• Title/Summary/Keyword: Neighborhood Satisfaction

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The Effects of Neighborhood Physical Changes caused by CPTED Project on Resident's Fear of Crime, Neighborhood Satisfaction, and Neighborhood Attachment in the Poverty Area - Focused on the Gamcheon 2-dong, Saha-gu, Busan - (CPTED 사업으로 인한 근린의 물리적 환경변화가 빈곤지역 주민들의 범죄두려움과 동네만족도, 동네애착 형성에 미치는 영향 - 부산 사하구 감천2동을 대상으로 -)

  • Park, Ju-Hyeon;Lee, Kyung-Hwan
    • Journal of the Architectural Institute of Korea Planning & Design
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    • v.36 no.1
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    • pp.105-111
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study was to empirically analyze the effects of physical environment change on the Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED) project implemented in Gamcheon 2 Dong on the fear of crime, neighborhood satisfaction, and neighborhood attachment in the poor. In this study, the data collected through field surveys and questionnaires were analyzed using a structural equation model, specifically the SPSS AMOS 25 program. From the results of the analysis, it was found that the neighborhood satisfaction was enhanced by the improvement in the walking environment and the reduction in the neighborhood disorder level of the target area through the installation of major CPTED facilities. The results of the statistical analysis show that the reduction in the neighborhood disorder due to the CPTED project enhanced the neighborhood satisfaction and the level of neighborhood attachment in the local residents. In addition, the changes in the walking environment caused by the CPTED project had a positive effect on the neighborhood satisfaction, and as the degree of neighborhood disorder decreased, the neighborhood satisfaction increased and the local people's attachment level increased.

Effects of Neighborhood Environment on Women's Neighborhood Satisfaction, Neighborhood Attachment and Housing Mobility - An Empirical Study of Asan City in the South Chungcheong Province - (여성들의 동네만족도와 동네애착, 이주의사에 영향을 미치는 근린환경특성에 대한 실증분석 - 충청남도 아산시를 대상으로 -)

  • Park, Hyo-Sook;Lee, Kyung-Hwan
    • Journal of the Architectural Institute of Korea Planning & Design
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    • v.34 no.1
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    • pp.71-81
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to develop neighborhood assessment tools from the perspective of women in order to evaluate neighborhood environments and suggest better policies and planning practices for women-friendly neighborhood environments. To do so, we analyze correlations between women's quality of life and the neighborhood environment. Specifically, we gave female participants a mapping survey, interview, and questionnaire to collect data targeting women living in Onyang 2-dong and 5-dong in Asan city. First, we developed a neighborhood assessment tool derived from an extensive literature review and particular case studies. The mapping and interview surveys indicated that specific aspects neighborhood life needed to be improved in a similar area. In particular, women complained about Onyangoncheon station, a commercial area, and detached house area. Second, analysis of the neighborhood environmental factors affecting women's neighborhood satisfaction, crime safety, traffic and walking environment, accessibility of living facilities, green and public spaces and childcare environment were statistically significant. Of these, the inclusion of green and public spaces was the most influential factor. Third, the neighborhood environmental factors affecting women's neighborhood attachment, crime safety, traffic and walking environment, accessibility of living facilities, green and public spaces and childcare environment were statistically significant. Of these, accessibility of living facilities appeared to be the most influential factor. Fourth, the neighborhood environmental factors affecting women's housing mobility decisions, crime safety, traffic and walking environment, accessibility of living facilities, green and public spaces and childcare environment were statistically significant. Of these, childcare environment was the most influential factor.

Factors related to COVID-19 Anxiety and Stress: Focusing on Demographic Characteristics and Neighborhood Satisfaction (코로나19 불안과 스트레스의 관련 요인: 인구학적 특성 및 거주지역 만족도를 중심으로)

  • Lee, RaeHyuck
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.21 no.6
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    • pp.71-80
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    • 2021
  • This study aimed to examine factors related to COVID-19 anxiety and stress. For the purpose, a secondary data analysis was conducted with the raw data of the community needs assessment performed in A region located in Asan, Chungnam. The analyzed results are as follows. First, descriptive statistics with a sample of 281 respondents showed that 36.9% experienced COVID-19 anxiety and 51.5% reported high levels of COVID-19 stress. Second, a logistic regression showed that being women, being the middle-aged people compared with the young people or the old-aged people, being those without spouses, being those without their own house, and lower levels of neighborhood satisfaction were associated with higher risk of experiencing COVID-19 anxiety. Third, a logistic regression showed that being the middle-aged people or the young people compared with the old-aged people and being those without their own house were associated with higher risk of belonging to the category of high levels of COVID-19 stress. Based on the results, diverse suggestions were discussed to reduce people's anxiety and stress in the midst of COVID-19.

