• Title, Summary, Keyword: Water availability

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Development of a Hydrological Drought Index Considering Water Availability (수자원 가용능력을 고려한 수문학적 가뭄지수의 개발)

  • Park, Min-Ji;Shin, Hyung-Jin;Choi, Young-Don;Park, Jae-Young;Kim, Seong-Joon
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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    • v.53 no.6
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    • pp.165-170
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    • 2011
  • Recently natural disasters such as the frequency and intensity of drought have been increasing as a result of climate change. This study suggests a drought index, WADI (Water Availability Drought Index), that considers water availability using 6 components (water intake, groundwater level, agricultural reservoir water level, dam inflow, streamflow, and precipitation) using the Z score and data monitoring on a nationwide level. SPI (Standardized Precipitation Index) was applied in coastal area. For the severe droughts of 2001 spring and 2008 autumn, the index was evaluated by comparison with reported damage areas. suggested to combine The spatial concordance rate of WADI in 2001 and 2008 for estimation of the degree of drought severity was 50 % and 24 % compared to the actual recorded data respectively.

Competition for Water in Two Populations of Impatiens pallida (Balsaminaceae) from Contrasting Water Environments (수분환경이 다른 서식지에서 자란 Impatiens pallida 의 두 개체군간 수분에 대한 경쟁)

  • Yang, Hyo-Sik;James B. McGraw
    • The Korean Journal of Ecology
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.165-178
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    • 1996
  • We investigated the role of competition in adaptation to varying water availability levels for two ecotypically-differentiated populations of Impatiens pallida found naturally in low- vs. high-water environments. In a greenhouse experiment, seedlings were grown in pure cultures at two densities (n=1 and 2 plants per pot) and in mixed cultures (n=2) under low-, medium- and high-water treatments. The two populations were shown to be genetically distinct across the range of environmental conditions in the greenhouse experiment, confirming previous findings. The two populations had similar morphological responses to density and water availability in pure cultures and mixtures, but the population from the high-water environment showed a greater growth response to high water availability than did the population from the low-water environment and the difference in growth between the two populations decreased from the high-water to low-water treatment. Relative competitive ability of two populations were compared under three different water treatments and two densities. Differential response to watering treatment and density were not reflected in a difference in relative competitive ability. Relative yield totals were significantly greater than 1 overall. The niche differentiation suggested by RYTs>1 may be responsible for the lack of differential competitive effects observed for populations in the three vatering treatments.

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Estimation of Available Permit Water for Considering the Evaporation of Multipurpose Dams in Nakdong River Basin (증발량을 고려한 낙동강유역 다목적댐의 가용허가수량 추정)

  • Kim, Sun Joo;Park, Ki Chun;Park, Hee Seong
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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    • v.55 no.3
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    • pp.1-7
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    • 2013
  • The dam plan quantity of constructive and water supply quantity of present time are showing a difference with change in climate and augmentation of water demand for multipurpose dams in Nakdong river basin. But revaluates a water supply ability the method or the process is official for is not taking a position, so actual condition applies the plan quantity of dam constructive. Considers various situation of actual multipurpose dam from research sees consequently and in K-WEAP is an integrated water resources evaluation plan model applies as water permit availability multipurpose dam, currently water permit availability comparison, analyzed. In this study, the natural daily flow data and apply the dimensions of the reservoir, and for more than 30 years of the long-term water balance analysis conducted by Date Nakdong river basin can supply reservoirs are large quantity of permits available is presented.

Assessment of the Impacts of Rice Self-sufficiency on National Rresources in Korea through Water-Energy-Food-Land Nexus Approach (물-에너지-식량-토지 넥서스를 통한 미래 쌀 수급 변화에 따른 자원별 이용량 변화 분석)

  • Lee, Sang-Hyun;Choi, Jin-Yong;Yoo, Seung-Hwan;Hur, Seung-Oh
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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    • v.60 no.4
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    • pp.93-103
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    • 2018
  • The aim of this study is to apply the Water-Energy-Food-Land Nexus approach which can analyze the trade-offs among resources, and assess the holistic impacts of food security. First, we applied rice as a study crop and analyzed the trend of consumption of rice and the area of paddy fields. Second, the portfolios of water, energy, and land for rice production were constructed using data of footprints and productivity. Finally, the self-sufficiency ratio (SSR) of rice in target year was set as food security scenario and assessed the impacts of food security on water, energy, and land availability. In 2030, the SSR of rice decreased to 87 %, and water use for producing rice decreased from 4,728 to $3,350million\;m^3$, and the water availability index increased from 0.33 to 0.53. However, food security is essential issue and we set the 50 % and 100 % SSR of rice as high and low food security scenarios. For 100% SSR in 2030, about $3,508million\;m^3$ water was required and water availability index reached to 0.5. In other words, there is the trade-off between food security and water-energy-lands availability. Therefore, it is difficult to make a decision whether a high level of SSR is better or worse. However, this study showed the both positive and negative impacts by change of food security and it can be useful for setting the policy decision considering both food security and sustainable resource management at the same time.

