• Title, Summary, Keyword: Protective Behavior

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A MODEL FOR PROTECTIVE BEHAVIOR AGAINST THE HARMFUL EFFECTS OF RADIATION FOR RADIOLOGICAL TECHNOLOGISTS IN MEDICAL CENTERS

  • Han, Eun-Ok;Moon, In-Ok
    • Journal of Radiation Protection and Research
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    • v.34 no.3
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    • pp.95-101
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    • 2009
  • Protective behavior of radiological technologists against radiation exposure is important to achieve reduction of the patient doses without compromising medical achievements. This study attempts to provide a basic model for the sophisticated intervention strategy that increases the level of the protective behavior of the technologists. The model was applied to real situations in Korea to demonstrate its utility. The results of this study are summarized as follows: First, the protective environment showed the highest relationship in the factors considered, r=0.637 (p<0.01). Secondly, the important factors were protective environment in environment characteristics, expectation for the protective behavior 0.228 (p<0.001), self-efficacy 0.142 (p<0.001), and attitude for the protective behavior 0.178 (p<0.001) in personal characteristics, and daily patient -0.112 (p<0.001) and number of the participation in the education session for the protective behavior 0.074 (p<0.05). Thirdly, the final protective behavior model by a path analysis method had direct influence on the attitude 0.171 (p<0.01) and environment 0.405 (p<0.01) for the protective behavior, self efficacy 0.122 (p<0.01), expectation for the protective behavior 0.16 (p<0.01), and self-efficacy in the specialty of projects 0.154 (p<0.01). The acceptance of the model determined by the absolute fit index (GFI), 0.969, and by the incremental fit index (CFI), 0.943, showed very significant levels. Value of $x^2$/df that is a factor applied to verify the acceptance of the model was 37, which implies that the result can be accepted in the desirable range. In addition, the parsimonious fit index configured by AGFI (0.890) and TLI (0.852) was also considered as a scale that accepts the model in practical applications. In case of the establishment of some specific intervention strategies based on the protective behavior model against harmful radiation effects proposed in this study, the strategy will provide an effective way to prevent medical harmful radiation effects that could cause severe injuries to people.

Factors Influencing Endoscopy Nurses' Protective Behavior against Radiation Exposure (내시경실 간호사의 방사선피폭 방어행위에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Hong, Sunmi;Shin, Sung Hee
    • Journal of Korean Clinical Nursing Research
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.177-188
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to identify factors influencing endoscopy nurses' protective behavior against radiation exposure. Methods: Data were collected using self-report questionnaires from 122 endoscopy nurses in 21 hospitals located in Seoul, Gyeonggi province and six metropolitan cities in Korea. Collected data were analyzed using SPSS 18.0 program and included multiple regression analysis. Results: 1) There were significant relationships between protective behavior and protective environment (r=.74, p<.001), number of education sessions on radiation protection (r=.32, p<.001), number of protective devices (r=.28, p=.002), number of fellow nurses (r=.27, p=.003), and protective attitude (r=.18, p=.048). 2) Protective environment (${\beta}=0.79$, p<.001), type of hospital foundation (${\beta}=0.18$, p=.011) and marital status (${\beta}=-0.13$, p=.040) significantly predicted endoscopy nurses' protective behavior against radiation exposure (adjusted R square=.58, p<.001). The most powerful predictor for protective behavior against radiation exposure was a protective environment. Conclusion: Effective protective behavior of endoscopy nurses from radiation exposure requires improvement in their protective environment. Hospital administrators and managers should make efforts to increase protective facilities in endoscopy departments and provide endoscopy nurses with regular education on radiation protection.

Factors Influencing Protective Behavior against Radiation Exposure of Radiological Technologist in Computed Tomography Examination Room (전산화단층촬영검사실 방사선사의 방사선피폭 방어행위에 영향을 미치는 요인 분석)

  • Kim, Ki-Jeong;Jung, Hong-Ryang;Hong, Dong-Hee
    • Journal of radiological science and technology
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    • v.41 no.6
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    • pp.581-586
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    • 2018
  • This study was conducted to analyze factors Influencing Protective Behavior against Radiation Exposure using questionnaires for 231 radiological technologists working in Computed Tomography(CT) examination room with high radiation dose in diagnostic radiology field. Statistical analysis of the collected data revealed that the reasons for partially shielding the examination part in the CT scan were the lack of protective equipment, securing of radiation justification, being annoying and maybe not being harm to adults in order. It was also revealed that the variables influencing the protective behavior were protective behavior against radiation harm, self-efficacy, protective environment, organization culture, protective knowledge and protective instrument in order. The higher the radiological protective environment(${\beta}=0.245$) and the lower the radiological protective knowledge(${\beta}=-0.034$), the more influential the protective behavior against radiation harm was. In this study, it was shown that non examination parts were not shielded in the CT scan. Therefore, it is necessary to improve the level of protective environment, to cultivate knowledge to improve the protective behavior against radiation harm and to have an intervention strategy for concrete action.

