• Title, Summary, Keyword: Kangwon Land

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A Growth Strategies as a Global Complex Resort: Focusing on Kangwon Land (글로벌 복합리조트로의 성장전략에 관한 연구: 강원랜드를 중심으로)

  • Lee, Jae-Seok;Kim, Ki-Ho;Yi, Chang-Gi
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.83-100
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to establish the identity of Kangwon Land as an integrated resort and to suggest the future directions for sustainability. In addition, we will explore strategies for revitalizing the local economy and promoting local coexistence by diagnosing social awareness in order to coexist with the local economy. We examined the internal and external environment of Kangwon Land and investigated regional awareness and win-win strategies for Kangwon Land. Also, we analyzed various strategies and business activities that Kangwon Land is carrying out. In order for Kangwon Land to pursue sustainable growth as a global complex resort, it needs to establish (1) new trend management generating new demand that reflects global trends, (2) strategies to build regional tourism clusters, (3) a global network through global investment and partnership, (4) various CSR and regional cooperation strategies, and (5) CI(Corporate Image) improvement strategies.

Analysis of Baseflow using Future Land Use and Climate Change Scenario (토지이용 및 기후 예측자료를 활용한 미래 기저유출 분석)

  • Choi, Yujin;Kim, Jonggun;Lee, Dong Jun;Han, Jeongho;Lee, Gwanjae;Park, Minji;Kim, Kisung;Lim, Kyoung Jae
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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    • v.61 no.1
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    • pp.45-59
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    • 2019
  • Since the baseflow, which constitutes most of the river flow in the dry season, plays an important role in the solution of river runoff and drought, it is important to accurately evaluate the characteristics of the baseflow for river management. In this study, land use change was evaluated through time series data of land use, and then baseflow characteristics were analyzed by considering climate change and land use change using climate change scenarios. The results showed that the contribution of baseflow of scenarios considering both climate change and land use change was lower than that of scenarios considering only climate change for yearly and seasonal analysis. This implies that land use changes as well as climate changes affect base runoff. Thus, if we study the watershed in which the land use is occurring rapidly in the future, it is considered that the study should be carried out considering both land use change and climate change. The results of this study can be used as basic data for studying the baseflow characteristics in the Gapcheon watershed considering various land use changes and climate change in the future.

Comparative Analysis of Land Use Change Model at Gapcheon Watershed (갑천 유역을 대상으로 토지이용예측모델 비교 분석)

  • Kwon, PilJu;Ryu, Jichul;Lee, Dong Jun;Han, Jeongho;Sung, Yunsoo;Lim, Kyoung Jae;Kim, Ki-Sung
    • Journal of Korean Society on Water Environment
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    • v.32 no.6
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    • pp.552-561
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    • 2016
  • For the prediction of hydrologic phenomenon, predicting future land use change is a very important task. This study aimed to compare and analyze the two land use change models, CLUE-S and SLEUTH3-R. The analysis of two models were performed based on the MSR value such that the model with more reliable MSR value can be recommended as an appropriate land use change prediction model. The model performance was examined by applying to the Gapcheon A watershed. Land use map of the study area of 2007 obtained from the Ministry of Environment was compared with the predicted land use map obtained from each of the two models. The result from both models showed somewhat similar results. The MSR value obtained from CLUE-S was 0.564, while that from SLEUTH3-R was 0.586. However, when land use map of 2010 was compared with predicted land use map obtained from the two models in same manner, the MSR value obtained from CLUE-S' was 0.500 while that from SLEUTH3-R was decreased to 0.397, an approximately 32.3% decrease from previous value of 2007. Moreover, SLEUTH3-R showed more sensitivity in conversion of urban areas, as compared to other land use types. Therefore, for the prediction of future land use change, CLUE-S model is more reliable than SLEUTH3-R.

