• Title/Summary/Keyword: Secondary school

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A Study on the Way to Improve the Environmental Education of Elementary and Secondary School in Seoul for a Sustainable Development (지속가능 발전을 위한 서울특별시 초.중등학교 환경교육 개선 방안 연구)

  • Park, Tae-Yoon;Noh, Kyung-Im
    • Hwankyungkyoyuk
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.110-119
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    • 2009
  • To promote environmental education of elementary and secondary school in Seoul for a sustainable development, researchers investigated and analysed the current situation of formal and non-formal environmental education in Seoul as well as their major problems. Based on these current situation and problems, the way to improve the environmental education of elementary and secondary school in Seoul was described. The final section deals with specific recommendations to accomplish the improvement of environmental education of elementary and secondary school in Seoul for a sustainable development as follows: 1) Integration of formal and non-formal environmental education system, 2) Establishment and operation of a regional environmental education center for community, 3) International cooperation, and 4) To provide high quality environmental education programs.

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A Study on the Architectural Planning of Integrated Secondary School (통합운영 중등학교 건축계획에 관한 연구)

  • Seo, Sang-Hyun
    • The Journal of Sustainable Design and Educational Environment Research
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.39-49
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    • 2003
  • This study purpose is extract on the architectural principles and architectural planning direction for Integrated Secondary School. The integrated secondary school has an expectation of the total education environment in which has some problem as regional, teaching, treatment, establishment equipment part because of the based relative establishments are abolished. The expectations are the education effective rising, the reduce of the responsibility of the teacher, a smooth teacher placing and saving the educating estimate. As the new education course propulsion is raising the school and students discretion and expanding the way of educating, being close to the course of studies, the integrated operation is earnestly needed and such as these versatile background the small school will keep on getting integrated. Investigate about the senses of the manager and teachers, so after these reserch I've concluded these things below about the integrated secondary school.

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Analysis of Elementary and Secondary School Teachers' Recognition about Engineering Education in Elementary and Secondary School (초.중등학교 교사의 초.중등 공학교육에 대한 인식 분석)

  • Kim, Young Min;Huh, Hye Yeon;Lee, Chang Hoon;Kim, Ki Soo
    • Journal of Engineering Education Research
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    • v.16 no.5
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    • pp.9-17
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze elementary and secondary school teachers' recognition about engineering education in elementary and secondary school. For this, we surveyed elementary and secondary school teachers. The result of this study is as follow. First, most teachers perceived that engineering positively affect national competitiveness and development. They also found that engineering education helps student to select natural science and engineering field career. Moreover, they perceived that engineering contents are not applied in elementary and secondary schools curriculums, hence it does not stimulate interest in engineering. Therefore, they perceived that if engineering education contents are systematically applied in formal curriculum, it will have a positive effect on current engineering education. Second, most teachers perceived that roles of engineering education are to make students learn creative design and problem solving process and inform about the engineering field career. They perceived that the best grade to start engineering education is 4~6 grade in elementary school and the best way to apply engineering education is through distributing engineering education contents to related subjects. They also perceived that technology subject has the most relation to engineering education and science subjects; mathematics subject follow after.

The Effects of Knowledge, Beliefs and Attitudes about Environment on Issue-Based Environmental Problem Solving in Middle Schools (중학생의 환경에 대한 지식, 신념, 태도가 쟁점 기반의 환경문제 해결력에 미치는 효과)

