• Title/Summary/Keyword: Smoking knowledge

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The Knowledge, Attitude on Smoking and Experience of Smoking Cessation in Male Smokers (흡연남성의 흡연지식, 태도 및 금연경험에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Kyung-Won
    • Journal of East-West Nursing Research
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.24-35
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: The study were to identify smoking knowledge, attitude on smoking and experience of smoking cessation in male smokers. Methods: The subjects were 174 male smoker in Seoul and Inchun. The data were collected using structured questionnaires from 18th of December in 2007 to 16th of March in 2008. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics and Pearson's Correlation Coefficient with SPSS computer program. The tools were used with smoking knowledge, smoking attitude and experience of smoking cessation. Result: Participants showed that a high level of smoking knowledge score 48.20 (${\pm}5.27$) of total 57. Participants showed that a high level of score 40.80 (${\pm}6.81$) of total 60. There was a positive correlation between smoking attitude and smoking knowledge (r=.319 p=.000). Conclusion: These results suggested that the level of smoking knowledge was related to the level of smoking attitude. Therefore, these finding give useful information for constructing a smoking cessation program in male smokers.

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Knowledge, Attitude and Factors for Smoking Behavior in High School Students (고등학생들의 흡연지식, 흡연태도 및 흡연관련 특성)

  • Hwang, Byung-Deog
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.45-61
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    • 2007
  • Objectives: This study was to get database of health service for smoking preventing through investigating the smoking status of students and the knowledge, attitude on smoking. Methods: The subjects were consisted of 463 students who were currently enrolled in 1, 2 and 3 grade of 6 high schools located in Ulsan-city. The instruments for this study were smoking knowledge and smoking attitude questionnaire(each 20 items) developed by WHO. Results: Among the students 25.8% answered they had the experience of smoking. The experience of smoking related to general characteristics were showed significantly different according to opposite sex friends. Student's knowledge level about smoking prevention is high score to mean get obtain 0.65 out of 1. Smoking prevention knowledge level related to highest score(0.82) were have affect on pregnancy and an unborn child. Smoking prevention knowledge level related to low score(0.19) were get rid of stress. Therefore smoking prevention knowledge high level is non smoker rather than smoker. Student's attitude level about smoking prevention is high score to mean get obtain 2.0 out of 3. Smoking prevention attitude level related to highest score(2.5) were no smoking allowed public area and put a stop smoking to friends. Therefore smoking prevention attitude high level is non smoker rather than smoker. Conclusion: It follows from this study that education for smoking prevention should be continued from lower grade student and sustaining teaching for refusal skill against smoking is needed.

The Influence of Knowledge of Smoking and Attitude of Smoking on Smoking Behavior (청소년의 흡연지식과 흡연태도가 흡연행동에 미치는 영향)

  • 고정자
    • Journal of Families and Better Life
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.37-49
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    • 1992
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the realities of knowledge and attitude about smoking among high school students, to analyze the relation among knowledge of smoking attitude about smoking, and smoking behavior. For the data, 1,522 boys' high school students living in Pusan were selected. The data were analyzed with the SPSS PC+ statistical package using t-test, multiple regression and path analysis. The main results are as follows; First, smoking group has lower knowledge of smoking than non-smoking group. Second, smoking group has more positive attitude about smoking than non-smoking group. Third among the demographic variables pecket money, scholastic attainments, grade, SES, and religion influence on smoking behavior directly and indirectly. Fourth, among the smoking environmental variables parents' smoking, sibling's smoking. the number of smoking family. close friends' smoking, the number of smoking friends, family's thought about smoking, knowledge of smoking attitude about smoking influence on smoking behavior directly and indirectly.

