• Title, Summary, Keyword: Phase transformation line

Search Result 66, Processing Time 0.055 seconds

Developed Inherent Strain Method Considering Phase Transformation of Mild Steel in Line Heating (선상가열시 강의 상변태를 고려한 개선된 고유변형도 기반의 등가하중법)

  • Ha, Yun-Sok;Jang, Chang-Doo
    • Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea
    • /
    • v.41 no.6
    • /
    • pp.65-74
    • /
    • 2004
  • The inherent strain method is known to be very efficient in predicting the deformation of steel plate by line heating. However, in the actual line heating process in shipyard, the rapid quenching changes the phase of steel. In this study, In order to consider additional effects under phase transformation, inherent strain regions were assumed to expand. Also, when calculating inherent strain, material properties of steel in heating and cooling are applied differently considering phase transformation. In this process, a new method which can reflect thermal volume expansion of martensite is suggested.8y the suggested method, it was possible to predict the plate deformations by line heating more precisely.

A Rejection of Harmonic Ripples for d-q Transformation (d-q 변환에서의 고조파 맥동 제거)

  • Choi, Nam-Yerl;Lee, Chi-Hwan
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Illuminating and Electrical Installation Engineers
    • /
    • v.29 no.12
    • /
    • pp.83-87
    • /
    • 2015
  • This paper presents a simple notch filter, which is so suitable for three-phase unbalanced and distorted power line. In the d-q synchronous transformation, three-phase unbalanced and distorted voltages generate lots of ripple voltages on d-q axes. The ripples make disturbances on controllers such as PLL of phase tracking. Unbalanced state makes ripple of double the frequency of power line. Odd harmonics 5th and 7th on the line make even 4th and 6th ripples on d-q axes due to the rotating reference frame, respectively. Cascaded two comb filters, delay lines 1/4T and 1/8T, are adopted for the ripple rejection. The filter rejects harmonics 2nd, 4th, 6th, 10th and so on. They are very effective to remove the ripples of both unbalance and distortion. The filter, implemented by two FIFOs on an experimental system, is adopted on a PLL controller of power line phase tracking. Through the simulation and experimental results, performance of the proposed comb filter has been validated.

Steady State Characteristic Analysis of Single-Phase Permanent Magnet Type Line-Start Motor Using 2-Phase Motor Transformations (2상 전동기 변환을 이용한 단상 영구자석형 Line-Start 모터의 정상특성해석)

  • Lee, Sun-Kwon;Kang, Gyu-Hong;Hong, Jung-Pyo;Kim, Gyu-Tak
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.119-121
    • /
    • 2001
  • This paper presents steady state analysis of single-phase line-start motor. 2-phase motor transformation is performed to consider the different specifications between main and auxiliary windings. The symmetrical coordinates transformation is applied to solve the unbalanced magnetic field. The validity of analysis method is verified by comparing to experiments.

  • PDF

A Study on the Prediction Modeling of Phase Transformation in the CGHAZ of Structural Steel Weld (구조용강 용접부 CGHAZ의 상변태 예측 Modeling에 관한 연구)

  • 조일영;이경종;이창희
    • Journal of Welding and Joining
    • /
    • v.16 no.3
    • /
    • pp.74-84
    • /
    • 1998
  • The microstructures of the HAZ (Heat Affected Zone) are generally different from the base metal due to rapid thermal cycle during welding process. Particuraly, CGHAZ (Coarsened Grain Heat Affected Zone) near the fusion line is the most concerned region in which many metallurgical and mechanical discontinuities have been normally generated. A computer program by the numerical formularization of phase transformation during cooling with different rates was developed to generate the CCT diagram, and to predict microstructural (phase) changes in the CGHAZ. In order to verify simulated results, isothermal and continuous cooling transformation experiments were conducted. The simulated and experimental results showed that the developed computer model could successfully predict the room temperature microstructural changes (changes in volume fraction of phases) under various welding conditions (heat input & cooling rate $(Δt_{8/5})$).

  • PDF

New Fault Location Algorithms by Direct Analysis of Three-Phase Circuit Using Matrix Inverse Lemma for Unbalanced Distribution Power Systems

  • Park, Myeon-Song;Lee, Seung-Jae
    • KIEE International Transactions on Power Engineering
    • /
    • v.3A no.2
    • /
    • pp.79-84
    • /
    • 2003
  • Unbalanced systems, such as distribution systems, have difficulties in fault locations due to single-phase laterals and loads. This paper proposes new fault locations developed by the direct three-phase circuit analysis algorithms using matrix inverse lemma for the line-to-ground fault case and the line-to-line fault case in unbalanced systems. The fault location for balanced systems has been studied using the current distribution factor, by a conventional symmetrical transformation, but that for unbalanced systems has not been investigated due to their high complexity. The proposed algorithms overcome the limit of the conventional algorithm using the conventional symmetrical transformation, which requires the balanced system and are applicable to any power system but are particularly useful for unbalanced distribution systems. Their effectiveness has been proven through many EMTP simulations.