  • Cheong, Cheol
    • Hwankyungkyoyuk
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.118-130
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    • 2007
  • This article investigated the effects of students' knowledge, beliefs, and attitudes about environment on environmental issue-based environmental problem solving in secondary school students. This article also investigated whether these factors are related to the environmental problem solving. Therefore, we first developed the test instruments to measure secondary school students' environmental knowledge, environmental beliefs, and environmental attitudes. Then, we developed the environmental issue-based teaching materials for secondary school students. The subjects participated in a environmental issue-based approach that consist of 3 lesson over an three weeks period. The results of this study presents that environmental knowledge and environmental beliefs are effective for the environmental problem solving in middle school environment class. First, secondary school students knew well ecological knowledge about environmental problem, and was entertaining most ecological beliefs. Second, secondary school students were having attitude which is most pro-environmental behaviors. Third, secondary school students are referring necessity of development partially about environment point at issue of country level. But, they were retaining situation of preservation about environment point at issue of area level. It's not easy to generalize these results because of many different variables, but the results suggests that teachers should make an effort to improve student's environmental problem solving ability applying environmental issue-based learning. And it's necessary to develop many kinds of environmental issues and teacher's instruction method to enrich problem solving ability in the process of environmental issue-based learning.

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A Direction of Planning Mixed-use Facilities of Secondary School (중등학교 복합화시설 계획방향 연구)

  • Lee, Kum-Jin
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Educational Facilities
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.3-10
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    • 2014
  • The opportunity, provided for a direction planning mixed-use facilities for secondary schoo, is the purpose of this paper. Mixed-use facilities are an important issue in school building as it seeks to revive the facilities for local residents in school zone. The latest works of mixed-use facilities in secondary school, however, which are evaluated as well reflected the patterns of education and local community, are still deficient in that communicational elements in secondary school are inadequate. The cases of this paper, which are grown up as an educational building with mixed-use facilities opened to the local residents, are suitable to offer the design method for the future secondary school with mixed-use facilities. This paper reviews an assessment of its success in mixed-use facilities for secondary school as a public building for both of local residents and students and concludes with the establishment of design method for the future school; extraction of the factors contributing to development of mixed-use facilities in school area and proposal of design method; implementation of renewal of mixed-use facilities including educational program and spaces for the creation of identity.

Content Analysis of Secondary School Environmental Education Textbooks and 10th Grade Science Textbooks (중등 환경 교과서와 10학년 과학 교과서의 공통 내용 분석)

  • Shin, Dong-Hee;Son, Yeon-A;Park, June-Hee
    • Hwankyungkyoyuk
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.26-40
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    • 2008
  • This study aims to analyze the science content in secondary school environmental education(EE) textbooks and the environment-related content in secondary school science text- books. Firstly, a total of 73 EE and science textbooks for secondary students were reviewed, which three kinds of textbooks, secondary school EE textbooks and the 10th grade "Science" textbooks, were finally selected for analysis. Three researchers separately analyzed the textbooks using NAAEE framework(1996) for the development of EE materials. In condition that there was a disagreement in their opinion, they had discussed until they came to an agreement. The results showed that secondary school EE textbooks contained more and deeper science concepts than the 10th grade "Science" textbooks, which were evaluated better in all perspectives of the analysis framework. The 10th grade "Science" textbooks had more various teaching and learning activities than EE textbooks. It it expected that the new EE textbook developers should consider the ultimate goal of EE which focused the affective perspectives rather than the cognitive perspectives.

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Crossing the Gap between Elementary School Mathematics and Secondary School Mathematics: The Case of Systems of Linear Equations (그림그리기 전략을 통한 초.중등수학의 연립방정식 지도 연결성 강화)

  • Kwon, Seok-Il;Yim, Jae-Hoon
    • Journal of Educational Research in Mathematics
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.91-109
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    • 2007
  • This study deals with the problem of transition from arithmetic to algebra and the relationship between elementary and secondary school mathematics for systems of linear equations. In elementary school, activity for solving word problems related to systems of linear equations in two variables falls broadly into using two strategies: Guess and check and making a table. In secondary school, those problems are solved algebraically, for example, by solving systems of equations using the technique of elimination. The analysis of mathematics textbooks shows that there is no link between strategies of elementary school mathematics and secondary school mathematics. We devised an alternative way to reinforce link between elementary and secondary school mathematics for systems of linear equations. Drawing a diagram can be introduced as a strategy solving word problems related to systems of linear equations in two variables in elementary school. Moreover it is closely related to the idea of the technique of elimination of secondary school mathematics. It may be a critical juncture of elementary-secondary school mathematics in the case of systems of linear equations in two variables.

