• Title, Summary, Keyword: Middle-age Women

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Type Analysis of Middle-age Women Wearing Girdles (중년 여성의 거들착용에 대한 유형분석)

  • Cha, Su Joung
    • Journal of Fashion Business
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.21-33
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    • 2017
  • This study analyzed the attitude and effect of middle-age women on wearing girdles. Through this examination, we investigated types of girdles worn by middle-age women and compared and analyzed characteristics among types. By identifying middle-age women's need to wear girdles, this study enables effective development of girdles for middle-age women. Middle-age women's types of wearing girdles were analyzed according to three types of women wearing girdles: hate type, wearing preference type and inconvenience acceptance type. The hate type woman is frustrated with wearing a girdle because it impedes blood circulation, digestion, and causes fatigue. The wearing preference type woman wears a girdle to feel psychological satisfaction and self-confidence and thinks that wearing a girdle pushes the abdomen and supports the hip (hip-up effect). Women strongly agreed that body shape is made beautiful and the silhouette of the lower body is made beautiful by wearing a girdle. The inconvenience acceptance type of woman thinks it is inconvenient to wear a girdle, but nevertheless is satisfied with wearing a girdle. Based on findings of this study, development of girdles considering body shapes of middle-age women, development of soft materials and improvements facilitating dressing methods are needed.

Correlation Between Perceived Family Support and Self-Esteem of Middle Age Women with Degenerative MusculoSkeletal Diseases (퇴행성 근골격계 질환을 가진 중년여성이 지각한 가족지지의 자아존중감의 관계)

  • Kang, Kyung-Ja;Lee, Eun-Jin
    • Journal of muscle and joint health
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.5-24
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    • 2000
  • Middle age for women is one of the most important stages of the whole normal life span and has unique problems concerning the psychological and physical health, specifically degenerative musculoskeletal diseases. Therefore middle age women should prepare in order to lead a healthy and fruitful life as they enter/begin old age. As the population of middle age women increase, the demands of nurses who care for this age group also continue to glow. Nurses must be interested in this middle age group of women in Korea. This study was designed to identify the extent of family support and self-esteem of the middle age women with degenerative musculoskeletal diseases and the relationship between them and nurse's contribution to middle age women's health promotion that maintain and promote qualify of her life. The population of this study was 112 women aged 40-60, attending the out patient clinic one University Hospital and one Hospital, in Pusan. The data was collected from 1st August to the 30th of September, 1998 by using 36 items questionnaire. The instrument used for measuring family support was of Chai's(1983) FSS which was modified by Kang's(1984) Family Support Scale. And that for self-esteem was Rosenberg's(1965) Self-esteem Scale. The reliability of Chai's FSS and Rosenberg's instruments were tested by Cronbach's alpha and showed that they were 0.93 and 0.89 each respectively. Data was analyzed by descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, and Pearson's Correlation Coefficient using the SPSS computer program. The results of the study were summarized as follows : 1. The mean score of the perceived family support was $39.31{\pm}9.42$. 2. The mean score of the perceived self-esteem was $33.16{\pm}6.75$. 3. Statistically significant factors influencing the family support among sociodemographic variables was satisfaction of marriage(F=-3.069, p<0.003). 4. Statistically significant factors influencing the self-esteem among sociodemographic variables were age(F=3.992, p=0.000), education(F=2.260, P=0.026), housing (F=-1.987, P=0.049) and satisfaction of marriage(F=-2.305, P=0.023). 5. There was a significant correlation between family support and self-esteem (r=.621, p<.000). In conclusion, perceived the family support was important for middle age women to increase their self-esteem. Nurses should be aware of the necessity of family support in the supportive nursing of middle age women and should be able to make a plan to educate the family about supporting the wife/mother. The continuing study of the health promotion of middle age women to find out variables influencing middle age women' health must continue.

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Health Status and Health Behavior of Middle-aged Korean Men and Women: Focused on Gender and Age-group Differences (한국 중년기 남녀의 건강상태 및 건강 관리 행동: 성별, 연령집단별 차이를 중심으로)

  • ;;Ryff, C;Marks, N.
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.41 no.1
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    • pp.213-229
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the heath status and health behavior of middle-aged Korean men and women. Even though there has been increased concern about extremely high mortality rate of Korean middle-aged men and mental health problems of middle aged women, there is a dearth of empirical studies which examine the health status and health behavior of middle-aged men and women in Korea. This study attempts to fill these gaps. Data gathered from 1,667 men and women aged between 30-59 are analyzed to examine the level of physical health, mental health, perceived health and health behavior and to explore the gender and age group differences in these aspects. The results show that there exist gender difference and age group difference in health status: Women are less healthy than men and as age increased health status declined. Women at their 50s are least healthy and most unhappy suggesting age and gender interaction in health status. There exist a gender difference in health behavior: Men have regular check-ups more frequently than women and exercise more. These results are discussed in terms of the gender differences in the experiences, social roles and life styles over the life course.

