• Title, Summary, Keyword: Laughter

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Effects on the Laughter Score, Cortisol and Immunoglobulin of Laughter Therapy in Middle Aged Women (중년기 여성의 웃음치료가 웃음지수, Cortisol 및 면역글로불린에 미치는 효과)

  • Cha, Mi Youn;Hong, Hae-Sook
    • Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.230-236
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: In this study, the effects of laughter therapy on a laughter index, cortisol and immunoglobulin of middle aged women were examined. Methods: A quasi-experimental nonequivalent control group pre/post-test design were used. The participants (n=54) included 27 in the experimental group and 27 in the control group. The data were collected from February through March of 2013. The experimental group participated in laughter therapy for 40 minutes per session, five times a week for a period of 2 weeks. The tool was used to measure pre/post-test laughter index, cortisol and immunoglobulin of middle aged women. Results: The results showed that laughter therapy was effective in increasing the laughter index (p<.001), and immunoglobulin IgA (p<.001), IgG (p<.001), and IgM (p=.010). Also, the stress hormone, cortisol of middle aged women decreased but non-significantly (p=.158). Conclusion: The result of the study indicates that laughter therapy may have an influence on nursing intervention and treatment effects to improve the laughter index and immunoglobulin of middle aged women.

Effects of Visiting Laughter Therapy on Depression and Insomnia among the Vulnerable Elderly (방문웃음요법이 취약계층 노인의 우울과 불면증에 미치는 효과)

  • Park, Eunok
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.205-213
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of visiting laughter therapy on depression and insomnia in the vulnerable elderly. Methods: A quasi-experimental nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design was used for this study. The participants were 87 elderly who were registered in the Tailored Visiting Health Program of public health centers. Data were collected from September to November 2010. The experimental group received visiting laughter therapy froma visiting nurse who had taken laughter training provided by laughter therapy experts. The experimental group received 10~15 min of laughter therapy once a week for 8 weeks. The instruments included Geriatric Depression Scale and Insomnia Severity Index to measure depression and sleep problems before and after the laughter therapy. Results: The results showed that visiting laughter therapy was effective in decreasing depression and insomnia among the vulnerable elderly. Conclusion: These findings indicate that laughter therapy may be an effective nursing intervention to improve depression and insomnia Further studies would be needed to identify the difference of effects according to time, interval, or period of visiting laughter therapy and to evaluate the lasting effect of visiting laughter therapy.

The Effect of Laughter Program on the Stress of Nursing College Students in Clinical Practice (웃음프로그램이 간호대학생의 임상실습 스트레스에 미치는 효과)

  • Jung, Kyung-Hwa;Park, Sang-Youn
    • The Korean Journal of Health Service Management
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.163-172
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of the study were to investigate the effect of laughter program on the stress of nursing college students in clinical practice. The research design is one group pretest-posttest survey. Thirty-eight nursing college students took part in the study. Laughter program was carried out for 1hour 6weeks. Laughter program showed significant change on the state anxiety, mood-emotion, laughter index, subjective stress and self esteem. The acquired data were analyzed with SPSS/win 15.0 using descriptive methods paired t-test, Pearson correlation coefficient. The research producted following results: Laughter program can be effective to decrease the clinical practice stress; anxiety, mood-emotion and subjective stress index. Laughter program can be effective to increase laughter index and self esteem of nursing college students. Based on the study, It is necessary to repeat studies and considering to develop proper methods of clinical practice stress of nursing college students. This study recommends that laughter program coupled with cognitive approaches could affect ways of nursing college students coping with stress and contribute to the improvement from increasing their satisfaction.

Study on Laughter-arousing Factors of Character Designs of Kakaotalk Emoticons (카카오톡 이모티콘 캐릭터 디자인에서 웃음 유발 요인에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Eunkoung;Choi, Myoungsik;Kim, Cheeyong
    • Journal of Korea Multimedia Society
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.253-259
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    • 2015
  • The spread of smartphones enabled the two-way communication through the Internet, and character emoticons added fun and comfort to communication among users. To figure out laughter-arousing factors, a survey about emoticon designs of Kakaotalk Itemstore was conducted, targeting university students in their twenties. An interaction of 'user-preferred emoticons' and 'laughter-arousing emoticons' was analyzed. 90% of 'user-preferred emoticons' were 'humorous emoticons', and 84% of respondents answered that there is a relationship between 'user-preferred emoticons' and 'laughter-arousing emoticons'. Consequently, a high interaction between the 'rank of emoticons' and 'laughter-arousing emoticons' was derived. Also, factors of laughter-arousing emoticons were analyzed by studying the ranks of emoticon from 1st to 8th of Kakaotalk Itemstore. Two-divisional figures reminding pure kids, maximization of emotional expression by omission or exaggeration of mouth, and smoothness by concave curves aroused laughter. Intuitively understandable gestures were employed in terms of action. Furthermore, two-divisional figures' acting with comparably small body, hands and foot to their head, and people-mimicking motions of animals with cuteness and familiarity enabled arousal of laughter. In facial expressions, humorous articulation of sad, busy or mad expression enabled positive communion among users.

