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Surface Wind Regionalization Based on Similarity of Time-series Wind Vectors

  • Kim, Jinsol;Kim, Hyun-Goo;Park, Hyeong-Dong
    • Asian Journal of Atmospheric Environment
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.80-89
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    • 2016
  • In the complex terrain where local wind systems are formed, accurate understanding of regional wind variability is required for wind resource assessment. In this paper, cluster analysis based on the similarity of time-series wind vector was applied to classify wind regions with similar wind characteristics and the meteorological validity of regionalization method was evaluated. Wind regions in Jeju Island and Busan were classified using the wind resource map of Korea created by a mesoscale numerical weather prediction modeling. The evaluation was performed by comparing wind speed, wind direction, and wind variability of each wind region. Wind characteristics, such as mean wind speed and prevailing wind direction, in the same wind region were similar and wind characteristics in different wind regions were meteor-statistically distinct. It was able to identify a singular wind region at the top area of Mt. Halla using the inconsistency of wind direction variability. Furthermore, it was found that the regionalization results correspond with the topographic features of Jeju Island and Busan, showing the validity.

Wind tunnel study of wind structure at a mountainous bridge location

  • Yan, Lei;Guo, Zhen S.;Zhu, Le D.;Flay, Richard G.J.
    • Wind and Structures
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.191-209
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    • 2016
  • Wind tunnel tests of a 1/2200-scale mountainous terrain model have been carried out to investigate local wind characteristics at a bridge location in southeast Tibet, China. Flows at five key locations on the bridge at deck level were measured for 26 directions. It was observed that wind characteristics (including mean wind velocity and overall turbulence intensity) vary significantly depending on the approaching wind direction and measurement position. The wind inclination angle measured in the study fluctuated between $-18^{\circ}$ and $+16^{\circ}$ and the ratio of mean wind velocity to reference wind velocity was small when the wind inclination angles were large, especially for positive wind inclination angles. The design standard wind speed and the minimum critical wind speed for flutter rely on the wind inclination angle and should be determined from the results of such tests. The variation of wind speed with wind inclination angles should be of the asymmetry step type. The turbulence characteristics of the wind were found to be similar to real atmospheric flows.

Natural wind impact analysis of transiting test method to measure wind pressure coefficients

  • Liu, Lulu;Li, Shengli;Guo, Pan;Wang, Xidong
    • Wind and Structures
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.199-210
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    • 2020
  • Building wind pressure coefficient transiting test is a new method to test the building wind pressure coefficient by using the wind generated by a moving vehicle, which is susceptible to natural wind and other factors. In this paper, the Commonwealth Advisory Aeronautical Research Council standard model with a scale ratio of 1:300 is used as the test object, and the wind pressure coefficient transiting test is repeated under different natural wind conditions to study the influence of natural wind. Natural wind is measured by an ultrasonic anemometer at a fixed location. All building wind pressure coefficient transiting tests meet the test conditions, and the vehicle's driving speed is 72 km/h. The mean wind pressure coefficient, the fluctuating wind pressure coefficient, and the correlation coefficient of wind pressure are used to describe the influence of natural wind on the building wind pressure coefficient transiting test qualitatively and quantitatively. Some rules, which can also help subsequent transiting tests, are also summarized.

The Wind Load Evaluation on Building Considering Vertical Profile of Fluctuating Wind Force (변동풍력의 연직분포를 고려한 건축물의 풍하중 평가)

  • Ryu, Hye-Jin;Shin, Dong-Hyeon;Ha, Young-Cheol
    • Journal of the Architectural Institute of Korea Structure & Construction
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    • v.35 no.7
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    • pp.157-164
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    • 2019
  • The wind tunnel test makes it possible to predict the wind loads for the wind resistant design. There are many methods to evaluate wind loads from data obtained from the wind tunnel test and these methods have advantages and disadvantages. In this study, two of these methods were analyzed and compared. One is the wind load evaluation method by fluctuating displacement and the other is the wind load evaluation method considering vertical profile of fluctuating wind force. The former method is evaluated as the sum of the mean wind load of the average wind force and the maximum value of the fluctuating wind load. The latter method is evaluated as the sum of the mean wind load and maximum value of the background wind load, and the maximum value of the resonant wind load. Two methods were applied to the wind tunnel test to compare the evaluated wind loads according to the two methods, with a maximum difference of about 1.2 times. The wind load evaluated by the method considering vertical profile of the fluctuating wind force (VPFWF) was larger than the wind load evaluated by the method by fluctuating displacement (FD). Especially, the difference of the wind load according to the two methods is large in the lower part of the building and the wind load is reversed at a specific height of the building. VPFWF of evaluating resonant wind loads and background wind loads separately is more reasonable.

