• Title, Summary, Keyword: Simplified oral hygiene index

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A STUDY ON THE ORAL HYGIENE STATUS OF RESIDENTS WHO LIVED IN LARGE CITIES AND RURAL AREA (대도시 및 농촌지역 주민의 구강위생실태 조사 연구)

  • Choi, Eu-Gene
    • The Journal of the Korean dental association
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.141-148
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    • 1984
  • The auther had studied on the debri index, calculus index and simplified oral hygiene index, which was made according to the oral examination criteria recommened by WHO in 1971. The examined persons were 14,825 persons who lived in large cities and rural area. The obtained results were as follows: 1. the simplified oral hygiene index were 1.81 in male and 1.54 in female who lived I large cities. In rural area, the simplified oral hygiene index were 2.23 in male and 1.92 in female. 2. the debri index, calculus index and oral hygiene index were lower in upper jaw than in lower jaw. 3. According to the aging, debri, index, calculus index and simplified oral hygiene index score wee increased. 4. Dental health education what had done was not so effective on oral hygiene.

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A Study of Oral Hygiene Status for Pregnant Women in Some Areas (일부지역 임산부의 구강위생실태에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Jin-Soo;Go, Eun-Hee;Kim, Chang-Hee
    • Journal of dental hygiene science
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.101-105
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    • 2006
  • To conduct this study, researchers personally visited two maternity hospitals, one public centers, and two gymnastics classes for pregnant women in some areas of Seoul from March 14 to April 28, 2005 to determine a simplified oral hygiene index to measure cleanness for 200 women in the twenty weeks and over of pregnancy in order to examine their oral health conditions and provide basic data for the future oral health care and education in oral hygiene for pregnant women and, consequently, drew the following conclusions. 1. Simplified oral hygiene index between early, middle, and late pregnancy. It was shown that the Early was $1.10{\pm}.91$, Middle was $1.78{\pm}1.02$, The simplified oral hygiene index of Late was $1.73{\pm}1.03$. The simplified oral hygiene index of Total was $1.47{\pm}1.03$, with a Food debris index $0.96{\pm}0.51$ and a Calculus score $0.51{\pm}0.52$. 2. There were statistically significant differences in the simplified oral hygiene index of both the upper and the lower jaws between early, middle, and late pregnancy (p < 0.01). It was shown that the Food debris index, Calculus score, and the simplified oral hygiene index all increased with the approach of delivery. 3. There were statistically significant differences in the simplified oral hygiene index of both the anterior and the posterior areas between early, middle, and late pregnancy (p < 0.01). It was found that the Food debris index, Calculus score, and the simplified oral hygiene index all increased with the approach of delivery.

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A study on the oral health behavior of oral prophylaxis clients (스켈링 실습실 방문자의 구강건강행위에 관한 연구)

  • Jang, Gye-Won;Kang, Yong-Ju;Jeong, Mi-Kyoung
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.10 no.6
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    • pp.1083-1093
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    • 2010
  • Objective : The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship of the oral health behavior of oral prophylaxis clients and some residents in a community to their simplified oral environment index. Methods : The subjects in this study were 520 people who had their teeth cleaned in the oral prophylaxis practice lab in the department of dental hygiene at J health college. A survey was conducted from March 23 to June 3, 2010, by way of the self-reported questionnaire. The data materials are analyzed by general characteristics frequency and ratio, the relationship of oral health behavior and sex, age, scaling experience, simplified oral hygiene index $x^{2}$ test analysis. Results : 1. Concerning links between gender and oral health behavior including daily toothbrushing frequency, the largest group of the respondents brushed their teeth three times a day(p<0.05). As to educational experiences on toothbrushing method and the use of oral hygiene supplies, the women had more educational experiences than the men(p<0.05). 2. Regarding connections between age and oral health behavior involving daily toothbrushing frequency, the largest number of the respondents brushed their teeth three times a day in every age group (p <0.001). As for educational experiences on toothbrushing method, those who were in their 50s and up(64.7%) learned about that, and they had more educational experiences with age(p<0.05). As for scaling experiences, the older respondents had their teeth scaled more often (p<0.001). 3. As to relationship between scaling experiences and oral health behavior, there were differences in toothbrushing frequency according to scaling experiences(p <0.05). Regarding educational experiences on toothbrushing method, those who had their teeth cleaned received more toothbrushing education(p<0.001). Concerning smoking, the nonsmokers had more experiences to get their teeth cleaned (p<0.001). 4. As for links between simplified oral environment index and oral health behavior including a time for toothbrushing, the respondents who did toothbrushing after every meal(80.4%) had good simplified oral environment indexes(p<0.05). 5. In regard to relationship between simplified oral environment index and oral health behavior, oral environment index had a positive correlation to the use of oral hygiene supplies( r=0.129**), toothbrushing time(r=0.116**) and educational experiences on toothbrushing method (r=0.099**). Smoking(r=-0.092**) had a negative correlation to that. Conclusion : The above-mentioned findings illustrate that oral health behavior is one of crucial factors to affect oral health status and oral environment care. Therefore oral prophylaxis practice lab visitors should receive education on the right toothbrushing method and the use of oral hygiene supplies to promote their oral health, and an incremental oral health care system that involves regular scaling should be introduced.

