• Title, Summary, Keyword: non-Hodgkin lymphoma

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Mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma on right lower eyelid previously diagnosed as lymphoid hyperplasia

  • Kim, Yang Seok;Na, Young Cheon;Huh, Woo Hoe;Kim, Ji Min
    • Archives of Craniofacial Surgery
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.66-70
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    • 2019
  • Mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma is an uncommon form of non-Hodgkin lymphoma involving the mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue. Most commonly affected organ is the stomach. But, it could affect almost every organ in the whole body. If they have suspicious lesion, excision biopsy could be made. For staging, blood test including blood smear, abdomen and chest tomography or scan will be checked. Also, bone marrow test can be done if it is needed. The patient had visited the clinic for palpable mass on right lower eyelid. With excisional biopsy, it was diagnosed as lymphoid hyperplasia on pathologic test. But 2 years later, the patient came with recurrent symptom for our department with worry. At that time, we recommended excisional soft tissue biopsy under general anesthesia. Unfortunately, it was revealed MALT lymphoma on pathologic finding. It turned out to be stage 3 in Ann Arbor staging system without B symptoms. Hematologic consultation was made and she was treated with adjuvant chemotherapy for eight cycles to complete remission. We report a case of MALT lymphoma on subcutaneous tissue at right lower eyelid previously diagnosed as lymphoid hyperplasia.

Combined Modality Therapy of Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma of Waldeyer's Ring (Waldeyer's Ring 비호치킨 림프종의 병합요법)

  • Park In-Kyu;Yun Sang-Mo;Park Jun-Sik;Kim Jae-Cheol
    • Korean Journal of Head & Neck Oncology
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.22-28
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    • 1999
  • Purpose: We performed this study retrospectively to evaluate local control, survival, prognostic factors, and failure patterns in patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of Waldeyer's ring. Materials and Methods: From April 1984 to November 1996,41 patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of Waldeyer's ring were treated with combined chemotherapy and radiation therapy. Age was ranged from 19 to 73 years old with a median age of 55 years, and there were 26 male and 15 female patients. Primary site was tonsil in 26 and base of the tongue in 7 and nasopharynx in 8, and stage distribution showed stage I in 12 and stage II in 29 patients. Pathologic classification was done according to Working Formulation. There were 1 with follicular mixed small cleaved and large cell, 8 with diffuse small cleaved cell, 7 with diffuse mixed small and large cell, and 25 cases with diffuse large cell. All patients were treated with combination of chemotherapy and radiation therapy. Chemotherapy regimen consisted of either CHOP-Bleo(cyclophosphamide, adriamycin, vincristine, prednisolone, bleomycin) or COP-BLAM III(cyclophosphamide, vincristine, prednisolone, bleomycin, adriamycin, procarbazine). Radiation dose ranged from 3600cGy to 6620cGy with a median dose of 5040cGy. Follow-up time was ranged from 15 months to 159 months(median 55 months). Results: The complete response was achieved in 98%(40/41) and partial response in 2%(1/41). The complete response rate were the followings: 66.7% for stage I and 51.7% for stage II after chemotherapy, 100% for stage I and 96.6% for stage II after overall treatment respectively. The overall survival rate and disease-tree survival rates at 5 years were 82.6% and 79.5%, respectively. Prognostic factors for overall survival were age(p=0.007), stage(p=0.03), nodal status(p=0.006) and radiation dose(p=0.003). The factors associated with disease-tree survival were stage(p=0.04), nodal status(p=0.004) and radiation dose(p=0.009). The failure patterns were analized in evaluable 35 patients with complete response. Locoregional failure was noted in 2 patients and distant metastasis in 5 patients. Conclusion: Our results suggest that combined modality therapy is the appropriate treatment for stage I-II intermediate grade non-hodgkin's lymphoma of the Waldeyer's ring. However, our material is small and the analysis is retrospective. Randomized prospective studies for combined therapy, radiation therapy alone and chemotherapy alone are needed.