Study on Basic Wind Speed Suiteable for Wind Power Development (풍력발전에 적합한 기본풍속 연구)

  • Kim, JungHwan;Jeong, HoSeong;Kim, HyeongJun;Han, JungHun;Park, SunKyu;Choi, JinWoong
    • 한국신재생에너지학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.189.1-189.1
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    • 2010
  • The wind farm where the wind velocity condition is excellent and economical can be established to produce power with the multiple wind power turbine. The wind velocity which is suitable to Wind Power Development must be evaluated for searching the economical wind farm on planning the wind farm. In this paper, based on wind speed data at 24 locations in Korea from 1971 through 2009, the basic wind velocity which can be applied to designing wind power development is estimated using the statiscal process. The wind velocity which is measured from observation stations is revised according to wind gauge's height and Circumferential environment. The wind speeds for 200 year's return period in 24 locations are determined using the Gumbel's distribution.

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Effects of different wind deflectors on wind loads for extra-large cooling towers

  • Ke, S.T.;Zhu, P.;Ge, Y.J.
    • Wind and Structures
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    • v.28 no.5
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    • pp.299-313
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    • 2019
  • In order to examine the effects of different wind deflectors on the wind load distribution characteristics of extra-large cooling towers, a comparative study of the distribution characteristics of wind pressures on the surface of three large cooling towers with typical wind deflectors and one tower without wind deflector was conducted using wind tunnel tests. These characteristics include aerodynamic parameters such as mean wind pressures, fluctuating wind pressures, peak factors, correlation coefficients, extreme wind pressures, drag coefficients and vorticity distribution. Then distribution regularities of different wind deflectors on global and local wind pressure of extra-large cooling towers was extracted, and finally the fitting formula of extreme wind pressure of the cooling towers with different wind deflectors was provided. The results showed that the large eddy simulation (LES) method used in this article could be used to accurately simulate wind loads of such extra-large cooling towers. The three typical wind deflectors could effectively reduce the average wind pressure of the negative pressure extreme regions in the central part of the tower, and were also effective in reducing the root of the variance of the fluctuating wind pressure in the upper-middle part of the windward side of the tower, with the curved air deflector showing particularly. All the different wind deflectors effectively reduced the wind pressure extremes of the middle and lower regions of the windward side of the tower and of the negative pressure extremes region, with the best effect occurring in the curved wind deflector. After the wind deflectors were installed the drag coefficient values of each layer of the middle and lower parts of the tower were significantly higher than that without wind deflector, but the effect on the drag coefficients of layers above the throat was weak. The peak factors for the windward side, the side and leeward side of the extra-large cooling towers with different wind deflectors were set as 3.29, 3.41 and 3.50, respectively.

Case Study of Wind Farm Design Using OpenWind - Youngdeok Wind Farm (OpenWind를 이용한 풍력단지설계 사례연구 -영덕풍력단지)

  • Kim, Hyun-Goo;Hwang, Hyo-Jeong;Kim, Ju-Hyun;Ko, Soo-Hee;Jung, Woo-Sik
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.19 no.9
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    • pp.1169-1175
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    • 2010
  • A case study for the design of a wind farm in complex terrain was carried out using the wind farm site analysis software OpenWind, which has an open-source platform and is free to use. The Youngdeok Wind Farm, constructed on mountainous terrain in Korea, was chosen as a model site; the design process reproduced using OpenWind. A comparison of the positions of the wind turbine derived from the OpenWind optimization process and the current positions were in good agreement. The annual energy production predicted by OpenWind compared with the prediction by the micrositing software, WindSim, were also validated to within 1%. Therefore, it was confirmed that OpenWind can be used for a practical wind farm design project. It is also anticipating that this paper will provide a prototype process for the design of a wind farm site and offer a database for the post-evaluation of a constructed wind farm in Korea.

