• Title, Summary, Keyword: Oil Cooler System

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Reliability Evaluation of an Oil Cooler for a High-Precision Machining Center

  • Lee, Seung-Woo;Han, Seung-Woo;Lee, Hu-Sang
    • International Journal of Precision Engineering and Manufacturing
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.50-53
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    • 2007
  • Improving the reliability or long-term dependability of a system requires a different approach from the previous emphasis on short-term concerns. The purpose of this paper is to present a reliability evaluation method for an oil cooler intended for high-precision machining centers. The oil cooler system in question is a cooling device that minimizes the deformation caused from the heat generated by driving devices. This system is used for machine tools and semiconductor equipment. We predicted the reliability of the system based on the failure rate database and conducted the reliability test using a test-bed to evaluate the life of the oil cooler. The results provided an indication of the reliability of the system in terms of the failure rate and the MTBF of the oil cooler system and its components, as well as a distribution of the failure mode. These results will help increase the reliability of oil cooler systems. The evaluation method can also be used to determine the reliability of other machinery products.

A Study on Heat Transfer Enhancement of Oil Cooler (유냉각기의 열전달 촉진에 관한 연구)

  • Cho, D.H.;Lim, T.W.
    • Journal of Power System Engineering
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.25-30
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    • 2011
  • A shell-and-tube oil cooler with plate fins was suggested to improve the defect of the conventional shell-and-tube oil cooler. Experiments were conducted to evaluate the heat transfer performance on the shell side of shell-and-plate finned tube oil cooler with three different tube numbers(9, 13 and 19). Oil flowing on the shell side was cooled by cold water flowing inside the tubes. A shell-and-tube heat exchanger of an oil cooler consisted of one shell pass and two tube passes with the inner tube diameter of 8.82 mm and the tube length of 575 mm. From the experiment of shell-and-tube oil cooler, it was found that the heat transfer coefficient of oil cooler with 9 tubes, as oil flow rate was increased, was approximately 140% and 250% higher than that of 13 and 19 tubes, respectively. The heat transfer coefficient at the water flow rate of $3m^3/h$, also was 120% and 140% higher than that of 2.4 and $1.8m^3/h$, respectively.

Investigation of Stresses Due to Various Parameters of Shell and Tube Oil Cooler (다관 원통식 오일 냉각기의 다양한 파라미터에 따른 스트레스 고찰)

  • Han, S.K.
    • Journal of Power System Engineering
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.5-12
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    • 2009
  • The present work aims to estimate channel, shell, tube and tube sheet stresses of shell and tube oil cooler stemmed from various parameters. These parameters involve size, thickness and dimension of shell and tube oil cooler, including fluid temperature. The main purpose of the present work is to ensure safety of design products and also develop new products rapidly. For stress evaluation of oil coolers, first of all, the maximum pressure on the shell-side and on the tube side is fixed with 3.1MPa and 1.5MPa, respectively. Secondly, the pressure on each side varies from 2MPa to 3.1MPa on the shell side and tram 0.6MPa to 2MPa on the tube side. Various parameters under these conditions are employed to estimate design stresses on each side of oil cooler. These basic information related to stresses will be useful for a designer or manufacturer of an oil cooler.

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The Optimum Selection and Drawing Output Program Development of Shell & Tube Type Oil Cooler (원통다관 형 오일냉각기의 최적선정 및 도면 출력 프로그램 개발)

  • Lee, Y.B.;Ko, J.M.;Kim, T.S.
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
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    • pp.2609-2614
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    • 2007
  • Shell & Tube type Oil Cooler is widely used for hydraulic presses, die casting machines, generation equipments, machine tools and construction heavy machinery. Temperature of oil in the hydraulic system changes viscosity and thickness of oil film. They have a bad effect to performance and lubrication of hydraulic machinery, so it is important to know exactly the heat exchanging efficiency of oil cooler for controlling oil temperature. But most Korean manufacturers do not have test equipment for oil cooler, so they cannot carry out the efficiency test of oil cooler and it is impossible to verify its performance. This paper includes information of construction of necessary utilities for oil cooler test and design and manufacture of test equipment. One can select the optimum product by obtaining performance data through tests of various kinds of oil coolers. And also the paper developed a program which can be easily used for design of 2D and 3D drawings of oil cooler.

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Oil Cooler Design Automation on the Cooling of Machine Tool Cutting Oil (공작기계 절삭유 냉각용 오일쿨러 설계 자동화)

  • 권혁홍
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Manufacturing Technology Engineers
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.89-99
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    • 1999
  • The automatic design of shell & tube type oil cooler can be used in real industrial environments. Since the automatic design system is intended to be used in small companies, it is designed to be operated well under environments of CAD package in the personal computer. It has adopted GUI in design system, and has employed DCl language. Design parameters to be considered in the design stage of shell and tube type oil cooler are type of oil cooler, outer diameter, thickness, length of tube, tube arrangement, tube pitch, flow rate, inlet and outlet temperature, physical properties, premissive pressure loss on both sides, type of baffle plate, baffle plate cutting ratio, clearance between baffle plate outer diameter and shell inner diameter and clearance between baffle plate holes. As a result, the automatic design system of shell & tube type oil cooler is constructed by the environment of CAD software using LISP. We have built database of design data for various kinds of shell & tube type oil coolers. The automatic design system have been assessed and compared with existing specification of design. Good agreement with Handbook of heat exchanger and design dta of real industrial environments has been found.

