• Title, Summary, Keyword: MODIS image

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Assessment of the Ochang Plain NDVI using Improved Resolution Method from MODIS Images (MODIS영상의 고해상도화 수법을 이용한 오창평야 NDVI의 평가)

  • Park, Jong-Hwa;La, Sang-Il
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
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    • v.9 no.6
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    • pp.1-12
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    • 2006
  • Remote sensing cannot provide a direct measurement of vegetation index (VI) but it can provide a reasonably good estimate of vegetation index, defined as the ratio of satellite bands. The monitoring of vegetation in nearby urban regions is made difficult by the low spatial resolution and temporal resolution image captures. In this study, enhancing spatial resolution method is adapted as to improve a low spatial resolution. Recent studies have successfully estimated normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) using improved resolution method such as from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) onboard EOS Terra satellite. Image enhancing spatial resolution is an important tool in remote sensing, as many Earth observation satellites provide both high-resolution and low-resolution multi-spectral images. Examples of enhancement of a MODIS multi-spectral image and a MODIS NDVI image of Cheongju using a Landsat TM high-resolution multi-spectral image are presented. The results are compared with that of the IHS technique is presented for enhancing spatial resolution of multi-spectral bands using a higher resolution data set. To provide a continuous monitoring capability for NDVI, in situ measurements of NDVI from paddy field was carried out in 2004 for comparison with remotely sensed MODIS data. We compare and discuss NDVI estimates from MODIS sensors and in-situ spectroradiometer data over Ochang plain region. These results indicate that the MODIS NDVI is underestimated by approximately 50%.

Merging of KOMPSAT-1 EOC Image and MODIS Images to Survey Reclaimed Land

  • Ahn, Ki-Won;Shin, Seok-Hyo;Kim, Sang-Cheol;Seo, Doo-Chun
    • Korean Journal of Geomatics
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.59-65
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    • 2003
  • The merging of different scales or multi-sensor image data is becoming a widely used procedure of the complementary nature of various data sets. Ideally, the merging method should not distort the characteristics of the high-spatial and high-spectral resolution data used. To present an effective merging method for survey of reclaimed land using the high-resolution (6.6 m) Electro-Optical Camera (EOC) panchromatic image of the first Korea Multi-Purpose Satellite 1 (KOMPSA T-l) and the multispectral Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) image data, this paper compares the results of Intensity Hue Saturation (IHS) and Principal Component Analysis (PCA) methods. The comparison is made by statistical and visual evaluation of three-color combination images of IHS and PCA results based on spatial and spectral characteristics. The use of MODIS bands 1, 2, and 3 with a contrast stretched EOC panchromatic image as a substitute for intensity was found to be particularly effective in this study.

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Merging of KOMPSAT-1 EOC Image and MODIS Images to Survey Reclaimed Land (간척지 조사를 위한 KOMPSAT-1 EOC 영상과 MODIS 영상의 중합)

  • 신석효;김상철;안기원;임효숙;서두천
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry, and Cartography Conference
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    • pp.171-180
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    • 2003
  • The merging of different scales or multi-sensor image data is becoming a widely used procedure of the complementary nature of various data sets. Ideally, the merging method should not distort the characteristics of the high-spatial and high-spectral resolution data used. To present an effective merging method for survey of reclaimed land, this paper compares the results of Intensity Hue Saturation (IHS), Principal Component Analysis (PCA), Color Normalized(CN) and High Pass Filter(HPF) methods used to merge the information contents of the high-resolution (6.6 m) Electro-Optical Camera (EOC) panchromatic image of the first Korea Multi-Purpose Satellite 1 (KOMPSAT-1) and the multi-spectral Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) image data. The comparison is made by visual evaluation of three-color combination images of IHS, PCA, CN and HPF results based on spatial and spectral characteristics. The use of a contrasted EOC panchromatic image as a substitute for intensity in merged images with MODIS bands 1, 2 and 3 was found to be particularly effective in this study.

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Survey for Reclaimed Lands in Western Coast of North Korea using Satellite Image data (인공위성 영상 자료를 이용한 북한 지역의 간척지 조사)

  • 신석효;김상철;안기원;김남식
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry, and Cartography Conference
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    • pp.251-257
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    • 2004
  • The Electro-Optical Camera(EOC) image of the first Korea Multi-Purpose Satellitel(KOMPSAT-1) has both high resolution and convenient acquisition of research data, but on the other hand it has a defect of one band image. Fortunately, the multispectral Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) image data are receiving every day at the Korea Aerospace Research Institute (KARI). Therefore, this paper performed an effective merging for survey of reclaimed land using the high-resolution (6.6m) KOMPSAT-1 EOC image and the multispectral MODIS image data. According this paper prepared map of reclaimed lands in Western Coast of North Korea as quantitative(position and form) survey of reclaimed lands of North Korea using merged image. The use of KOPSAT-1 EOC image and MODIS images was found to be economical such using of large scale areas as reclaimed land or according easy to collect information and such north korea as inaccessible areas like as receiving every day.

