• Title, Summary, Keyword: Non-point source pollution

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Improvement on Management of Non-point Source Pollution for Reasonable Implementation of TMDL - Focusing on Selection of Non-point Source Pollution Management Region and Management of Non-point Source Pollutant - (수질오염총량관리제의 합리적인 시행을 위한 비점오염원관리 개선방안 - 비점오염원 관리지역 선정 및 비점오염물질 관리를 중심으로 -)

  • Yi, Sang-Jin;Kim, Young-Il
    • Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers
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    • v.36 no.10
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    • pp.719-723
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    • 2014
  • For effective implementation of total maximum daily load (TMDL), this study presented the improving plans of non-point source pollution management including the classification of non-point source pollution, calculation of non-point source pollution load (generated, discharged), selection of non-point source pollution management regions and management of non-point source pollutant. First of all, the definition of point source pollution and non-point source pollution based on the legal and scientific viewpoint should be precisely classified and managed. Especially, the forest, grassland and river without occurrence of environmental damage by activity of business and human should be separately classified natural background pollutants. The unit for generated and discharged non-point source pollution should be preferentially changed according to actual condition of watershed. The calculation methods of generated and discharged non-point source pollution should be corrected consideration on the amount and duration of rainfall. While the TMDL is implemented, non-point source pollution management regions should be selected in the watersheds exceed the targeted water quality standards by the rainfall. The non-point source pollution management regions should be selected in the minimal regions where have high values of discharged non-point source pollution density in the urban area, farmland and site area except forest, grassland in the whole watershed. The non-point source pollutant treatment facilities, which take into consideration non-point source pollution load per unit area, duration of the excess concentration, realizable possibility of treatment, effectiveness of treatment cost versus point source pollutant, should be established in the regions with a large generated non-point source pollution load and a high concentration of water quality exceed the targeted water quality standards by the rainfall.

Assessment and its control of non-point source pollution in Korea: Review (국내 비점오염 현황 및 제어방안: 총설)

  • Kang, Minwoo;Lee, Sangsoo
    • Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater
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    • v.33 no.6
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    • pp.457-467
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    • 2019
  • Because non-point source pollution is very closely related to hydrological characteristics, its importance is highly emphasized nowadays along with accelerating climate change. Especially for Korea, the non-point source pollution and its control are entirely depending on runoff, precipitation, drainage, land use or development, based on geographical and topographical reasons of Korea. Many studies reported the physical (e.g., apparatus- and natural-type facilities, etc.) and chemical methods (e.g., organic and inorganic coagulants, etc.) of controling non-point pollutant source pollution, however, those are needed to be reconsidered along with climate change causing the unexpected patterns and amounts of precipitation and strengthen complexity of social community. The objectives of this study are to assess recent situations of non-point source pollution in Korea and its control means and to introduce possible effective ways of non-point source pollution against climate change in near future.

Runoff Characteristics and Non-point Source Pollution Loads from Cheongyang-Hongseong Road (청양-홍성간 도로에서의 강우 시 비점오염 유출특성 및 오염부하량 분석)

  • Lee, Chun-Won;Kang, Seon-Hong;Ahn, Tae-Woong;Yang, Joo-Kyung
    • Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.265-274
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    • 2011
  • Nowadays, the importance of non-point source pollution treatment is being emphasized. Especially, the easy runoff characteristic of highly concentrated pollutants in the roads makes the circumstance more complicated due to impermeability of roads. When the pollutants flow into steam it could make water quality in stream worse and it also causes a bad influence in the aquatic ecosystem because the effluents of rainfall-runoff may contain indecomposable materials like oil and heavy metals. Therefore, we tried to figure out the property of non-point source pollution when it is raining and carried out an assessment for the property of runoff for non-point source pollution and EMC (Event Mean Concentrations) of the essential pollutants during this study. As the result of the study, the EMC was BOD 5.2~21.7 mg/L, COD 7.5~35.4 mg/L, TSS 71.5~466.1 mg/L, T-N 0.682~1.789 mg/L and T-P 0.174~0.378 mg/L, respectively. The decreasing rate of non-point pollutant in Chungyang-Hongsung road indicates the maximum decrease of 80% until 5 mm of rainfall based on SS concentration; by the rainy time within 20~30 minutes, the decreasing rate of SS concentration was shown as 88.0~97.6%. Therefore it was concluded that it seems to be possibly control non-point pollutants if we install equipments to treat non-point pollutants with holding capacity of 30 min. It is supposed that the result of this study could be used for non-point pollutants treatment of roads in Chungyang-Hongsung area. We also want to systematically study and consistently prepare the efficient management of runoff from non-point source pollution and pollutant loading because the characteristics of non-point source pollution runoff changes depending on different characteristics and situations of roads and rainfall.