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T-cell Non-Hodgkin`s Lymphoma originating in the wall of Chronic Tuberculous Empyema - One Case Report - (결핵성 만성 농흉벽에 원발한 T 세포형 악성 임피종;1례 보고)

  • 송우철
    • Journal of Chest Surgery
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    • v.25 no.10
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    • pp.1102-1106
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    • 1992
  • A 66-year-old male patient was admitted due to chest pain and dyspnea of 1 year duration, He had history of treatment for tuberculosis and pleurisy, about 40 years ago. At another hospital the patient underwnt closed thoracostomy drainage for six months, and thereafter the symptom gradually aggrevated. Under the diagnosis of chronic tuberculous empyema, decortication was performed. The peel attached to the posterolateral aspect of chest wall, there was an area of soft tissues with pale-brown discoloration, extending to intercostal muscles, but sparing overlying muscles. The biopsy specimen of the lesion was pathologically diagnosed as diffuse, large T-cell non-Hodgkin`s lymphoma. A review of the literature showed that malignant lymphoma of this type have been reported exclusively from Japan but never from other countries including Korea. After 1 year of followup period, the patient is well and stable.

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Histopathological Features of Lymphoma in Yogyakarta, Indonesia

  • Dwianingsih, Ery Kus;Indrawati, Indrawati;Hardianti, Mardiah Suci;Malueka, Rusdy Ghazali;Iswar, Riezka Rivani;Sutapa, Stefani APPG;Triningsih, FX Ediati
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.17 no.9
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    • pp.4213-4216
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    • 2016
  • The incidence and prevalence, the second most common lymphoid malignancy after leukemia, are both increasing. The distribution of lymphoma varies among sexes, age groups, and sites. In Indonesia, information about the incidence of lymphoma and its characteristics are insufficient. Therefore, this study was performed to evaluate the incidence of lymphoma and features based on age group, sex, site, clinical diagnosis, and histopathological type in Indonesia. This study is an observational analytical study with a cross-sectional design aimed to evaluate the histopathological profile of lymphoma in Yogyakarta from 2010-2014. It was based on secondary data from Anatomic Pathology Department's medical records from several hospitals and laboratories. The result showed an increased incidence of lymphoma in Yogyakarta in 2010-2014 (p=0.039). Lymphoma mostly occurred in age range 45-64 years (p=0.004), dominated by male with ratio 1.6:1. DLBCL was found to be the most common histopathological type (44.4%). Sex, age, and clinical diagnosis demonstrated statistically significant correlations with the histopathological type (p<0.001). In conclusion, the incidence of lymphoma has significantly increased from 2010-2014. There are statistically significant correlations between gender, age, and clinical diagnosis with the histopathological type of lymphoma.

Incidence Trend for Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma in the North Tunisian Population, 1998-2009

  • Benhassine, Adel;Khadhra, Hajer Ben;Khiari, Houyem;Hsairi, Mohamed;Elgaaied, Amel Benammar
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.17 no.5
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    • pp.2513-2518
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    • 2016
  • Background: In 2008, non-Hodgkin lymphoma ranked tenth among other malignancies worldwide with an incidence of around 5 cases per 100,000 in both genders. The latest available rates in Tunisia are from 2006. Materials and Methods: This study aimed to provide an update about NHL incidence for 2009 and its trend between 1998 and 2009 as well as a projection until 2024, using data from the Salah Azaiz Institute hospital registry and the Noth Tunisia cancer registry. Results: In 2009, the NHL incidence in the north of Tunisia was 4.03 cases per 100,000, 4.97 for men and 3.10 for women. Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) accounted for 63.2% of all NHL subtypes. Between 1998 and 2009, the overall trend showed no significant change. When we compared the trend between two periods (1998-2005 and 2005-2009), joinpoint regression showed a significant decrease of NHL incidence in the first period with an annual percentage change (APC) of -6.7% (95% CI:[-11.2%;-2%]), then the incidence significantly increased from 2005 to 2009 with an APC of 30.5% (95% CI: [16.1%; 46.6%]. The analyses of the different subtype trends showed a significant decrease in DLBCL incidence between 1998 and 2000 (APC:-21.5; 95% CI: [-31.4%;-10.2%]) then the incidence significantly increased between 2004 and 2007 (APC: 18.5; 95% CI: [3,6%;35.5%]). Joint point analysis of the age-period-cohort model projection showed a significant increase between 2002 and 2024 with an APC of 4.5% (%95 CI: [1.5%; 7.5%]). The estimated ASR for 2024 was 4.55/100 000 (95% CI: [3.37; 6.15]). Conclusions: This study revealed an overall steady trend in the incidence of NHL in northern Tunisia between 1998 and 2009. Projection showed an increase in the incidence in NHL in both genders which draw the attention to the national and worldwide burden of this malignancy.