Field measurement and CFD simulation of wind pressures on rectangular attic

  • Peng, Yongbo;Zhao, Weijie;Ai, Xiaoqiu
    • Wind and Structures
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    • v.29 no.6
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    • pp.471-488
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    • 2019
  • Wind pressure is a critical argument for the wind-resistant design of structures. The attempt, however, to explore the wind pressure field on buildings still encounters challenges though a large body of researches utilizing wind tunnel tests and wind field simulations were carried out, due to the difficulty in logical treatments on the scale effect and the modeling error. The full-scale measurement has not yet received sufficient attention. By performing a field measurement, the present paper systematically addresses wind pressures on the rectangular attic of a double-tower building. The spatial and temporal correlations among wind speed and wind pressures at measured points are discussed. In order to better understand the wind pressure distribution on the attic facades and its relationship against the approaching flow, a full-scale CFD simulation on the similar rectangular attic is conducted as well. Comparative studies between wind pressure coefficients and those provided in wind-load codes are carried out. It is revealed that in the case of wind attack angle being zero, the wind pressure coefficient of the cross-wind facades exposes remarkable variations along both horizontal and vertical directions; while the wind pressure coefficient of the windward facade remains stable along horizontal direction but exposes remarkable variations along vertical direction. The pattern of wind pressure coefficients, however, is not properly described in the existing wind-load codes.

Influence of non-Gaussian characteristics of wind load on fatigue damage of wind turbine

  • Zhu, Ying;Shuang, Miao
    • Wind and Structures
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    • v.31 no.3
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    • pp.217-227
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    • 2020
  • Based on translation models, both Gaussian and non-Gaussian wind fields are generated using spectral representation method for investigating the influence of non-Gaussian characteristics and directivity effect of wind load on fatigue damage of wind turbine. Using the blade aerodynamic model and multi-body dynamics, dynamic responses are calculated. Using linear damage accumulation theory and linear crack propagation theory, crack initiation life and crack propagation life are discussed with consideration of the joint probability density distribution of the wind direction and mean wind speed in detail. The result shows that non-Gaussian characteristics of wind load have less influence on fatigue life of wind turbine in the area with smaller annual mean wind speeds. Whereas, the influence becomes significant with the increase of the annual mean wind speed. When the annual mean wind speeds are 7 m/s and 9 m/s at hub height of 90 m, the crack initiation lives under softening non-Gaussian wind decrease by 10% compared with Gaussian wind fields or at higher hub height. The study indicates that the consideration of the influence of softening non-Gaussian characteristics of wind inflows can significantly decrease the fatigue life, and, if neglected, it can result in non-conservative fatigue life estimates for the areas with higher annual mean wind speeds.

Study on the Power Performance on WindPRO Prediction in the Southeast Region of Jeju Island (제주 남동부 지역을 대상으로 한 WindPRO의 발전량 예측에 관한 연구)

  • Hyun, Seunggun;Kim, Keonhoon;Huh, Jongchul
    • 한국신재생에너지학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.184.1-184.1
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    • 2010
  • In order to research the way to evaluate wind resource without actual Met Mast data, this paper has been carried out on the southeastern region of Jeju island, Korea. Although wind turbine has been an economical alternative energy resource, misjudging the prediction of lifetime or payback period occurs because of the inaccurate assessment of wind resource and the location of wind turbine. Using WindPRO(Ver. 2.7), a software for wind farm design developed by EMD from Denmark, wind resources for the southeastern region of Jeju island was analyzed, and the performance of WindPRO prediction was evaluated in detail. Met Mast data in Su-san 5.5Km far from Samdal wind farm, AWS in Sung-san 4.5km far from Samdal wind farm, and Korea Wind Map data had been collected for this work.

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