• Title, Summary, Keyword: Plasma

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Study on Validity of 1-D Spherical Model on Aqua-plasma Power Estimation With Electrode Structure

  • Yun, Seong-Yeong;Jang, Yun-Chang;Kim, Gon-Ho
    • Proceedings of the Korean Vacuum Society Conference
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    • pp.74-74
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    • 2010
  • The aqua-plasma is the non-thermal plasma in electrical conductive electrolyte by generates the vapor film layer on the immersed metal electrode surface. This plasma can generate the hydroxyl radical by dissociate the water molecule with the plasma electron. To develop the plasma discharge device for high efficiency in the hydroxyl radical generation, proper model for estimation of plasma power is necessary. In this work, the 1-D spherical model was developed, considering temperature dependence material constants. The relation between the plasma power and hydroxyl generation was also studied by the comparison between the optical emission intensity from the hydroxyl radical using monochromator and estimated plasma power. First, the thickness of vapor layer thickness was estimated using the Navier-Stokes fluid equation in order to calculate the discharge E-field inside vapor layer. Using the E-field magnitude and power balance on the plasma generation, it was possible to estimate the plasma power. The plasma power was assumed to uniformly fill the vapor layer and the temperature of vapor layer was fixed in the boiling temperature of electrolyte, 375K. In the experiment, the aqua-plasma was discharged in the saline by applied the voltage on the bipolar electrode. The range of applied voltage was 234 to 280V-rms in the frequency of 380 kHz. Two type electrodes were produced with two ${\Phi}0.2$ tungsten. The plasma power was estimated from the V-I signal from the two high voltage probes and current probe. The estimated plasma power agreed with the profile of emission intensity when the plasma discharged between the metal electrode and vapor layer surface. However, when the plasma discharged between the metal electrodes, the increasing rate of emission intensity was lower than the increase of plasma power. It implies that the surface reaction is more sufficient rather than the volume reaction in the radical generation, due to the high density of water molecule in the liquid.

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The comparative study of pure and pulsed DC plasma sputtering for synthesis of nanocrystalline Carbon thin films

  • Piao, Jin Xiang;Kumar, Manish;Javid, Amjed;Wen, Long;Jin, Su Bong;Han, Jeon Geon
    • Proceedings of the Korean Vacuum Society Conference
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    • pp.320-320
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    • 2016
  • Nanocrystalline Carbon thin films have numerous applications in different areas such as mechanical, biotechnology and optoelectronic devices due to attractive properties like high excellent hardness, low friction coefficient, good chemical inertness, low surface roughness, non-toxic and biocompatibility. In this work, we studied the comparison of pure DC power and pulsed DC power in plasma sputtering process of carbon thin films synthesis. Using a close field unbalanced magnetron sputtering system, films were deposited on glass and Si wafer substrates by varying the power density and pulsed DC frequency variations. The plasma characteristics has been studied using the I-V discharge characteristics and optical emission spectroscopy. The films properties were studied using Raman spectroscopy, Hall effect measurement, contact angle measurement. Through the Raman results, ID/IG ratio was found to be increased by increasing either of DC power density and pulsed DC frequency. Film deposition rate, measured by Alpha step measurement, increased with increasing DC power density and decreased with pulsed DC frequency. The electrical resistivity results show that the resistivity increased with increasing DC power density and pulsed DC frequency. The film surface energy was estimated using the calculated values of contact angle of DI water and di-iodo-methane. Our results exhibit a tailoring of surface energies from 52.69 to $55.42mJ/m^2$ by controlling the plasma parameters.

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Influence of constraint MgO deposition onto phosphors on luminance properties in AC Plasma Display Panels

  • Jeoung, Jin-Man;OH, P.Y.;Moon, M.W.;Lee, J.H.;Jeong, J.E.;Lee, H.J.;Han, Y.K.;Lee, S.B.;Jeong, S.H.;Yoo, C.K.;Yoo, N.R.;Choi, E.H.;Ko, B.D.
    • 한국정보디스플레이학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.1215-1217
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    • 2005
  • One of the important problems in recent AC-PDP technology is the image sticking. In this research, we have investigated the PDP cell with constraint deposition MgO on phosphor, the electrical and optical properties in the PDP cell were examined. Also, we have investigated the correlation with image sticking and degraded MgO protective layer, phosphor in AC-PDP. As a result, we measured the secondary electron emission coefficient ${\gamma}$, discharge characteristics and Brightness for the constraint degraded phosphor are compared with those of nondegraded phosphor.

