# Phosphorus doping in silicon thin films using a two - zone diffusion method

• Hwang, M.W. (School of Materials Science and Engineering, and Inter-University Seciconductor Research Center(ISRC), Seoul National University) ;
• Um, M.Y. (School of Materials Science and Engineering, and Inter-University Seciconductor Research Center(ISRC), Seoul National University) ;
• Kim, Y.H. (School of Materials Science and Engineering, and Inter-University Seciconductor Research Center(ISRC), Seoul National University) ;
• Lee, S.K. (School of Materials Science and Engineering, and Inter-University Seciconductor Research Center(ISRC), Seoul National University) ;
• Kim, H.J. (School of Materials Science and Engineering, and Inter-University Seciconductor Research Center(ISRC), Seoul National University) ;
• Park, W.Y. (Semiconductor R&D Center, Samsung Electronics Co., LTD)
• Published : 2000.10.01

#### Abstract

Single crystal and polycrystalline Si thin films were doped with phosphorus by a 2-zone diffusion method to develop the low-resistivity polycrystalline Si electrode for a hemispherical grain. Solid phosphorus source was used in order to achieve uniformly and highly doped surface region of polycrystalline Si films having rough surface morphology. In case of 2-zone diffusion method, it is proved that the heavy doping near the surface area can be achieved even at a relatively low temperature. SIMS analysis revealed that phosphorus doping concentration in case of using solid P as a doping source was about 50 times as that of phosphine source at 750$^{\circ}C$. Also, ASR analysis revealed that the carrier concentration was about 50 times as that of phosphine. In order to evaluate the electrical characteristics of doped polycrystalline Si films for semiconductor devices, MOS capacitors were fabricated to measure capacitance of polycrystalline Si films. In ${\pm}$2 V measuring condition, Si films, doped with solid source, have 8% higher $C_{min}$ than that of unadditional doped Si films and 3% higher $C_{min}$ than that of Si films doped with $PH_3$ source. The leakage current of these films was a few fA/${\mu}m^2$. As a result, a 2-zone diffusion method is suggested as an effective method to achieve highly doped polycrystalline Si films even at low temperature.