• Title, Summary, Keyword: translocation

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Temperature-dependent tendency of target DNA translocation through a nanocapillary functionalized with probe DNA

  • Lee, Choongman;Youn, Yeoan;Kim, Joo Hyung;Yoo, Kyung-Hwa
    • Proceedings of the Korean Vacuum Society Conference
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    • pp.140.1-140.1
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    • 2016
  • We have measured DNA translocation through a nanocapillary functionalized with probe DNA. These DNA-functionalized nanocapillaries selectively facilitate the translocation of target ssDNAs that are complementary to the probe ssDNAs. In addition, translocation of the complementary target ssDNA exhibits two tendencies to translocation speed, such as fast and slow translocation, whereas that of non-complementary target ssDNA yields only one tendency, fast translocation. These observations suggest that the complementary and non-complementary target ssDNAs may be discriminated due to different interaction strengths between target and probe ssDNAs. The temperature dependence measurements of DNA translocation show that slow translocation events are ascribed to the complementary interaction between probe and target ssDNA. This confirms that their dwell time is dependent on the base-pair binding strength. These results demonstrate that mere single-base different target DNA can be selectively detectable by using the probe DNA-functionalized nanocapillaries.

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Nitrogen Translocation and Dry Matter Accumulation of Direct Seeded Rice in No Tillage Rice-Vetch Cropping

  • Cho, Young-Son;Lee, Byung-Jin;Choe, Zhin-Ryong
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.44 no.1
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    • pp.44-48
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    • 1999
  • Uptake, assimilation and translocation of nitrogen and dry matter assimilation and translocation in ten rice cultivars were observed in no-till direct-sown rice-vetch cropping system. There was a large degree of variation in N-uptake, grain yield, nitrogen translocation efficiency and dry matter assimilation and translocation in tested rice cultivars. Forty kg N/ha base, as compound fertilizer (21-17-21% of N-P-K) three weeks after sowing and 30 kg N/ha top-dressed at panicle initiation stage as in the form of (NH$_4$)$_2$$CO_2$ was applied. ‘Newbounet’, ‘Daesanbyeo’, and ‘Hwayeongbyeo’ showed higher translocation efficiency. The contribution of pre-heading dry matter assimilates to grain ranged from 33% to 99% of dry grain weight. Dry matter of ‘Calrose 76’ was lower than Newbounet but N content was higher in Calrose 76 than Newbonnet. By maturity, N content in vegetative parts declined considerably more than dry matter, vegetative and reproductive parts, N translocation efficiency, and N harvest index. Nitrogen translocation efficiency was greater in ‘Nonganbyeo’, Daesanbyeo, and Newbounet. Grain N concentration was positively correlated with N concentration or N content of the vegetative parts at heading in Nonganbyeo, ‘Dasanbyeo’, ‘Dongjinbyeo’, and Newbonnet. These results indicated that the greater amount of dry matter and N accumulated before heading stage, the higher translocation rates of dry matter to grain and the greater net losses at maturity.

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Effects of 3-Amino benzamide and Cytosine arabinoside on the Frequencies of Dicentric and Translocation in Human Lymphocyte Induced by Radiation (3-Amino benzamide 및 Cytosine arabinoside가 방사선 조사된 림프구의 이동원 염색체 및 상호전좌 유발빈도에 미치는 영향)

  • 정해원;김수영;조윤희;김태환;조철구;하성환
    • Environmental Mutagens and Carcinogens
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.205-210
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    • 2002
  • In irradiated human lymphocytes, translocation of chromosome has been more frequently observed than dicentric chromosome. Differences in the misrepair process leading to translocation and dicentric chromosomes may explain the above observations. In order to find out whether dicentric and translocation are originated from different mechanism, the frequencies of radiation induced translocation and dicentric in lymphocytes were examined following treatment of irradiated lymphocytes with two DNA repair inhibitors, 3AB for inhibition of poly(ADP-ribose) synthesis and Ara C for inhibition of DNA-polymerase $\alpha$. Ara C potentiated the frequencies of radiation induced dicentric and translocation. 3AB also potentiated the frequencies of radiation induced dicentric, but not translocation. These results suggest the potential differences in the mechanisms in the formation of translocation and dicentric chromosomes.