Effects of Toothbrush Education on the Simplified Oral Hygiene Index (S-OHI) and Toothbrushing-related Knowledge (칫솔질 교육에 따른 간이구강위생지수(S-OHI) 및 칫솔질 지식변화 효과)

  • Yum, Jong-Hwa;Ko, Hyo-Jin;Lee, Su-Jin;Kim, Hye-Jin
    • The Korean Journal of Health Service Management
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.187-195
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    • 2014
  • To improve oral hygiene management, the effects of toothbrush training on general oral hygiene based on the simplified oral hygiene index(S-OHI) and degree of knowledge about toothbrushing were examined. Pre-and post-training changes in the S-OHI (lower score = better oral health status) showed a significant decrease in score in all variables (gender, age, marital status, occupation, and level of education).Pre- and post-training changes in the degree of knowledge about toothbrushing showed a significant increase. Negative correlations between the S-OHI, oral health status, and degree of knowledge about toothbrushing and the S-OHI and the Decayed, Missing, Filled (DMF) index (the better the oral cavity environment, the lower the DMF index) were observed. Positive effects of repeated toothbrush training on the maintenance of healthy oral cavity environment and continuous oral health management were observed, as reflected by the correct toothbrushing-related knowledge and skills.

The Effects of Smoking on Oral Environment (흡연이 구강환경에 미치는 영향)

  • Yang, Jin-Young;Park, Kyung-Sook
    • Journal of dental hygiene science
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.60-66
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    • 2001
  • In conclusion, so far, the researcher took into account the correlativity between Patient Hygiene Performance Index and Simplified Oral Hygiene Index in order to diagnose the oral environment of smoker group and nonsmoker group. From the above results, there showed some difference between each indexes, but hadn't significant difference statistically, which means that hadn't significant difference between two groups on account of selecting the groups(smoker group, nonsmoker group) having a similar ability with regard to Patient Hygiene Performance. With regard to the effect of smoking period, smoking quantity, smoking quantity per year on Patient Hygiene Performance and Simplified Oral Hygiene Index, the researcher knew that smoking has a marked effect on patient's oral environment management.

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A study on the oral health of some disabled people with mental retardation (일부 정신지체 장애인의 구강건강에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Il-Soon
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.27-43
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    • 2009
  • Purpose : The purpose of this study was to examine the oral health state of disabled people with mental retardation in an attempt to pave the way for oral health care planning geared toward the disabled. Subjects and Method : The subjects in this study were 46 mentally retarded people who attended rehabilitation centers for the disabled in the city of Wonju, Gangwon Province. After a survey was conducted, the collected data were analyzed with SPSS 13.0 program, and frequency analysis, percentage, ANOVA and t-test were utilized. Results : The findings of the study were as follows: 1. The simplified oral hygiene index of the mentally retarded people was 1.32, which was on the average. 2. The decayed teeth index and decayed teeth rate of the mentally retarded people were respectively 13.48 and 48.13 percent, which were above the average. 3. The decayed surface index and decayed surface rate of the mentally retarded people were respectively 27.17 and 17.39 percent. 4. The simplified debris index of the mentally retarded people significantly varied with gender(p<.01), and missing teeth index(p<.05) and missing surface index differed significantly with age. Filled surface index was significantly different according to the region. Conclusion : The findings of the study illustrated that their indexes related dental caries experience were high. In order to promote the oral health of the disabled with mental retardation, prolonged research should be implemented, and a dental checkup should be carried out on a regular basis by specialists. Preventive care and early treatment should be provided, and the development of customized oral health education programs tailored to different sorts of disabilities and oral health control methods is required.

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A STATISTICAL STUDY ON THE SIMPLIFIED ORAL HYGIENE INDEXIN THE HANDICAPPED CHILDREN (지체부자유 아동의 구강위생상태에 관한 통계학적 연구)

  • Wook, Huh-Man
    • JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.47-63
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    • 1978
  • The author studied on the Simplified Oral Hygiene Index in the handicapped children, who are housed by several rehabilitation institution age from 3 to 17 year in Seoul area and 439 normal children as a control group. The obtained results are as follows: 1) In the Oral Hygiene Index(OHI), The handicapped children showed remarkable increment compared to normal children(The Index score was 2.00 in cerebral palsy children, 1.94 in poliomyelitis, 1.79 in other's diseased children, in 1.01 in normal children) and the score was increased as age increment. 2) In the OHI of the handicapped children, male was higher than female. 3) Dental calculus deposition in the handicapped children was severe in the lower anterior teeth and least in the upper anterior teeth. 4) Dental calculus Index of the handicapped children was comparatively higher in the region which had higher food debris index. 5) As the conculusion of this study, we found that continuous and active dental enlightenment and treatment for oral health in the handicapped children are necessary.

