, attitudes and socio-demographic factors differentiating blood donors from non-donors in an urban slum of Delhi", Indian Journal of Community Medicine, Vol.27, No.3, pp.118-123, 2002.
  33. B. N. Sojka and P. Sojka, "The blood donation experience: self-reported motives and obstacles for donating blood", Vox sanguinis, Vol.94, No.1, pp.56-263, 2008.
  34. P. R. Lee, the Studies on the consciousness Research for Blood Donation of Donor and Development of Blood Projecect in Ulsan, Master Thesis, University of Ulsan, 2002.
  35. F. Mousavi, A. Tavabi, B. Golestan, E. Ammar-Saeedi, H. Kashani, R. Tabatabaei, and E. Iran-Pour, "Knowledge, attitude and practice towards blood donation in Iranian population", Transfusion Medicine, Vol.21, No.5, pp.308-317, 2002.
  36. A. Singh and S. Ray, "Why People do not Donate Blood? A Descriptive Study from an Urban Slum in India", The Indian Practitioner, Vol.68, No.6, pp.73-75, 2015.
  37. A. G. M. A. Gader, A. M. A. Osman, F. H. Al. Gahtani, M. N. Farghali, A.H. Ramadan, and A. K. M. Al-Momen, "Attitude to blood donation in Saudi Arabia", Asian journal of transfusion science, Vol.5, No.2, pp.121-126, 2011.
  38. S. J. Heo and J. H. Choe, "Designing Mobile Application for Improvement in Public Understanding of Blood Donation", The Korea Contents Society, Vol.11, No.4, pp.112-120, 2011.
  39. S. Kam, S. A. Kim, Y. S. Kang, K. S. Park, J. H. Son, M. H. Yeoi, K. E. Lee, J. K. Kim, and D. H. Song, "Factors Affecting Blood Donation in University Students", The Korean Journal of Blood Transfusion, Vol.8, No.2, pp.301-312, 1997.
  40. L. Kasraian and M. Maghsudlu, "Blood donors' attitudes towards incentives: influence on motivation to donate", Blood Transfusion, Vol.10, No.2, pp.186-190, 2012.