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Comparison of Fusion Methods for Generating 250m MODIS Image

  • Kim, Sun-Hwa;Kang, Sung-Jin;Lee, Kyu-Sung
    • Korean Journal of Remote Sensing
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.305-316
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    • 2010
  • The MODerate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) sensor has 36 bands at 250m, 500m, 1km spatial resolution. However, 500m or 1km MODIS data exhibits a few limitations when low resolution data is applied at small areas that possess complex land cover types. In this study, we produce seven 250m spectral bands by fusing two MODIS 250m bands into five 500m bands. In order to recommend the best fusion method by which one acquires MODIS data, we compare seven fusion methods including the Brovey transform, principle components algorithm (PCA) fusion method, the Gram-Schmidt fusion method, the least mean and variance matching method, the least square fusion method, the discrete wavelet fusion method, and the wavelet-PCA fusion method. Results of the above fusion methods are compared using various evaluation indicators such as correlation, relative difference of mean, relative variation, deviation index, peak signal-to-noise ratio index and universal image quality index, as well as visual interpretation method. Among various fusion methods, the local mean and variance matching method provides the best fusion result for the visual interpretation and the evaluation indicators. The fusion algorithm of 250m MODIS data may be used to effectively improve the accuracy of various MODIS land products.

GENERATION OF FOREST FRACTION MAP WITH MODIS IMAGES USING ENDMEMBER EXTRACTED FROM HIGH RESOLUTION IMAGE

  • Kim, Tae-Geun;Lee, Kyu-Sung
    • Proceedings of the KSRS Conference
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    • pp.468-470
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    • 2007
  • This paper is to present an approach for generating coarse resolution (MODIS data) fraction images of forested region in Korea peninsula using forest type area fraction derived from high resolution data (ASTER data) in regional forest area. A 15-m spatial resolution multi-spectral ASTER image was acquired under clear sky conditions on September 22, 2003 over the forested area near Seoul, Korea and was used to select each end-member that represent a pure reflectance of component of forest such as different forest, bare soil and water. The area fraction of selected each end-member and a 500-m spatial resolution MODIS reflectance product covering study area was applied to a linear mixture inversion model for calculating the fraction image of forest component across the South Korea. We found that the area fraction values of each end-member observed from high resolution image data could be used to separate forest cover in low resolution image data.

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A Study of Spring Drought Using Terra MODIS Satellite Image - For the Soyanggang Dam Watershed - (Terra MODIS 위성영상을 이용한 봄 가뭄 연구 - 소양강댐유역을 대상으로 -)

  • SHIN, Hyung-Jin;PARK, Min-Ji;HWANG, Eui-Ho;CHAE, Hyo-Sok;PARK, Seong-Joon
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.145-157
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    • 2015
  • In 2015, drought was at the worst stage of devastation in Soyanggang Dam watershed. The purpose of this study is to trace the drought area around Soyanggang dam watershed by using Terra MODIS image because it has the ability of spatio-temporal dynamics. The MODIS indices, which included the enhanced vegetation index (NDVI), were extracted from MODIS product MOD13 16-day composite datasets with a spatial resolution of 250m from 2010.01.01 to 2015.06.30. We found that application of Vegetation Condition Index (VCI) and Standardized Vegetation Index (SVI) was suitable for monitoring the drought area. The result can be used to acquire the drought data scattered and demonstrate the potential for the use of MODIS data for temporal and spatial detection of drought effects.

Applicability of Multi-Temporal MODIS Images for Drought Assessment in South Korea (봄 가뭄 평가를 위한 다중시기 MODIS 영상의 적용성 분석)

  • Park, Jung-Sool;Kim, Kyung-Tak;Lee, Jin-Hee;Lee, Kyu-Sung
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.176-192
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    • 2006
  • The need for a systematic drought management has increased since last countrywide drought in 2001. Naturally various studies for establishing drought plan and preventing drought disaster have been conducted. MODIS image provided by Terra satellite has effective spatial and temporal resolutions to observe spatial and temporal characteristics of a region. MODIS data products are easy for preprocessing and correcting geometrically and provide various data set in regular which are applicable for drought monitoring. In this study, Ansung river and the upstream of South Han river basin was chosen for case study to identify and assess spring drought. The multi-period MODIS image and accumulated precipitation were used to detect not only the drought year but also the vegetation change of normal year and the result were compared with various spatial data. The result shows NDVI and LSWI with is more appropriate than LST for assesing spring drought in Korea and two month cumulative precipitation has moderate relationship with drought. It is necessary to use MODIS image which has same period and same space for effective drought analysis because drought is also affected by landover and altitude.

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CAPTURE OF YELLOW DUST BLOW BY MODIS DATA

  • Song, Jie;Park, Jong-Geol;Yasuda, Yoshizumi
    • Proceedings of the KSRS Conference
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    • pp.920-922
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    • 2003
  • Large plumes of yellow send or yellow dust blow out over the Sea of Japan and the Japanese archipelago from mainland of China. In this study, the methodology to capture the perspective on the large Yellow dust storm by using MODIS data is discussed. As the typical image of yellow send, MODIS data obtained of April 8, 2002 were used in this study.

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ASSESSMENT OF SPRING DROUGHT USING MODIS VEGETATION INDEX AND LAND SURFACE WATER INDEX

  • Park, Jung-Sool;Kim, Kyung-Tak;Lee, Kyo-Sung
    • Proceedings of the KSRS Conference
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    • v.2
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    • pp.563-566
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    • 2006
  • In order for the evaluation and analysis of the spring drought which has been periodically occurring in Korean peninsula since 2000, the use of satellite image data is increasing to investigate temporal and spatial characteristics of the drought areas. The recent spring droughts in south Korea have some characteristics. It last for short period in spring when the activity of vegetation is not lively and it have large areal deviation in the severity of drought. In this study, considering the characteristics of the spring drought in Korean peninsular, the MODIS satellite image data which has superior spatial and radiometric resolutions was used for the analysis of the spring drought. In two basins having different spatial characteristics, the drought events were selected and their severities were analyzed using the MODIS NDVI, LSWI, and daily rainfall data since 2000, and the spatial characteristics of the drought area were analyzed using the DEM, land cover, and digital forest map of the study areas.

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