• Title, Summary, Keyword: senior citizens

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Research on the subjective status of oral cavity's health following senior citizens' characteristics (일부 노인의 일반적 특성 및 구강보건지식과 행태에 따른 주관적 구강건강상태 연구)

  • Park, Jeong-Ran;Lee, Yeon-Kyoung
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.344-356
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    • 2009
  • To identify subjective health status of senior citizens' oral health following senior citizens' general characteristics and knowledge and behavior for the oral hygiene, this research conducted individual interview with 237 senior citizens in some parts of Seoul. The results are as follows. 1. Degree of senior citizens' knowledge on the oral hygiene is about Middle. Among the categories on the senior citizens' knowledge on the oral hygiene, teeth's brushing was the highest while knowledge on fluorine was the lowest. 2. Senior citizens who feel that their oral health is healthy when it comes to the subjective health state of senior citizens' oral health following behavior for the oral hygiene, brush their teeth, three times in a day, for more than three minutes (p<.01). Moreover, senior citizens who feel that their oral health is healthy brush different corners of the tongue when brushing (p<.01). 3. In case of knowledge on the oral hygiene following general characteristics, knowledge on the oral hygiene was higher when economic status was higher (p<.01). In case of living expenses, knowledge on the oral hygiene was higher for the senior citizens with pay or income (p<.01). 4. In case of behavior for the oral hygiene, women tended to act for the oral hygiene more than men. As for the method for raising living expenses, senior citizens who receive basic social security check or those at the highest tier tended to act less for the oral hygiene (p<.01). 5. Senior citizens who answered that their oral health is healthy when it comes to the subjective health state of senior citizens' oral cavity tended to have high knowledge on the oral hygiene (p<.01). In conclusion, subjective health status of senior citizens' oral health is higher when the knowledge on the oral hygiene and behavior for the oral hygiene are higher. Accordingly, it is necessary to develop and execute oral hygiene training program to change senior citizens' behavior incrementally and the dental hygienists who can conduct this training should be actively attracted into the senior citizens' oral hygiene training.

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A study on the elder care facility workers' attitude towards senior citizens and on the perception towards long-term care insurance system for senior citizens (노인시설 종사자들의 노인에 대한 태도 및 노인장기요양보험제도에 대한 인식조사)

  • Kwon, Sun-Hwa;Park, Jeong-Ran;Lee, Yeun-Kyoung
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.10 no.5
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    • pp.905-915
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    • 2010
  • Objectives : This research identified the attitude towards senior citizens targeting the workers of the facility for senior citizens to establish Long-Term Care Insurance System early on, and to identify the degree of perception on the importance of senior citizens' oral health and on the need for dental sanitation specialists. Methods : This research targeted 233 workers of the facility for the senior citizens located in some parts of the Gyeongnam area. Survey was conducted from December 1, 2009 to January 31, 2010 to identify the facility workers' attitude towards senior citizens and on the perception towards Long-Term Care Insurance System. Results : 1. As for the awareness towards senior citizens, 50.2% said that they are comfortable around senior citizens while degree of kindness towards senior citizens was 48.5%. 21.0% had experienced training for senior citizens' oral health management. As for the question on who should serve as the trainer, dental sanitation specialists were citied the most with 47.6%. 29.2% was very interested in the senior citizens' oral health while 83.7% said that oral cavity managers are needed in the facility for the senior citizens. As for the question on who should be in charge, if necessary, dental sanitation specialist was cited the most with 57.9%. 2. Awareness on the Long-Term Care Insurance System, treatment for the oral cavity sanitation by visiting homes and information on the activity of long-term care specialists was high following the experience of training for the senior citizens' oral health management in case of the workers at the senior citizens' facility. This manifested statistically significant difference(p<0.05)(p<0.01). Moreover, treatment for oral cavity sanitation manifested statistically significant difference was manifested in the treatment for oral cavity sanitation following the need for oral health managers and who should be in charge, if necessary(p<0.01). Conclusions : These results advocate the need to develop diverse senior citizens' oral health management methods and to continue to carry out actions for senior citizens' oral health improvement that can be carried out by the long-term caretakers for the management of senior citizens' oral cavity health.

The Comparative Analysis on the Digital Divide of Senior Citizens through the Preference for Mobile Internet and Social Media

  • Park, Kyoung-ryul;Kim, Jeong-lae
    • International journal of advanced smart convergence
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.119-126
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    • 2018
  • This study analyzed the digital divide of Korean senior citizens through the preference for smart media. Targeting two media out of mobile internet and mobile social media, the media dependency ratio and the trend of people in their 20s-60s were verified. Regarding the dependency ratio of young people(20s) and senior citizens(60s), in case of mobile internet, people in their 60s were average 8.6% while people in their 20s were average 38.9%, so that the ratio of senior citizens was lower by 30.3%. In case of social media, people in their 60s were average 1%, which was 7.1% lower than people in their 20s(8.1%). And this divide was the digital divide shown in the informatization process through the trend of internet use of senior citizens in their 60s or up. Thus, as the policy measures for solving the digital divide of senior citizens, it would be required to continuously develop the digital cultural programs for senior citizens, to expansively perform the government subsidiary policies like additionally providing the essential information to senior citizens, and also to expand the smart-based infrastructure for senior citizens' participation in economic activities.

