• Title, Summary, Keyword: Malaysia

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Successful ankle replantation in two cases with different presentations

  • Wen, Adzim Poh Yuen;Jusoh, Mohd Hanifah;Saad, Arman Zaharil Mat;Halim, Ahmad Sukari;Faisham, Nu'man Wan Ismail Wan;Azman, Wan Sulaiman Wan
    • Archives of Plastic Surgery
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    • v.47 no.2
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    • pp.182-186
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    • 2020
  • We report our experience of treating two patients with ankle amputation with different presentations. The first case was a clean-cut sharp amputation. The second case was an avulsion injury following a motor vehicle accident in a patient who arrived 8 hours after the injury. Replantation was successful in both cases. In avulsion injuries, a secondary operation for wound coverage is required at a later stage. With good strategy and a support team, encouraging limb survival outcomes are possible post-replantation.

Rising of Islamic Economy in Malaysia: Focus on Finance and Consumption (말레이시아 이슬람 경제의 대두: 금융과 소비 영역을 중심으로)

  • Lee, Sunho
    • The Southeast Asian review
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.89-132
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    • 2014
  • This study examined Islamic economy of Malaysia. In this process, Islamic economy was classified two fields such as finance and consumption. In finance, this study focuses on development of Islamic banking, Islamic insurance(Takaful) and Islamic capital market and institutional support of Malaysia. In consumption, this study focuses on halal industry and halal certification system of Malaysia. As a result, two fields of Islamic economy in Malaysia are growing up more systematic and extensive than before. Because interest in Islam finance and style is increasing and government of Malaysia has been giving support to these fields. That is, Malaysia is aimed at global hub of Islamic finance and giving various supports to financial field. Indeed, Malaysia is making effort to internationalization and development of halal industry. From these active supports of Malaysia, Islamic economics of Malaysia will be developed and Malaysia will be a leader of Islamic economy in the world.

Anthropometric and Reproductive Factors among Newly-Diagnosed Breast Cancer Patients and Healthy Women: A Case-Control Study

  • Zunura'in, Z;Almardhiyah, AR Ainaa;Gan, SH;Arifin, Wan N;Sirajudeen, KNS;Bhavaraju, VMK;Shahar, Suzana;Jan, JM Hamid
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.17 no.9
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    • pp.4439-4444
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    • 2016
  • The objective of this case-control study was to determine anthropometric and reproductive factors associated with the development of breast cancer among women. Fifty-six newly diagnosed breast cancer patients were recruited from the Oncology Clinic, Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM), and 56 healthy female hospital employees were recruited as controls. Socio-demographic and reproductive data were obtained using a standard questionnaire. Anthropometric factors (body weight, height, body fat percentage, visceral fat and waist and hip circumference) were assessed. A high waist circumference (adjusted OR= 1.04, [95% CI: 1.00, 1.09]) and being more than 30 years of age at first full-term pregnancy (adjusted OR=3.77, [95% CI: 1.10, 12.90]) were predictors of breast cancer development. The results of this study indicate that weight and reproductive health management should be emphasized for breast cancer prevention in Malaysia.

Knowledge, Attitude and Behavior of Healthcare Providers towards Breast Cancer in Malaysia: a Systematic Review

  • Azeem, Eman;Gillani, Syed Wasif;Siddiqui, Ammar;HA, Al Shammary;Poh, Vinci;Sulaiman, Syed Azhar Syed;Baig, Mirza
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.16 no.13
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    • pp.5233-5235
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    • 2015
  • Breast cancer is the most common cancer among women in Malaysia. Therefore, it is highly important for the public to be educated on breast cancer and to know the steps to detect it early on. Healthcare providers are in the prime position to provide such education to the public due to their high knowledge regarding health and their roles in healthcare. The present systematic review involved studies conducted in recent years to analyze the knowledge, attitudes and behavior of Malaysian healthcare providers regarding breast cancer, in attempts to obtain an overall picture of how well equipped our healthcare providers are to provide optimal breast cancer education, and to see their perceptions and actual involvement in said education. The systematic review was conducted via a primary search of various databases and journal websites, and a secondary search of references used by eligible studies. Criteria for eligibility included being published from the year 2008 till present, being conducted in Malaysia, and being written in the English language. A total of two studies were eligible for this review. Findings show that Malaysian future and current healthcare providers have moderate knowledge on breast cancer, have a positive towards involvement of breast cancer education, but have poor actual involvement.

