• Title, Summary, Keyword: transfer income

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Relations between The Elderly's Transfer Incomes and Life Satisfaction

  • Lee, Hyoung-Ha
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.23 no.10
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    • pp.165-172
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    • 2018
  • This study was conducted to investigate the relationship between life satisfaction of the elderly and their transfer income (public transfer and private transfer income) using the 11th data of the Korea welfare panel study. In the analysis results, the public transfer income was analyzed to have a significantly positive (+) effect on the life satisfaction in the case of the elderly in general households while in the case of the elderly in low income households, private transfer income was analyzed to have a significantly positive (+) effect on life satisfaction. These results suggest that the public transfer income is 1,019,200 won (monthly average 849,000 won) in the case of the elderly in general households, and the public transfer income is found to have an effect to stabilize the income, which can be expected to increase the life satisfaction. However, in the case of the elderly in low income households, it was found to be 5,080,500 won (monthly average 424,000 won), half of the public transfer income of the elderly in general households. In the case of the elderly of low income households, it can be assumed that the private transfer income, which is the "uncomfortable" income source, fills up the unstable income stabilization gap and raises the life satisfaction. As a policy suggestion, first, by supplementing the basic pension system, which is an irrational part of public transfer income for the elderly with low income, it is necessary to design policy alternatives to enable economic stabilization of the elderly in low income households. Second, it is also necessary to actively review the introduction of income deduction plans for the transfer income of family members for the low income elderly households.

Measures of Real Estate Taxation in the Classify Income (현행 법률상 분류소득인 부동산양도소득세의 정책방안)

  • Yoon, Deok-Byeong
    • Journal of Convergence for Information Technology
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.137-142
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study tried theoretical review on the current Transfer Income Tax system, and review on current Korean Transfer Income Tax system, to derive the inherent problems in Korean Transfer Income Tax system. This study presents the improving measures thereto.The transfer income earned by any individual person is taxed as the Transfer Income Tax pursuant to the Income Tax Act, and the transfer income earned by any legal person is taxed as the transfer income on transfer gain on land etc, pursuant to the Corporate Tax Act. In case of the Transfer Income Taxes earned by individual persons, land and buildings comprise most of the taxable items of the Transfer Income Tax. This study limits the scope of study to the Transfer Income Tax on land and building as the major taxable item, rather than all the Transfer Income Tax taxed to individual taxpayers. The outcomes of this are expected to rationly improvement the real estate taxation in accordance with the principle of tax law.

Analysis of Inequality of Public Transfer Income by Income Level (소득계층별 공적이전소득의 불평등 변화분석)

  • Lee, Yong-jae;Kim, Yong-mi
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.16 no.12
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    • pp.77-86
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    • 2018
  • This study was carried out by using the concentration index calculation method from 1996 to 2016 by using the household trend survey data to confirm the difference of income transfer income and inequality in public transfer income. The main results are as follows. First, the public transfer income concentration index in 1996 was concentrated on the high income group with +0.2774, but since 2009, the concentration index has been negative (-), which has concentrated on the low income group. However, the effect of redistribution of income was small. Second, the average public transfer income of low - income households increased significantly while the number of high income earners decreased. It is gradually improving that public transfer income did not play a role in the improvement of income inequality. Third, public transfer income has been continuously increasing in all income classes, and the rate of increase is low in the low income class and slow in the high income class, so the public transfer income of the low income class is higher than that of the high income class. In sum, the inequality of public transfer income by income class in Korea is gradually improving, but it is not considered to be a level that can improve the inequality between income groups.

Growth and Impact Analysis of Nonemployment Income as an Urban Economic Base -The case study of U.S. Arizona State- (도시경제기반으로서의 비고용소득 성장과 영향분석 - 미국 아리조나주의 경우 -)

  • 김학훈
    • Journal of the Korean Regional Science Association
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.27-40
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    • 1993
  • Most studies on regional economic impact have utilized employment or employment income data. Recently, a few scholars have noticed the importance of nonemployment income sources in urban economies. Using decennial census data on Arizona towns from 1970 to 1990, this paper first examines the increasing importance of nonempolyment income sources in urban economies and the associations of nonemployment income sources with elderly population and metropolitan location. Then, this paper investigates the impact of nonemployment income on urban growth in the framework of economic base model. The regression results show that the impact of nonemployment income is significant in the increase of nonbasic income and becomes greater over time, and that the impact of transfer over time, and that the impact of transfer income on nonbasic income of transfer income on nonbasic income is stronger in smaller towns and the impact of investment income is stronger in larger towns.