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Secondary School Students' Epistemological View and Ontological View about Nature (중등학생들의 자연에 대한 인식론적 관점과 존재론적 관점)

  • Won, Jeong-Ae;Paik, Seoung-Hey
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.24 no.6
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    • pp.1158-1172
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    • 2004
  • This study searched secondary school students' epistemological views and ontological views about nature and the root causes of such their views. The subjects were 156 secondary school students and data were gathered by the questionnaire developed based on preceding researches. As a result, many secondary school students had epistemological views of unknowable nature. There were various root causes of their epistemological views such as regularity and harmony of nature, predictable and circular natural phenomenon, causation, the relation between human and nature. On the other hand, a lot of secondary school students had ontological view of supernatural nature. Their religious beliefs were very powerful influence their supernatural ontological views. The nature is the object of science and the physical world. Because those views supply science educators basic backgrounds how leaners understand science class, secondary school students' epistemological views and ontological views are precious information. From now on, it is necessary to study relations between students' epistemological views and ontological views and their science class processes.

Korean Secondary School Students' L2 Learning Motivation: Comparing L2 Motivational Self System with Socio-educational Model

  • Kim, Yoon-Kyoung;Kim, Tae-Young
    • English Language & Literature Teaching
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.115-132
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    • 2012
  • In order to confirm ecological validity of D$\ddot{o}$rnyei's second language motivational self, the present study investigated 495 South Korean secondary school students' L2 learning motivation and motivated behavior by using a questionnaire survey. The participants' ideal L2 self, ought-to L2 self, integrativeness, and instrumentality were examined and compared to identify which motivational factor had the most effect on their motivated L2 learning behavior. Among Korean secondary school students, the concept of integrativeness was replaced with the ideal L2 self as a more appropriate concept for understanding Korean secondary school students' L2 learning motivation. As for instrumentality, promotional aspects demonstrated a significant correlation with both the ideal and ought-to L2 selves, whereas preventional aspects showed a relatively high correlation with the ought-to L2 self. The ideal L2 self had the most impact on the motivated behavior, and the ideal L2 self and ought-to L2 self reflected the students' different motivational characteristics. It is suggested that D$\ddot{o}$rnyei's (2005, 2009) L2 motivational self system can be a better psychological model than Gardner's (1985) socio-educational model for understanding Korean secondary school students' L2 learning motivation.

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The Development of Composition Model for Engineering Education Program of Elementary and Secondary School (초·중등 공학교육 프로그램 구성 모형 개발)

  • Kim, Young-min;Kim, Ki-soo
    • Journal of Engineering Education Research
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.21-27
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study is to provide basic data and guideline to STEM(Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics) educators who prepare engineering education in elementary and secondary school. For this, this study develops a composition model for engineering education program of elementary and secondary school. To do this, a literature research, experts interview and Delphi survey were conducted. Through the literature research, we extracted the components of model for engineering education program of elementary and secondary school and then made a first draft of the model. The draft was revised by experts while Delphi survey was used to validate the model based on Delphi panels' opinions. The panels for the Delphi survey consisted of 51 experts in the STEM education field. The survey was conducted three different times and importance survey was included in the third stage. The conclusions of this study were as follows: First, the model consist of definition, 4 directions, 4 characteristics, 3 educational goals according to school level, educational contents area and element, teaching and learning method and evaluation method. The educational contents area and element consist of 2 major areas, 7 areas and 18 elements. Second, all components of the developed model were valid in most of the statistics such as mean, standard deviation, the degree of consensus and convergence, and CVR(Content Validity Ratio). Third, importance for education contents area and element according to the school level are analyzed.