• Title, Summary, Keyword: industrial cluster

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Concept and Range of Industrial Cluster (산업클러스터의 개념과 범위)

  • Kwon, Ohyeok
    • Journal of the Korean Geographical Society
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    • v.52 no.1
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    • pp.55-71
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    • 2017
  • This paper points out the semantic unclearness of the jargon "cluster" and suggests the substitution of "industrial cluster" for "cluster". Industrial cluster is the intersection of industrial agglomeration and cluster phenomenon while the actual concept of cluster includes not only industry cluster but also political administration cluster, science research cluster, art cluster, religion cluster, education cluster, etc. Partially reconstructing the concept and significance of industry cluster, industrial cluster is a geographic agglomeration of interconnected productional businesses in a particular industry, forming close industrial networks. The advantage of the agglomeration includes reducing the transaction cost between the businesses, promoting technological innovation and dispersion, facilitating the utilization of the professional workforce, sharing and connecting the external customer. Moreover, this paper discusses the range of the industrial cluster and its distinctness from the other similar concepts. There is a need to discriminate it from the other related jargons and to clarify their relationship. In particular, there is a task to eradicate the mixed usage of industrial cluster with the jargons related to space for learning and innovation.

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An Empirical Study on the Korean Photonics Industrial Cluster Effects : Focusing on Absorptive Capacity and Corporate Performance (광주 광산업 클러스터 효과에 관한 연구 : 조직의 흡수역량과 기업성과에 미치는 영향에 관한 실증연구)

  • Bae, Jae-Kwon;Koo, Chul-Mo
    • Journal of Information Technology Applications and Management
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.117-134
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    • 2012
  • Cluster industries are geographically concentrated and inter-connected by the flow of goods and services, which is stronger than the flow linking them to the rest of the economy. Photonics industries are one of the fastest growing high-tech industries in the world today. Especially, the city of Gwangju(South Korea) industrial cluster, a specialized complex in photonics industry, produced remarkable results in developing high-quality technologies since it launched the cluster program in 2005. Gwangju photonics industrial cluster will be ranked top level of the world photonics industry. In this sense, this study is aimed at proposing a new research model in which corporate performance influence factors of photonics industrial cluster (i.e., business environment, cooperative relationship, and industry-university-research institute partnership) affect absorptive capacity positively, leading to corporate performance eventually. This study developed a research model to explain the Korean photonics industrial cluster effects, and collected 91 survey responses from photonics based company managers in industrial cluster complex. To prove the validity of the proposed research model, PLS analysis is applied with valid 91 questionnaires. By employing PLS technique, the measurement reliability and validity of research variables are tested and the path analysis is conducted to do the hypothesis testing. In brief, the finding of this study suggests that corporate performance influence factors of photonics industrial cluster affect absorptive capacity positively, and corporate performance as well.

Cluster policies, cluster evolution, and the transformation of old industrial regions (산업집적지의 구조변화와 클러스터 발전방향)

  • Sadler, David
    • Journal of the Korean Academic Society of Industrial Cluster
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.1-13
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    • 2008
  • Despite growing recognition of the significance of industrial clusters to regional economic success, there has been only limited attention paid to the effectiveness of cluster policies in old industrial regions. Many of these regions still retain functioning industrial clusters, or have clusters which are adopting new strategies as part of a process of regeneration. This paper argues that the effectiveness of cluster policies in old industrial regions depends upon the extent to which they recognise the evolutionary nature of industrial clusters. It reviews the literature on the transformation of old industrial regions in Europe, and examines how cluster policies have risen to prominence as a policy tool. These strands ate brought together in an exploration of cluster policies in old industrial regions. A brief case study is presented of the evolution of the steel industry supply chain in north east England. The conclusions focus upon the data requirements that form a starting point for informed policy intervention into presses of cluster evolution.

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Agglomeration and Decline Factors of the Footwear Industries in Busan Metropolitan Area (부산 신발산업의 집적화와 쇠락 요인: 산업클러스터 모형의 재구성과 적용)

  • Kwon, O-Hyeok
    • Journal of the Economic Geographical Society of Korea
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.688-701
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    • 2014
  • This article is focused on the agglomeration and decline factors of the footwear industries in Busan metropolitan area from the industrial cluster point of perspective. For the research, 'the components and network of industrial cluster model' are presented which is restructured of M. Porter's cluster model. Moreover, this research have examined the agglomeration and decline process of the footwear industries in Busan area and conducted a survey targeting footwear enterprises in Busan area. In the late 1980's, the footwear industries in Busan area formed the largest footwear industrial cluster in the world. However, the industrial cluster started to decline from early 1990's and now it is reduced in to 1/10 size of the past. The growth factors of Busan footwear industrial cluster include cheap and plentiful labours, penetration of OEM production, entrepreneur spirit, human resources network, government's support and so on. Moreover, the agglomeration of relative companies also created high competitiveness in this cluster. The decay factors are pointed out sudden rise of labour cost, shortage of factory site, rise of land price, alteration of government policy, international relocation of footwear production and growth of overseas industrial cluster. Busan footwear industrial cluster nowadays has declined in its size, but it is the only footwear industrial cluster in Korea.