A Study on Texture Suited for the Acryl Knitted Jacket of Women in the Middle Age (중년 여성용 아크릴 니트 재킷에 적합한 조직에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Jin-Hee
    • The Research Journal of the Costume Culture
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.15-27
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study was to find texture which suitable for the acryl knitted jacket of women in the middle age. The study was carried out 2 parts. The first part was to choose the pattern fitted in the body shape of women in the middle age, and the second part was wearing test with 3 different textured acryl knitted jacket(half milano, milano, jacquard). The usable data of the test were coded for further statistical analysis including descriptive statistics (frequency and one way-ANOVA test, Student-Newman-Keuls Multiple Range Test) by using SPSSWIN 12.0. The results were as follows: It was found that first evaluation for the appearance test on fitness, pattern B(Brand: Morado) were better than the rest of them(pattern A: Trieste, pattern C: Escalier). It was found that second evaluation for the test, jacket with jacquard were better than the rest of them. Acryl knitted Jacket of women in the middle age should made of jacquard. Therefore it should be designed as possible as considering the physical characteristics of knitted materials. It was found that third evaluation for the test, it was opposite results that a general knitted fabric pattern was made smaller than a woven jacket. So, it was necessary that the acryl knitted jacket of women in the middle age follow a similar site tolerance such as a woven jacket. This result was due to a radical change of a middle age women's body shape.

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A Study on somatotypes of 18-54 yars old females (18-54세 여성의 연령집단별 체형 차이 연구)

  • 권숙희
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.36 no.5
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    • pp.17-27
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    • 1998
  • The need for periodic investigation on human growth rate and somatotypes has been increased because the scientific development and environmental factors have effected a lot on them recently. This study aimed to investigate the changes of the 638 female somatotypes in the age of 18-54 obtained by direct and indirect measurement. The measurement data were divided into 4 groups early young women age group (18-54), late young women age group (25-34), early middle age group (35-44), late middle age group (45-54) and compared each other based on each group by age. The results obtained from this study were as follows: 1. According to Mollison Curve based on the early young women, items of depth decreased overall and pp.P. length & shoulder length increased as the age increased. The circumference, breadth and thickness tended to increase, especially waist girth and thickness of waist increased markedly. The data showed that the increase rate of thickness was higher than that of breadth. 2. Gradual somatotype changes were observed by overlapping projection drawings obtained by direct measurement. Compared with the young women, the middle aged showed lower should point depth and hip line & crotch depth line were lengthened significantly. No significant difference was observed in overlapping of the early young women and the late young women' figure, neither was in early middle aged and the late middle aged. 3. By overlapping the side view of the young women group (18-37) and middle aged group (35-54), no significant postural characteristics were found, while the back tended to bend forward and the abdomen and hip appeared to get fat.

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Analysis of body shape and anthropometric measurements of US middle-aged women using 3D body scan data

  • Kim, Dong-Eun
    • The Research Journal of the Costume Culture
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.726-736
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    • 2015
  • The apparel industry has recently been recognizing the important target market of middle-aged women. The aim of this study was to examine the anthropometric characteristics of US women of 46 to 65 years of age and identify distinctive body shape characteristics of US middle-aged women. A total of 1915 middle-aged women whose ages ranged from 46 to 65 were selected from the SizeUSA database. The age range was divided into two groups: 46-55 and 56-65. Twenty-four body measurements important for apparel development were chosen. Four factors-Girth Factor, Height Factor, Hip Drop Factor, and Bust Drop Factor-accounted for the US middle-aged women's body measurements. The body shapes were classified into four body shapes, which were Y-Shape in the overweight range, S-Shape in the overweight range, H-Shape in the overweight range, and the A-Shape in obese range. H-Shape, which was the least-defined waist in relation to the bust and hips with a short height, existed more in older middle-aged women than in younger middle-aged women. Y-Shape, S-Shape, and A-Shape existed more in the group of younger middle-aged women than in the group of older middle-aged women. In addition, compared with the younger middle-aged women, older middle-aged women had narrower shoulders, a larger waist, thinner legs, and a longer distance between side neck to bust point. The findings from the current study may be applied in the apparel industry for developing clothing sizing systems for US middle-aged women.