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A comparative study on oral health index after oral health care program for orthodontic patients (교정치료환자의 구강건강관리프로그램 적용에 따른 구강건강지수 비교)

  • Nam, Yong-Tae;Kim, Yu-Rin
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.215-224
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    • 2017
  • Objectives: The objective of the study was to investigate the oral health index in orthodontic patients by dividing the patients into two groups; the OHCP (Oral Health Care Program)group and the control group. Methods: The subjects in Busan were divided into two groups, including the OHCP group (205 patients) and the control group (119 patients), during orthodontic treatment that took place from October 2015 to October 2016. The oral health index was subdivided into three groups according to the oral interest level of the OHCP and control groups. The oral health index used was Simplified Oral Hygiene Index (S-OHI) and Community Periodontal Index of Treatment Needs (CPITN). Results: When the degree of oral interest was compared, he OHCP group before application and after application saw a significant difference (p<0.001) in all the variables except the S-DI. Meanwhile, the control group saw no significant difference in most variables. after OHCP application, The OHCP group was significant differences in all variables (p<0.001), and the control group was no significant difference in most variables. Conclusions: Oral hygiene management for orthodontic patients should be systematically and professionally programmed differently from that for general dental treatment patients. As such, dental hygienists should take this into consideration and proactively develop and research programs similar to OHCP for orthodontic patients.

Comparison of Oral Health Behavior and Oral Health Indexes between Patients Undergoing Scaling Regularly and Those Undergoing Scaling Irregularly (스케일링 환자들의 정기적인 스케일링과 비정기적인 스케일링의 구강건강행동지수와 구강건강지수 비교)

  • Kim, Yu-Rin
    • The Korean Journal of Health Service Management
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.171-180
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    • 2017
  • Objectives : The objective of this study was to compare oral health behaviors and oral health indices between regular scaling group and irregular scaling group. Methods : This study was performed at M Dental Clinic in Busan on 352 dental patients treated between January 2014 and June 2015 using V6.0 software and medical interviews. The 352 patients were divided into 3 groups and oral health behavior (OHB) and oral health indices were compared. Results : The OHB scores significantly differed among Groups C and A. Group C had the lowest number of "Bad" scores for the Simplified Debris Index (S-DI), Simplified Calculus Index (S-CI), and Simplified Oral Hygiene Index (S-OHI). Groups B and A had the lowest number of "Excellent" scores. Group C had the lowest bleeding on probing (BOP), calculus rate (CR) and decayed teeth (DT). Furthermore, Group C had the highest number of missing teeth (MT) and filled teeth (FT). Conclusions : Patients who underwent regular scaling had the highest OHB and oral health index scores. This emphasizes the importance of regular scaling for prevention and early detection of oral disease.

The relationship between dental hygiene problems and dental hygiene planning according to oral health status (구강건강상태에 따른 치위생문제와 치위생계획의 연관성)

  • Kang, Hyun-Kyung;Kim, Yu-Rin
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.18 no.5
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    • pp.665-674
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    • 2018
  • Objective: The purpose of this study was to reduce the burden on dental hygienists in performing dental hygiene processes in the clinic. This study systematically analyzed dental hygiene problems and dental hygiene planning according to the oral condition of patients by applying an oral health care program based on the dental hygiene process. Methods: This study analyzed influential factors of 17 dental hygiene problems and 12 dental hygiene plans according to the oral health index and charts of 185 patients. This study was approved by the Institutional Review Board (IRB No. 1041449-201801-HR-003) of Silla University. The frequency of dental hygiene problems and dental hygiene planning was analyzed and correlations among the oral health index, dental hygiene problems, and dental hygiene planning were analyzed. Results: The higher the bleeding on probing score was, the more scaling was planned. The higher the calculus rate was, the more air-jet and jaw joint disorder prevention education was planned. The higher the O'Leary index was, the more dietary education and air-jet was planned. The higher the Simplified Oral Hygiene Index was, the more air-jet and jaw joint disorder prevention education was planned. The higher the Periodontal Screening and Recording index was, the more scaling and professional tooth cleaning was planned (p<0.05). Conclusions: The burden of oral preventive duties on dental hygienists will be minimized by systematically establishing problems and planning of dental hygiene according to patients' oral health index scores. Therefore, it is expected that dental hygienist can actively use the dental hygiene process in oral health care programs.