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Application of the Habitat Evaluation Procedure(HEP) for Legally Protected Wildbirds using Delphi Technique to Environmental Impact Assessment - In case of the Common Kestrel(Falco tinnunculus) in four areas (Paju, Siheung, Ansan, Hwaseong) -

델파이기법을 이용한 법적보호종 서식환경평가의 환경영향평가 적용방안 개발 - 파주시, 시흥시, 안산시, 화성시에서의 황조롱이를 대상으로 -

  • Lee, Seok-Won (Institute of Wildlife Ecology, Hae-ju Engineering) ;
  • Rho, Paikho (Department of Environmental Planning, Keimyung University) ;
  • Yoo, Jeong-Chil (Department of Biology, Kyung Hee University)
  • 이석원 (해주엔지니어링(주) 부설 생태연구소) ;
  • 노백호 (계명대학교 환경계획학과) ;
  • 유정칠 (경희대학교 생물학과)
  • Received : 2013.05.13
  • Accepted : 2013.06.07
  • Published : 2013.06.30

Abstract

This study was carried out to propose the new procedure to apply Habitat Evaluation Procedure(HEP) of target species using delphi technique, which is suitable to develop endangered species with few researches and ecological knowledges. To identify habitat quality of specific species in development project site, we can develop habitat model and create habitat suitability maps. In this study, we select the Common Kestrel(Falco tinnunculus) as target species in four areas(Paju, Siheung, Ansan, Hwaseong) which is located near the Seoul metropolitan area. The Delphi technique was selected to get the reliable information on the species and habitats requirements. Through the delphi approach, seven habitat components were determined as suitable variables for the Common Kestrel: density($n/km^2$) of small mammals, area($km^2$) of bare-grounds, pasturelands and riparian, and open area(%), spatial distribution and area of croplands, landscape diversity, breeding sites(tall trees, cliffs, high-rise buildings), and the length of shelf. Habitat variables used in this model were classified into two categories: % of suitable land-cover type(open areas, croplands, pasturelands, wetlands, and baregrounds) and the quality of feeding sites(within 250m from edges of woodlands). Habitat quality of the Common Kestrel was assessed against occurred sites derived from the nationwide survey. Predicted habitat suitability map were closely related to the observed sites of the endangered avian species in the study areas. With the habitat suitability map of the Common Kestrel, we assess the environmental impacts with habitat loss after development project in environmental impact assessment.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 한국환경정책.평가연구원

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