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The In Vitro Translocation of Escherichia coli Ribose-binding Protein via Various Targeting Routes

  • Lee, Byoung-Chul;Kim, Hyoung-Nan;Hwang, Yong-Il
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.34 no.2
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    • pp.118-122
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    • 2001
  • The translocation of ribose-binding protein (RBP) into the inverted membrane vesicles (IMV) of Escherichia coli and eukaryotic microsomes was studied using the in vitro translation/translocation system. It was found that RBP was translocated into heterologous eukaryotic microsomes co-translationally, as well as post-translationally However, RBP was translocated only past-translationally into IMV. Degradation fragments of RBP with the molar mass of 14 and 16 kDa were produced during the translocation into IMV However, the amount of the degradation products decreased and the mature form of RBP appeared in the presence of phenylmethylsulfonyl fluoride (PMSF). PMSF and GTP accelerated the translocation of RBF It was also found that SecB enhanced the post-translational translocation of RBP It appears that RBP is translocated via at least two targeting paths.

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Effect of Glutamine on the Diclofenac Induced Bacterial Translocation and Lipid Peroxidation (Diclofenac에 의해 유발된 장내세균전위와 지질과산화에 대한 글루타민의 효과)

  • Kim, Eun-Jeong;Kim, Jeong-Wook
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.49 no.2
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    • pp.128-133
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    • 2005
  • The aim of this study was to examine whether administration of glutamine are able to prevent the NSAID induced bacterial translocation and lipid peroxidation in the rats. The an imals with glutamine were fed with L-glutamine for 5 days before diclofenac administration (100 mg/kg orally). 48 hour after diclofenac administration, intestinal permeability, serum biochemical profiles, and malondialdehyde levels of ileum were measured for evaluation of gut damage. Also, enteric aerobic bacterial counts, number of gram-negatives in mesenteric Iymph nodes, liver, spleen and kidney and malondialdehyde levels in liver, spleen, kidney and plasma were measured. Diclofenac caused the gut damage, enteric bacterial overgrowth, increased bacterial translocation and increased lipid peroxidation. Co-administration of glutamine reduced the gut damage, enteric bacterial overgrowth, bacterial translocation and lipid peroxidation induced by diclofenac. This study suggested that glutamine might effectively prevent non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug induced bacterial translocation and lipid peroxidation in the rat.

Effect of Glutamine on the Methotrexate Induced Gut Barrier Damage, Bacterial Translocation and Weight Changes in a Rat Model (백서에서 Methotrexate에 의하여 유발된 장관장벽손상 및 장내세균전위와 중량 변화에 대한 글루타민의 효과)

  • Kim, Eun-Jeong;Kim, Jeong-Wook
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.51 no.1
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    • pp.1-6
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    • 2007
  • The aim of this study was to examine whether administration of glutamine are able to prevent the methotrexate induced gut barrier damage, bacterial translocation, and weight changes. The animals with glutamine were fed with L-glutamine (1.2 and 2.4 mg/kg/day) for 7 days before methotrexate administration (20 mg/kg orally). 48 hour after methotrexate administration, intestinal permeability were measured for an assessment of the gut barrier dysfunction. Also, enteric aerobic bacterial counts, number of gram-negatives in mesenteric lymph node (MLN), liver spleen, kidney and heart were measured for an assessment of the enteric bacterial number and bacterial translocation. Amounts of food intake, body weight changes and organ weight changes of liver spleen, kidney and heart were measured. Methotrexate administration caused body and liver weight loss regardless amounts of food intakes. Methotrexate induced increasing intestinal permeability, enteric bacterial undergrowth and bacterial translocation to MLN, liver and spleen, but not kidney and heart. The supplements with glutamine reduced the intestinal permeability bacterial translocation, and not influences enteric bacterial number, and body and liver weight changes. This study suggested that glutamine might effectively reduce methotrexate induced intestinal damage and bacterial translocation, but not influence body and organ weight loss.

