• Title/Summary/Keyword: serum cholesterol

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Annual Changes in Cholesterol Intake and Serum Cholesterol Level of Korean from 1962 to 1995 Year (1962년부터 1995년까지 한국인의 혈청콜레스테롤 농도와 콜레스테롤 섭취량의 연차적 변화)

  • 최용순;곽인신;이정애;이상영
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.484-491
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    • 1999
  • To estimate annual changes in age adjusted mean of serum cholesterol and cholesterol intake in Korea during the past years, data from 21 literatures regarding for serum cholesterol level of Korean or National Nutrition Survey Reports from 1962 to 1995 were extracted for this study. Age standardization for mean serum cholesterol level was adjusted being based on Korean population composition in 1995. Mean of Korean serum cholesterol level depicted an increasing tendency from 1962 to 1995. Magnitude of changes in mean of serum cholesterol was big in the age old groups over 60th decade, but sex difference in the pattern was not observed. The estimated mean cholesterol intake was higher in the urban population than those of rural's and it increased linearly from 1969 to 1995. Major food sources for cholesterol were egg(39.3%), anchovy(8.3%), seafoods(35.2%) meat(13%) in 1995. From the results, it was estimated that mean serum cholesterol and daily cholesterol intake of Korean would be 178 mg/dl and 278mg/day in 1995, respectively.

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Influence of Vegetable oils on the Serum Cholesterol of Rabbit (가돈의 혈청 Cholesterol에 미치는 식물유의 영향 (1))

  • 강신주
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.139-146
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    • 1973
  • The level of serum cholesterol was successively determined for 4 weeks after the basic diet feeding for 8 weeks in the rabbits. It was observed that the individual serum cholesterol levels were highly elevated by the oral administration of cholesterol for 18 days, and then the rabbit were fed by sesame and rape seed oils for 11 weeks to survey the effect of the oils which was playing a role of decreasing factor for serum cholesterol values. The results were obtained as follows ; 1. The rabbit's serum cholesterol level was 128±29.0mg/dl in average, it was higher in female (162±50.6) than male(95±17.6). 2. It can be possible elevating experimentally the level of serum cholesterol by the cholesterol administration per os. 3. There were significant effect of the vegetable oils to decrease the experimental hypercholesteremia in the rabbits.

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Effect of Digestibility of Soybean Peptides on the Concentration of Serum Cholesterol in Rats (대두 펩타이드와 소화율이 흰쥐의 혈청 콜레스테롤 농도에 미치는 영향)

  • 한응수
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.26 no.5
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    • pp.585-592
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    • 1993
  • In order to investigate the hypocholesteremic effect of soybean perptides, soybean protein(ISP), casein(CNP), their peptic hydrolyzates fractionated by acid precipitation at different pH's(SHT, SH8, SH6, SH4, CHT, CH5, CH4) and amino acid mixtures of the same composition as the proteins(SAA, CAA) were fed to rats and the concentration of serum cholesterol was measured. Then in vitro digestibility and molecular weight distribution of the peptides by pepticpancreatic hydrolysis was measured by FPLC. The lower the in vitro digestibility of peptides is, the lower the concentration of serum cholesterol becomes(r=0.986) and the higher the ratio of macropeptides is, the lower the concentration of serum cholesterol becomes(r=-0.932) in rats. These results suggest that the in vitro digestibility of peptides has close relationship to the concentration of serum cholesterol in rats and non-digestible meacropeptides or polypeptides especially more than 1 kDa, formed through digestion in gut, may lower the serum cholesterol in rats.

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Effect of Egg Yolk Supplementation to Korean-Diet on Human Serum Cholesterol (한국인 식사에 계란의 추가 급여가 혈청 콜레스테롤 농도에 미치는 영향)

  • 유은주
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.260-267
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    • 1988
  • Forteen healthy women, with normal serum cholesterol levels, were supplemented with two egg yolks daily for the 1st week and four egg yolks for the 2nd week to their customary diets for 2 weeks period. Serum cholesterol, triglyceride, phospholipid and lipoprotein fractions were determined. Serum cholesterol and phospholipid levels were not affected by the supplementation of egg yolks. However, triglyceride level was significantly increased by the supplementation of four egg yolks at the end of the 1st week, but the level remained normal range. The serum lipoprotein pattern was influenced by the supplementation of egg yolks : HDL fraction significantly decreased, while LDL and VLDL fractions significantly increased.

