• Title/Summary/Keyword: pure technical efficiency

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Trends in the Efficiency of Korean National University Libraries : A DEA/Window Analysis Approach (DEA/Window를 이용한 국립대학도서관의 효율성 추세변화 분석)

  • Han, Ha-Neul
    • Journal of Information Management
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    • v.40 no.3
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    • pp.41-60
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    • 2009
  • This study utilizes DEA/Window analysis in order to investigate the relative efficiency levels of korea national university libraries during the period of transition 2004-2008. The empirical results show the following findings. Firstly, a technical efficiency was not efficient which was a scale efficiency rather than a pure technical efficiency in 2008. Secondly, a technical and pure technical efficiency has increased steadily from 2004 to 2008(but a technical, pure technical efficiency has decreased since in 2008). As a result, a technical efficiency increase can be explained by a pure technical efficiency increase.

An Analysis of Technical Efficiency in Korean RCC/RSC (우리나라 RCC/RSC별 운영효율성 분석)

  • Jang Woon-Jae;Keum Jong-Soo
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Navigation and Port Research Conference
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    • pp.191-196
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    • 2004
  • This paper is to measure and ealuates the technical efficiency, pure technical efficiency and scale efficiency with three inputs and two outputs with the use of DEA(data envelopment analysis) in Korean RCC(Rescue Co-ordination Center/RSC(Rescue Sub-Center). Several conclusion emerge. first the average efficiency of overall technical efficiency measure about $91.03\%$ and pure technical efficiency $96.80\%$ is much large then scale efficiency $93.83\%$. It means that inefficiency has much more to do whit the inefficient utilization of resources rather then the scale of production. second, DRS(decreasing return to scale) is Tongyeong and IRS(increasing return to scale) is Incheon, Taean, Gunsan, Yeosu, Ulsan, Donghae in RCC/RSC. finally, inefficiency RCC/RSC. have to benchmarking with reference sets.

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A Study on the Management Efficiency of Laver Drying-processing Company (마른김 가공업체의 경영효율성 분석)

  • Park, Hye-Jin;Kim, Ji-Ung;Jang, Young-Soo
    • The Journal of Fisheries Business Administration
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    • v.49 no.1
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    • pp.37-50
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    • 2018
  • The purpoose of this paper is to analyze the relative effciency of dreid laver processing companies in Korea and provide the development direction and improvement plan for the dried laver industry. Data on 76 dried laver processing companies were selected as the subjects for Dea. As a result of Dea, the average efficiency rate is shown that the technical efficiency is 84.90%, the pure technical efficiency is 93.83%, and the scale efficiency is 86.65%. and based on BCC results 38 companies are relatively efficient. comparing pure technical efficiency and scale efficiency, it showed that inefficiencies caused by scale of the company was greater than inefficiencies caused by the scale of technical matter. It implies that expanding the size is essential for achieving high-efficiency of dried laver processing company. In the inefficiency factor analysis, the result reveals that unstable supply of raw materials, quality management, capital flexibility and distribution ability influence the efficiency of laver processing company.

Comparative Efficiency of Container Ports in Vietnam and Korea

  • Ly, Pham Thi Hoai;Ahn, Ki-Myung;Ryoo, Dong-Keun
    • Journal of Navigation and Port Research
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    • v.42 no.2
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    • pp.143-152
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    • 2018
  • Currently, there are very few papers that have examined the efficiency of Vietnamese ports. Of those that have, some of them take into account only a few container ports in Northern Vietnam. Others focus on comparing all types of ports in Vietnam with regard to the differences in efficiency scores when applying different methods to evaluate efficiency. However, there is no paper that specifically analyzes the efficiency of Vietnamese container ports throughout the country or that compares Vietnamese container ports with those of other countries in terms of efficiency. In order to provide more accurate and interesting information for container port authorities, in this study, 21 major Vietnamese container ports and seven major Korean container ports are selected and examined with regard to their levels of efficiency in 2016 using data envelopment analysis (DEA). This paper applies both constant return to scale (CRS) and variable return to scale (VRS) to explore the differences among overall technical efficiency, pure technical efficiency, and scale efficiency of the selected container ports. This study also indicate slacks and sets projections for inefficient ports.

