• Title, Summary, Keyword: Pertusis toxin

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G Protein Mediated Hatching Regulation in the Mouse Embryo

  • Cheon, Yong-Pil
    • Development and Reproduction
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.69-75
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    • 2012
  • Hatching occurred in the time dependent manners and strictly controlled. Although, the hatching processes are under the control of muti-embryotrophic factors and the expressed G proteins of cell generate integrated activation, the knowledge which GPCRs are expressed during hatching stage embryos are very limited. In the present study, which G proteins are involved was examined during blastocyst development to the hatching stage. The early-, expanded-, and lobe-stage blastocysts were treated with various $G_{\alpha}$ activators and H series inhibitors, and examined developmental patterns. Pertusis toxin (PTX) improved the hatching rate of the early-stage blastocyst and lobe-formed embryos. Cholera toxin (CTX) suppressed the hatching of the early-stage blastocyst and expanded embryos. The effects of toxins on hatching and embryo development were changed by the H7 and H8. These results mean that PTX mediated GPCRs activation is signaling generator in the nick or pore formation in the ZP. In addition, PTX mediated GPCR activation induces the locomotion of trophectoderm for the escaping. CTX mediate GPCRs activation is the cause of suppression of hatching processes. Based on these data, it is suggested that various GPCRs are expressed in the periimplantation stage embryos and the integration of the multiple signals decoding of various signals in a spatial and temporal manner regulate the hatching process.

The mechanism of sphingosine-1-phosphate induced contraction in cat esophageal smooth muscle cells.

  • Choi, Tae-Sik;Lee, Tai-Sang;Woo, Jae-Gwang;Kim, Yong-Sung;Sohn, Uy-Dong
    • Proceedings of the PSK Conference
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    • pp.77.3-77
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    • 2003
  • We previously shown that sphingosylphosphorylcholine, a lysophosphatidic acid, produced contraction in isolated single cells of cat ilium. We investigated the mechanism of sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P)-induced contraction of circular smooth muscle cells in cat esophagus. S1P produced esophageal contraction in a dose dependent manner. The maximal contraction (l0$\^$-7/ M) induced at 1min. Pertusis toxin (PTX) inhibited contraction induced by S1P, suggesting that the contraction is mediated to a PTX-sensitive G-protein. (omitted)

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