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Effects of a Smoking Prevention Education on Elementary School Students (초등학교 흡연 예방 교육의 효과)

  • Im, Mee-Young;Youn, Young-Mi
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.39-50
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    • 2009
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study suggests effective elementary school based smoking prevention education for preventing students from smoking, by examining and analysing a variety factors related to their knowledge and attitude on smoking. Pre-post quasi-experimental study was designed to analyze the effects of knowledge and attitude toward smoking of elementary school students. Methods: Data were collected by questionnaires from 135 students of the control group and 359 students of the experimental group in Korea, from June 4 to July 20, 2007. The reliabilities of instruments were adequate (Cronbach's alpha=.73-.79). Data were analyzed by t-test, $\chi2$-test and ANCOVA using SAS V8 program. Results: The results were as follows; 1. The ANCOVA models of the knowledge and attitude toward smoking were very significant to explain about education effects. 2. After the smoking prevention education, the smoking knowledge and attitude of the experimental group was significantly improved, whereas those of control group didn't. Smoking prevention education for elementary school students increased their level of smoking knowledge and desirable attitude. Conclusion: Therefore, it is necessary to give and develop a more effective program which is suitable to the subjects's needs and low grades before start smoking. Furthermore more various teaching methods such as VTR, lectures, role play and long term education program are need to be effective to change attitude and to improve the smoking knowledge.

Compare the Knowledge, Attitude and Behavior about Smoking in the Elementary Students according to Anti-smoking Education (흡연교육에 따른 초등학생의 흡연에 대한 지식, 태도 및 행위 비교)

  • Moon Jung-Soon
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.59-65
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    • 2004
  • Purpose: To investigate and compare the knowledge and attitude about smoking of the elementary students according to anti-smoking education. Method: A descriptive comparative study design was used. A total 2,000 of the 4th, 5th and 6th grade of elementary students classified into education and non-education groups according to their anti-smoking education. Knowledge and attitude about smoking were measured by the constructed questionnaire. Results: 1) Students' knowledge about smoking were 11.50point on average with highest score being 20. The knowledge of the education group was significantly higher than those of non-education group. No significant differences were observed according to grade or sex. 2) Students' attitude toward smoking were negative with the mean score 31.70. No significant differences were observed according to anti-smoking education, while students in higher grades and male showed significant favorable attitude toward smoking. 3) Among the students of respondents, 5.3% answered they had the experience of smoking. The smoking experience of the education group was significantly higher than those of non-education group. 96.0% of the students would not smoking in the future. No significant differences were observed according to anti-smoking education. Conclusion: The results suggested that a systematic strategy required to lead desirable attitude and behavior about smoking of students.

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Survey on Adolescents' Knowledge and Attitudes as related to Temptation toward Cigarette Smoking (청소년의 흡연 유혹에 관한 연구)

  • Ahn, Hye-Young;Lee, Joo-Hyun
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.367-374
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the relationship of knowledge and attitude to temptation toward cigarette smoking in adolescents. Methods: A survey was conducted using a 52-item questionnaire in 2 high school settings. Descriptive statistics, t-tests, ANOVA, post hoc analysis and Pearson correlation coefficients were used with SPSS WIN version 14.0 to analyze the data. Results: There were significant differences in attitude toward smoking and smoking temptation depending on gender, academic performance, religion, current smoking status, parental responses toward smoking, initiation of smoking, and the number of friends who smoke (p<.001). The level of smoking knowledge was not related to any of general characteristics as well as attitude toward smoking and smoking temptation. However, negative attitude toward smoking was moderately correlated with reduced smoking temptation (r=-.608, p<.001). Conclusion: Adolescents' attitude toward smoking and coping ability against smoking temptation were influenced by various factors related to smoking behavior and social situations, rather than by the level of smoking knowledge. In order to develop an effective smoking prevention and cessation program for adolescents, various strategies to change attitudes toward smoking should be included.