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Study for Serum Cholesterol Level with Patients on Premature Examination of Stroke - Based on National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III - (중풍 조기검진 환자의 혈중지질에 대한 연구 - NCEP Adult Treatment Panel III를 중심으로 -)

  • Chang, Mun-Won;Choi, Seong-Hwan;Jo, Hyun-Kyung
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.716-721
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    • 2010
  • The aim of this study is to investigate the serum cholesterol level of patients who visited Oriental Hospital of Daejeon University to predict stroke, in Korea. In the time of period June 15th 2009 to June 20th 2009, 45 patients visited Oriental Hospital of Daejeon University to check the risk of stroke. We checked their blood to find out the serum cholesterol level and investigated their past history according to Adult Treatment Panel III guidelines. Male has higher risk of coronary heart disease than the female. The average of the total serum cholesterol of the participants was lower than the average of Korean. The percentage of the participants who have less HDL-cholesterol than 40 mg/dL was 33.3% and this result is less than the average percentage of Korean. Only 8.9% of the participants were placed in group who need to use lipid-lowering drug to reduce the lipoprotein density. Checking the characters of the person is necessary to use lipid-lowering drugs. This study can be the baseline data of actual condition of serum cholesterol level.

Changes in Blood Pressures, Blood Profiles and Physical Conditions among Adults in the Daejeon Area (대전지역 일부 직장인의 혈압, 혈액성분 및 체위의 변화)

  • Kang, Hae-Kyung
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.10 no.5
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    • pp.633-644
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    • 2005
  • The body mass index, blood pressures and blood profiles of adults, who worked at three colleges in the Daejeon area, were evaluated for use in developing well-balanced menus at their workplace cafeterias and/or in creating nutrition education programs tailored to their health statuses. The data analyzed were from physical examinations performed in 2002 and in 2004 by the National Health Insurance Corporation. Overall, levels of systolic and diastolic blood pressure and serum cholesterol were lower in the 2004 samples than in those of 2002, but most samples in 2004 showed higher levels of SGOT. In 2002, statistical differences occured in the levels of blood pressure and serum cholesterol among age groups, but not in 2004. And in 2004, the older the age group, the higher the BMI. Among subjects in their twenties, three variables (systolic and diastolic blood pressure, and serum cholesterol) showed statistical differences; this increased to four variables (systolic and diastolic blood pressure, blood glucose and serum cholesterol) among subjects in their thirties and to six variables (Hb, SGOT, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, blood glucose and serum cholesterol) among those in their forties, followed by a decline to four variables (systolic and diastolic blood pressure, Hb and serum cholesterol) among subjects in their fifties. In general, the results of physical examinations showed improvements in blood pressure and blood profiles in 2004 in comparison with results in 2002. The level of SGOT was the exception. Despite these improvements, of those employees who had physical examinations in 2004, $5.2\%$ had high blood glucose and $18.1\%$ hypertension, $27.9\%$ hypercholesterolemia, $8.3\%$ registered abnormal liver functions, and $31.3\%$ were classified as overweight and obese. Moreover, because some vulnerable blood profiles were found in the older age groups, various programs, including nutrition education, and/or development of healthful diets as well as excercise activities, may be needed within their workplaces.

The Relationship between Serum Cholesterol Levels and Dietary Fatty Acid Patterns, Plasma Fatty Acids, and Other Lipid Profile among Korean Adults (성인 남녀의 혈청 콜레스테롤의 수준과 지방산 섭취 양상, 혈중 지질 및 지방산 조성의 상관 관계 연구)

  • 김정숙;서연경;김형숙;장경자;최혜미
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.192-201
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    • 2003
  • The purposes of this research were to assess dietary fatty acid patterns and to elucidate the relationship between the serum cholesterol levels and dietary fatty acid patterns, plasma fatty acid compositions, BMI (body mass index), and other lipid profile. The subjects were 151 adults aged 23 to 80 years, selected from the Outpatient Clinic and Cardiova-scular Department of the Seoul Municipal Hospital. Dietary data were obtained using three day food records. Sixteen dietary fatty acids were analyzed using Korean and US nutrient databases. The subjects were divided into three serum cholesterol levels: desirable (< 200 mg/dl, N = 44), borderline-risk ($\geq$ 200 - < 240 mg/dl, N = 35), and high-risk ($\geq$ 240 mg/dl, N = 72) groups. The high-risk group had higher BMI, waist, and waist to hip ratio (WHR) than the desirable and borderline-risk groups. Serum concentrations of triglyceride, LDL cholesterol and LDL/HDL cholesterol ratio were significantly higher in the high-risk group as compared to those in the other two groups. The serum cholesterol levels were highly correlated with BMI (r = 0.435), triglyceride (r = 0.425) and LDL/HDL cholesterol (r = 0.870) ratio. The highest fatty acid intake was from oleic acid (33 - 34% of total fatty acid intakes), which was followed by linoleic acid (27%), palmitic acid (19%), and stearic acid (7%). There was no correlation between the serum cholesterol levels and the dietary fatty acid intakes, polyunsaturateumonounsaturateusaturated fatty acids (P/M/S) and $\omega$6/$\omega$3 ratios. The correlation between plasma fatty acids such as myristic acid, oleic acid, linoleic acid, and docosahexaenoic acid and serum cholesterol levels was also weak. (Korean J Community Nutrition 8(2) : 192~201, 2003)

