• Title, Summary, Keyword: Tonsil

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A Study on the Relationship of Hypertropied Palatine Tonsil with Maxillary Sinusitis and Adenoid Vegetation (소아에서 구개편도 비대와 상악동염, 아데노이드 비대의 상관성에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Young-Gyu;Chae, Byung-Yoon
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology and Dermatology
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.173-179
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    • 1996
  • Hypertropied palatine tonsil is a common disorder in pediatric otolaryngology. It could be easily observed and adenoid vegetation could induce maxillary sinusitis by the obstruction of nasopharynx and choanae. This is a study on the relationship of the hypertropied palatine tonsil, 42cases, with maxillary sinusitis and adenoid vegetation The results was as followings ; 1. The sex distribution was male 30cases($71.4\%$), female 12cases($28.6\%$) and age distribution was from 3 to 17year-old. 2. Hypertropied palatine tonsil distribution was the degree of both 3, 2cases($4.8\%$), one 3 the other 2, 3cases($7.l\%$), both 2, 22cases($52.4\%$), one 2 the other 1, 9cases($21.4\%$), both 1, 5 cases($11.9\%$). and only one 1, 1case($2.3\%$). 3. By the PNS X-ray, there were resulted 29 cases($69.0\%$) both maxillary sintis, 4cases($9.5\%$) only one maxillary sinusitis and 9cases($21.4\%$) norma] sinus. 4. By the Head latera] X-ray, there were resulted 13cases($31.0\%$) large adenoid, 24cases($57.l\%$) mediate adenoid, and 5cases($l1.9\%$) small adenoid.

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The Voice Characteristics of Children with Palatine Tonsil and Adenoid Hypertrophy (구개편도와 아데노이드 비대 아동의 음성 특성)

  • Song, Yun-Kyung
    • The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea
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    • v.28 no.8
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    • pp.790-795
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    • 2009
  • This study evaluated the voice of 68 normal children and 50 children with palatine tonsil and adenoid hypertrophy with MDVP to examine the hypothesis that their mouth breathing makes the vocal folds dry and this condition contributes to lower the level of voice quality. The results showed that children with palatine tonsil and adenoid hypertrophy had statistically significant elevations in Jitt, RAP, PPQ, Shim and APQ parameters, and had the lower level of voice quality. Therefore, the children with palatine tonsil and adenoid hypertrophy need vocal hygiene education.

Long-term results of ipsilateral radiotherapy for tonsil cancer

  • Koo, Tae Ryool;Wu, Hong-Gyun
    • Radiation Oncology Journal
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.66-71
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: We evaluated the effectiveness and safety of ipsilateral radiotherapy for the patient with well lateralized tonsil cancer: not cross midline and <1 cm of tumor invasion into the soft palate or base of tongue. Materials and Methods: From 2003 to 2011, twenty patients with well lateralized tonsil cancer underwent ipsilateral radiotherapy. Nineteen patients had T1-T2 tumors, and one patient had T3 tumor; twelve patients had N0-N2a disease and eight patients had N2b disease. Primary surgery followed by radiotherapy was performed in fourteen patients: four of these patients received chemotherapy. Four patients underwent induction chemotherapy followed by concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT). The remaining two patients received induction chemotherapy followed by radiotherapy and definitive CCRT, respectively. No patient underwent radiotherapy alone. We analyzed the pattern of failure and complications. Results: The median follow-up time was 64 months (range, 11 to 106 months) for surviving patients. One patient had local failure at tumor bed. There was no regional failure in contralateral neck, even in N2b disease. At five-year, local progression-free survival, distant metastasis-free survival, and progression-free survival rates were 95%, 100%, and 95%, respectively. One patient with treatment failure died, and the five-year overall survival rate was 95%. Radiation Therapy Oncology Group grade 2 xerostomia was found in one patient at least 6 months after the completion of radiotherapy. Conclusion: Ipsilateral radiotherapy is a reasonable treatment option for well lateralized tonsil cancer. Low rate of chronic xerostomia can be expected by sparing contralateral major salivary glands.