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Action of atmospheric pressure non-thermal plasma on the biomolecules and bio-organism

  • Attri, Pankaj;Park, Ji Hoon;Kumar, Naresh;Ali, Anser;Kim, In Tae;Lee, Weontae;Choi, Eun Ha
    • Proceedings of the Korean Vacuum Society Conference
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    • pp.66.1-66.1
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    • 2015
  • Plasma medicine is an upcoming research area that has attracted the scientists to explore more deeply the utility of plasma. So, apart from the treating biomaterials and tissues with plasma, we have studied the effect of plasma with different feeding gases on modification of biomolecules. Additionally, we have checked the action of nanosecond pulsed plasma on the biomolecules. We have checked the plasma action on proteins ((Hemoglobin (Hb) Myoglobin (Mb) and lysoenzyme), calf thymus DNA and amino acids. The structural changes or structural modification of proteins and DNA have been studied using circular dichroism (CD), dynamic light scattering (DLS), gel electrophoresis, protein oxidation test, UV-vis spectroscopy and 1D NMR, while Liquid Chromatograph/Capillary Electrophoresis-Mass Spectrometer(LC/CE-MS) based qualitative bio-analysis have been used to study the modification of amino acids. We have also shown the effect of NaCl and ionic liquid on the formation of OH radicals using electron spin resonance and fluorescence techinques.

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The Study of DNA Damage Induced by Atmospheric Pressure Plasma Jet and Their Mechanisms

  • Park, Yeunsoo;Song, Mi-Young;Yoon, Jung-Sik
    • Proceedings of the Korean Vacuum Society Conference
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    • pp.155.1-155.1
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    • 2013
  • The goals of this study are to elucidate the plasma effects on DNA molecules to apply some plasma based applications and also to find out the mechanisms of plasma-induced DNA damage in biomolecule. Nonthermal atmospheric pressure plasma has much potential for medical, agricultural and food applications for the future. The atmospheric pressure plasma jet (APPJ) contains radicals, charged particles, low energy electrons, excited molecules and UV light. It has been started doing experiments using APPJ at the early 21th. And some recent results showed that APPJ has a possibility to apply to new fields like mentioned above. But it is kind of at the very early stages of plasma based application. It is definitely necessary much of theoretical and experimental studies to further understanding to use nonthermal atmospheric pressure plasma in biomedical, agriculture and food parts. Here we introduce a new experimental system to study plasma effects on biomolecules. And we will show some recent results of LEE-induced DNA damage using electron irradiation apparatus under ultra-high vacuum.

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Activation of melanogenesis by non-thermal atmospheric pressure plasma

  • Ali, Anser;Kumar, Naresh;Kumar, Ajeet;Rhee, Prof. Myungchull;Lee, SeungHyun;Attri, Pankaj;Choi, Eun Ha
    • Proceedings of the Korean Vacuum Society Conference
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    • pp.211.1-211.1
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    • 2016
  • Several reports have demonstrated the wide range of nonthermal plasma applications in biomedical field including cancers, diabetics, wound healing and cosmetics. Recently, it has been shown that plasma is able to modulate the p38 MAPK and JUN level in cells which has a crucial role in melanin synthesis and skin pigmentation. Therefore we investigated the effect of plasma on melanogenesis in-vitro using melanoma (B16F10) cells and in-vivo using mouse and zebra fish. To investigate the mechanism of plasma action, plasma device characteristics were measured, reactive species inside and outside the cells were detected, and western blot was performed to find the signaling pathway involved in melanin activation in-vitro and in-vivo. This is the first report presenting the role of nonthermal plasma for melanogenesis which provides a new perspective of plasma in the field of dermatology.

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Curing of meat batter by indirect treatment of atmospheric pressure cold plasma

  • Jo, Kyung;Lee, Juri;Lim, Yubong;Hwang, Jaejun;Jung, Samooel
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural Science
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    • v.45 no.1
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    • pp.94-104
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    • 2018
  • Nitrite is an essential additive for cured meat product. Plasma is ionized gas and reactive nitrogen species in plasma can be infused into meat batter and subsequently generate nitrites by reaction with water molecules after plasma treatment. However, the increase of nitrite in meat batter is limited with direct treatment of atmospheric pressure cold plasma because of the increase of meat batter temperature. Therefore, this study investigated the influence of indirect treatment of atmospheric pressure cold plasma on the physicochemical properties of meat batter. Meat batter was indirectly treated with plasma at 1.5 kW for 60 min. The pH of meat batter decreased while the temperature increased with plasma treatment time. The total aerobic bacterial count of meat batter was not affected by plasma treatment. The nitrite content of meat batter was increased to 377.68 mg/kg after 60 min of plasma treatment. The residual nitrite content of cooked meat batter also increased with plasma treatment time. The CIE $a^*$-value of cooked meat batter increased. As plasma treatment time increased, lipid oxidation tended to increase and protein oxidation significantly increased. According to these results, the indirect treatment of atmospheric pressure cold plasma can be used as a new curing method for replacing synthetic nitrite salts.