AIDS-Related Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma: Imaging Feature Analysis of 27 Cases and Correlation with Pathologic Findings

  • Yang, Jun;Wang, Peng;Lv, Zhi-Bin;Wei, Lian-Gui;Xu, Yun-Liang;Zhou, An;Xu, Dong-Hai;Ma, Da-Qing
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.18
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    • pp.7769-7773
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    • 2014
  • Background: Some tumor types are related to HIV, including non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). The morbidity and mortality of NHL has remained high, even after highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) was introduced. We collected cases of AIDS with NHL, and evaluated the imaging features and strategies for diagnosis. Materials and Methods: There were 27 patients with AIDS and tumors confirmed by pathology. There were 9 patients with Burkitt lymphoma, 16 with diffuse large B cell lymphomas (DLBCLs), and 2 with primary central nervous system (PCNS) lymphomas. All of the patients underwent a series of imaging studies. Three radiologists analyzed the images, and any disagreement was discussed until consensus was reached. Results: The radiologic manifestations of AIDS with NHL were mainly masses and lymphadenopathy, 3 patients having one mass and 12 two or more masses. 7 patients had lymphadenopathy in one site and 3patients had lymphadenopathy in two or more sites. Coarse mucosal folds, thickening of the gastrointestinal wall, and lumen narrowing were typical manifestations of NHL within the gastrointestinal tract. There were 4 patients with masses and 5 with lymphadenopathy inthe 9 with Burkitt lymphoma, and 11 patients with masses 5 with lymphadenopathy in the 16 with DLBCLs. Conclusion: NHL is a malignancy that usually occurs in patients with AIDS. Imaging is an important method by which to evaluate lesions, masses, and lymphadenopathy. Fine needle aspiration biopsy and stereotaxis biopsy are useful methods by which to diagnose NHL.

Distribution of Ki67 Proliferative Indices among WHO Subtypes of Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma: Association with other Clinical Parameters

  • Hashmi, Atif Ali;Hussain, Zubaida Fida;Faridi, Naveen;Khurshid, Amna
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.20
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    • pp.8759-8763
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    • 2014
  • Background: Non-hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) is a diverse group of disease encompassing divergent tumor types with contrasting clinical behaviors. We aimed to evaluate the usefulness of Ki67 index in segregating indolent from aggressive NHL and its association with clinical parameters. Materials and Methods: During a study period of 4.5 years, a total of 215 cases of lymphomas were diagnosed among of which 172 cases were NHL. Ki67 immunohistochemical staining was performed by the DAKO envision method. Average proportion of tumor cells stained was calculated to determine the proliferative index. Results: The mean age at diagnosis was 46.2 years +19.8 (3-81) with a male to female ratio of 1.5:1. Mean Ki67 index for indolent NHL included 23% for small cell, 25% for mantle cell, 28.5% for marginal zone and 34.6% for follicular lymphoma. On the other hand, mean Ki67 index for aggressive lymphomas were 66.4%, 66.9%, 80.3%, 83.3% and 94.4% for diffuse large B cell, T cell (NOS), anaplastic large cell, lymphoblastic and burkitts lymphoma respectively. No significant correlation was found between Ki67 index and other clinical parameters like age and extra nodal involvement. Conclusions: Ki67 index is a valuable IHC marker to distinguish indolent from aggressive lymphomas especially in small needle biopsies where exact typing may not be possible.

