• Title/Summary/Keyword: Respiratory Insufficiency

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Acute Respiratory Insufficiency Following Blunt Chest Trauma -2 Case Report- (흉부손상에 병발한 급성호흡부전증 -2예 보고-)

  • Wang, Young Pil;Lee, Hong Kyun
    • Journal of Chest Surgery
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.148-156
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    • 1976
  • Acute respiratory failure has become an increasingly frequent cause of death following shock or trauma. Interstitial or diffuse alveolar edema, as chief pathophysiologic change of acute respiratory insufficiency, can be the result of sepsis, fat embolism, cardiac failure, lung congestion, and oxygen toxicity. These pulmonary problems are extremely difficult to treat without early recognition of their development and aggressive management. If the treatment is delayed, the progressive respiratory failure is almost uniformly fatal. Authors have experienced two cases of acute respiratory insufficiency following the blunt chest trauma, which were healed uneventfully. Literatures were briefly reviewed.

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Surgical treatment of esophageal cancer (식도암의 외과적 치료)

  • Park, Geon-Ju;Jo, Jung-Gu;Kim, Gong-Su
    • Journal of Chest Surgery
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.407-411
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    • 1986
  • Between March 1978 and December 1985, 39 patients were admitted to our hospital & surgery was performed to 27 patients. Among 39 patients, male patients were 31 cases, female 8 cases and the age ranged from 42 years old to 69 yrs old with the average of 55 years old. Main symptoms of esophageal cancer were dysphagia [6%], weight loss [20%], retrosternal and epicardial discomfort [18%], hoarseness [13%], and hiccup [5%]. The anatomical locations of esophageal cancer were followed as; 51% in lower esophagus & cardia, 44% in middle, and 5% in upper esophagus. Among 27 cases, 5 cases were managed by feeding gastrostomy and jejunostomy due to inoperability, 19 cases by esophagogastrostomy, and 3 cases by colon bypass with the resection of esophageal cancer. Postoperative complications were noticed in 7 cases, such as anastomotic leakage in 2 cases [7%], respiratory insufficiency in 2 cases [7%], intussusception in 1 case [4%], wound dehiscence in 1 case [4%], and hepatitis in 1 case [4%]. Among 2 respiratory insufficiency, 2 patients die as a result of that complication and operative mortality was 7%.

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Intermediate syndrome after dermal exposure to organophosphate insecticide

  • Lee, Su Bin;Ryu, Seung Ho;Park, Doo Yong;Park, Jong-Ho;Kim, Jee Young
    • Annals of Clinical Neurophysiology
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.41-43
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    • 2018
  • ntermediate syndrome (IMS) typically occurs at 24-96 hours following organophosphate (OP) poisoning, after an acute cholinergic crisis, but before OP-induced delayed polyneuropathy. It is characterized by proximal muscle weakness and respiratory insufficiency, which is a major contributing factor of OP-related morbidity and mortality. We report an atypical IMS case showing rapid-onset ascending paralysis and respiratory disturbance with an acute cholinergic crisis occurring 4-5 days after skin exposure to OP.

An atypical phenotype of hypokalemic periodic paralysis caused by a mutation in the sodium channel gene $SCN4A$

  • Park, Yang-Hee;Kim, June-Bum
    • Clinical and Experimental Pediatrics
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    • v.53 no.10
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    • pp.909-912
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    • 2010
  • Familial hypokalemic periodic paralysis is an autosomal-dominant channelopathy characterized by episodic muscle weakness with hypokalemia. The respiratory and cardiac muscles typically remain unaffected, but we report an atypical case of a family with hypokalemic periodic paralysis in which the affected members presented with frequent respiratory insufficiency during severe attacks. Molecular analysis revealed a heterozygous c.664 C>T transition in the sodium channel gene $SCN4A$, leading to an Arg222Trp mutation in the channel protein. The patients described here presented unusual clinical characteristics that included a severe respiratory phenotype, an incomplete penetrance in female carriers, and a different response to medications.