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Improvements of the Transfer Income Tax Act through the Analysis of Recognition for the Transfer Income Tax Act -Focusing on Diligent Payment of Taxes- (양도소득세법 인지도 분석을 통한 양도소득세법 개선방안 -성실납세를 중심으로-)

  • Yun, Yun-Suk;Sim, Weon-Mi
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.368-376
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    • 2011
  • This study has undertaken for the analysis of the level of recognition on the Transfer Income Tax. The statistical analysis through the questionnaire is made to find out the issues on the equitableness of Transfer Income Tax first with the level of equitableness of the Transfer Income Tax structure and appropriateness of the degree of different tax rate applied under the Transfer Income Tax, level of equitableness of the Transfer Income Tax structure and intent for avoidance of payment under the present tax policies, level of recognition for administrative disposition on those avoiding diligent payment of taxes, and it analyzed the relationship between the levels of understanding of the structure of the Transfer Income Tax and the level of complexity of the structure of the Transfer Income Tax in order to analyze if it has negative impact on the level of understanding for the structure of the Transfer Income Tax. On the basis of the above analysis result, as the improvement plan on the Transfer Income Tax system, following has been presented; enhancement of equitableness of tax rate structure under the Transfer Income Tax for improving the equitableness of tax burden, establishment of regulations to strengthen the appropriate tax investigation for prevention of diligent tax payment avoidance, relaxation of complication of the structure under the Transfer Income Tax.

Does Village Fund Transfer Address the Issue of Inequality and Poverty? A Lesson from Indonesia

  • ARHAM, Muhammad Amir;HATU, Rauf
    • The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business
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    • v.7 no.10
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    • pp.433-442
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    • 2020
  • This study investigates the impact of fiscal transfer, specifically the Village Fund Transfer, on rural income inequality and rural poverty. Studies on fiscal transfer offers contrasting outcomes, some argues that fiscal transfer suppresses wealth disparity, while others argue that it tends to widen disparity. This study employs descriptive analysis in estimating the elasticity of income inequality and poverty rate before and after the Village Fund Transfer. It develops multiple regressions model on panel datasets of 33 provinces in Indonesia before and after the implementation of Village Fund Transfer. This study suggests that the elasticity of income inequality is higher after the implementation of village fund transfer. Rural poverty tends to decline annually, however, the elasticity changes is lower after the implementation of village fund transfer. Furthermore, this study suggests that village fund transfer is insignificant in coping with the issue of income inequality, while education and the level of labor productivity of agricultural sector appears to be the determinant factor in tackling the issue of income inequality in the rural areas. This study further reveals the significance of village fund transfer in suppressing the rural poverty rate. This study also highlights the significance of human resources quality and agricultural sector in reducing poverty rate in rural areas.

The Effect of Income Transfer on Poverty Rate (소득이전의 빈곤완화 및 빈곤이행 효과에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Kyo-Sung
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.48
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    • pp.113-149
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    • 2002
  • The primary purpose of this study is to analyze the decreasing effect of public and private income transfers on poverty rate. Two year data of Korean Labor and Income Panel Study (KLIPS, 1998, 1999) are used for the analysis, and 1/2 of median income and 1/3 of mean income are adopted to measure poverty rate. Although private income transfer contributes more to reduce the rate than the public transfer, the main effect for decreasing poverty rate is forced by the wage. Statistically significant variables that affect to the exit of poverty based on the logistic regression analysis are number of family members(-), wage(+), property income(+), social insurance benefit(+), and the transfer income(+). Therefore, the future policy should be more related with the active labor market policy for developing better human resources among the poor family.

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The Importance of Financial Literacy: Household's Income Mobility Measurement and Decomposition Approach

  • MONSURA, Melcah Pascua
    • The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business
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    • v.7 no.12
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    • pp.647-655
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    • 2020
  • This study introduced income mobility analysis using pseudo-longitudinal panel data from Family Income and Expenditure Survey (FIES) to consider the dynamic process of individual's well-being through time. Since there is no comprehensive measurement of income mobility because of its dynamic process, various income mobility indices such as Chi-square, Average Jump Index, Atkinson et al. Mobility Ratio, and Shorrocks' Mobility Index were used. These indices revealed that Filipino households' income movements are more mobile than expected, and their income status improved from 2000 to 2015. As income mobility takes place, income inequality is reduced by 91.80 percent (91.80%). Furthermore, the growth effect is the main factor of income mobility. This indicates that households took the economic opportunities from economic growth to earn more. However, income mobility due to transfer effect (transfer of income from one household to another through lottery winning and borrowing) increased when the economy is not good. The higher income mobility due to growth effect compared to transfer effect, whether the economy is good or bad, means that households learned how to use their income in savings, investments, and entrepreneurship. This is the result of a successful financial literacy program of the government wherein households realized financial stability and security.

Analyzing Adult Children's Income Transfers to Parents According to Financial Structure (중고령 가구의 재무구조와 성인자녀로 부터의 소득이전)

  • Yoon, Won-Ah
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.361-374
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    • 2010
  • Using the first wave of the Korean Longitudinal Study of Ageing, this research examines the effect of elderly parent's financial structure on private income transfers from their adult children. The results show that low income elderly households are more likely to receive income transfers from their children. Generally, Korean elderly households were found to have very low liquidity in their asset structure, as the average household holds over 90% of their assets in real estate. However, it seems that the parents' potential income based on their real estate assets is unimportant in determining children's transfer decisions. Rather, the parents' labor income is found to be a key factor in children's income transfer decisions.