The Effects of Laughter Therapy on Depression and Laughter Index in a Community-dwelling Aged (웃음치료 프로그램이 지역사회 노인의 우울과 웃음지수에 미치는 효과)

  • Kim, Jinju;Kang, Gyun Young;Ju, Sejin
    • Journal of East-West Nursing Research
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.160-166
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    • 2014
  • Purse: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of a laughter therapy on mental health promoting like depression, laughing index of elderly. Methods: The study was conducted based on the non-equivalent control group pretest-posttest design. The participations included 12 older adults in the control group and 11 in the experiment group. Data was collected from October 1 to November 22, 2013. Experimental group participated in laughter therapy six times, once a week for 60 minutes of each session. Questionnaires were used to measure pretest and posttest levels of depression and laughing index. Results: At the end of six-week intervention, depression score (z=-2.95 p=.003) and laughter index score (z=-2.81 p=.005) was significantly decreased in the experimental group compared to the control group. Futhermore, there was a significant difference in the depression scores of the experiment group at the posttest, but no signigicant difference was found between the two groups. Conclusion: The study results suggest that the laughter therapy is an effective intervention to reduce the depression but helpful to enhance the laughing index. Therefore, it is expected that laughter therapy will serve as an emotional nursing intervention for elderly patients with depression.

Effects of Laughter Therapy on Postpartum Fatigue and Stress Responses of Postpartum Women (웃음요법이 산욕기 산모의 산후 피로와 스트레스 반응에 미치는 효과)

  • Shin, Hye-Sook;Ryu, Kyung-Hee;Song, Young-A
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.41 no.3
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    • pp.294-301
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of laughter therapy on postpartum fatigue and stress respon-ses of postpartum women. Methods: The research design was a nonequivalent control group non-synchronized design. The participants were 67 postpartum women who agreed to participate in this study, selected by convenience sampling: (experiment group-33 and control group-34). The data were collected from August 5 to September 30, 2010. The experimental group received laughter therapy from a laughter therapy expert for 60 min, twice a week for 2 weeks, a total of 4 sessions. To evaluate the effects of laughter therapy, postpartum fatigue by self-report questionnaire and cortisol concentration in breast milk were measured. The data were analyzed using the SPSS WIN 13.0 Program. Results: The first hypothesis that "the degree of postpartum fatigue in the experimental group participating in laughter therapy would be lower than that of the control group" was accepted. These findings indicate that laughter therapy has a positive effect on decreasing postpartum fatigue. Conclusion: The finding provides evidence for use of complementary and alternative nursing in Sanhujori facilities and obstetric units to reduce postpartum women's fatigue.

The Effect of Laughter Therapy on Depression, Anxiety, and Stress in Patients with Breast Cancer Undergoing Radiotherapy (웃음요법이 방사선요법을 받는 유방암 여성의 우울, 불안, 스트레스에 미치는 효과)

  • Kim, So-Hee;Kim, Yean-Hee;Kim, Hwa-Jung;Lee, Soon-Haeng;Yu, Si-On
    • Asian Oncology Nursing
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.155-162
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the of laughter therapy on depression, anxiety, and stress among patients underwent radiotherapy. Methods: Participants in the study were comprised of 60 breast cancer outpatients who received radiotherapy. Thirty-one of the patients were assigned in the experimental group and the other 29 patients made up the control group. Laughter therapy was consisted of the delivery of information and active motion resulting in laughter. We provided laughter therapy 4 times for 2 weeks. Each session lasted 60 min. The experimental group received laughter therapy intervention as a group. An average attendance frequency per person was 2.7. To evaluate the effect of laughter therapy, the degrees of depression and anxiety were measured by Hospital Anxiety and Depression (HAD) and stress was measured by the Brief Encounter Psychosocial Instrument (BEPSI). Data analysis included a 2-test, t-test, and Fisher's exact test using SPSS 12.0 and SAS 8.0. Results: There was significant decrease in the degrees of depression, anxiety, and stress in the experimental group compared to those in the control group (p<.01, p=.04, and p<.01, respectively). Conclusion: This study provides evidence that laughter therapy is an effective intervention in improving depression, anxiety, and stress in breast cancer patients.