Translocation of Annexin I to the Nucleus by Epidermal Growth Factor in A549 Cells

  • Rhee, Hae-Jin;Kim, Seung-Wook;Soo-Ok, Lee;Park, Young-Min;Na, Doe-Sun
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.28-32
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    • 1999
  • Annexin I (also called lipocortin 1), a 37-kDa member of the annexin family of proteins, has been implicated in the mitogenic signal transduction by epidermal growth factor (EGF). Annexin I is phosphorylated by the EGF signal, however, the role of annexin I in the EGF signal transduction is still unknown. To transduce extracellular signals into the intracellular targets, selective translocation of the signaling molecules to their targets would be necessary. In this study, we examined the subcellular locations of annexin I during EGF signal transduction. Treatment of A549 cells with EGF resulted in the translocation of cytoplasmic annexin I to the nucleus and perinuclear region as determined by Western blot and immunofluorescent staining. The nuclear translocation of annexin I was inhibited by tyrphostin AG 1478 and genistein, the inhibitors of EGF receptor kinase and downstream tyrosine kineses, respectively. Pretreatment of cells with cyclohexamide did not inhibit the nuclear translocation. The results suggest that nuclear translocation of annexin I is controlled by a series of kinase dependent events in the EGF receptor signaling pathway and may be important in tranducing the signals by EGF.

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p53 is not necessary for nuclear translocation of GAPDH during NO-induced apoptosis

  • Kim, Jum-Ji;Lee, Mi-Young
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.44 no.12
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    • pp.782-786
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    • 2011
  • Aberrant GAPDH expression following S-nitrosoglutathione (GSNO) treatment was compared in HepG2 cells, which express functional p53, and Hep3B cells, which lack functional p53. The results of Western blotting and fluorescent immunocytochemistry revealed that nuclear translocation and accumulation of GAPDH occur in both HepG2 and Hep3B cells. This finding suggests that p53 may not be necessary for the GSNO-induced translocation of GAPDH to the nucleus during apoptotic cell death in hepatoma cells.

Expressed Sequence Tags of the Wheat-rye Translocation Line Possessing 2BS/2RL

  • Jang, Cheol-Seong;Hong, Byung-Hee;Seo, Yong-Weon
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.44 no.3
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    • pp.302-307
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    • 1999
  • Hamlet (PI549276) possessing 2RL was obtained by cross between a wheat cultivar ND7532 (Froid/Centurk) and a rye cultivar Chaupon. Chaupon was known to have resistant gene to biotype L of Hessian fly [Mayetiola destructor (Say)] larvae. The wheat-rye translocation line (Coker797*4/Hamlet) was also known to be resistant to biotype L of Hessian fly larvae. We analysed a set of 96 ESTs from the wheat-rye translocation line (2BS/2RL). ESTs were classified by various physiological processings, such as primary metabolism, secondary metabolism, transcription, translation, transport, signal transduction, defense, transposable element, and others. Three sequences encoding thioredoxin peroxidase, 26S rRNA, and rubisco small subunits were homologous to registered genes in rye. Although limited number of clones were used to develop ESTs, these clones and their sequence information may be useful for researchers studying general physiology and molecular biology on the translocation line.

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Postnatal Changes in Atrial Compliance and Stretch-Induced ANP Secretion in Rabbits

  • Kim, Suhn-Hee;Lee, Kyung-Sun;Kim, Sung-Zoo;Seul, Kyung-Hwan;Cho, Kyung-Woo
    • The Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
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    • v.4 no.5
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    • pp.393-401
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    • 2000
  • To define the postnatal changes in ANP secretion in response to mechanical stretch and atrial compliance, experiments have been done in perfused nonbeating rabbit atria with different ages: 1-day, 1-, 2-, 3-, 4-, and 8-wk-old. In 1-day-old-rabbits, an increase in intraatrial pressure resulted in an increase in atrial volume, which was higher than that in 1-wk-old rabbits. Increases in atrial volume stimulated the secretion of ANP with concomitant translocation of extracellular fluid (ECF) into the atrial lumen. However, mechanically stimulated ECF translocation was lower in 1-day-old rabbits than that in 1-wk-old rabbits. Therefore, positive relationship between mechanically stimulated ECF translocation and ANP secretion was shifted upward in 1-day-old rabbits, as compared to 1-wk-old rabbits. Changes in atrial volume and ECF translocation were gradually increased with aging and reached the peak value at 4 wk. The stretch-induced ANP secretion in terms of ECF translocation (the interstitial ANP concentration) was also increased with aging and reached the peak value at 4 wk. The interstitial ANP concentration was dependent on the atrial content of ANP. These data suggest that the higher level of atrial ANP secretion is related to the postnatal changes in atrial volume and unidentified factor.

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