The Knowledge, Attitude and Behavior on Smoking in Elementary School Students (초등학생의 흡연지식.흡연태도와 흡연행동에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Kwang-Ok;Choi, Hye-Young
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.209-221
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    • 2000
  • I began the study to identify the issues related to knowledge. attitude and behavior regarding smoking by sixth graders. which will ultimately lead to the development of a smoking prevention program that will not only help deter school-age children from smoking, but also make them aware of the more desirable behaviors and techniques for healthier life. The results are as follows: 1. Smoking Behavior: Of the focus group. 4.15% are current smokers and 18.23% are ever smokers. 2. Correlation between smoking knowledge and ever smoking: Ever smoking sample($11.10{\pm}3.66$) is less knowledge able than the never-smoking sample($12.17{\pm}3.95$), (t=3.23. p=.001). 3. Correlation between smoking attitude and ever smoking: Ever smoking sample($28.12{\pm}8.51$) was less desirable than the never-smoking sample($l2.17{\pm}3.95$). (t=8.24, p=.000). 4. Correlation between smoking Knowledge and smoking attitude: knowledge about smoking and attitude toward smoking are quantitatively correlated in such way that the more knowledgeable the child is about smoking. the more desirable the attitude toward smoking is(r=.17. p=.000). 5. Correlation between socio-anthropological characteristics and ever smoking: family . atmosphere($x^2$=16.49. p=.001), school life ($x^2$=l1.58, p= .003), grades in school( $x^2$=11.89. p=.003), gender($x^2$=8.97. p=.003). friends' gathering place($x^2$=13.19. p=.02), marital status of parents(p* =.03). and family's financial status($x^2$=6.71. p=.035). In addition, Correlation between somking-environmental characteristics and ever smoking: number of friends who smoke($x^2$=76.01. p=.001). information source for smoking($x^2$=48.03. p=.001), whether or not siblings smoke($x^2$=26.07, p=.001), whether or not female relatives smoke ( $x^2$= 15.65. p= .001), whether or not father smokes ($x^2$= 12.10. p= .007), errands to buy cigarettes for someone($x^2$=9.18. p=.010), and whether or not male relatives smoke ($x^2$=8.82. p=.35) 6. Results of the logistic analysis performed to identify the factors correlated to ever smoking show that: one point decrease in attitude score translates to 25.39 times' increase in ever smoking one person decrease in the number of friends who smoke translates to 0.66 times' decrease in ever smoking: the group where the father has quit smoking has 1.40 times more ever smoking than the group where the father does not smoke at all: and likewise, the group where the father currently smokes has 1.40 times more ever smoking than the group where the father has quit smoking. 7. The overall cause-and-effect relationship between the ever smoking and the related factors: attitude toward smoking caused ever smoking by -.43, smoking by friends, by .12, marital status of arents, by .05, school life. by .04, gender, by -.03, and smoking by father, by -.02. Knowledge about smoking (t=-1.67) did not cause significant effects on ever smoking.

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A Study on Health-related Quality of Life, Smoking Knowledge, Smoking Attitude, and Smoking Cessation Intention in Male Smokers (직장 흡연남성의 건강관련 삶의 질, 흡연지식, 흡연태도 및 금연의도간의 관계연구)

  • Kim Myoung-Sook
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.35 no.2
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    • pp.344-352
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    • 2005
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to examine the relationship among health-related quality of life, smoking knowledge, smoking attitude, and smoking cessation intention in male smokers. Method: The subjects were 259 male smokers in J city. The data was collected using structured questionnaires from Nov. to Dec. of 2003. The data was analyzed by the SPSS (ver. 10.0)computer program, and it included descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, the Pearson correlation coefficient, and Stepwise Multiple Regression. Result: The smoking cessation intention had a significant positive correlation among health-related quality of life (r=.159), smoking knowledge (r=.161), and smoking attitude (r=.127). These variables account for $26.8\%$ of smoking cessation intention. Conclusion: These results suggested that the smoking cessation program to enhance the health-related quality of life, smoking knowledge, and smoking cessation intention and to increase a negative influence on smoking attitude need to be developed. Therefore, these findings give useful information for constructing a smoking cessation program in male smokers.