Clinical association between serum cholesterol level and the size of xanthelasma palpebrarum

  • Kim, Young Geun;Oh, Jae Wook;Lee, Keun Cheol;Yoon, Sung Ho
    • Archives of Craniofacial Surgery
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.71-76
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    • 2022
  • Background: Xanthelasma palpebrarum (XP) is a benign periorbital lesion. The relationship between xanthelasma lesion size and serum cholesterol levels has been poorly studied. In this study, we investigated this relationship in the context of the clinical etiology of XP. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed medical records and pathology reports of all patients treated for XP at our hospital between June 2014 and June 2021; the data were used to analyze lesion size, underlying disease, serum cholesterol, and disease recurrence. Results: The mean values for patient age, serum cholesterol, and lesion size were 53.0 years, 235.0 mg/dL, and 69.2 mm2, respectively. XP mainly occurred in women (64.7%); furthermore, the incidence of XP and lesion size was greatest among patients in their 5th decade of life (41.2%). There was no statistically significant relationship between xanthelasma lesion size and serum cholesterol level. Conclusion: This study compared lesion size with various clinical features in XP patients. In patients who underwent surgery for XP, serum cholesterol levels tended to be higher than those in the general population. However, the trend between the size of XP and serum cholesterol level was unclear. Therefore, if a patient with XP visits the hospital for surgery, it is recommended to check the lipid profile to confirm underlying dyslipidemia regardless of the size.

Low Serum Cholesterol Level in Major Depression Patients with Suicidal Attempt (자살을 시도한 주요우울증 환자에서 혈청 콜레스테롤 농도의 저하)

  • Kim, Yong Ku;Lee, Heon Jeong;Kwak, Dong II
    • Korean Journal of Biological Psychiatry
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.258-261
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    • 1996
  • Objective : Several studies hove suggested that reduction of cholesterol concentration and low cholesterol level increases suicide, homicide, and depression. The authors sought to determine whether low cholesterol is associated with a history of suicidal attempts among major depression patients. Method : The subjects were 105 patients with major depression, diagnosed according to the DSM-III-R criteria, and 105 age, sex matched healthy controls. Blood was token following overnight fast and serum cholesterol concentration were measured by a enzymatic method Results : The serum cholesterol level was significantly lower in the patients with major depression than in healthy controls($180.4{\pm}43.4mg/dl$ vs $199.7{\pm}35.8mg/dl$). And the serum cholesterol level was significantly lower in major depression patients with suicidal attempt than in major depression patients without suicidal attempt($156.7{\pm}38.2mg/dl$ vs $ 187.8{\pm}42.5mg/dl$) Conclusion : It is hypothesized that low cholesterol level is associated with depression by modifying the serotonin metabolism and the production of interleukin-2, low cholesterol concentration should be further investigated as a potential biological marker of suicidal risk in major depression. Prospective study with serial cholesterol determinations should be done.

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Effect of Deer Horn on Serum Cholesterol Level in Cholesterol fed Rabbits (Cholesterol 투여가토(投與家兎)의 혈청중(血淸中) Cholesterol에 미치는 녹용(鹿茸)의 영향(影響)(제 3 편)(第 3 編))

  • Yong, Jae-Ick
    • Journal of Pharmaceutical Investigation
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    • v.6 no.3
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    • pp.14-19
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    • 1976
  • Influence of deer horn on serum cholesterol level as well as growth rate of experimental cholesterol-fed rabbit were observed. The cholesterol level rose progressively in all cholesterol-fed rabbit and only after 17th day of experiment, cholesterol-level in animal treated with deer horn significantly increased at much lower rate than control group. Above results suggested that deer horn might decrease the abnormally elevated serum cholesterol.

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