A Study for the Selection Method of Control Area of Nonpoint Pollution Source (비점오염원 관리지역의 선정 기법에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Sanghyun;Jeong, Woohyeok;Yi, Sangjin;Lim, Bongsu
    • Journal of Korean Society on Water Environment
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    • v.26 no.5
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    • pp.761-767
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    • 2010
  • This study introduces a model of territorial analysis on Chungcheongnam-do Nonsan-chun valley area, which gives an example of a method of selecting the management area for non-point pollution source from land use to help eliminate its source. High discharge load per unit area signify high level of land ratio with high level of basic unit of development load (including factory sites, school sites, roadways), which mean that there are a significant level of urbanization. It is these areas with the examination of the water quality of the nearby river that should be considered as the management area for non-point pollution source. Thus, the management area for non-point pollution source should be sought in areas with high discharge load per unit area and high density of water pollution area. When level of drainage is high the pollution density level is relatively lower, and when the level of drainage is low the density level is relatively higher. The level of pollution from non-point pollution source is much lower with more water flowing through. The possible non-point pollution source areas that were selected with these standards were then examined with the distance from the river, the slope angle, land usage, elevation, BOD discharge density load, T-N discharge density load, T-P discharge density load, and were given a level one through five. Out of the possible areas Nonsan-si Yeonmu-eup Anshim-li was the densest area, and it was given level one. The level one area should be examined further with the field analysis to be selected as the actual management area for non-point pollution source.

A Study on Landscape Improvement of Cut-Slopes and Management of Non-Point Pollution Using Coir-Blocks (코이어블록(Coir-Blocks)을 이용한 절토사면의 경관개선 및 비점오염원 관리에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Kwan-Choon;Park, Yool-Jin
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
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    • v.18 no.5
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    • pp.27-36
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    • 2015
  • This study was conducted to grasp the effect of afforestation of cut slope using coir blocks on the improvement of scenery and the management of non point pollution source. Total four experimental tanks such as general soil slope, coir blocks, installation slope, slope refilling the inside of coir blocks slope with pebble, slope refilling the inside of coir blocks with soil and plant were installed, pollution source water was supplied and the possibility of reduction management of non point pollution source was analyzed at four items of COD, SS, T-N, T-P and main results drawn from this study are as follows. In conclusion, biodegradable materials like coir blocks and soil and plant layers are judged to be helpful in reduction management of non point pollution source inflowing to water space from land area. Thus, the reduction of non point pollution source occurring at land area is thought to be fully controlled at the cut slope, the space prior to inflowing to water ecological space like a stream or a swamp area.

The Regional Characteristics of Nonpoint Source Pollutant Loads in Mid-stream of Nakdong River (낙동강 중류유역의 지역별 비점오염 특성)

  • Son, Seong-Ho;Choe, Gyeong-Suk
    • KCID journal
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.181-193
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    • 2007
  • The characteristics of non-point source pollutant loads in middle-stream of Nakdong River Were studied through analysis of pollutant loads of 8 sub-watersheds divided based on administrative district. The pollutant concentration of each sub-watershed was collected from Nakdong-River Water Research Institute and Daegu Regional Environmental Office, respectively. Pollution items analysed in this study were BOD, SS, T-N and T-P. High degree of non-point pollution was observed from Gumi, Goryeong, Gyeongsan, Daegu and Sungju, and pollution was usually increased during rainy season. This result indicates that a given pollution condition within the watershed can be more sensitive than location factor to the level of water quality. The main sources of non-point pollution were population and livestock, as well as landuse factor, and were found to significantly contribute to the water pollution. Alternative solutions for controlling pollution sources, therefore, should be provided to meet target levels of water quality in this region.