Fault Location for Incomplete-Journey Double-Circuit Transmission Lines on Same Tower Based on Identification of Fault Branch

  • Wang, Shoupeng;Zhao, Dongmei;Shang, Liqun
    • Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology
    • /
    • v.12 no.5
    • /
    • pp.1754-1763
    • /
    • 2017
  • This paper analyses the characteristics of incomplete-journey double-circuit transmission lines on the same tower formed by single-circuit lines and double-circuit lines, and then presents a fault location algorithm based on identification of fault branch. With the relationship between the three-phase system and the double-circuit line system, a phase-mode transformation matrix for double-circuit lines can be derived. Based on the derived matrix, the double-circuit lines with faults can be decoupled, and then the fault location for an incomplete-journey double-circuit line is achieved by using modal components in the mode domain. The algorithm is divided into two steps. Firstly, the fault branch is identified by comparing the relationships of voltage amplitudes at the bonding point. Then the fault location, on the basis of the identification result, is calculated by using a two-terminal method, and only the fault distance of the actual fault branch can be obtained. There is no limit on synchronization of each terminal sampling data. The results of ATP-EMTP simulation show that the proposed algorithm can be applied within the entire line and can accurately locate faults in different fault types, fault resistances, and fault distances.

A New fault Location Algorithm for a Line to Ground fault Using Direct 3-phase Circuit Analysis in Distribution Power Networks (3상회로 직접해석에 의한 배편계통 1선지락사고 고장거리 계산 알고리즘)

  • Choe, Myeon-Song;Lee, Seung-Jae;Lee, Deok-Su;Jin, Bo-Geon;Min, Byeong-Un
    • The Transactions of the Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers A
    • /
    • v.51 no.8
    • /
    • pp.409-416
    • /
    • 2002
  • This paper presents a fault location algorithm using direct 3-phase circuit analysis for distribution power networks. The unbalanced feature of distribution networks due to single phase loads or asymmetric operation prohibits us from using the conventional symmetrical component transformation. Even though the symmetrical component transformation provides us with a very easy tool in three phase network analysis, it is limited to balanced systems in utilizing its strong point, which is not suitable for distribution networks. In this paper, a fault location algorithm using direct 3-phase circuit analysis is developed. The algorithm is derived and it Is shown that the proposed method if we use matrix inverse lemma, is not more difficult then the conventional methods using symmetrical component transformation. Since the symmetrical component transformation is not used in the suggested method, unbalanced networks also can be handled with the same difficulty as balanced networks. The case study results show the correctness and effectiveness of the proposed algorithm.

Starting Characteristic Analysis of Single-Phase Line-Start Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor (단상 직립기동 영구자석 동기전동기의 기동특성 해석)

  • Gang, Gyu-Hong;Hong, Jeong-Pyo
    • The Transactions of the Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers B
    • /
    • v.50 no.12
    • /
    • pp.592-600
    • /
    • 2001
  • This Paper presents the transient analysis of the single-phase line-start permanent magnet synchronous motor. To analyse the starting characteristics, the dynamic equation which is combined electric dynamic equations with mechanical dynamic equation is used. The electric dynamics are derived from the d-q axis voltages of stator and rotor respectively. Especially, symmetrical components transformation is used to consider unbalanced magnetic field which is produced by single-phase input. Non-linear d-q axis inductances according to current amplitude and current phase angle are calculated by Finite Element Method and applied to lumped parameter circuit. The analysis methods are validated by comparing simulated and experimental results.

  • PDF

Determination of Inherent Strain Regions to Estimate Plate Deformation by Line Heating (선상가열 판변형 해석을 위한 고유변형도 영역의 결정법)

  • Chang-Doo Jang;Yun-Sok Yun;Dae-Eun Ko;Sung-Choon Moon
    • Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea
    • /
    • v.39 no.1
    • /
    • pp.82-89
    • /
    • 2002
  • The inherent strain method is known to be very effective in predicting the plate deformation by line heating. Traditionally the inherent strain regions have been determined from the temperature distribution and the phase transformation regions(Ac3) of welding experiments. Since the phenomena of line heating are similar to those of welding, the experimental results under the same welding conditions have been applied directly to line heating analysis. The results cannot, however, reflect the effect of heating pattern and plate thickness. Besides, water-cooling in the actual heating process can alter the steel's phase to martensite and shear plastic deformation occurs during the transformation. In this study, the experimental measurement of temperature distribution was substituted with a transient heat transfer analysis using FEM so that we could obtain the temperature distribution according to heat flux models of the heating pass. In order to consider plastic strains occurring additionally under phase transformation, inherent strain regions were assumed to be limited to the eutectoid temperature(Ac1). Using the regions, plate deformations could be predicted to validate our method and the results were in good agreement with the experimental ones

A study on the simulation of water cooling process for the prediction of plate deformation due to line heating

  • Nomoto, Toshiharu;Jang, Chang-Doo;Ha, Yun-Sok;Lee, Hae-Woo;Ko, Dae-Eun
    • International Journal of Ocean System Engineering
    • /
    • v.1 no.1
    • /
    • pp.46-51
    • /
    • 2011
  • In a line heating process for hull forming, the phase of the steel transforms from austenite to martensite, bainite, ferrite, or pearlite depending on the actual speed of cooling following line heating. In order to simulate the water cooling process widely used in shipyards, a heat transfer analysis on the effects of impinging water jet, film boiling, and radiation was performed. From the above simulation it was possible to obtain the actual speed of cooling and volume percentage of each phase in the inherent strain region of a line heated steel plate. Based on the material properties calculated from the volume percentage of each phase, it should be possible to predict the plate deformations due to line heating with better precision. Compared to the line heating experimental results, the simulated water cooling process method was verified to improve the predictability of the plate deformation due to line heating.