Evaluation of SWAT Prediction Error according to Accuracy of Land Cover Map (토지피복도 정확도에 따른 SWAT 예측 오류 평가)

  • Heo, Sunggu;Kim, Kisung;Kim, Namwon;Ahn, Jaehun;Park, Sanghun;Yoo, Dongseon;Choi, JoongDae;Lim, Kyoungjae
    • Journal of Korean Society on Water Environment
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    • v.24 no.6
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    • pp.690-700
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    • 2008
  • The Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) model users tend to use the readily available input dataset, such as the Ministry of Environment (MOE) land cover data ignoring temporal and spatial changes in land cover. The SWAT model was calibrated and validated with this land cover data. The EI values were 0.79 and 0.85 for streamflow calibration and validation, respectively. The EI were 0.79 and 0.86 for sediment calibration and validation, respectively. With newly prepared landcover dataset for the Doam-dam watershed, the SWAT model better predicts hydrologic and sediment behaviors. The number of HRUs with new land cover data increased by 70.2% compared with that with the MOE land cover, indicating better representation of small-sized agricultural field boundaries. The SWAT estimated annual average sediment yield with the MOE land cover data was 61.8 ton/ha/year for the Doam-dam watershed, while 36.2 ton/ha/year (70.7% difference) of annual sediment yield with new land cover data. Especially the most significant difference in estimated sediment yield was 548.0% for the subwatershed #2. Therefore it is recommended that one needs to carefully validate land cover for the study watershed for accurate hydrologic and sediment simulation with the SWAT model.

Evaluation of a Land Use Change Matrix in the IPCC's Land Use, Land Use Change, and Forestry Area Sector Using National Spatial Information

  • Park, Jeongmook;Yim, Jongsu;Lee, Jungsoo
    • Journal of Forest and Environmental Science
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    • v.33 no.4
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    • pp.295-304
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    • 2017
  • This study compared and analyzed the construction of a land use change matrix for the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change's (IPCC) land use, land use change, and forestry area (LULUCF). We used National Forest Inventory (NFI) permanent sample plots (with a sample intensity of 4 km) and permanent sample plots with 500 m sampling intensity. The land use change matrix was formed using the point sampling method, Level-2 Land Cover Maps, and forest aerial photographs (3rd and 4th series). The land use change matrix using the land cover map indicated that the annual change in area was the highest for forests and cropland; the cropland area decreased over time. We evaluated the uncertainty of the land use change matrix. Our results indicated that the forest land use, which had the most sampling, had the lowest uncertainty, while the grassland and wetlands had the highest uncertainty and the least sampling. The uncertainty was higher for the 4 km sampling intensity than for the 500 m sampling intensity, which indicates the importance of selecting the appropriate sample size when constructing a national land use change matrix.

A Study on the Applicability of Decision Support System for the Permission of Forest Land-Use Conversion (산지전용허가 의사결정지원시스템의 실제 운용가능성에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Sang Hyun;Kim, Eun Jin;Nam, Joo Hee;Woo, Jong Choon
    • Journal of Forest and Environmental Science
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.45-49
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    • 2014
  • This study was tried to find out the applicability of decision support system for forest land use conversion, which developed based on algorithm for forest land-use conversion. Decision support system developed by Ministry of Safety Administration is free from the existing licensed laws omission. And it made the input requirements for each value of the final result so that you can determine whether the permit was available by the laws and regulations related to the algorithm for forest land use conversion. Also, in order to do field surveys, equal sampling interval method is used to extract samples for the operability by comparing and analyzing the actual area. As a result, 88 areas of total 100 areas are able to get permission by the decision support system for forest land use conversion, and it means if there is enough data with sufficient research, it can make the availability permits easily.

