• Title/Summary/Keyword: interorganizational network

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A Study on the Structure and Characteristics of Interorganizational Network for Women in Buchon (부천지역 여성복지 관련 조직의 네트워크 구조와 특성)

  • Kim, In-Sook;Woo, Ah-Young
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.53
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    • pp.179-207
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study is to find out the structural characteristics of interorganizational networks for women, and to identify the magnitude of efficient structure for network using 30 organizations for women in Buchon. This study attempted to examine the characteristic of interorganizational networks through searching out the central organization and block modeling. The research sample was 30 organizations, and the data analyzed by UCINET V and KP(Krack Plot) 3.1. The results show that public agencies are central organizations of all dimensions(information exchange, client referral, cooperation, resource exchange) and they also play an important part as intermediary of interorganizational network. A prominent characteristics of network is "ggiri-network" that means network between similar agencies. This finding provides important strategy to build and expand the network. Also this finding can be direction of network structure to meet women's needs and empower women.

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The effects of the organizational characteristics and interorganizational network level on social welfare organizations' effectiveness -Focused on resource capability of women's welfare organization- (사회복지조직의 특성과 네트워크 수준이 조직효과성에 미치는 영향 -여성복지조직의 자원확보능력을 중심으로-)

  • Jang, Yeon Jin
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare Studies
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    • v.44 no.3
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    • pp.147-175
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of the organizational characteristics and interorganizational network level on social welfare organizationas' effectiveness using structural equation model. For achieving this purpose, this study defined organizational effectiveness as financial, human and physical resource capability according to resource systems approach. Organizational characteristics variables included the number of qualified staff, degree of resource dependency, the proportion of government subsidies, the main organizational philosophy, establishment year, the attitude of top manager and the number of informal ties. Interorganizational network variables were divided by outdegree centrality and indegree centrality. The data collected from women's welfare organizations in Seoul through survey method. The analysis tools used the UCINET 6.245 for the network analysis and AMOS 18.0 for the structural equation model. The results of this study are as follows. The factors affected on the financial resource capacity were the number of qualified staff, the proportion of government subsides and the indegree centrality. Meanwhile, only indegree centrality directly influenced on the human resource capability. The significant affecting factors on physical resource capacity were the number of qualified staff, the attitude of top manager and informal ties. Based on these results, the implications of this study and the ways to enhance social welfare organization's effectiveness were discussed.

The Effect of Young Entrepreneurs Characteristics and Environmental Factors on Business Performance - Focusing on the Absorptive Capacity and Interorganizational Networks - (청년창업자 개인특성과 환경요인이 경영성과에 미치는 영향 - 흡수역량과 조직네트워크 중심으로 -)

  • Lee, Jeong Kwan;Seo, Young Wook
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.10 no.10
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    • pp.185-195
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    • 2019
  • This study analyzes business performance factors for young startup, one of the solutions to the youth unemployment problem, and explored the effects of individual characteristics, capability, and environmental factors of young entrepreneurs on business performance. The study targets young traders operating in traditional markets and shopping streets nationwide. The 159 sample data were statistically analyzed using SPSS 25.0 and Smart PLS 2.0 for frequency analysis, reliability and validity analysis. The Entrepreneur's individual characteristics such as challenge spirit, start-up capability, and market characteristics affect absorptive capacity and interorganizational network. And absorptive capacity and interorganizational network affect financial and non-financial business performance. As a result, it was found that young traders need to reinforce their individual characteristics, start-up capability, and interorganizational networks in order to improve business performance. This study is intended to provide theoretical and practical implications.

Disaster Resilience in Self-Organized Interorganizational Networks: Theoretical Perspectives and Assessment

  • Jung, Kyujin
    • Journal of Contemporary Eastern Asia
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.98-110
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    • 2016
  • Building resilient community is often a complicated process to be gained by interorganizational collaboration. Since patterns of interorganizational relations among governments and sectors are constantly changing due to internal and external factors in the field of emergency management, understanding the dynamic nature of interorganizational collaboration is a critical step for improving a community’s ability to bounce back from a catastrophic event. From two theoretical perspectives, this research aims to examine the essential role of working across levels of governments and sectors in building resilient community by focusing on sources of community resiliency and a strong commitment. The empirical evidence highlights the importance of studying resilience as a way to understand the motivation and incentive for organizations to work jointly during emergency response. The study of organizational resilience also draws attention for the importance of various forms of interorganizational collaboration such as formal and informal relations. It also highlights how local organizations can utilize their relations to seek resources without necessarily jeopardizing their ability to perform their core organizational functions.