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The Effect of Laughter Therapy on Arthralgia, Ankylosis, Depression, and Sleep of Elderly Housebound Women with Osteoarthritis (웃음치료가 골관절염 재가여성노인의 관절통증, 관절강직, 우울 및 수면에 미치는 효과)

  • Kim, Chung Soon;Jang, Sook Hi;Cho, You Young
    • Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.123-131
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of laughter therapy on arthralgia, ankylosis, depression and sleep of elderly housebound women suffering from osteoarthritis. Methods: The study used a nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design. The participants were 48 elderly women: 23 in the experimental group and 25 in the control group. The experimental group received laughter therapy twice a week for 4 weeks. The results were analyzed by using $X^2$-test, ANCOVA, and t-test with the SPSS/WIN 21.0 program. Results: The results showed that laughter therapy had a significant statistical effective in reducing arthralgia, ankylosis, and depression and improving the quality of sleep as evidenced by the differences between the two groups. Conclusion: The results of this study indicated that laughter therapy is an effective nursing intervention reducing arthralgia, ankylosis, and depression and improving the quality of sleep in these women. Therefore, it is necessary to develop laughter therapy as an independent nursing intervention for elderly women with osteoarthritis who are housebound.

Effects of Laughter Therapy on Stress Response and Pain of Military Personnel with Low Back Pain in Hospital (웃음요법이 군병원 요통환자의 스트레스 반응과 통증에 미치는 영향)

  • Yu, Jeong-A;Kim, Keum-Soon
    • Journal of muscle and joint health
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.36-45
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: This study was to determine the effects of laughter therapy on stress response and pain of military patients with low back pain. Method: The subjects in the experimental group received 3-sessions of laughter therapy on 3 consecutive days. The primary outcome measures were state anxiety, depression, blood pressure, pulse rate and pain. Result: After 3 sessions of laughter therapy, the scores of state anxiety(p=.046), depression(p=.028) and pulse rate(p=.003) were significantly lower and diastolic blood pressure(p=.038) was significantly higher in the experimental group than those in the control group. The level of pain(p=.711) was not different significantly between two groups. Conclusion: Laughter therapy could be an effective strategic intervention for military patients with low back pain to reduce the level of anxiety and depression. Further studies are needed to determine long-term effects of laughter therapy and its effects on cardiovascular system and pain.

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A Study on the Relation of Laughter Index, Depression and Anxiety in Middle-aged Women (중년여성의 웃음지수, 우울, 불안과의 관계)

  • Kim, Hye-Soon;Lee, Eun-Ja
    • The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.126-133
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    • 2006
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate Laughter Index, depression and anxiety in middle-aged women. Method: The data were collected from 622 middle-aged women by means of structured questionnaire. The data were analyzed using descriptive analysis, t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson correlation analysis by SPSS version 10. Results: The measuring of respondents' laughter index revealed they scored an average of 94.75 (${\pm}16.13$) of the full score 150. The measuring of respondents' depression showed they marked an average of 42.69 (${\pm}7.72$) of the full score 80. The measuring of respondents' anxiety showed they marked an average of 42.03 (${\pm}9.48$) of the full score 80. Respondents statistically showed the significant difference in their laughter index depending on age(t=.917, p=.000), and economic status(F=21.710, p=.000). Respondents statistically revealed the significant difference in depression depending on religion(F=3.396, p=.018), economic status(F=13.660, p=.000). Respondents statistically revealed the significant difference in anxiety depending on religion(F=5.557, p=.001), economic status(F=16.79, p=.000). The laughter index related to depression and anxiety in middle-aged women were significantly correlated. Conclusion: This study showed that laughter index in middle-aged women was correlated negatively depression and anxiety. Further research is regarded as necessary to evaluate and to compare effects of laughter with physical health status.

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