• Title/Summary/Keyword: Non-dominated Sorting Genetic Algorithm II(NSGA II)

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Combined Economic and Emission Dispatch with Valve-point loading of Thermal Generators using Modified NSGA-II

  • Rajkumar, M.;Mahadevan, K.;Kannan, S.;Baskar, S.
    • Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.490-498
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    • 2013
  • This paper discusses the application of evolutionary multi-objective optimization algorithms namely Non-dominated Sorting Genetic Algorithm-II (NSGA-II) and Modified NSGA-II (MNSGA-II) for solving the Combined Economic Emission Dispatch (CEED) problem with valve-point loading. The valve-point loading introduce ripples in the input-output characteristics of generating units and make the CEED problem as a non-smooth optimization problem. IEEE 57-bus and IEEE 118-bus systems are taken to validate its effectiveness of NSGA-II and MNSGA-II. To compare the Pareto-front obtained using NSGA-II and MNSGA-II, reference Pareto-front is generated using multiple runs of Real Coded Genetic Algorithm (RCGA) with weighted sum of objectives. Furthermore, three different performance metrics such as convergence, diversity and Inverted Generational Distance (IGD) are calculated for evaluating the closeness of obtained Pareto-fronts. Numerical results reveal that MNSGA-II algorithm performs better than NSGA-II algorithm to solve the CEED problem effectively.

NSGA-II Technique for Multi-objective Generation Dispatch of Thermal Generators with Nonsmooth Fuel Cost Functions

  • Rajkumar, M.;Mahadevan, K.;Kannan, S.;Baskar, S.
    • Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.423-432
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    • 2014
  • Non-dominated Sorting Genetic Algorithm-II (NSGA-II) is applied for solving Combined Economic Emission Dispatch (CEED) problem with valve-point loading of thermal generators. This CEED problem with valve-point loading is a nonlinear, constrained multi-objective optimization problem, with power balance and generator capacity constraints. The valve-point loading introduce ripples in the input-output characteristics of generating units and make the CEED problem as a nonsmooth optimization problem. To validate its effectiveness of NSGA-II, two benchmark test systems, IEEE 30-bus and IEEE 118-bus systems are considered. To compare the Pareto-front obtained using NSGA-II, reference Pareto-front is generated using multiple runs of Real Coded Genetic Algorithm (RCGA) with weighted sum of objectives. Comparison with other optimization techniques showed the superiority of the NSGA-II approach and confirmed its potential for solving the CEED problem. Numerical results show that NSGA-II algorithm can provide Pareto-front in a single run with good diversity and convergence. An approach based on Technique for Ordering Preferences by Similarity to Ideal Solution (TOPSIS) is applied on non-dominated solutions obtained to determine Best Compromise Solution (BCS).

An optimal design of wind turbine and ship structure based on neuro-response surface method

  • Lee, Jae-Chul;Shin, Sung-Chul;Kim, Soo-Young
    • International Journal of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.750-769
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    • 2015
  • The geometry of engineering systems affects their performances. For this reason, the shape of engineering systems needs to be optimized in the initial design stage. However, engineering system design problems consist of multi-objective optimization and the performance analysis using commercial code or numerical analysis is generally time-consuming. To solve these problems, many engineers perform the optimization using the approximation model (response surface). The Response Surface Method (RSM) is generally used to predict the system performance in engineering research field, but RSM presents some prediction errors for highly nonlinear systems. The major objective of this research is to establish an optimal design method for multi-objective problems and confirm its applicability. The proposed process is composed of three parts: definition of geometry, generation of response surface, and optimization process. To reduce the time for performance analysis and minimize the prediction errors, the approximation model is generated using the Backpropagation Artificial Neural Network (BPANN) which is considered as Neuro-Response Surface Method (NRSM). The optimization is done for the generated response surface by non-dominated sorting genetic algorithm-II (NSGA-II). Through case studies of marine system and ship structure (substructure of floating offshore wind turbine considering hydrodynamics performances and bulk carrier bottom stiffened panels considering structure performance), we have confirmed the applicability of the proposed method for multi-objective side constraint optimization problems.