A Model for Protective Behavior against the Harmful Effects of Radiation based on Medical Institution Classifications (의료기관 형태별 방사선장해 방어행위 모형)

  • Han, Eun-Ok;Kwon, Deok-Mun;Dong, Kyung-Rae;Han, Seung-Moo
    • Journal of Radiation Protection and Research
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    • v.35 no.4
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    • pp.157-162
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    • 2010
  • This study surveyed a total of 1,322 radiation technologist in health care institutions throughout Korea. This is a comparative study conducted on the levels of protective behavior against the harmful effects of radiation in heath care institutions which indicated that university hospitals and general hospitals showed higher level of protective behavior than for medical practitioners. This study found university hospitals have the following 7 characteristics to manage protective behavior against the harmful effects of radiation, protective environment, self-efficacy by distinction of task, self-efficacy, expectation of the protective behavior, the number of patients, level of the education related to the protection of the harmful effects of radiation and protective attitude. While general hospitals have the following 3 characteristics protective environment, expectation of the protective behavior and protective attitude. Hospitals have the following 4 characteristics protective environment, expectation of the protective behavior, protective attitude and self-efficacy. and medical clinics have characteristics protective environment.

Differences in Privacy-Protective Behaviors by Internet Users in Korea and China (인터넷 사용자의 개인정보보호 행동의 차이에 관한 연구)

  • Zhang, Chao;Wan, Lili;Min, Dai-Hwan;Rim, Seong-Taek
    • Journal of Information Technology Services
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.93-107
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    • 2012
  • Privacy-protective behavior can be classified into passive behavior and active behavior. Passive behavior includes refusal, misrepresentation, and removal, while word-of-mouth, complaint, and seeking for help belong to active behavior. Internet users in different countries may take different types of privacy-protective behavior because of cultural and social differences. This study analyzes the differences in Internet users' privacy-protective behavior between Korea and China. Korean Internet users take refusal, complaint, and seeking to protect their privacy information, while misrepresentation is not an option for Korean Internet users. Chinese Internet users take refusal, complaint, seeking, and misrepresentation to protect their privacy information. In Korea, passive behavior (refusal) is chosen more often than active behavior (complaint and seeking for help), while in China active behavior(complaint and seeking for help) is preferred to passive behavior (refusal and misrepresentation). The differences of privacy-protective behavior in the two countries may provide some implications for online companies, if they want to avoid the business risk due to privacy concerns and to take appropriate steps to deal with privacy-protective behavior by Internet users.

A Study on the Relationship Between Health Protective Behavior and Health Locus of Control (예방적 건강행위와 건강통제위 성격 성향과의 관계에 대한 연구)

  • 김정희
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.49-61
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    • 1985
  • It is assumed that the more society advances in its complexity and development, the more people pay attention to their health and accordingly the more people tend to practice health protective behavior. Most of human behavior is based on social inter-actions. The concept in Locus of Control has been developed from social learning theory to help better understanding the social phenomena affecting human behavior. Multidimensional Health Locus of Control is consisted of three dimensions: Internal, Powerful Others and Chance. This study was conducted to find out the health protective behavior patterns of the people and its relationship with Health Locus of Control as an influencing factor to their behavior. All the subjects in this study were the ones of the bank employees in Seoul, Among the total of 1,430 bank employees, 761 were chosen as a sampled subjects. Questionnair survey was conducted from March 4 to March 13, 1985. Research instruments used in this study were two kinds, one was the Health Locus of Control Scale developed by Wallston & Wallston and the other was the Measuring Scale for Health Protective Behavior developed by the investigator. Analysis of data was done by using Descriptive Statistics, X²-test, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficient. The results of this study are summarized as follows: The mean score of Internal was 24.1, Powerful others was 19.7 and Chance was 15.3 out of maximum range of 6-30 respectively. The mean score of Health Protective Behavior Scale fell as 53.2 out of a maximum range of 18-90. Internals were more likely closely related with sex, educational levels and religion, Powerful others were related with age, educational levels and the number of family members. Chances were related with edu cational levels. The older the subjects were, the more concerned about their health. They tended to practice more favorable health protective behaviors. Furthermore, married people tended to fay more attention to their health than single individuals. Also, the number of family members and religion affected their attitudes in the health protective behavior patterns. Internals and Powerful Others were related with health protective behaviors. If one believes he can do something about his health and others play a significant role on his health, he is more apt protective patterns more suitable for health and actually shows that he is better off.