Residential Satisfaction through the Usage of Neighborhood Facilities (도시 가구의 근린시설 이용형태와 거주지환경 만족도)

  • 신영숙
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.34 no.2
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    • pp.261-282
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    • 1996
  • The purpose of this study was to improve residents; neighborhood satisfaction through the usages of neighborhood facilities. 4 neighborhood areas were selected for comparison. Usages of neighborhood facilities, contentment range of residental environment, community facilities needed were analized. Factors which influence residential environment satisfaction were clarfied and characterized by 4 neighborhood areas.

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Influences on Housing Satisfaction of Multifamily Housing Renter Households in the U.S. Metropolitan Statistical Areas (미국 대도시권역 공동주택 임차가구의 주거 만족도 영향 요인)

  • Lee, Hyun-Jeong
    • Journal of the Korean housing association
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.125-133
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study was to explore characteristics and housing satisfaction of multifamily renter households in metropolitan areas using 2009 American Housing Survey public-use microdata. A total of 8,139 multifamily renter household residing in metropolitan statistical areas were selected for data analysis. The findings are as follows: (1) In comparison with other types of households in the metropolitan areas, multifamily renter households tended to show a smaller household size, younger householders, a greater proportion of households with householders who have never married, or have been widowed, divorced or separated; (2) housing cost related variables such as monthly rent or rent per square footage were found not to have significant influence on housing satisfaction of multifamily renter households in metropolitan areas; (3) factors influencing housing satisfaction of multifamily renter households with householder's age 34 years or younger were neighborhood satisfaction, householder's race, structure age and per-person unit size; and (4) neighborhood satisfaction was found to have the strongest influence on housing satisfaction of multifamily renter households in metropolitan areas.

Relationship between Perceived Neighborhood Characteristics and Vigorous Physical Activity among Adult Seoul Residents

  • Lee, Chung-Gun;Cho, Young-Tae
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.42 no.4
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    • pp.215-222
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    • 2009
  • Objectives : Vigorous physical activity is a well-known method to promote people s health. This research aims to investigate whether perceived neighborhood characteristics affect vigorous physical activity among adult Seoul residents (aged 19 to 64). Methods : Utilizing the 2005 Seoul Citizens Health Indicators Survey data, this study estimates the probability of vigorous physical activity. Particular attention is given to the effects of three perceived neighborhood characteristics satisfaction with relationship to the neighborhood, satisfaction with park and recreational facilities, and satisfaction with public security). Logistic regression models are analyzed separately by gender for the parameter estimation. Results : Vigorous physical activity is positively associated with three perceived neighborhood characteristics for women, while neither significant nor substantive association is found for men. Conclusions : As vigorous physical activity among Seoul citizens is differentially affected by perceived neighborhood characteristics and by gender, a different approach will be needed to increase vigorous physical activity of men and women in Seoul.

Design of Green Community Rediscovery Center with Community Gardens and Social Integration Functions (공동체정원과 사회통합기능이 있는 Green Community Rediscovery Center의 설계)

  • Lee, Eung-Jik;Lee, Hyung-Sook;Yoon, Eun-Ju;Ekpeghere, Kalu I.;Koh, Sung-Cheol
    • KIEAE Journal
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.29-36
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    • 2011
  • The aim of this study was to study the functions and roles of Green Community Rediscovery Center (GCRC) in terms of community integration, to design GCRC with various types of green roofs, and to investigate the possibility of applying a renewable energy system (e.g., PV) to the building greenery systems. The four major functional modules for GCRC were suggested: implementation of ecopark and community gardens with environmental education programs, implementation of green housing model with education programs, Discover Science Center, and implementation of green business model with education programs. Three major functions of the center are also presented in terms of design: 1) functions of community gardens; 2) establishment of a green business model, community composting system and an urban farming system; and 3) roles of community gardens in social interactions within GCRC. GCRC provides residents with the opportunities of community gardens, urban farming based on a successful recycling system, as well as a green business model and environmental education programs near their homes. The air temperature of the green roof (utilizing Sedum sarmentosum as a cover plant) was approximately $3^{\circ}C$ lower than that of the non-green roof, indicating a potential efficiency increase in PV systems for GCRC. It was concluded that the GCRC suggested would enhance the neighborhood satisfaction, improve the quality of life and contribute to social integration and community regeneration.