Design and fabrication of an optimized Rogowski coil for plasma current sensing and the operation confidence of Alvand tokamak

  • Eydan, Anna;Shirani, Babak;Sadeghi, Yahya;Asgarian, Mohammad Ali;Noori, Ehsanollah
    • Nuclear Engineering and Technology
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    • v.52 no.11
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    • pp.2535-2542
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    • 2020
  • To understand the fundamental parameters of Alvand tokamak, A Rogowski coil with an active integrator was designed and constructed. Considering the characteristics of the Alvand tokamak, the structural and electrical parameters affecting the sensor function, were designed. Calibration was performed directly in the presence of plasma. The sensor has a high resistance against interference of external magnetic fields. Plasma current was measured in various experiments. Based on the plasma current profile and loop voltage signal, the time evolution of plasma discharge was investigated and plasma behavior was analyzed. Alvand tokamak discharge was divided into several regions that represents different physical phenomena in the plasma. During the plasma discharge time, plasma had significant changes and its characteristic was not uniform. To understand the plasma behavior in each of the phases, the Rogowski sensor should have sufficient time resolution. The Rogowski sensor with a frequency up to 15 kHz was appropriate for this purpose.

Folate Status and Plasma Homocysteine Concentration of Korean Adults (한국 성인 남녀의 엽산 영양상태와 혈장 호모시스테인 농도)

  • 민혜선
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.34 no.4
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    • pp.393-400
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    • 2001
  • We examined the relationship between plasma folate and total homocysteine(Hcy) levels and the distribution of plasma folate and Hcy levels from 204 Korean adults(113 men and 91 women aged between 20yr and 69yr). Plasma folate levels were significantly lower in men(12.2nmol/L) than in women(14.6nmol/L) after controlling for smoking and drinking(p<0.05). Plasma Hcy levels were significantly higher in men(13.9$\mu$mol/L) than in women(11.8$\mu$mol/L) after controlling and drinking. Plasma Hcy levels were more more strongly correlated with plasma folate in women(${\gamma}$=-0.321, p<0.05) than in men(${\gamma}$=-0.202, p<0.05), but the difference between men and women was no longer statistically significant controlling for plasma folate concentration. Prevalence of mild homocysteinemia(plama Hcy>15$\mu$mol/L) was greatest among subjects with lowest folate status. These results indicate a strong association between plasma Hcy concentration and folate status and the poor folate status is the strong causative factor of mild homocysteinemia. (Korean J Nutrition 34(4) : 393~400, 2001)

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APPLICATION OF RADIO-FREQUENCY (RF) THERMAL PLASMA TO FILM FORMATION

  • Terashima, Kazuo;Yoshida, Toyonobu
    • Journal of the Korean institute of surface engineering
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    • v.29 no.5
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    • pp.357-362
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    • 1996
  • Several applications of radio-frequency (RF) thermal plasma to film formation are reviewed. Three types of injection plasma processing (IPP) technique are first introduced for the deposition of materials. Those are thermal plasma chemical vapor deposition (CVD), plasma flash evaporation, and plasma spraying. Radio-frequency (RF) plasma and hybrid (combination of RF and direct current(DC)) plasma are next introduced as promising thermal plasma sources in the IPP technique. Experimental data for three kinds of processing are demonstrated mainly based on our recent researches of depositions of functional materials, such as high temperature semiconductor SiC and diamond, ionic conductor $ZrO_2-Y_2O_3$ and high critical temperature superconductor $YBa_2Cu_3O_7-x$. Special emphasis is given to thermal plasma flash evaporation, in which nanometer-scaled clusters generated in plasma flame play important roles as nanometer-scaled clusters as deposition species. A novel epitaxial growth mechanism from the "hot" clusters namely "hot cluster epitaxy (HCE)" is proposed.)" is proposed.osed.

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