A Research on the Types of Middle Aged Women's Body Figures (중년 여성의 체형에 관한 연구 - 직접계측을 중심으로 -)

  • Kim, Kyung-Hee
    • The Research Journal of the Costume Culture
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.677-687
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    • 2007
  • This research aims to classify the physical characteristics of middle aged women. The characteristics are esteemed to be adopted for the formalisation of the types of their body figures and their characteristics for each type. For this purpose, middle aged women in the significant change of their body shapes were sampled for body measurement which would be used for the comparison between each measured figure. A group of sample for this research was constructed with 154 middle aged women who is currently living in Seoul and its Metropolitan area and being in their age of $35{\sim}59$. Particularly, the analysis on the girth of belly shows a significant difference subject to each age group so that a distinguished change in the girth of belly is observed as the age gets older. With the SPSS programme, the physical characteristics of middle aged women were analysed by the variation analysis and correlation analysis. In terms of the analysis on the body mass index and the flatness index, the observed result that there is a significant difference between the indices for late middle aged women and early and mid middle aged women shows far more different result from Yu-Kyung Choi(1997) that the body figures of middle aged women tend to start rapidly to change from their ages of 49. This can be explained to some extent in that the increased interest in much healthier and slimmer body shapes beginning from widely-spread so called "well-being" syndrome results in the increase in the number of middle aged women taking care of their health management so that the ages starting their body shape to become obese tend to be deferred. Another explanation is also feasible to partly extent that the middle aged women living in Seoul and Kyung-Gi area are much more looking after their health management than those living in other areas. However, this research has a limitation in that the physical measurement for this research has been conducted focusing on the women living in Seoul and Kyung-Gi area. Hence, it is further expected going forward that the physical measurement for middle aged women living in other areas should follow for the comparison purpose.

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Late Middle-aged Women′s Lift Experiences in Transition to Old Age : How Do They Adapt to “Aging” in Korean Society\ulcorner (중년후기 한국 어성의 노년기 전환기 경험)

  • 강유진
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.42 no.7
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    • pp.145-164
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    • 2004
  • The purpose of this study is to understand how late middle-aged women in our society view and adapt to “aging”. This is a crucial step forward linking two stages, the growing young age and the declining old age, which eventually improves the qualify of life in old a9e. This qualitative study used Personal narratives extracted from tape-recorded interviews of 20 late middle-aged women in their fifties and analyzed key experiences of late middle-aged women in their transition to old age. Participants were observed to perceive not only many limitations but also alternative potentialities. First, the major challenges due to the closing young era were ‘physical declines’, including health problems and wrinkles, and ‘leaving children’. Second, the potentialities to start a new era also could be found. Many participants found themselves to be generous enough to assist others in need. In addition, they looked to adapt to new challenges. It was likely that the many adversities that they had faced made them resilient. These results show that late middle-aged women were actively negotiating with themselves and their surroundings in order to overcome their losses, maintain their potentialities, and, in the process, acknowledge their impending old age for better preparation.

Effects of The Degree of Preparation for Old Age and Perception of the Successful Aging on Life Satisfaction of Middle-aged Women (중년기 여성의 노후준비도와 성공적 노후에 대한 인식이 생활만족도에 미치는 영향)

  • Ahn, Hyun-Sun;Kim, Hyo-Min;Anh, Jin-Kyung;Kim, Yang-Hee
    • Korean Family Resource Management Association
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.137-155
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the effects of the degree of preparation for old age and perception of successful aging on the life satisfaction of middle-aged women. The participants in this study were 300 women ranging in age from 35 years to 65years who reside in Seoul, Gyeonggi-do, and other cities. Two hundred eight self-reported questionnaires were used for final analysis by SPSS WIN14. The major results of this study were as follows: First, there were differences in the degree of preparation for old age of middle-aged women by age, academic career, income, area, and religion. Second, there were differences in self-efficacy in the perception of successful aging by academic career, an income, and area. Third, there were differences in the degree of life satisfaction of middle-aged women by academic career and income. Finally, the most effective variables on the degree of life satisfaction were the degree of preparation for old age, perception of successful aging, and income. Consequently, to improve the life satisfaction of middle-aged women, social groups, local self-governments, and the government have to educate women on economic management for preparation for old age and human relationship progress programs, as well as promote healthy leisure cultures.

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Total Body Fat Content and its Distribution and Plasma Cholesterol Metabolism in Elderly Women (여자 노인의 체지방량 및 체지방 분포와 혈장 콜레스테롤 대사)

  • 이연경
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.32 no.6
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    • pp.732-738
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    • 1999
  • This study was performed to investigate the risk factors for coronary heart disease in elderly women. Seventy five elderly women over 65 years of age participated with 35 elderly men over 65 years of age, 40 middle-aged men and 31 middle-aged women as control subjects. The percentage of body fat(34.1 5.6%) in elderly women found to be significantly higher than in other groups and their waist/hip circumference ratio(WHR) was higher than in middle-aged women. The concentrations of plasma total cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol in elderly women were higher than in other groups, TG concentration higher than in middle aged women and HDL-cholesterol % lower than in other groups. Plasma cholesterol ester transfer protein(CETP) activities of elderly women were significantly higher than in middle-aged subjects, but were not different from those of elderly men. Plasma Apolipoprotein(Apo) A-I level in elderly women was higher than in middle-aged men but not different from the other groups. Differences among groups were not great in Lipoprotein (Lp)(a)levels. CETP activities were significantly correlated with age, body fat % total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol and Lp(a). Therefore, it appears that the increased risk of coronary heart disease in elderly women is due to the increase of body fat, central adipose distribution, serum total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol and CETP activities.

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