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A Study on High Precision Temperature Control of an Oil Cooler for Machine Tools Using Hot-gas Bypass Method

  • Jung, Young-Mi;Byun, Jong-Yeong;Yoon, Jung-In;Jeong, Seok-Kwon
    • Journal of Advanced Marine Engineering and Technology
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    • v.33 no.7
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    • pp.1003-1011
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    • 2009
  • This study aims at precise control of oil outlet temperature in the oil cooler system of machine tools for enhancement of working speed and processing accuracy. PID control logic is adopted to obtain desired oil outlet temperature of the oil cooler system with hot-gas bypass method. We showed that the gains of PID controller could be easily determined by using gain tuning methods to get the gain of PID controller without any mathematical model. We also investigated various gain tuning methods to design the gains of PID and compared each control performance for selecting the optimal tuning method on the hot gas bypass method through experiments. Moreover, we confirmed excellent control performance with proposed PI controller gain even though disturbances were abruptly added to the experimental system.

PI Controller Design Based on Characteristic Parameters and Zero Position Adjustment for an Oil Cooler System (오일쿨러시스템의 특성근과 영점 조절에 의한 고성능 PI 제어기 설계)

  • Choi, Do-Kyung;Jeong, Seok-Kwon
    • Journal of Power System Engineering
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.83-90
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    • 2016
  • This study proposes a high-performance PI controller design method for an oil cooler system in conjunction with zero position adjustment and the characteristic parameters in its closed loop control system. The characteristic parameters included PI gains are decided by design specifications such as settling time and overshoot. The fine tuning on decided gains was performed by adjustment the zero position to get more desirable control performances. The simulations and experimental results show that the proposed PI controller design for an oil cooler system was possible to accomplish good control performances and to satisfy the design specifications.

Temperature Control of an Oil Cooler System For Machine Tools Using a Fuzzy- Logic-Based Algorithm

  • Kim, Sun-Chul;Hong, Dae-Sun;Lee, Choon-Man;Kim, Gyu-Tak
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.1006-1011
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    • 2004
  • Recently, technical trend in machine tools is focused on enhancing of speed, accuracy and reliability. Such high speed usually results in thermal displacement and structural deformation. To minimize such thermal effect, most precision machine tools adopt high precision cooling system. This study proposes a temperature control for an oil cooler system using PI control with fuzzy logic. In a cooler system, the refrigerant flow rate is controlled by rotational speed of the compressor, where the outlet oil temperature is selected as the control variable. The fuzzy control rules iteratively correct PID parameters to minimize the error, difference between the outlet temperature and the reference one. Here, the ambient temperature is used as the reference one. To show the effectiveness of the proposed method, a series of experiments are conducted for an oil cooler system of machine tools, and the results are compared with the ones of a conventional PID control. The experimental results show that the proposed method has advantages of smaller overshoot and smaller steady state error.

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Optimum PI Controller Design for an Oil Cooler System Using GA (GA를 이용한 오일쿨러시스템의 최적 PI제어기 설계)

  • Jung, Young-Mi;Jeong, Seok-Kwon
    • Journal of Power System Engineering
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    • v.18 no.5
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    • pp.28-34
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    • 2014
  • This paper deals with optimum PI controller design using genetic algorithm to improve control performance and robustness for an oil cooler system. The optimum PI gain was found to minimize an object function, integrated absolute error, and to satisfy control design specifications such as overshoot and settling time based on practical transfer function of the oil cooler system. The control performance and robustness were investigated by comparing indicial responses and Bode diagram analysis with respect to three kinds of PI gains obtained from different gain decision manners. Moreover, the robustness against to input disturbances, sinusoidal wave form and abrupt single pulse, was evaluated. The computer simulation results showed that the suggested optimum gain can establish desirable control performance and strong robustness with easy design process.

Temperature Control for an Oil Cooler System Using PID Control with Fuzzy Logic (퍼지 적용 PID제어를 이용한 오일쿨러 시스템의 온도제어)

  • 김순철;홍대선;정원지
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Machine Tool Engineers
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.87-94
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    • 2004
  • Recently, technical trend in machine tools is focused on enhancing of speed, accuracy and reliability. The high speed usually results in thermal displacement and structural deformation. To minimize the thermal effect, precision machine tools adopt a high precision cooling system. This study proposes a temperature control for an oil cooler system using Pill control with fuzzy logic. In the cooler system, refrigerant flow rate is controlled by rotational speed of a compressor, and outlet oil temperature is selected as the control variable. The fuzzy control rules iteratively correct PID parameters to minimize the error and difference between the outlet temperature and the reference temperature. Here, ambient temperature is used as the reference one. To show the effectiveness of the proposed method, a series of experiments are conducted for an oil cooler system of machine tools, and the results are compared with the ones of a conventional Pill control. The experimental results show that the proposed method has advantages of faster response and smaller overshoot.