The Housing Conditions and Housing Satisfaction of Chinese College Students Studying in South Korea - Focus on Chinese Students in Chonbuk National University - (한국에서 유학하는 중국 대학생의 주거실태 및 주거만족도 - 전북대학교 중국 유학생을 중심으로 -)

  • Choi, Byungsook;Park, Jung-A;Rho, Jeongok
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.21 no.6
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    • pp.1235-1250
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    • 2012
  • This study is to investigate the housing conditions and housing satisfaction of Chinese students in S. Korea, and identified effective factors for related housing design. Chinese students at CBNU participated in this survey from November to December in 2011. A questionnaire survey was used. 200 students voluntarily participated in this survey with 147 surveys providing useful data for analysis. Descriptive statistics, correlation, and linear regression were used to analyzed the data with SPSS 12.0. The results are as follow. 1) Many Chinese students received housing information from discussion with acquaintance. They lived together 2 students in one-room or dormitory. Monthly rental was about 240,000 won, and they found the living conditions a burden. 2) They are unsatisfied with food, the lack of a refrigerator, and non availability kitchen facilities. These factors are considered in planning for Chinese students housing. 3) For the most part, they are satisfied with their current housing environment, although there is a need to improve health related housing environment factors, including sunlight, noise, and indoor air. The effective residential factors to overall housing satisfaction are dwelling space and size, space organization and floor plan, kitchen toilet bathroom facilities, sunlight, and safety from natural disasters. The effective neighborhood factors identified include access to natural environment, community facilities, parks, noise, and commuting time. 4) Subjective factors played a larger role in overall housing satisfaction than did objective factors such as gender and types of house.

The effect of housing type on the perception of the quality of housing environement and housing satisfaction (주택유형이 주거환경의 질인지와 주거만족도에 미치는 영향)

  • 김미희
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.55-66
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    • 1985
  • This study is intended to compare the quality of housing envirionments between single family house and apartments. To be specific, firstly, it is to be examined as to whether there exists any differences between residents of single family house and those of highrise apartments in terms of their perception of the quality of housing environment. Secondly, the major factors of the perception of the quality of housing environment may be linked to the level of housing satisfaction are to be explored in this study. The perception of the quality housing environment is composed of four factors such as living space, noise, neighbor environment, and structural feature. For the purpose, questionnaires were adinistered to 125 home makers living in single family house and 125 home makers in high-rise apartments in Kwangju. The data were analyzed with factor analysis, analysis of variance, and multiple regression analysis.The following conclusions are derived from the data analysis in thi study: 1) Resjdents of apartments tended to be more satisfied with structural feature of housing unit and less satisfied with noise than those of single family house. There are negligible differences between two housing types in perception of the quality of living space, and neighbor environment. 2) According to the singhle family house group, it is found that structural feature, neighbor environment, and living space predict most of the variance in the level of housing unit satisfaction. It is also turned out that neighbor environment, noise, and structural feature have impact on the level of neighborhood statisfaction. 3) the apartments group shows that structural feature is the only predictor having impact on housing unit satisfaction. It is found that neighbor environment factor predicted the level of neighborhood satisfaction.

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Housing Satisfaction of 55+ Single-Person Householders in U.S. Urban Communities (미국 도심에 거주하는 55세 이상 독신가구의 주거만족도에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Sung-Jin;Ahn, Mira;Kwon, Hyun Joo;Kim, Suk-Kyung
    • Journal of the Korean housing association
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    • v.26 no.5
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    • pp.27-35
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    • 2015
  • This study aims to analyze the housing satisfaction of 55 years and older (55+) single-person householders in U.S. urban communities with the 2011 American Housing Survey Data. Single-person householders younger than 55 years of age (55-) were used as a reference group. Housing Adjustment Theory was used to develop a research framework to depict the relationships of housing satisfaction (dependent variable) with demographic and housing variables (independent variables). The regression analysis revealed that age, health status, government income, race, gender, age of house, housing quality, neighborhood, structure type, and tenure status had a significant effect on housing satisfaction levels of both those aged 55- and 55+. However, for the cohort of 55+, education, census region, housing affordability, and structure size also affected their housing satisfaction. Neighborhood satisfaction had the strongest effect on housing satisfaction of both groups. These variables were discussed in terms of resources and constraints contributing to their housing satisfaction. This study highlights the present and future housing trends and challenges of U.S. single householders in U.S. urban communities.