Optimization of injection molding process for car fender in consideration of energy efficiency and product quality

  • Park, Hong Seok;Nguyen, Trung Thanh
    • Journal of Computational Design and Engineering
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    • v.1 no.4
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    • pp.256-265
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    • 2014
  • Energy efficiency is an essential consideration in sustainable manufacturing. This study presents the car fender-based injection molding process optimization that aims to resolve the trade-off between energy consumption and product quality at the same time in which process parameters are optimized variables. The process is specially optimized by applying response surface methodology and using non-dominated sorting genetic algorithm II (NSGA II) in order to resolve multi-object optimization problems. To reduce computational cost and time in the problem-solving procedure, the combination of CAE-integration tools is employed. Based on the Pareto diagram, an appropriate solution is derived out to obtain optimal parameters. The optimization results show that the proposed approach can help effectively engineers in identifying optimal process parameters and achieving competitive advantages of energy consumption and product quality. In addition, the engineering analysis that can be employed to conduct holistic optimization of the injection molding process in order to increase energy efficiency and product quality was also mentioned in this paper.

Optimization of Micro Hydro Propeller Turbine blade using NSGA-II (NSGA-II를 이용한 마이크로 프로펠러 수차 블레이드 최적화)

  • Kim, Byung-Kon
    • The KSFM Journal of Fluid Machinery
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.19-29
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    • 2014
  • In addition to the development of micro hydro turbine, the challenge in micro hydro turbine design as sustainable hydro devices is focused on the optimization of turbine runner blade which have decisive effect on the turbine performance to reach higher efficiency. A multi-objective optimization method to optimize the performance of runner blade of propeller turbine for micro turbine has been studied. For the initial design of planar blade cascade, singularity distribution method and the combination of the Bezier curve parametric technology is used. A non-dominated sorting genetic algorithm II(NSGA II) is developed based on the multi-objective optimization design method. The comparision with model test show that the blade charachteristics is optimized by NSGA-II has a good efficiency and load distribution. From model test and scale up calculation, the maximum prototype efficiency of the runner blade reaches as high as 90.87%.

Multiobjective size and topolgy optimization of dome structures

  • Tugrul, Talaslioglu
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.43 no.6
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    • pp.795-821
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    • 2012
  • The size and topology of geometrically nonlinear dome structures are optimized thereby minimizing both its entire weight & joint (node) displacements and maximizing load-carrying capacity. Design constraints are implemented from provisions of American Petroleum Institute specification (API RP2A-LRFD). In accordance with the proposed design constraints, the member responses computed by use of arc-length technique as a nonlinear structural analysis method are checked at each load increment. Thus, a penalization process utilized for inclusion of unfeasible designations to genetic search is correspondingly neglected. In order to solve this complex design optimization problem with multiple objective functions, Non-dominated Sorting Genetic Algorithm II (NSGA II) approach is employed as a multi-objective optimization tool. Furthermore, the flexibility of proposed optimization is enhanced thereby integrating an automatic dome generating tool. Thus, it is possible to generate three distinct sphere-shaped dome configurations with varying topologies. It is demonstrated that the inclusion of brace (diagonal) members into the geometrical configuration of dome structure provides a weight-saving dome designation with higher load-carrying capacity. The proposed optimization approach is recommended for the design optimization of geometrically nonlinear dome structures.

A Study on the Development and the Verification of Engineering Structure Design Framework based on Neuro-Response Surface Method (NRSM) (신경반응표면을 이용한 공학 구조물 설계 프레임워크 구축 및 검증에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Jae-Chul;Shin, Sung-Chul;Kim, Soo-Young
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Intelligent Systems
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.46-51
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    • 2014
  • The most important process of engineering system optimal design is to identify the relationship between the design variables and system response. In case of the system optimization, Response Surface Method (RSM) is widely used. The optimization process of RSM generates the design space using the typical alternative candidates and finds the optimal design point in the generated design space. By changing the optimal point depending on the configuration of the design space, it is important to generate the design space. Therefor in this study, the design space is generated by using the relationship between design variables and system response based on Neuro-Response Surface Method (NRSM). And I try to construct the framework for optimal shape design based on NRSM that the optimum shape can be predicted using the Non-dominated Sorting Genetic Algorithm-II (NSGA-II) within the generated design space. In order to verify the usefulness of the constructed framework, we applied the nonlinear mathematical function problem. In this study, we can solve the constraints of time in the optimization process for the engineering problem and effective to determine the optimal design was possible. by using the generated framework for optimal shape design based on NRSM. In the future research, we try to apply the optimization problem for Naval Architectural & Ocean Engineering based on the results of this study.