A Study on the Planning of a Space for Senior Citizens Using Digital Contents (디지털 콘텐츠를 활용한 노인 공간의 기획에 관한 연구)

  • Kwon, Ji-Hyuk
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.18 no.5
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    • pp.257-267
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    • 2020
  • The objective of this study is to plan a space for senior citizens using digital contents as the measures for securing the cultural diversity by paying attention to culture of senior citizens. For this, this study theoretically examined digital contents as physical/social/psychological aging of senior citizens, space only for senior citizens, and culture of senior citizens. The research method used an in-depth interview. The results of this study are as follows. The senior citizens wanted the new play culture besides cultural programs operated by the existing spaces for senior citizens, and they also showed high preference of digital contents such as personal media and game. Especially, the senior citizens had an expectation that such digital contents would be helpful to smooth communication between family members. Based on such results, this study suggested a digital based culture spaces for senior citizens.

A Study on the Optimal Accessibility and Location of the Comprehensive Support Institution for Senior Citizens (노인중심 종합지원기관의 적정 접근성 및 입지에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Mi-ran;Lee, Kyung Hoon
    • Journal of the Architectural Institute of Korea Planning & Design
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    • v.36 no.3
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    • pp.21-30
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    • 2020
  • This study explores institutions that provide comprehensive services to senior citizens, including welfare, healthcare, and housing support. These institutions can be defined as centers that offer continual care and carry out policies related to senior citizens. In such institutions, senior citizens have access to information about aging and senior services. First, this study reviewed prior research on senior comprehensive support institutions and their accessibility, and the data led to several findings about the needs of the senior citizens and the proper locations of senior comprehensive support institutions. And this study used surveys to gather information on senior citizens' perceptions of services at such institutions. The survey results indicated that the elderly agreed with the priorities of comprehensive support institutions, and that it would be more convenient to visit such institutions if there were more than one per Dong (administrative district of Seoul). In response to these results, the ideal radius of each administrative district in the metropolitan area of Korea was investigated. Finally, the study also discussed the adequacy of this distance in comparison to that of current institutions in Japan. Combining these results, the study concludes that comprehensive support institutions for the citizens should be created and suggests appropriate distances and locations of such institutions.

An Investigation and Analysis into the Architectural Conditions and Indoor Air Quality of Senior Citizens Public Welfare Institution in Incheon (인천지역 공공 노인복지시설의 건축조건과 실내공기질에 대한 실태조사 및 분석)

  • Kang, Seung A;Shin, Sung Shik;Kim, Yong Shik
    • KIEAE Journal
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.59-64
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    • 2009
  • The senior citizens population and welfare institution for them is increased. The senior citizens in welfare institution spend a long time in indoor and their health is greatly affected by the indoor environment. Therefore, the indoor environment of senior citizens welfare institution is very important. This study presents some primary data based on the survey of architectural conditions and the measurements of indoor air quality for senior citizens welfare institution. According to characteristic of region, six of Incheon Area's senior citizens public welfare institution are selected. An investigation and analysis into architectural conditions and indoor air quality including temperature, humidity, CO, $CO_2$, PM10, HCHO, TVOC are conducted. The temperature, humidity and $CO_2$ concentration is some high. The HCHO concentration is very high. The indoor flooring and furniture materials highly impacts on the concentration of HCHO and TVOC.

The Study of the Relationship between Food Habits and Bone State in the Elderly (식습관과 노년기 골격상태와의 관계 연구)

  • 조경자
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.423-432
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    • 1996
  • To investigate the effect of food habits on the bone state of the senior citizens, two groups were tested: one(111 senior citizens) was healthy ordinary senior citizens over 65 years old and the other(51 senior citizens) was patients distinguished as having osteoporosis. The present dietary intake was estimated by a 24-hr recall method, and individual history. For the data analysis, percentages and frequencies were calculated and χ²-test was undertaken to test the relation among values. The following results were obtained: patient group with osteoporosis was less in height and weight than the group of ordinary senior citizens(160.33cm, 59.99kg). It was much less than the average Korean senior citizens(158cm, 54.9kg). Food appetite in the group of patient was worse than that of ordinary senior citizens group. According to their dietary history(58.8%), the food intake pattern was most of vegetables(62.0%). Eventhough they haven't been intaken milk after recognizing of their osteoporosis(74.5%). Most of them didn't improve their food habits to help Ca metabolism. Also they have depress of their life(50%). All subjects certainly took insufficient energy, Ca, protein from their diets. Moreover the major source of Ca were vegetables, seaweeds and legumes.