The Analysis of Oceans and Fisheries Human Resources Development Education Efficiency Using Bootstrap-DEA (Bootstrap-DEA를 이용한 해양수산 인재 양성교육의 효율성 분석에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Jong-Cheon;KIM, Byoung-Ho
    • The Journal of Fisheries Business Administration
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    • v.47 no.1
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    • pp.63-86
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate production efficiency of Oceans and Fisheries Human Resources Development Programs Efficiency using Bootstrap-DEA. The study extracts 33 officials curriculum, 11 fisheries managers curriculum for its analytical. First, the study estimates technical, pure technical, and scale efficiency of each curriculums based on traditional DEA under the assumption of CRS and VRS. 8(official 7, managers 1) curriculums are identified as efficient DMUs under the CCR-model, and 13(official 10, managers 3) under the BCC-model. We provide inputs that allow inefficient curriculum to be efficient DMUs on a production frontier, and a reference set for their bench-marking. Second, rank test, Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney test to find a statistical significance of heterogeneity existing in efficiences between Bootstrap-DEA tenical vs Bootstrap-DEA pure technical was no significant difference. We have identified that G10, 11, 12 13, 25, 31, 33, 39 curriculums are the most efficiently produced in the technical and pure technical efficiency. Also we managed to measure the inefficiency which exists in efficiently produced curriculums when estimating the bias corrected efficiency scores. In Technical efficiency, Operation and facility was significant at the 10%. In Pure technical efficiency, facility was significant at the 10%.

A Study on Management Performance and Efficiency of New Domestic Kiwi Fruit 'Gold' Growers (국산 참다래 골드 신품종 도입농가의 경영성과 및 경영효율성 분석)

  • Park, Jae-Hyoung;Chae, Yong-Woo;Park, Joo-Sub
    • Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.145-156
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the farms growing domestic kiwi fruit 'Gold' on their management performance and efficiency in order to reduce the risks involved with introducing new kind of crops for growing, and suggest improvements. First, the result of analysis showed that domestic kiwi fruit 'Gold' growers' income were higher than the average growers due to the fruit's high unit price and productivity. Second, the analysis of management efficiency resulted in scale efficiency having greater impact on inefficiency rather than pure technical efficiency. As for the analysis of technical efficiency, the depreciation costs of agricultural facilities had the greatest influence on its inefficiency. Third, inefficient farms put in excessive inputs across the board, while labor costs(self labor cost + hired labor cost) were the largest factor of optimal inputs according to the models of technical efficiency and pure technical efficiency. Fourth, because of greater reliance on mechanical tools from rising labor costs, there's a need for individual farms to avoid buying farming equipments and instead share the equipments of nearby farms and agricultural cooperatives, or start renting agricultural machines from companies.

Measuring Technical and Scale Efficiencies of Korean Seed Companies -On the Outset of Establishing the Center for Private Seed Companies- (국내 육종업체의 기술 및 규모효율성 분석 -민간육종연구단지 조성을 계기로-)

  • Gim, Uhn-Soon;Choi, Se-Hyun;Cho, Jae-Hwan;Jung, Yong-Gwan;Lah, Jung-Hyun
    • Korean Journal of Organic Agriculture
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.1-23
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this paper was to measure technical efficiencies and scale efficiencies of Korean seed industry by DEA method, and to identify the factors affecting the efficiencies by Tobit regression model. Survey data of 50 seed companies nationwide were applied for the analysis. The average score of overall technical efficiency for the surveyed companies in 2012 was 0.44, which is decomposed into pure technical efficiency 0.68 and scale efficiency 0.63. A majority of the seed companies exhibited at least one form of inefficiency except a few companies in optimal scale. It was also shown the most companies were operating in the stage of increasing returns to scale, which implies Korean seed companies are mainly in smaller scale than optimal. Additional results suggest that the Center for Private Seed Companies, which will be established at Gimje in 2015, plays an important role to make domestic seed companies improve their scale efficiency as well as pure technical efficiency by way of enlarging their size and co-using the high technology in the Center.

