• Title, Summary, Keyword: Sr-90

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Sr-90 Uptake by the Barley (Hordeum vulgare L. emend. Lamark) and Soil-to-Plant Transfer Coefficient (보리의 토양 Sr-90 흡수 및 토양 - 작물체 전이계수)

  • Choi, Yong-Ho;Chung, Kyu-Hoi;Chun, Ki-Jung;Kim, Sam-Rang;Lee, Jeong-Ho
    • Journal of Radiation Protection and Research
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.33-42
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    • 1991
  • A pot experiment on the Sr-90 uptake by the barley from a loamy-sandy soil of pH 6.05 treated with Sr-90 and slaked lime was carried out in a green house. The rate of Sr-90 uptake at maturity was, on an average, 0.41% for a naked barley Neolssalbori and 0.23% for a covered one Olbori. Transfer coefficients of Sr-90 for the former were higher than those for the latter by about 30-60% depending on the plant parts. There were, on the whole, not significant differences in the rate and in the coefficient among Sr-90 concentration treatments. Slaked lime addition equivalent to about 94kg/10a was not effective for lessening Sr-90 uptake or diminishing Sr-90 transfer coefficient. As transfer coefficients, 1.51, 4.45, 0.35, and 1.30, on the dry weight basis, could be proposed for the stem, leaf, seed, and whole top of the barley, respectively. Growth inhibition or yield decrease due to Sr-90 uptake was not observed.

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Determination of Sr-90 in the Vetebrae of Reference Korean (표준 한국인 척추골내의 Sr-90 함량 측정에 관한 연구)

  • Yung Jin Kim;Gook Hyun Chung
    • Nuclear Engineering and Technology
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.131-135
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    • 1984
  • The determination of Sr-90 in 93 Korean vertebrae was carried out using modified method of tri-n-butyl phosphate extraction. As a result, the average content of Sr-90 in Korean vertebrae was 2.29 pCi/g Ca in the female and 1.73 pCi/g Ca in the male and the average level of both sexes was 2.01 pCi/g Ca, which was slightly higher than those of other countries. On the other hand, the Sr-90 injected into intraperitonal cavity of rat was accumulated in bones mostly and distributed evenly to various types of hones. The rate of accumulation and removal was not dependent on the amount of Sr-90 injected and over one half Sr-90 injected was accumulated in bones within one day and then it was removed gradually after two days from the injection.

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Absorption and Accumulation of Sr-90 by Rice and Soybean and Its Soil-to-Plant Transfer Coefficients (벼와 콩에 의한 Sr-90 흡수.축적 및 토양-작물체간 전이계수)

  • Park, Yong-Ho;Lee, Chang-Woo;Lee, Kang-Suk;Lee, Jeong-Ho;Jo, Jae-Seong;Chung, Kyu-Hoi
    • Nuclear Engineering and Technology
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.121-129
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    • 1992
  • Radio-tracer experiments on the Sr-90 absorption by rice and soybean from a sandy-loam soil of pH 6.35 treated with 5.2 and 31.2Bq Sr-90 per g-soil were carried out through pot cultivations. Sr-90 absorption rates of both crops increased till the mature stage when the rates were about 1.0%. Concentrations in their whole tops, however, decreased or changed little as they grew. Sr-90 concentrations in plant parts of both crops increased with the increase of those in soil. Soil-to-plant transfer coefficients of Sr-90 for rice and soybean at mature stages ranged, on the dry weight basis, from 0.07(unpolished seed) to 3.67(lean and from 0.86(seed) to 9.26(leaf), respectively. Only the unpolished rice seed showed a significant difference in the coefficient with 0.17 in 5.2Bq treatment and 0.07 in 31.2Bq treatment. Sr-90 retention rates of the upper 15cm soil after crop harvests were about 80% Sr-90 absorptions had no effect on the plant growth and yield of the crops.