A Study on the Natural Disaster Response Policy in Korea (재해방지정책의 개선방안에 관한 고찰 - 자연재해를 중심으로 -)

  • Kim, Jae-Pil;Kang, Soon-Min
    • The Korean Journal of Emergency Medical Services
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.89-97
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    • 2001
  • Recently, natural disasters happened to the Korea frequently. Disaster in the present society has been changed and increased it impacts and extent of danger as the society develops. So, Korean people feel uneasy about the unpredictable disaster. Therefore the capability of administration system, and cooperation and support between related organization become more necessary. This study aims to find out better ways of disaster management system which can protect people's lives and fortune from all sort of national disasters. To research policy reform, it is necessary to analyze disaster response organization(national disaster prevention countermeasures headquarters and so on), interorganizational relationship, law system etc. Especially, in this study, role appreciation of government was analyzed to get the rational policy reform measure. Suggestion : First, it is necessary Establishing a consolidated organization for disaster managing and united response organization is necessary such as Federal Emergency Management Agency(FEMA) which controls an over all aspects of disaster management. And it is necessary to develop Integrated Administrative Control System based on comprehensive plan. When the accidents happen, it needs to be many equipments and various specialized personnel. So, to manage a large scale of disaster, it is necessary to have interorganizational network system which many specialized organization including volunteer group are integrated. Also, as soon as the natural disaster happen, many professionals and volunteers are distributed to the spots of disaster in the right man in the right place. Finally, All the citizens have to keep safety rules, and also to take a safe action in ordinary daily life.

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Risk Communication Networks in South Korea: The Case of the 2017 Gangneung Wildfire

  • Oh, Jeongmin;Jung, Kyujin;Song, Minsun
    • Journal of Contemporary Eastern Asia
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.85-107
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    • 2021
  • Wildfires have become increasingly common and intense in South Korea because of climate change, but few have recognized the catastrophic level of the problem. Given the significant impact of wildfires, emergency management stakeholders must have effective risk communication structures for rapidly responding to such phenomena and overcoming geographical difficulties. Despite the country spending billions of dollars to build a big databased early warning system, risk communication flow during the 2017 Gangneung wildfire was ineffective, thereby causing substantial economic, social, and environmental losses. To examine the patterns of information exchange in South Korea's risk communication networks and their structural characteristics during the wildfire, we conducted semantic and network analyses of real-time data collected from social media. The results showed that the inefficient flow of risk information prevented emergency responders from adequately assessing the emergency and protecting the population. This study provides new insights into effective risk communication responses to catastrophic events and methods of research on webometric approaches to emergency management.

A Study on the Administration System for Disaster Relief in Korea (한국 재난관리체계의 문제점과 개선방향)

  • Kang, Byung-Woo
    • The Korean Journal of Emergency Medical Services
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.133-145
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    • 2001
  • The scale of disasters is very large, also the influence of disasters is irreversible. Korean people has continuously learned how to deal with disaster management law. However, as time goes by after the many disaster, the concern with the disaster management by the people seems to become old and banal topic which nobody has interest in. If so, can it be said that our society is safe from the disaster? This study start from critical mind of asking this question. This study puts an emphasis on the problems such as following; To realize whole concept of disaster management provided in the basic civil defense law, the combined disaster management should be required to be established, the combined law should play a integral part for prevention for the disaster and should be a concrete basis of various laws for disaster management. Establishing a consolidated organization for disaster managing and united response organization is necessary. This consolidated organization is not temporary one such as civil disaster control headquarter but permanent one such as Disaster Management Office which controls an over all aspects of disaster management. Temporary organization should not be divided into natural calamity and man-made calamity but integrated one as a single control tower for all sorts of disasters. The police and army under fire fighting system should be reconsidered. It is necessary to make leadership system on the disaster place more substantial centered around present fire fighting system. To do so, more clear division of duty is required. The working condition should be improved so that all public servants in this agency can play their roles with pride and worth. The resource owned the existing administrative organization must be used by an appointment system. And to manage a large scale of disaster, it is necessary to have interorganizational network system which many specialized organization including volunteer group are integrated. And the natural disaster happen, many professionals and volunteers are distributed to the spots of disaster in the right man in the right place. Finally, citizen's consciousness about safety supervision needs to be recover.