Relations between Airway Narrowing and Prevertebral Soft Tissue Swelling after Anterior Cervical Spine Surgery : The Value of Lateral Neck Radiographs

  • Kim, Hee-Seop;Youm, Jin-Young;Kwon, Hyon-Jo;Choi, Seung-Won;Kim, Seon-Hwan;Koh, Hyeon-Song
    • Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
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    • v.42 no.2
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    • pp.97-102
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    • 2007
  • Objective : The authors attempted to evaluate the pattern of the airway narrowing due to prevertebral soft tissue swelling after surgery of the anterior cervical spine and their clinical significances using plain cervical X-ray images. Methods : Twenty-four patients undergoing anterior cervical spine surgery were reviewed from January 2004 to December 2005. Postoperatively, in daily basis, lateral radiograph of the neck was obtained in neutral position. We measured the upper airway diameter above and below the epiglottis level and prevertebral soft tissue diameter every day for a week and finally 2 weeks after surgery using their simple lateral cervical X-ray films. Results : Both airway narrowing and prevertebral soft tissue swelling were maximum in postoperative 2 days, and decreased rapidly in postoperative 7 days. Airway narrowing was aggravated postoperatively but slowly decreased as prevertebral soft tissue swelling diminished. But, the severity of airway narrowing showed no clinical correlations with clinical symptom and radiologic severity. Conclusion : Not all patients who show severe airway narrowing and prevertebral soft tissue swelling on their plain cervical X-ray film complain respiratory insufficiency. But, the patients with undergoing anterior cervical spine surgery should be monitored carefully for respiratory insufficiency, especially during several days following operation because both airway narrowing and prevertebral soft tissue swelling become peak at postoperative 2-3 days.

Bronchogenic cyst associated with situs inversus and partial pericardial defect [Report of a case] (부분 심낭결손, 장기역위증을 동반한 기관지 낭종)

  • 고재웅
    • Journal of Chest Surgery
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.353-357
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    • 1987
  • We recently experienced a case of bronchogenic cyst associated with situs inversus and partial pericardial defect. The patient was 26-day-old-male who showed severe respiratory difficulty. Left upper lobectomy and direct suture of partial pericardial defect were undergone successfully, but his postoperative course was unfortunate because of respiratory insufficiency.

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Analysis of Postpneumonectomy Complications (전폐절제술후 발생한 합병증에 대한 분석)

  • 허강배
    • Journal of Chest Surgery
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    • v.26 no.8
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    • pp.613-619
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    • 1993
  • As developing surgical techniques and postoperative cares, a pneumonectomy is a relatively popular surgical method in disease which is not treated completely with other type of pulmonary resection, but a postpneumonectomy complication is a life-threatening serious problem if it occurred. We performed one hundred twenty-five cases of pneumonectomy for treatment of various causes of pulmonary diseases in Kosin Medical College during about ten years, and we experienced 41 cases of postoperative complications in 29 patients, so we analyzed them. The most common complication is an empyema thoracis in 13 cases[10.4%], of which one case combined with bronchopleural fistula died on early postoperative day. Of them except one case, the early postoperative empyema thoracis[within 30 days] were 6 cases, and the late postoperative empyema thoracis[above 30 days] were 6 cases. The main etiologic pathogens were a staphylococcus in early postoperative empyema and a streptococcus in late postoperative empyema, but the most cases were mixed infections with pseudomonas, klebsiella, acinectobacter, and candida. The treatment of postoperative empyema thoracis were that 4 cases were treated with open drainage using chest tube, 7 cases with Clagett`s operation, and 1 case with thoracoplasty. The next common complication was a postoperative serious respiratory insufficiency in 7 cases. And the other complications were massive postoperative bleeding in 5 cases, of which 2 cases advanced to occurrence of postoperative empyema thoracis, and wound disruption in 4 cases, cardiac arrhythmia in 3 cases, contralateral pneumothorax and pneumonia in each of 2 cases, esophagopleural fistula in 1 case. The postoperative deaths were 9 cases[7.2%] of 125 cases, the causes of death were respiratory insufficiency in 6 cases, sepsis in 2 cases, and cardiac arrhythmia in 1 case.