Smoking condition of students in dental hygiene and relations with self-esteem in a local district (일부지역 치위생과 학생들의 흡연 실태와 자아존중감과의 관계)

  • Lee, Sung-Lim;Go, Eun-Kyung;Choi, Jeong-Hee
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.123-133
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    • 2012
  • Objectives : This study was performed to understand smoking condition and to investigate the relations among knowledge regarding smoking and oral hygiene, awareness of anti-smoking policy, and self-esteem, to provide fundamental basis, developing programs for smoking prevention and anti-smoking. Methods : From September 7, 2010 to September 16, 2010, questionaire survey was conducted for 566 female university students studying dental hygienics at a local district in Jeollanam-do. Collected data was analyzed by Chi-square test, t-test, one way ANOVA, Scheffe multiple range test, Perason's correlation test, and stepwise multiple regression test. Results : 1. Smoking condition of study subjects on general characteristics showed 17.1%, where 14.0% of previous smoking history, and 68.9% of currently nonsmoker. 2. Analysis on the knowledge related to smoking and oral hygiene, awareness of anti-smoking policy, and self esteem on the general characteristics of study subjects have shown better awareness of anti-smoking policy in non-alcoholics. Significant difference was found in knowledge about smoking and awareness of anti-smoking policy according to current resident status, but no difference found in self-esteem. Higher academic grade was related to higher awareness of anti-smoking policy and better ics. aalcell. Better health, but no diffeoral hygiene were related to better awareness of anti-smoking policy, and bewhich were statistically significant. Favorable interpersonal self-estehip was related to better awareness of anti-smoking policy. 3. Analysis on knowledge regarding smoking related health and oral hygiene, awareness of anti-smoking policy, and self-esteem showed higher level of anti-smoking knowledge in non-smoking group(60.44) compared to currently smoking group or group with previous history of smoking, and better awareness of anti-smoking policy in non-smoking group(53.54) than other groups, which was statistically significant. 4. Correlation analysis among smoking related knowledge, awareness of anti-smoking policy, and self-esteem has found relatively high correlation between smoking related knowledge and awareness of anti-smoking policy, which was statistically significant(r=0.481, p<0.001). 5. Among factors influencing awareness of anti-smoking policy, higher level of smoking related knowledge and satisfaction to specialty was related to higher awareness of anti-smoking policy which was lower in current smoker than past smoker, and higher academic grade was related to higher awareness of anti-smoking policy. Conclusions : Following results emphasize the need to establish a novel curriculum by which effective programs for smoking prevention and education of anti-smoking specialist could be provided as well as promoting coaching anti-smoking activity.

The Relationship between Knowledge and Attitude about Smoking of College Student Smokers (흡연대학생의 흡연지식과 태도와의 관계)

  • Jeong Mi-Hyeon;Shin Mi-A
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.69-78
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    • 2006
  • Purpose: This study investigated the relationship between knowledge and attitude about smoking of college student smokers. Methods: The data were collected from the 6th to 27th of April 2005, from 411 college student smokers in Jeollabuk-Do area. The collected data were analysed by using the SPSS WIN 11.0. Results: 1) The focus group showed mean $17.40{\pm}12.45$ in the knowledge about smoking. The knowledge about smoking was significantly different among general subject characteristics of age(F=4.84, p=.008), grade(t=2.96, p=.003), major(F=5.93, p=.001), and religion(t=2.96, p=.003). 2) The focus group showed mean $23.69{\pm}16.19$ in their attitude about smoking. The attitude about smoking was significantly different among general subject characteristics of age(F=8.15, p=.000), grade(t=-2.33, p=.020), major(F=8.35, p=.000), and residence(t=3.08, p=.010). 3) The correlations between knowledge and attitude about smoking were positively correlated(p<0.01). Conclusion: The subjects knowledge about smoking was correlated with their attitude about smoking. Therefore, we need to develop various differential smoking prevention programs and extend the role of experts.

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