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Simultaneous analysis method of 89Sr and 90Sr in liquid sample using automated separation system (자동핵종분리장치를 이용한 액체시료 중 89Sr, 90Sr 동시분석법 연구)

  • Kim, Heewon;Lee, Yong-Jin;Kim, Sun-Ha;Lee, Jin-Hong;Lim, Jong-Myoung;Kim, Hyuncheol
    • Analytical Science and Technology
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    • v.33 no.6
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    • pp.274-284
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    • 2020
  • This study described the analytical method for simultaneous determination of 89Sr and 90Sr in liquid sample using automated separation system. Radiostrontium in 0.5 kg of liquid sample was concentrated as SrCO3 to reduce the volume of sample, and purified from the sample using Sr-resin 2 mL (BV, Bed volume). The behavior of Sr and interferences such as Ba, Ca and Y were estimated with various flow rate ranging from 1 to 4 mL min-1. The detailed procedure for the purification of Sr on Sr-resin was presented. The purified radiostronitum was measured in Cerenkov mode and then measured in Scintillation mode by mixing scintillation cocktail. The measured value in both modes were used to calculate the activity of 89Sr and 90Sr. The performance tests were carried out the lab-control-sample having various activity ratio of between 89Sr and 90Sr. The recovery of Sr was ranged from 68 to 94 %. The relative bias of 89Sr activity was ranged from -5 to 20 %, and it was ranged from -10 to 10 % for 90Sr.

A Study on Effect of Electric Field for Carcinogenesis of Strontium 90 (Strontium 90의 골수 발암성에 대한 전계장의 영향에 관한 실험적 연구)

  • 정문호;두옥주
    • Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.61-77
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    • 1994
  • Sprague Dawley rats were exposed to electric fields (6,000 V, 10 kV/m, 30 min/day, 6 days per week) and injected strontium 90 (681 kbq/rat, one time) through abdominal cavity (strontium 90 and electric field complexed exposure group). In parallel, series with the electric field exposure only, strontium 90 injection only and control groups were run. Every group was consisted of 110 rats (55 male and 55 female). This animal experiment was performed from May to December in 1993. This results were conducted to investigate the effect of electric field for 11 weeks. The results are summarized as follows: 1. Ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) activity in rat's bone marrow cells: The ODC values was significantly increased in Sr$^{90}$ injection group and Sr$^{90}$ and electric field complexed exposure group as compared with that of control group (p<0.05). The ODC value was significantly decreased in electric field and Sr$^{90}$ complexed exposure group in comparison with Sr$^{90}$ injection group (p<0.05). The ODC values of electric field only exposure group was not different to that of control group (p>0.05). 2. The amount of Sr$^{90}$ accumulation in the femur, kidney and spleen:The accumulation amount of Sr$^{90}$ in the femur of Sr$^{90}$ injection group represented higher value than that of electric field and Sr$^{90}$ complexed exposure group (p<0.05). In the kidney and spleen, the difference between electric field and Sr$^{90}$ complexed exposure group and Sr$^{90}$ injection group wasn't observed. 3. The counts of white cells in blood of Sr9?injection group was decreased as compared with the value from control group and electric field and Sr$^{90}$ complexed exposure group (p<0.05). The rat's body weight, red blood cell counts and the weight data of liver, kidney and spleen did not show differences among four groups.

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Uptake and Accumulation of Soil Strontium-90 by Peanut and Sesame (토양 strontium-90의 땅콩과 참깨에 의한 흡수 및 축적)

  • Choi, Yong-Ho;Jo, Jae-Seong
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.11-18
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    • 1996
  • A greenhouse experiment on the Sr-90 uptake by peanut and sesame was conducted through pot cultures on a sandy loam soil of pH 6.35 treated with Sr-90 in 5.2 and 31.2Bq per gram. The rate of Sr-90 transfer from soil to each plant part, the ratio of Sr-90 concentration in the part to the concentration in soil, and the patterns of their temporal changes were not, on the whole, significantly different between the two treatments. About 0.7 and 0.5 % of Sr-90 in soil transferred to all the mature plants of peanut and sesame, respectively, with the radioactivities in their roots not counted. Only 4% and less than 15% of Sr-90 absorbed by peanut and sesame, respectively, translocated to their seeds. Both crops showed the highest Sr-90 concentration in the leaf and the lowest in the seed. At maturities, the concentration ratio in dry seed was 0.4 in peanut and 3.3 in sesame and that in dry leaf was 12.5 and 10.7, respectively. Sr-90 concentrations in the top 15 cm soil after harvests averaged about 80 % of the concentrations at starting. Sr-90 uptake resulted in neither growth inhibition nor yield decrease.