A Case of Lymphangioma of Palatine Tonsil (구개편도에 발생한 림프관종 1예)

  • Ju, Young-Min;Park, Sang-Jun;Kim, Tae-Hyun;Choi, Jeong-Seob
    • Korean Journal of Bronchoesophagology
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.87-89
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    • 2000
  • A lymphangioma is a benign lesion characterized by proliferation of lymphatic vessels. Occurrence in the oral cavity and oropharynx is rare and is extremely rare in the palatine tonsil. Recently, we experienced a case of lymphagioma on palatine tonsil, so we report this rare case with the review of literatures.

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Mucosa-Associated Lymphoid Tissue(MALT) Lymphoma of Palatine Tonsil (구개편도에서 발생한 MALT 림프종 1례)

  • Jang, Young-Do;Lee, Yong-Man;Oh, Cheon-Hwan
    • Korean Journal of Head & Neck Oncology
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.174-177
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    • 2007
  • Mucosa-Associated Lymphoid Tissue(MALT) lymphoma is the most common extranodal B cell lymphoma among peripheral one. Although palatine tonsil is common origin among Waldeyer's ring, there is no presented case in Korea. This lymphoma is known to be less invasive than other subtype of low grade B cell Non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Because MALT lymphoma has a tendency of localizing one area for a long time, there are many cases treated by local treatment like radiotherapy, or local excision and radiotherapy. We report a case of MALT lymphoma originated from left tonsil.

Comparison of Gelatinization Properties of Japonica and Tongil Brown Rice Starches (일반계와 통일계 현미전분의 호화성질 비교)

  • 변기원
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.428-435
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    • 1992
  • Intrinsic viscosity and gelatinization properties of brown rice starches of Japonica and Tonsil type cultivars were investigated. The intrinsic viscosity was similar between the two cultivars. The gelatinization temperature of Japonica brown rice starch determined by differential scanning calorimetry was higher than that of Tonsil brown rice starch. However, the range of gelatinization temperature, gelatinization enthalpy and the water content for gelatinization were similar between the two starches. The treatment of starch at 6$0^{\circ}C$ for 24hr increased the gelatinization temperature and gelatinization enthalpy and decreased the range of geltinization temperature. The water content for gelatinization was negatively correlated with the range of gelatinization temperature in case of Japonica starch and with the intrinsic viscosity in case of Tonsil one. The in-trinsic viscosities of both Japonica and Tonsil starches were positively correlated with gelatinization enthalpy.

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A Case of Basaloid Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Palatine Tonsil Presenting as Recurrent Neck Mass (반복적인 경부 종물로 발현된 구개편도의 기저양 편평상피세포암 1예)

  • Kim, Mun-Jun;Youn, Jin;Yang, Yun-Su;Hong, Ki-Hwan
    • Korean Journal of Head & Neck Oncology
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.27-30
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    • 2012
  • Basaloid squamous cell carcinoma(BSCC) is a high-grade variant of squamous cell carcinoma, with a prediction for multifocal involvement of the base of tongue, pyriform sinus, supraglottic larynx, hypopharynx and palatine tonsil. It primary affects men in the seventh decade of life with frequent cervical lymph-node metastasis at presentation. Grossly, these tumors are usually firm to hard, with associated central necrosis, occuring as exophytic to nodular masses. Histologically, the this infiltrating tumor offers a variety of growth patterns, including solid, lobular, cribriform, cords, trabeculae, nests and glands or cyst. We present a 55-year-old female who was treated with surgical excision and radiotherapy. She was firstly presented as a recurrent inflammatory neck mass and finally diagnosed with basaloid squamous cell carcinoma in the palatine tonsil.

