R & D Networks Structure and Spatial Characteristics of Consumer Electronic Industry in Qingdao, China: The Case Study of Qingdao Haier Group in China

중국 가전산업의 연구개발 네트워크 구조와 공간적 특징 - 청도 하이얼(海爾, Haier) 그룹 사례 연구 -

  • Quan, Guang-Ri (Dept. of Geography Education, Kongju National University) ;
  • Ryu, Ju-Hyun (Dept. of Geography Education, Kongju National University) ;
  • Lee, Sung-Cheol (Dept. of Geography Education, Dongguk University(Seoul Campus))
  • 전광일 (공주대학교 지리교육과) ;
  • 류주현 (공주대학교 지리교육과) ;
  • 이승철 (동국대학교 지리교육과(서울 캠퍼스))
  • Received : 2012.05.13
  • Accepted : 2012.05.31
  • Published : 2012.06.30


The main purpose of this study is to analyze R&D networks and spatial implications in Qingdao consumer electronics industry agglomeration in China. The characteristics of R&D networks in Qindao consumer electronic industry are as follows. There is a cluster central around large enterprises led by the government and their subcontracting enterprises. However, the degree of collaborative networks in intra-firm, inter-firm, firm-research institutes(including university lab.) is relatively low. Therefore, Large enterprises in Qingdao has stimulated research collaborations with firms and research institutes located in other regions rather than within region. It is likely to show that R&D networks of consumer electronics industry has not been stimulated in Qingdao. Therefore, collaborative R&D networks among firms, research institutes and governments should be stimulated to build regional innovation systems central around consumer electronics industry in Qingdao.