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Putting Seeds of Endogenous Development into the State-led Industrial Cluster : the Case of Gumi IT Cluster in Korea (국가주도형 산업집적지의 내생적 발전 가능성 - 구미 IT 클러스터를 사례로 -)

  • Lee, Chul-Woo;Choi, Yosub;Lee, Jong-Ho
    • Journal of the Korean association of regional geographers
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.397-410
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    • 2016
  • Although industrial complexes have played as an engine of the Korean economy for the last 40 years, the majority of industrial complexes shows limitations to the continuous growth such as a lack of innovation capabilities and social capital, conceived as a key to transforming into clusters of innovation. To overcome those problems, the Korean government embarked on the cluster policy from the mid 2000's, focusing on promoting the endogenous development capabilities of individual industrial complexes. Drawing upon the in-depth case study of the Gumi IT cluster, one of the representative large-scale industrial complexes in Korea, the authors conclude that the cluster policy has contributed to making the Gumi IT cluster enhance the capabilities of endogenous development through the facilitation of self-organizing learning communities within the cluster.

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An Empirical Study on Value-Chain Network of Manufacturing and Implications on Cluster Policy (제조업의 가치사슬 네트워크 분석과 클러스터정책에 대한 시사점)

  • Kim, Yo-Han;Shim, Seung-Jin
    • Journal of Technology Innovation
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.203-233
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    • 2007
  • This study investigates how characteristics in the value-chain industrial cluster affect the R&D investment and the output of firms in each industries. For this, we try to extract the inter-industrial networking structure from the input-output table in which 17 manufacturing sectors are included. In particular, we will give shape to the "unit structure" which shows the intermediary flows of goods and services between industries in order to get an unit of final demand in a certain industry. Using this "unit structure", we can try the inter-industrial networking analysis and get some indices of centrality and centralization related to the characteristics of each industries in the value-chain industrial cluster. The results show that the centrality in the value-chain industrial cluster does not have any consequence for the R&D investment and the output in each industries. However, there is a correlation between the centralization in the value-chain industrial cluster and the R&D investment and the output of firms in each industries. These results may be very suggestive in bringing up a new frame of industrial cluster policy in a macro level.

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The Concept of Extended Industrial Cluster and Its Policy Directions (광역클러스터 개념의 도입과 정책과제)

  • 주성재
    • Journal of the Economic Geographical Society of Korea
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.327-338
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    • 2003
  • The concept of industrial cluster began with the agglomeration economies occurring in a small scale place, which are mainly drawn from intense networking between companies, universities, research centers and other institutional bodies. Recently, however, as cooperation between autonomous administrative units and between industrial clusters has been more active than ever, there has emerged the concept of extended industrial cluster (EIC) and, subsequently, policy measures for nurturing it. This study focuses on the concept of EIC, mainly in the perspective of the need to adopt it into the industrial cluster literature. The study identifies the raison d'etre of EIC in the respects of the flexibility of geographic range, complementarity and cooperation between functions and regions, scale economies and productivity, and the development stage of industrial clusters. It also suggests how to establish the concept of EIC in the Korean context and how to apply EIC policy in the Korean industrial policy.

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A Study on Relationships between Problems of a Geographical Cluster and its Performance (지리적 클러스터의 문제점과 성과간의 관련성에 관한 연구: 구미국가산업단지를 중심으로)

  • Rhee, Jae-Hoon;Kim, Ki-Keun
    • Journal of Technology Innovation
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.165-190
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study is to find problems of Geographical Cluster and to analyze relationships between problems of a Geographical Cluster and its performance. The problems of geographical cluster include those of technical fusion, increase of incidental expenses, conditions of settlement, and absence of industrial infrastructures, and performance factors are satisfaction with the cluster policy and within cluster firm's performance. According to the results of analyses based on the data collected from 75 firms located in the Gumi electronic industry cluster complex, first, problems of technical fusion, and absence of industrial infrastructures had a negative(-) effect on satisfaction with the cluster policy. Second, absence of industrial infrastructures had also a negative(-) effect on within cluster firm's performance. In the conclusion, further discussion, limitation of this study and future direction were suggested.

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A Study on the Successful Model of International Industrial Cluster : Special Access on Canada Cluster (해외 주요 산업클러스터의 성공사례 및 시사점 : 캐나다 국제 산업클러스터를 중심으로)

  • Kim, Yong-Hwan
    • International Commerce and Information Review
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.185-204
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    • 2005
  • Korea has many industrial Complexes all over the country. But most of them are composed of industries having low technology, low knowledge. So Korean industry are not able to innovation in technology. Especially, Korean Industries are not clustered in similar industry and they are not connected with research institute. Canada has los of clustered complexes in her country being able to innovation. So for the development of Korean industry, all the industrial park have to be quickly changed to the innovation clusters.

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A Study on Building the Regional Cluster: The Case of Fire and Emergency Industrial Cluster in Samcheok-si

  • Lee, Dong-Kyu;Yang, Gi-Geun
    • International Journal of Contents
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    • v.5 no.3
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    • pp.57-64
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    • 2009
  • Korea has relied on top down development method, in which companies, research and education institutions move into the industrial complexes established by the government. However, to improve local competitiveness, the paradigm is shifting from the government initiated industrial complex to the clusters based on the cooperative network of the region. Representative case is 'Samcheok-si Fire & Emergency industry cluster construction project' that begun in 2007. AHP technique analysis results on first-stage showed that priority was on policy and network elements, and the results of second-stage analysis show that priority was on Policy incentives to internationalize the cluster and strengthen link,. Cluster branding, Sharing of organizational culture to cope with changes in environment, Creation of group learning culture. The subject of this research is limited to Samcheok-si's the Fire and Emergency Industry cluster formation project. Therefore, the research area and standard should be expanded to increase generality in further researches.