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An Analysis of First Flush Phenomenon of Non-point Source Pollution during Rainfall-Runoff Events from Impervious Area (불투수성 지역의 강우유출수에 대한 비점오염물질의 초기유출현상 분석)

  • Ahn, Tae-Ung;Bum, Bong-Su;Kim, Tae-Hoon;Choi, I-Song;Oh, Jong-Min
    • Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers
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    • v.35 no.9
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    • pp.643-653
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    • 2013
  • In this study, trend analysis was performed by various runoff analysis method of Non-point Pollution Source(NPS) at the impervious area. The characteristics of rainfall at impervious area appeared to be influenced by rainfall strength and it appeared that first flush phenomenon occurs often if rainfall strength acts largely. It is judged that the measure is required to be prepared against that now that concentration difference of non-point pollution source appeared to be big by precedent number of days of no rainfall. As the result of calculating Decrease Rate (DR) by first flush of non-point pollution source, it is judged that it is important to prepare the measure against the pollutants about initial rain and it is necessary to calculate the capacity of non-point pollution source processing facilities regarding that now that the non-point pollution source integrated at impervious area showed the characteristics that are flowed out in high concentration by initial rain in case of non-rainfall considering the characteristics of non-point pollution source at impervious area. When taking 50% of non-point pollution source as the standard for decrease rate that was evaluated previously, it appeared as 15~60 min in case of TSS and it appeared as 30~90 min in case of organic compound, but the characteristic whose decrease rate is below 50% also appeared even till rainfall-runoff ends. Based on that, it is judged that it could be used as the reference when designing the structural BMPs facilities later.

Analysis of the Efficiency of Non-point Source Pollution Managements Considering the Land Use Characteristics of Watersheds (유역의 토지이용 특성을 고려한 비점오염원 관리방안 적용에 따른 저감 효율 분석)

  • Choi, Yujin;Lee, Seoro;Kum, Donghyuk;Han, Jeongho;Park, Woonji;Kim, Jonggun;Lim, Kyoungjae
    • Journal of Korean Society on Water Environment
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    • v.36 no.5
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    • pp.405-422
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    • 2020
  • Land use change by urbanization has significantly affected the hydrological process including the runoff characteristics. Due to this situation, it has been becoming more complicated to manage non-point source pollutions caused by rainfall. In order to effectively control non-point sources, it is necessary to identify the reduction efficiency of the various management method based on land use characteristics. Thus, the purpose of this study is to analyze the reduction efficiency of non-point source pollution management practices targeting three different watersheds with the different land use characteristics using the Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT). To do this, the vulnerable subwatersheds to non-point source pollution occurrence within each watershed were selected based on the streamflow and water quality simulation results. Then, considering the land use, low impact development (LID) or best management practices (BMPs) were applied to the selected subwatersheds and the efficiency of each management was analyzed. As a result of analysis of the non-point source pollution reduction efficiency, when LID was applied to urban areas, the average reduction efficiencies of SS, NO3-N, and TP were 5.92%, 4.62%, and 10.35%, respectively. When BMPs were applied to rural areas, the average reduction efficiencies of SS, TN and TP were 35.45%, 4.37%, and 10.16%, respectively. The results of this study can be used as a reference for determining appropriate management methods for non-point source pollution in urban, rural, and complex watersheds.

Assessing Impact of Reduction of Non-Point Source Pollution by BASINS/HSPF (HSPF를 이용한 비점오염원 삭감에 따른 효과 분석)

  • Bae, Dae-Hye;Ha, Sung-Ryong
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.71-78
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    • 2011
  • This paper aims to assessing impact of reduction of non-point source pollution in the Bokha Stream watershed. The BASINS/HSPF model was calibrated and verified for water flow and water qualities using Total Maximum Daily Load 8days data from 2006 to 2007. Accuracy of the BASINS/HSPF models in simulating hydrology and water quality was compared and there were somewhat differences of statistical results, but water flow and water quality were simulated in good conditions over the study period. The applicability of models was tested to evaluate non-point source control scenarios to response hydrology and water quality in the Bokha stream using various measures which include BMPs approach and change of landuse. The evaluation of reduction of non-point source pollution was developed using load-duration curve. Despite strong reduction of non-point source, there are not satiated target quality at low flow season.

Prioritization of Control Areas using Vulnerable Areas by Non-point Source Pollution (비점오염 취약지역을 고려한 관리우선순위 설정)

  • Kim, Hong Tae;Shin, Dong Seok;Kim, Yong Seok
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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    • v.56 no.6
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    • pp.11-18
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    • 2014
  • Vulnerable areas by non-point source pollution and prioritizing control areas were researched using hydrological and geomorphological data, non-point source loads, and water quality data. Using overlay analysis, vulnerable areas were graded with various scenarios. Vulnerable areas were selected near the metro city with impermeable landuse because non-point source loads and water quality data had influence on overlay analysis to rank vulnerable area. Analysis scenarios and weighted values can be changed under regional characteristics and given conditions.