A Production Efficiency Analysis of Cucumber Farms in South Korea (시설오이 재배농가의 생산효율성 분석)

  • Kim, Hae-min;Jang, Min-ki;Yi, Hyang-Mi
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.16 no.10
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    • pp.6823-6831
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study is to analyse cucumber farms managing efficiency and to draw some factors needed to maximize farms production efficiency. After reviewing and analysing some cucumber farms main management index in detail, we found that, compared to scale improvement, technical efficiency has more potential to increase cucumber farms income. Moreover There is a positive correlation between cucumber production and farms pure technical efficiency slightly, but because of the degree, we suggested to reduce input elements for enhancing pure technical efficiency under certain conditions.

Management Efficiency of the Full-time and Part-time Oak Mushroom Farms using DEA models (DEA 모형을 이용한 주업과 겸업 표고재배 임가의 경영효율성 비교 분석)

  • Lee, Seong-Youn;Jeon, Jun-Heon;Won, Hyun-Kyu;Lee, Jung-Min
    • Journal of Korean Society of Forest Science
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    • v.103 no.4
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    • pp.639-645
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    • 2014
  • This study was conducted to evaluate the management efficiency of oak mushroom farms in Korea using the Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA), which is one of the non-parametric estimation methods. The data that was analyzed in this study was from the result of 2013 survey entitled "Standard Diagnostic Table for Oak Mushroom Management", which was conducted from March 2012 to October 2012. This survey was based on the inputs and outputs of 20 oak mushroom farms. Specifically, this study analyzed the technical efficiency, pure-technical efficiency and scale efficiency using CCR and BCC model of the DEA methods. Furthermore, this study compares the management efficiency between the full time oak mushroom production farms and part time oak mushroom production farms. Results showed that mean value for the technical efficiency was 0.655 which is considered as inefficient in general. For the pure-technical efficiency and scale efficiency, the mean values were 0.830 and 0.747, respectively which showed that inefficiency in the management was observed in the mushroom farms. Results also showed that there were seven farms with a total efficiency of 1, namely Decision Making Unit(DMU)2, DMU5, DMU6, DMU8, DMU10, DMU15 and DMU20. The management efficiency of DMU7 specifically the inputs for production was analyzed and compared to DMU5 and DMU6 and results showed that the DMU7 had an excessive inoculation and site development cost. Lastly, it was also observed that the full time mushroom production farms were more efficient as compared to the part time mushroom farms because of the lower scale efficiency value or smaller area for mushroom production allotted in the part time farms.

An Analysis of Technical Efficiency in the Korean RCC/RSC (RCC/RSC별 운영 효율성 분석)

  • Keum Jong-Soo;Jang Woon- Jae
    • Journal of Navigation and Port Research
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.215-220
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    • 2005
  • This paper aim, to measure and evaluates the technical efficiency, pure technical efficiency and scale efficiency with two inputs and four outputs with the use of DEA(Data Envelopment Analysis) in Korean RCC(Rescue Co-ordination Center)/RSC(Rescue Sub-Center). Several conclusion emerge. first the average efficiency of overall technical efficiency measure about $91.03{\%}$ and pure technical efficiency $96.80{\%}$ is much large then scale efficiency $93.83{\%}$. It means that inefficiency has much more to do whit the inefficient utilization of resources rather then the scale of production. second, DRS(decreasing return to scale)is Tongyeong and IRS(increasing return to scale) is Incheon, Taean, Gunsan, Yeosu, Ulsan, Donghae in RCC/RSC finally, inefficiency RCC/RSC have to benchmarking with reference sets.