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Working Atmosphere and The Role of Agency Influencing Collaborative Working between Health and Social Welfare Services -The Application of E-S Model to Two Pilot Projects- (보건복지협력에 영향을 미치는 업무환경과 실행자의 역할 - 두 시범사업에 대한 E-S모델의 적용 -)

  • Lee, Eun-Kyung
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.62 no.1
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    • pp.155-183
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    • 2010
  • Despite the increase in the demands on collaboration between health and social welfare, the success of such schemes have been limited. The extant literatures tends to be dominated by explanations for needs or short-term outcomes of collaboration rather than systematic follow-up research to apply to the frontline. At the same time, there is no attempt to apply the theories related to collaboration in order to discuss the situation. This study explores the factors hindering such collaborative working in the frontline, through semi-structured interviews with practitioners involved in two pilot projects. A theoretical framework (Equilibrium Model-Sensemaking, E-S model) which combined Equilibrium Model of 'Interorganizational Network' of Benson(1975) and 'Sensmaking' of Weick(1995) for conceptualiing aspects of collaborations such as working atmosphere and agency was applied to the empirical study of the Public Health and Welfare Office(1995-1999) and the Social Welfare office(2004-2006) pilot projects. Data were collected over three months from 8 pilot project areas with practitioners and managers from health and social welfare. The findings show significant regional differences between pilot areas, such as the presence of active leaders and co-location, had a major impact on the ability of practitioners to effectively integrate services. In other words, active leaders tended to influence practitioners' motivation, while co-location encouraging communication between both practitioners, and thus seemed to influence the practices of collaborative working. Furthermore, through E-S model, it is interpreted that this kind of positive experiences about collaborations may impact on the current practitioners' comprehensive perspective towards health and social welfare services in general. The findings could help policy makers consider the practical ways to break down the barriers between health and social welfare.

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Whole Network Effectiveness from Multiple Stakeholders Perspectives - Based on a Community Networking Enhancement Project - (다중이해관계자 관점에 근거한 지역사회 전체네트워크 효과성 분석 - 사회복지공동모금회 지역사회네트워크지원사업을 중심으로 -)

  • Choi, Jae-Sung;Lee, Jun-Young;Kim, Shin-Yeol;Park, So-Jung;Lee, Su-Youn;Ahn, Eun-Young
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.63 no.1
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    • pp.57-84
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    • 2011
  • This study aims to analyze a whole network effectiveness by expanding the unit of analysis beyond individual organizations in a network into network-level collaborative relations. Data for the analysis were drawn from the evaluation reports and surveys of leaders, mid-level managers, and staff members of the organizations participating in 'Community Network Building' project which was funded by Community Chest of Korea and carried out by the Academy of Korean Social Welfare Administration from November 2006 to November 2009. For the analysis, three out of the 10 networks established in diverse local communities were selected. Based on the survey conducted on the participating organizations and the center organization of each network, we analyzed the structural characteristics of interorganizational network at a network-level. Second, to analyze effectiveness of the whole network, we employed a multiple stakeholders perspective and examined the relations between the whole network's structure and its effectiveness. The findings showed that the whole network effectiveness is higher when the network is more centralized around the hub organization and more stable. The significance of this study is that it is provided and tested a new framework for network effectiveness evaluation by combining the two network effectiveness evaluation framework of Provan and Milward's with evolutionary organizational theory.

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