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Studies on the Desorption of $Sr^{90}$ from Paddy Soil (답토양(畓土壤)에서 Strontium-90의 탈착(脫着)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究))

  • Kim, Jae-Sung;Lim, Soo-Kil;Lee, Young-Il;Cheong, Kyu-Hoi
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.31-38
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    • 1987
  • The present study was carried out to determine the effect of the physical, chemical and mineralogical properties of paddy soil on the adsorption and desorption of $Sr^{90}$ from absorbed soils. The results obtained were as follows: 1. Most of the adsorbed $Sr^{90}$ was exchangeable and water soluble. $Sr^{90}$ extracted by ammonium acetate was very high compared to the water soluble fractions, and the ammount decreased with the increase of calcium application, but increased proportionally with the increase of $Sr^{90}$ treatment. 2. The distribution of $Sr^{90}$ in paddy soil depend on the soil type. Average-distribution rates of water soluble, exchangeable and non-exchangeable fractions of $Sr^{90}$ in the soils were 28.6%, 59.3% and 12.1% respectively. 3. The non-exchangeable from of $Sr^{90}$ was high in the soils of high illite and low vermiculite content. 4. The desorption of $Sr^{90}$ from adsorbed soils decreased with the increase of pH and ex-cations of the soils, but increased with the amount of organic matter and clay content in the soil.

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Studies on the Uptake of $Sr^{90}$ with the Growth of Rice Plant (수도(水稻) 생육(生育)에 따른 $Sr^{90}$ 흡수(吸收)에 관한 연구(硏究))

  • Kim, Jae-Sung;Lim, Soo-Kil;Lee, Young-Il
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.92-95
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    • 1988
  • A Pot experiment was conducted to study the uptake of $Sr^{90}$ by rice plants in five different types of paddy soils and its distribution in these plants as a function of the age of the rice. The uptake of $Sr^{90}$ by rice plants increased with the growth of the aboveground mass of the plants from the planting period, but $Sr^{90}$ content per unit of dry matter decreased as the organic mass of the plants increased during the vegetative growing period, except for the time of ripening. The content of Ca and $Sr^{90}$ in rice plants was higher in the stem and leaves than in grain parts in general. However, Ca content was decreased in the stem and increased in the grain part with the growth of the rice plant ; but $Sr^{90}$ content was increased in the leaves and decreased in the stem and grain parts.

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Studies on the Separation and Concentration Method of $^{90}Sr$ in the Environmental Samples (환경시료 중 $^{90}Sr$의 분석을 위한 분리농축법 연구)

  • Won, Mi Sook;Cho, Kyu Bong;Yoon, Jang Hee;Lee, Dae Won;Shim, Yoon Bo
    • Analytical Science and Technology
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.8-14
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    • 2001
  • New process to determine $^{90}Sr$ in the environmental samples was established by investigating the existing methods. The environmental samples included soil, milk, seaweed, fishes and clams, pine needles, and marine sediment. Using the developed method combined with fuming nitric acid and ion exchange resin, which could be reduced the treatment step, we could be removed Ca effectively for the determination of $^{90}Sr$. The recovery yield of $^{90}Sr$ in this method was 10% higher than those of using the fuming nitric acid only. This method could be applied to all environmental samples we choose. The content of $^{90}Sr$ in soil was the highest value in the tested environmental samples.

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A Study on Distribution of Cs-137 and Sr-90 in Soils around Taejon Region (대전지역 토양에 대한 Cs-137 및 Sr-90 방사능농도 분포 조사)

  • Lee, Myung-Ho;Lee, Chang-Woo;Hong, Kwang-Hee;Choi, Yong-Ho;Kim, Sang-Bok;Park, Doo-Won;Lee, Jeong-Ho
    • Journal of Radiation Protection and Research
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.123-128
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    • 1995
  • The concentration of Cs-137 and Sr-90 has been analyzed in soils around Taejon region. A correalation was found between the concentration of Cs-137 and the organic matter content. The mean value of Cs-137 was 14.37Bq/kg-dry and that of Sr-90 was 7.95Bq/kg-dry in undisturbed soils around Taejon region. The concentration ratio of Cs-137/Sr-90 was 1.99. The distribution of Cs-137 and Sr-90 was similar to cumulative fallout level and had been more affected by nuclear weapons test than by the chernobyl accident.

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