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A Case of Acute Respiratory Failure After Trichloroethylene Inhalation (트리클로로에틸렌 흡입으로 인한 호흡부전 1례)

  • Park, Jae-Seok;Jeon, Young-Woo;Kim, Young-Il;Gil, Hyo-Wook;Yang, Jong-Oh;Lee, Eun-Young;Hong, Sae-Yong
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Clinical Toxicology
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.30-33
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    • 2011
  • Trichloroethylene (TCE, $C_2HCl_3$), which was introduced as a gas for general anesthesia and analgesia in early 1900's has been widely used in industry as an organic solvent. Occupational exposure to TCE is an important medical problem. Manifestations of acute exposure to TCE include mucocutaneous irritation, hepatotoxicity, cognitive impairment, sleep, headache, respiratory insufficiency and death. We report a 38-year-old man who was admitted to a department of emergency medicine after occupational inhalation exposure to TCE. He rapidly developed semicoma and respiratory depression. After mechanical ventilation, hypercapnea and hypoxemia disappeared and his mental state again became alert. Careful evaluation and proper respiratory support are important for respiratory failure after occupational TCE inhalation.

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Large aspergilloma cavity treated by Cavernostomy md ometal, muscle flaps A case report (공동절개술과 유경성 대망이식술 및 근육 충진술을 이용한 거대 폐공동(폐국균증)의 치험 1례)

  • 방정희;편승환
    • Journal of Chest Surgery
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    • v.30 no.9
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    • pp.936-940
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    • 1997
  • Pulmonary aspergilloma is potentially a life threatening disease resulting from the colonization of lung cavities by Aspergillus fumigatus. A case is reported: a 43-year-old man with symtomatic cavitary aspergilloma presenting with severe productive coughing, hemopt sis, occasional fever, and chilling. On preoperative plain chest radiograph and CT scan, we could find a rounded irregular opacity in a large pulmonary cavity. He received 2 separate operations for therapeutic need. At the first opertion, we performed cavernostomy and thoracoplasty because of severe pleural adhesions, tearing of cavity wall, and high risk of respiratory insufficiency. At the second operation, we performed myoplasty and omentoplasty for closure of remaining air space and complete wrapping of the BPF site. All symptoms of dyspnea and hemoptysis have since resolved. We believed that in the high risk patients who have severe respiratory symptoms, such as in aspergilloma and open cavity with a risk of respiratory insufficiency, cavernostomy followed by myoplasty or omentoplasty should be recommended.

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Surgical Treatment of Primary Lung Cancer (원발성 폐암의 외과적 치료)

  • 곽문섭
    • Journal of Chest Surgery
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.87-100
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    • 1988
  • The authors evaluated 200 cases of primary carcinoma of lung in terms of the cell type, operability, resectability and survival rate, that proved by histopathologic examination at the Dept. of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Catholic Medical College during the period of 11 years from Jan., 1977 to Dec., 1987. The results are as follows; 1] The peak incidence was observed in the 7th decade of life [34%] and followed by 6th [30%] 8 5th decade [25%]. Male to female ratio was 3.4:1. 2] Histopathologic classifications were squamous cell carcinoma 48% [96 cases], adenocarcinoma 27% [34 cases], small cell carcinoma 13%[26 cases], ;bronchioloalveolar cell carcinoma 5% [10 cases], large cell carcinoma 4.5% [9 cases], adenosquamous cell carcinoma 1.5% [3 cases] and adenoalveolar cell carcinoma 0.5% [1 case]. 3] Among 200 cases of primary lung cancer, the operability was 47.5% [95 cases], refusal of operation 6.0% [12 cases] and inoperability 46.5% [93 cases]. 4] Ninety five cases [47.5%] were operated. Of these, post-surgical stage I was 18.9% [18 cases], stage II 24.2% [23 cases] and stage III 56.8% [54 cases]. Among 54 cases of stage III, 32 cases were unresectable, while 22 cases were resectable. Consequently, the resectability was 31.5% [63 cases] from the total numbers of 200 cases, and the resectability for the operable 95 cases was 66.3% [63 cases]. 5] Surgical complications were empyema with bronchopleural fistula [4 cases], G-I bleeding [1 case], tedious pleural effusion [1 case] and acute respiratory insufficiency [1 case]. Operative mortality was 3.2% [2 cases], which caused by massive G-I bleeding [1 case] and respiratory insufficiency [1 case]. 6] On the long term follow-up of resectable 63 cases, overall 3 year survival rate was 35%, 5 year 22% and 9 year 2%. Five year survival rate was 39% in stage l, 30% in stage II and 0% in stage III. As for the cell types, the higher 5 year survival rate was observed in resectable squamous cell carcinoma [35%] as compared to adenocarcinoma [15%], alveolar cell carcinoma [14%], small cell carcinoma [0%] and large cell carcinoma [0%].

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