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A Study on Applications for Linked Data in Libraries

도서관에서의 Linked Data 활용방안에 관한 연구

  • 조명대 (성균관대학교 사서교육원)
  • Published : 2010.02.28

Abstract

In this paper, the necessity calling for a paradigm shift in information organization is summarized: an attempt is being made to move from a web of documents to a web of data. In this, the principles used to make a universal library network, as part of the semantic web, or linked data, are described. Popular RDF vocabularies are also briefly introduced emphasizing FRBR and RDA vocabularies. Some library-related linked data projects are also summarized, describing the steps necessary to make a library catalogue available as linked data, as well as a rationale for doing so. Lastly, proposed models for a universal library network focusing on linked data are suggested. Some implications for the use of library applications for linked data, among others, are also presented.

본고에서는 현재 문서중심의 웹에서 데이터 중심의 웹으로의 패러다임전환의 필요성을 논하고 있다. 이 새로운 틀 속에서, 인간이 이해하듯이 기계가 정보를 이해할 수 있게 하여 의미가 통하는 웹을 만들자는 취지로 시작된 시멘틱웹의 한 부분으로서의 Linked Data를 활용함으로써 전 세계적으로 연결되는 도서관 네트워크가 가능할 것이다. 더 구체적으로는 Linked Data의 핵심개념, 핵심구성요소, 필요한 네 가지 원칙, 유용성을 설명했으며, 현재 사용되고 있는 미 의회도서관과 스웨덴 국립중앙도서관의 LIBRIS를 중심으로한 도서관 관계의 Linked Data의 활용도 살폈다. 특히 도서관에서의 시맨틱 레벨을 올리는데 앞장선 FRBR 및 RDA를 Linked Data 측면에서의 협조방향을 찾아봤으며, 마지막으로 우리나라에 적용할 수 있는 두가지 모델을 제시했다.

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