Development of Automatic SWAT Calibration Algorithm Using NSGA-II Algorithm (NSGA-II를 활용한 SWAT 모형의 검보정 알고리즘 개발)

  • Lee, Yong Gwan;Jung, Chung Gil;Kim, Se Hoon;Kim, Seong Joon
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • pp.34-34
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    • 2018
  • 본 연구는 다목적 유전자 알고리즘 Non-Dominated Sorting Genetic Algorithm II (NSGA-II)를 활용하여 자동 검보정 알고리즘을 개발하고, 이를 준분포형 수문모형인 SWAT (Soil and Water Assessment Tool) 모형에 적용하여 평가하고자 한다. 집중형 모형과 달리, 분포형 모형은 유역 내 다양한 물리적 변수와 공간 이질성(spatial heterogeneity)을 표현하기 위한 많은 매개변수를 포함하고 있고, 최근에는 기후 변화와 장기 가뭄과 같은 이상 기후에 따른 물 부족, 수질 오염 및 녹조 현상 등을 고려하기 위해 매개변수의 시간적인 변동성을 고려하기 위한 연구도 수행되고 있다. 이에 따라 본 연구에서 개발한 다목적 알고리즘은 다양한 매개변수의 시공간적 특성을 고려할 수 있도록 작성되었으며, Python으로 개발하여 타 모형으로의 확장성 및 범용성을 고려하였다. SWAT 모형의 유출 해석은 결정계수(Coefficient of determination, $R^2$), RMSE(Root mean square error), 모형 효율성 계수(Nash-Sutcliffe efficiency, NSE) 및 IOA(Index of agreement) 등을 활용해 기존 연구 결과와 비교분석할 수 있도록 하였으며, 사용자의 선택에 따라 다른 목적함수 또한 활용할 수 있도록 하였다. NSGA-II를 활용한 SWAT 모형의 유출 해석은 다목적 함수를 고려함에 따라 실측값과 높은 상관성을 보여줄 것으로 판단되며, 이상 기후 기간 설정에 따른 유동적인 매개변수 변화를 적용할 수 있을 것으로 기대된다.

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Design Optimization of Single-Stage Launch Vehicle Using Hybrid Rocket Engine

  • Kanazaki, Masahiro;Ariyairt, Atthaphon;Yoda, Hideyuki;Ito, Kazuma;Chiba, Kazuhisa;Kitagawa, Koki;Shimada, Toru
    • International Journal of Aerospace System Engineering
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.29-33
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    • 2015
  • The multidisciplinary design optimization (MDO) of a launch vehicle (LV) with a hybrid rocket engine (HRE) was carried out to investigate the ability of an HRE for a single-stage LV. The non-dominated sorting genetic algorithm-II (NSGA-II) was employed to solve two design problems. The design problems were formulated as two-objective cases involving maximization of the downrange distance over the target flight altitude and minimization of the gross weight, for two target altitudes: 50.0 km and 100.0 km. Each objective function was empirically estimated. Several non-dominated solutions were obtained using the NSGA-II for each design problem, and in each case, a trade-off was observed between the two objective functions. The results for the two design problem indicate that economical performance of the LV is limited with the HRE in terms of the maximum downrange distances achievable. The LV geometries determined from the non-dominated solutions were examined.

A study on multi-objective optimal design of derrick structure: Case study

  • Lee, Jae-chul;Jeong, Ji-ho;Wilson, Philip;Lee, Soon-sup;Lee, Tak-kee;Lee, Jong-Hyun;Shin, Sung-chul
    • International Journal of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering
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    • v.10 no.6
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    • pp.661-669
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    • 2018
  • Engineering system problems consist of multi-objective optimisation and the performance analysis is generally time consuming. To optimise the system concerning its performance, many researchers perform the optimisation using an approximation model. The Response Surface Method (RSM) is usually used to predict the system performance in many research fields, but it shows prediction errors for highly nonlinear problems. To create an appropriate metamodel for marine systems, Lee (2015) compares the prediction accuracy of the approximation model, and multi-objective optimal design framework is proposed based on a confirmed approximation model. The proposed framework is composed of three parts: definition of geometry, generation of approximation model, and optimisation. The major objective of this paper is to confirm the applicability/usability of the proposed optimal design framework and evaluate the prediction accuracy based on sensitivity analysis. We have evaluated the proposed framework applicability in derrick structure optimisation considering its structural performance.