A Case of Metastatic Tonsillar Lesion Showing Increased FDG Uptake in the Patient with Advanced Hepatocellular Carcinoma (진행성 간암 환자에서 편도 전이에 FDG 섭취증가를 보인 예)

  • Park, Jung-Mi;Kim, Hee-Kyung;Kim, Sang-Gyune;Kim, Young-Seok
    • Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
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    • v.42 no.1
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    • pp.70-73
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    • 2008
  • A 65 year-old man with hepatocellulcar carcinoma (HCC) admitted to treat left lower leg swelling and pus discharge suspecting osteomyelitis. MRI of his lower leg revealed the bone metastasis. Whole body FDG PET/CT additionally detected left shoulder and right ilium metastasis. Hematemesis suddenly developed in this patient after 3 weeks. Metastasis of right tonsil was histologically proven. When we reviewed his FDG PET/CT, there was asymmetric mild hypermetabolism in the right tonsil. When focal hypermetabolism is shown in the organ physiologically taking glucose up such as tonsil, we should cautiously assess whole body PET/CT in the examination of distant metastasis. We present a patient with multiple distant metastasis including tonsil from HCC showing increased FDG uptake with the literature review.

A Case of Lipoma of Palatine Tonsil (구개 편도 지방종 1례)

  • 최홍식;신승호;김한수;서용석
    • Korean Journal of Bronchoesophagology
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.59-61
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    • 2001
  • Lipomas is one of the most common benign neoplasm in the body, but only rarely occurs in the oral cavity We report here a case of a 49-year-old female with a lipoma of palatine tonsil. Microscopical examination revealed a stromal neoplasm composed of mature fat with the presence of a few thin and anastomosing fibrous septa. The surface epithelium was of nonkeratinizing stratified squamous type. There was the dense fibrous connective tissue between mature fat and surface epithelium. The histopathologic findings and literature on tonsillar lipoma is reviewed.

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Functional Results of Soft Palate Defect Reconstruction using Radial Forearm Free Flap after Tonsil Cancer Surgery (편도암 절제술후 전완유리피판술을 이용한 연구개 결손부 재건의 기능적 결과)

  • Kim, Min-Sik;Sun, Dong-Il;Park, Hae-Sup;Cho, Seung-Ho;Jai, Hyeon-Soon
    • Korean Journal of Bronchoesophagology
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.191-197
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    • 1999
  • Background and Objective : Soft palate plays a great role in function of speech and swallowing. Ablation of tonsil cancer results in multi-demensional defect including soft palate in most cases and restoration of the postoperative oral cavity function is a continuing surgical challenge. Although a variety of techniques are available, radial forearm free flap has been known as an effective method for these defect, which offers a thin, pliable, and relatively hairless skin, and a long vascular pedicle. The aim of the present study is to report the speech and swallowing function test results of our 5 consecutive radial forearm free flaps used for tonsil cancers. Materials and Methods : We reviewed the medical records of 5 patients who were offered intraoral reconstruction with a radial forearm free flap after ablative surgery for tonsil cancers, from Dec. 1997 to Oct. 1998, and analyzed the surgical methods, complications, and speech and swallowing function test results. We have examined with modified barium swallow to evaluate postoperative wallowing function and articulation and resonance test for speech. Results : The tumor sizes by TNM stage(AJCC, 1997) were T1(1), T2(2), and T4(3). The paddles of flaps were tailored in multilobed designs from oval shape to pentalobed design and in variable size from 24$cm^2$ to 108$cm^2$(average size = 78.4$cm^2$), according to the defect after ablation. This procedures resulted in satisfactory flap success and functional results all but 1 case of flap contracture in 2 postoperative week, achieved early oral diet until 16-57 postoperative day(average, 28 days) and social speech. The oropharyngeal defect including soft palate reconstruction with radial forearm free flap might be an excellent method for the maximal functional results, after ablative surgery of tonsil cancer that results in multidimensional defect.

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