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A Study on Korean Golfers' Sun Protective Behavior and Their Intention to Buy UV-protective Clothing (국내 골퍼들의 햇빛차단 행동 및 자외선차단 의복에 대한 태도 조사)

  • Sung Heewon;Jeon Yangjin
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.189-197
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of this study was to find factors affecting sun protective behavior and intention to buy UV-protective clothing among Korean golfers. Health belief (HB) model and diffusion theory(DT) were used for the study. Dependent variable of HB model was sun protective behaviors (SPBs) and dependent variable of DT model was intention to buy (ITB) UV-protective clothing. Independent variables for HB model were cancer perception, perceived benefits, behavioral/psychological barriers and cues to actions, while independent variables of DT model were relative advantage, compatibility, complexity, friability, and observability, besides demographic variables. Perceived benefits and cues to action variables in addition to gender and age were significant determinants of SPB for Korean golfers. Also, relative advantage and compatibility. behavioral barriers and cues to action were significant in affecting intention to buy UV-protective clothes. Both HB model and extended DT model were useful to predict sun protective behavior of Korean golfers.

The Relationship Between Substance Use and Delinquent Behavior, Risk and Protective Factors : Korean-American Adolescents in USA (청소년 약물사용과 비행과의 관계 및 보호요인과 위험요인에 관한 연구 - 재미 한인 청소년을 중심으로 -)

  • Han, Young Ok
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.28 no.6
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    • pp.85-101
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    • 2007
  • The subjects for this study on delinquent behavior, substance use and risk/protective factors consisted of 301 Korean-American students in grades 6 to 12. Findings were that (1) the delinquent behavior rate of adolescents using alcohol, tobacco or other substances was higher than that of non-using adolescents, increasing the odds of delinquent behavior from 3 to 45 times. (2) The probability of delinquents in the substance users group was higher by 7 to 44 times than in the non-users group. (3) The relationship with delinquent behavior of risk factors and substance use was much stronger than the relationship with delinquent behavior of protective factors and substance use. (4) The strongest predictor of delinquent behavior or substance use was the peer-individual domain.

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Behavior Problems in Elementary School Children:Causal Model of Risk and Protective Factors (학령기 아동의 행동문제 유형에 따른 위험요인과 보호요인의 인과모형)

  • Kim, Sun Hee;Kim, Kyong Yeon
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.19-34
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    • 2001
  • Data for this short-term longitudinal study were collected at 4 month intervals. Subjects were 423 children attending grades 4, 5, and 6 in Pusan and their mothers. Results showed that casual models of risk and protective factors differed by sex and types of behavior problems. For boys, mother's psychological problems, children's self-control, and their self-esteem directly influenced externalizing behavior problems while mother's psychological problems and children's perceived control parenting indirectly influenced externalizing behavior problems by way of self-esteem. Mother's psychological problems and boys' self-esteem directly influenced internalizing behavior problems. Girls' externalizing behavior problems were influenced directly mother's psychological problems, children's negative emotionality, and peer acceptance. Mother's psychological problems and girls' perceived support from teachers influenced internalizing behavior problems directly. Based on these results the authors proposed an intervention program against children's behavior problems.

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Peer Relationships as Risk and Protective Factors in the Behavior Problems of Elementary School Children (학령기 행동문제의 위험요인과 보호요인으로서의 또래관계)

  • Jung, Sun Jin;Rhee, Un Hai;Koh, Yun Joo;Kim, Young Shin
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.91-106
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    • 2001
  • This study examined relationships between peer variables and externalizing behavior problems of 290 4th and 5th grade children in elementary school. The children completed the Friendship Quality Scale and the peer nomination questionnaire. Parents and teachers rated behavior problems of children using the Connors' Rating Scale. Results indicated that rejected children had more behavior problems than popular, average, or neglected children. Socio-emotional supports from a close friend and satisfaction with the friend were negatively related to behavior problems. Behavior problems were mainly predicted by low peer acceptance, and behavior problems of rejected children were negatively and strongly related to socio-emotional supports of a close friend. In conclusion, peer rejection was a risk factor and a friend's support was a protective factor for externalizing behavior problems in 4th and 5th graders.

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