The Contribution of Non-conventional Microfinancing on Economic, Social and Household Empowerment of Women Borrowers in Malaysia

  • HAQUE, Tasnuba;SIWAR, Chamhuri;GHAZALI, Rospidah;SAID, Jamaliah;BHUIYAN, Abul Bashar
    • The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.643-655
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    • 2021
  • This study investigated the effect of the Amanah Ikhtiar Malaysia (AIM) microfinancing on the economic, social, and household empowerment of women borrowers in Malaysia. The study used a quantitative approach based on primary data. For this study, the participants comprised 384 AIM borrowers from Terengganu, Kelantan, and Pahang in the east coast region of Malaysia. Purposive stratified random sampling was used as well as the Krejcie and Morgan method to count the number of samples. Descriptive statistics and the Women Empowerment Index (WEI) were used in the analysis. The study findings reveal that AIM microfinancing affects the economic, social, and household empowerment of women borrowers in Malaysia. However, in comparing the three categories, women enjoyed more freedom in social and household decision-making than in economic decision-making. The present study recommends policies for the successful and effective operation of microfinance programs by providing the necessary guidelines for the control of AIM loan for women borrowers; increasing income-generating activities, sufficient access of credit, and proper education for the borrowers; and giving economic freedom of choice with necessary skill training policymaking options for the government and NGOs with the aim to improve the total household income and empowerment of the microcredit borrowers in Malaysia.

Skeletal-Related Events among Breast and Prostate Cancer Patients: Towards New Treatment Initiation in Malaysia's Hospital Setting

  • Ezat, Sharifa Wan Puteh;Junid, Syed Mohamed Aljunid Syed;Khamis, Noraziani;Ahmed, Zafar;Sulong, Saperi;Nur, Amrizal Muhammad;Aizuddin, Azimatun Noor;Ismail, Fuad;Abdullah, Norlia;Zainuddin, Zulkifli Md;Kassim, Abdul Yazid Mohd;Haflah, Nor Hazla Mohamed
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.5
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    • pp.3357-3362
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    • 2013
  • The human skeleton is the most common organ to be affected by metastatic cancer and bone metastases are a major cause of cancer morbidity. The five most frequent cancers in Malaysia among males includes prostate whereas breast cancer is among those in females, both being associated with skeletal lesions. Bone metastases weaken bone structure, causing a range of symptoms and complications thus developing skeletal-related events (SRE). Patients with SRE may require palliative radiotherapy or surgery to bone for pain, having hypercalcaemia, pathologic fractures, and spinal cord compression. These complications contribute to a decline in patient healthrelated quality of life. The multidimensional assessment of health-related quality of life for those patients is important other than considering a beneficial treatment impact on patient survival, since the side effects of treatment and disease symptoms can significantly impact health-related quality of life. Cancer treatment could contribute to significant financial implications for the healthcare system. Therefore, it is essential to assess the health-related quality of life and treatment cost, among prostate and breast cancer patients in countries like Malaysia to rationalized cost-effective way for budget allocation or utilization of health care resources, hence helping in providing more personalized treatment for cancer patients.

The Chemistry and Biological Activity Studies of Morinda Elliptica

  • Nordin Hj. Lajis;Ismail, Nor-Hadiani;Jasril Karim;Latifah S. Yazan;Azimuddin Abdullah;A. Manaf Ali;Raha A. Rahim;Arbakaria Ariff;Marziah Mahmood
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Applied Pharmacology
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    • pp.82-87
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    • 1998
  • Brine shrimp lethality test has become one of our routine tools in selecting plant materials for further chemical or bioactivity studies in our laboratory. Usually, once a potentially bioactive sample has been identified, it will then be subjected to more elaborate bioassay procedures. Out of more than 200 plant samples tested we found eight samples to be toxic towards brine shrimp larvae.

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Prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii Antibodies in Stray Dogs from Various Locations in West and East Malaysia

  • Watanabe, Malaika;Sadiq, Mohammed Babatunde;Mulop, Nazrul Iqbal Abdul;Mohammed, Konto;Rani, Puteri Azaziah Megat;Fong, Lau Seng;Aziz, Nor Azlina;Kamaludeen, Juriah;Ramanoon, Siti Zubaidah;Mansor, Rozaihan;Ping, Tan Li;Syed-Hussain, Sharifah Salmah
    • The Korean Journal of Parasitology
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    • v.58 no.5
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    • pp.487-492
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    • 2020
  • Toxoplasmosis is caused by an obligate intracellular protozoan parasite; Toxoplasma gondii, which is one of the most important zoonotic parasite worldwide. In dogs, the sexual reproductive cycle of T. gondii is lacking, and the animals are not widely consumed as food, but they are vital in the mechanical transmission of the parasite. However, there is no present data on the exposure of stray dogs to T. gondii in Malaysia. The objective of this serological survey was to determine the prevalence of T. gondii antibodies (IgG) and associated factors in stray dogs in East and West Malaysia. Antibodies to T. gondii were determined in serum samples from 222 stray dogs from 6 different states in East and West Malaysia (Peninsular Malaysia) using an Indirect ELISA. The seroprevalence for T. gondii was 23.4% (Confidence interval: CI 17.8-29.2%). Stray dogs from Selangor and Kuala Lumpur had the highest seroprevalence (32.4%; CI 13.2-45.5%) and lowest in those from Penang and Kedah (12.5%; CI 1.3-23.5%). Gender and breed were not associated with T. gondii seropositivity. However, adult dogs were more likely to be seropositive for T. gondii (OR=2.89; CI 1.1-7.7) compared with younger dogs. These results revealed that T. gondii is prevalent in stray dogs in the studied areas in Malaysia, and indicative of the level of environmental contamination of this parasite especially in urban areas.