A Case of Nasal T/NK-cell Lymphoma (비강 T/NK 세포형 림프종 1례)

  • Lee, Jung Bok;Jeon, In-sang;Im, Ho Joon;Oh, Young Ha;Kim, Ji Hye
    • Clinical and Experimental Pediatrics
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    • v.46 no.12
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    • pp.1266-1270
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    • 2003
  • The advance of the immunobiology clarifies the nature of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma(NHL). In addition the proceed in the immunophenotyping renders the classification of NHL. According to the Revised European American Lymphoma(REAL) classification, classified by the etiologic factors, molecular biological characteristics, immunophenotype, cytogenetics and histologic feature, nasal T/NK-cell lymphoma(=angiocentric lymphoma) belongs to the category of peripheral T-cell and natural killer cell lymphoma. Nasal T/NK-cell lymphoma is a distinct clinicopathologic entity characterized by progressive necrotic lesions in the nasal cavity, nasopharynx, and palate. The cellular origin of this tumor has been controversial. Although most nasal T/NK-cell lymphomas are of NK-cell lineage, being CD56+, negative for surface CD3(Leu4), and unassociated with rearrangements of the T-cell receptor genes, other minor variants have been reported. This lymphoma is a rare disease and usually experienced in adult. Recently, we experienced a rare type lymphoma, nasal T/NK-cell lymphoma, in 14 years old boy. His soft mass occupied the right nasal cavity including the nasal septum and turbinate. Pathologically this nasal mass showed the infiltration into the vascular wall, illustrating angiodestructive lesion. The cellular origin was NK-cell lineage, being CD56+ and negative to CD3. Now, we report the case with a brief review of related literatures.

Result of Radiation Therapy for Stage I, II Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma (I, II기 악성 림프종 환자의 방사선 치료 성적)

  • Lee, Kyu-Chan;Kim, Chul-Yong;Choi, Myung-Sun
    • Radiation Oncology Journal
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.159-166
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    • 1993
  • A retrospective analysis was done for 69 patients with Stage I and II non-Hodgkin's lymphoma who were treated from May 1981 to December 1990, in the Department of Radiadtion Oncology, Korea University Hospital. We used Ann Arbor Staging system and Working Formulation for histological classification. Forty-three patients (43/69, $62.3{\%}$) were Stage I and 26 patients (26/69, $37.7{\%}$) were Stage II, and B symptom was found in $10.1{\%}$ (7/69). Nodal lymphoma was $21.7{\%}$ (15/69); 14 patients with supradiaphragmatic disease and 1 patient with infradiaphragmatic disease. Extranodal lymphoma was $78.3{\%}$ (54/69): $64.8{\%}$ (35/54) for head and neck, $25.9{\%}$ (14/54) for gastrointestinal tract. Histologically, low grade consists of $8.7{\%}$ (6/69), intermediate grade $84.2{\%}$ (56/69), high grade $10.1{\%}$ (7/69), and diffuse large cell type was the most frequent form with 36 patients (36/69, $52.2{\%}$). Eighteen patients ($26.1{\%}$) were treated with radiation therapy alone,20 patients ($29.0{\%}$) with radiation therapy combined with chemotherapy, 15 patients ($21.7{\%}$) with radiation therapy combined with surgery and chemotherapy, Median survival duration was 28 months, and the range of survival time was from 1 month to 134 months. Overall five-year survival rate for Stage I and II disease was $54.2{\%}$, with $64.5{\%}$ for Stage I and $37.1{\%}$ for Stage II. For nodal lymphoma,5-year survival rate was $45.9{\%}$, and $56.5{\%}$ for extranodal lymphoma; $60.6{\%}$ for head and neck, $52.9{\%}$ for GI tract primary disease. Local control rate for all patients was $88.4{\%}$ (61/69), with $80{\%}$ (12/15) for nodal lymphoma and $90.7{\%}$ (49/54) for extranodal lymphoma. The total failure rate was $34.8{\%}$ (24/69). Five of 24 ($20.8{\%}$) patients who were failed developed local failure only, $12.5{\%}$ (3/24) local failure with distant failure, and distant failure only were found in $66.7{\%}$ (16/24). Between nodal lymphoma and extranodal lymphoma, there was no significant survival difference, but extranodal lymphoma showed higher incidence.

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