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Senior Citizens' Image Preference for Interior Design Styles (실내디자인 스타일에 대한 노인들의 선호이미지 연구)

  • Seo, Min-Woo;Jeong, Yoo-Na
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.21 no.6
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    • pp.109-120
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    • 2012
  • As Korea has rapidly entered the aging society, the Korean government and academia are currently undergoing many researches on senior citizens. There also has been an increase in senior citizens' awareness on the importance of spatial designs that reflect the newly emerged needs brought out by their psychological and emotional changes as well as their physical aspects. Therefore, the purpose of this research is to propose a model for senior citizens' image preference to be adopted in future developments for senior-friendly spatial designs. A literature review and a questionnaire survey were implemented as research methods. The questionnaire survey was conducted at two senior welfare centers located in Seoul and Ansan and two disparate senior colleges, on the subjects of 86 senior citizens aged 60 and older. 7 styles of Romantic, Classic, Country, Modern, Natural, Casual, and Traditional were chosen for the study and the realms to apply the image preference were divided into Space, Element1 and Element2. For Space, its subcategories have been restricted to living room and bedroom while color, furniture and lighting for Element1 and material, pattern and props for Element2. Survey results were statistically analyzed for the correlation among socio-demographic factors of senior citizens, spaces and the elements. The study result showed that older age and men tended to prefer the modern style than younger age or women, and younger women preferred the romantic style. For the color preference in Element1, older men preferred the classic style while women preferred the romantic style. And, for the furniture preference, men with higher income preferred the natural style while women preferred the romantic style. For the pattern preference in Element2, younger people preferred the casual style and it showed that the housing type was the main reason for their preferences. Therefore, the image preference according to their age and gender shall be taken account of as the most important factors when designing environments for senior citizens.

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The Study on Senior Citizens and Korean Medicine University Students' Satisfaction about Medical Service and Senior Citizens' Perception of Medical Welfare Service (의료봉사에 대한 노인과 한의대생의 만족도 및 노인의 의료복지서비스에 대한 인식 조사)

  • Ahn, Jae-hak;Chae, Woo-jung;Cho, Su-kyung;Cho, Chung-sik
    • Journal of Haehwa Medicine
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.1-14
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    • 2015
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study is to examine senior citizens' perception of medical welfare service in Daejeon, and to investigate the level of Korean Medicine University students' satisfaction about medical services that they have done. Methods : We visited Daejeon city hall and Dae jeon Seo-gu community health center, and interviewed them. After that we select two population and did two different surveys. First, to investigate the current state of medical services and medical welfare in Daejeon, we select neglected class senior citizens who were serviced at social welfare center. Second, we select Daejeon Korean Medicine University student to investigate the level of satisfaction about medical services and pre-education. In first population, we random select 25 of 34 senior citizen who visits mere social welfare center. In second population, we random select 78 of 115 Korean Medicine University student who belongs to medical welfare club. Results : We found some advantages and problems in medical services. A lot of senior citizen who were serviced at social welfare center showed high level of satisfaction about medical service. But there were few citizens who knows about health & medical welfare. And most Korean Medicine University student who services medical service to neglected class senior citizens showed high level of satisfaction. Conclusion : We concluded that medical welfare for senior citizen needs more publicizing. Because result of our survey, many senior citizens showed not only low level of recognition in medical welfare service, also showed low utilization rate in public health center. And most Korean Medicine University students were satisfied with themselves about medical service that they have done, it seemed medical service gives beneficial influence to not only senior citizen but also Korean Medicine University student.

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The Purpose and Educational Methodology of Media Education for Senior Citizens: With Emphasis on Focal Interview on Media Education Teachers for Senior Citizens and Learners (노인미디어교육의 목표와 교육방법에 대한 인식 연구 - 노인미디어교육 교사 및 학습자와의 심층인터뷰를 중심으로)

  • Kang, Jin-Suk
    • Korean journal of communication and information
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    • v.48
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    • pp.306-325
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    • 2009
  • This Study aims to thesis the purpose and educational methodology of media education for senior citizens. As background research, current situation and agendas regarding the media education for senior citizens were investigated. In further, quantative focal interview method was deployed to analyze recognition of teaches and education participants in media education for senior citizens. Focal interviews basis on the purpose, problems of education environment, preferred education method and suggestions of media education. The focal interview lead to in-depth opinion relying on experience of teachers and education participants. This study is expected to present the basis data for future theoretical systemization of neglected classes and for seeking educational utilization methods.

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