A Study on the Water Resources Assessment for Irrigation Scheme in Malawi

  • AHN, SungSick;Kim, Jin-Hong
    • International Journal of Advanced Culture Technology
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    • v.6 no.3
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    • pp.178-186
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    • 2018
  • Generally, in terms of the development of irrigation scheme, the efficient water resource management that supplies the irrigation water in consideration of the required time and accurate quantity to grow the crop should be conducted. The water resource assessment should precede to supply the irrigation water efficiently. The water resources assessment is divided into the water requirement analysis and the water availability assessment. In case of Korea, the major crop is paddy rice unlike crops of Africa, such as sugarcane, maize, and cassava, etc. Because it is not familiar with the method for upland irrigation development in tropical area, it needs to know the water resources assessment for irrigation scheme development about these crops. The Natama Scheme in Chiradzulu District of the Southern Malawi was selected as study area, which has tropical climate. From the collected meteorological data, the evapotranspiration was analyzed by Penman-Monteith Method and the effective rainfall was analyzed by USDA Soil Conservation Service Method. This study displays the results that for study area, the evapotranspiration varies from 2.80 mm/day to 5.51 mm/day and the effective rainfall varied from 2.1mm to 149.0mm. According to the selected crop (Green Maize, Dry Maize), the unit water requirement (UWR) and water demand (WD) considering the irrigation efficiency, irrigation time and irrigation area were estimated to be $0.00122m^3/s/ha$ and $0.0122m^3/s$ respectively. For the water availability assessment, the runoff of Natama scheme was calculated by specific yield method. The water availability was evaluated through reviewed differences of discharge between $Q80_{intake}$ and Total WD, and the irrigation water can be supplied sufficiently in the existing 10ha of Natama scheme. As a result of reviewing the extensibility of irrigable area, total WD of scheme is $0.02313m^3/s$, and $Q80_{intake}$ is $0.02387m^3/s$ ($Q80_{intake}$ > Total WD). Therefore, Natama scheme can be extended from 10 ha to 17 ha in the dry season in consideration of the $Q80_{intake}$.

A Study on Improving Drought Indices & Developing their Outlook Technique for Korea (국내 가뭄지수의 개선과 전망기법의 개발에 관한 연구)

  • Ahn, Kuk-Hyun;Kim, Young-Oh
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • pp.6-12
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    • 2010
  • 일반적으로 가뭄은 기상학적 가뭄, 농업적 가뭄, 수문학적 가뭄의 유형 등으로 분류한다. 본 연구에서는 우리나라에 적합한 수문학적 가뭄 지수인 물가용지수(Water Availability Index)를 개발하였다. 또한 다각적인 가뭄평가를 위해 기상학적 가뭄의 평가할 수 있는 표준강수지수(Standard Precipitation Index)와 농업적 가뭄을 평가할 수 있는 토양수분지수(Soil Moisture Index) 그리고 개발한 물가용지수(Water Availability Index)를 지수의 가뭄에 대한 등급을 통일시키기 위해 새롭게 산정하였다. 또한 기상청에서 제시하고 있는 월간기상정보 자료를 이용하여 가뭄전망을 할 수 있는 기법을 개발하였다.

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On the Surface Moisture Availability Parameters to Estimate the Surface Evaporation (증발량 추정을 위한 지표면 가용 수분 계수)

  • 황병화;황수진
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.4 no.5
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    • pp.427-435
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    • 1995
  • In order to discuss the differences among the SMP(Surface Moisture Availability Parameter), by previous researchers on the basis of their own theoretical and empirical background, we assessed the SMP according to the soil types and volumetric soil water contents. The results are as follows. There are differences among all the five SMAPs. There's a tendency that the larger grain size, the higher value of parameters. And they divided into two groups for their value: one group has parameters with exponential function and the other with cosine and linear function. The maximum difference between the two groups appears when the volumetric soil water contents are 0.07m3m-3 for sand, 0.l1m3m-3 for loam, 0.12 for clay, and 0.13m3m-3 for silt loam. So, these differences must be considered when we estimate the surface evaporation rate. From field data, the paddy field soil around Junam reservoir is classified as a silt has high wetness, 0.56. So, the parameter obtained from the field measurement is much higher than that of Clapp and Hornberger(1978)'s Table. This study treated the SMP for a certain point of time in winter season. But if we measured the soil water contents continuously, we could obtain better time-dependent parameter. Key words : SMAP(Surface Moisture Availability Parameter), Paddy field, Volumetric soil water content, Evaporation, Capillary potential.

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The State of Water Resources in the Philippines

  • Rubio, Christabel Jane P.;Jeong, Sang-Man;Lee, Joo-Heon
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • pp.82-91
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    • 2008
  • This paper sought to provide information regarding the water resources in the Philippines, focusing on the issues of water quality, status of water use and water scarcity, and other threats to water availability. Although the country has sufficient amount of water resources, it was found out that water availability is still threatened by some major water resources problems: increasing water demand due to drastic growth in population, water resources pollution, droughts and flooding and weak institutional framework to address these problems. Water quality problems include increasing groundwater and surface water pollution. Moreover, drought and flooding have also increased damages in recent years due to deteriorating watersheds and high economic and population growth. In relation to these, the Government enacted national laws to define and deal with water control and quality management. The objective of this research was to present and evaluate current conditions and issues on Philippine water resources.

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Water Resources Evaluation in the Philippines (필리핀의 수자원 평가)

  • Rubio, Christabel Jane;Lee, Joo Heon;Jeong, Sang Man
    • Journal of Wetlands Research
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.47-56
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    • 2008
  • This paper sought to provide information regarding the water resources in the Philippines, focusing on the issues of water quality, status of water use and water scarcity, and other threats to water availability. Although the country has sufficient amount of water resources, it was found out that water availability is still threatened by some major water resources problems: increasing water demand due to drastic growth in population, water resources pollution, droughts and flooding and weak institutional framework to address these problems. Water quality problems include increasing groundwater and surface water pollution. Moreover, drought and flooding have also increased damages in recent years due to deteriorating watersheds and high economic and population growth. In relation to these, the government enacted national laws to define and deal with water control and quality management. The objective of this research was to present and evaluate current conditions and issues on Philippine water resources.

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