Spatial Distribution and Casual Causes of Shallow Landslides in Jinbu Area of Korea

  • Park, Jin Woo;Choi, Byoung Koo;Kim, Myung Hwan;Cha, Du Song
    • Journal of Forest and Environmental Science
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.130-135
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    • 2017
  • In temperate monsoon regions, extensive shallow landslides triggered by heavy rainfall are recurrent phenomena in mountainous areas. 1,357 landslides over Jinbu area, Korea that totaled 127 km2 were identified from aerial photographs and field survey. We examined characteristics of rainfall-induced shallow landslides and casual factors affecting landslide distribution with respect to topographic and forest settings, and land use. Most landslides occurred in the study area were the results of a complex combination of precondition, preparatory factors and triggering factors. Cumulative rainfall and high intensity rainfall during short period of time made the study area very sensitive to landslides and played as catalysts to enable other factors including topographic and forest settings, and land use to act more effectively. In addition, some landslides at lower elevation involved channel incision or bank erosion influenced by land use changes such as deforestation and intensification of agriculture surrounding riparian forests or hillslopes. The results suggest that most of landslide were triggered by heavy rainstorms while topographic, forest settings, and land use affected landslide distribution occurred in the study area.

Stable carbon isotope signatures of zooplankton in some reservoirs in Korea

  • Lee, Jeayong;Lee, Yunkyoung;Jang, Changwon;Owen, Jeffrey S.;Kim, Jai-Ku;Eum, Jaesung;Jung, Sungmin;Kim, Bomchul
    • Journal of Ecology and Environment
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    • v.36 no.3
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    • pp.183-191
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    • 2013
  • Dissolved organic carbon (DOC) concentrations and zooplankton and particulate organic matter (POM) ${\delta}^{13}C$ values were measured in five reservoirs in Korea. Zooplankton ${\delta}^{13}C$ and POM ${\delta}^{13}C$ showed large range from -33‰ to -22‰ and a significant difference among the reservoirs. One eutrophic reservoir, Lake Masan, showed unique characteristics with the highest zooplankton density, the highest ${\delta}^{13}C$, and the highest DOC. Zooplankton ${\delta}^{13}C$ was similar to POM ${\delta}^{13}C$, implying that zooplankton occupies substantial portion of POM or that zooplankton isotopic composition is related to selective grazing and assimilation of food sources from bulk POM. Except Lake Masan zooplankton ${\delta}^{13}C$ values were negatively correlated to DOC concentration in four reservoirs with mostly forest land use. This pattern can be probably attributed to intensive agricultural land use in the watershed of Lake Masan compared to the mostly forest land use in the other watersheds. Understanding the relationship between zooplankton ${\delta}^{13}C$ values and the origin of organic matter associated with watershed characteristics will be valuable to better understand trophic relationships in reservoirs in the summer monsoon region.

Analysis of Runoff Reduction with LID Adoption using the SWMM (SWMM을 이용한 춘천 거두 1지구의 LID 개념 적용으로 인한 유출 감소 특성 분석)

  • Park, Junho;Yoo, Yonggu;Park, Youngkon;Yoon, Heetaek;KIm, Jonggun;Park, Younshik;Jeon, Ji-Hong;Lim, Kyoung Jae
    • Journal of Korean Society on Water Environment
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    • v.24 no.6
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    • pp.806-816
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    • 2008
  • In recent years, increases in impervious areas with rapid urbanization and land use changes are causing numerous hydrologic and environmental problems. In this study Low Impact Development (LID) was applied to investigate changes in runoff and peak runoff with LID plans. SWMM 5.0 was used to simulate LID Integrated Management Practices (IMPs) at study area. The SWMM estimated total runoff volume with conventional land use planning is (82.3%, 46.44 mm), (99%, 73.16 mm) greater than total runoff before urbanization, while total runoff with LID is (11.1%, 46.44 mm), (49%, 73.16 mm) greater than those before urbanization. With the LID adoption in land use planning, pervious area increases by 49.8% compared with that from the conventional urban land use planning, resulting in (32.7%, 46.44 mm), (23.6%, 73.16 mm) decrease in total runoff, and (32.6%, 46.44 mm), (18.5%, 73.16 mm) decreases in peak rate runoff. The results obtained from this study indicate that peak rate runoff, time to peak, and total runoff can be reduced with the LID in urban land use planning because the LID secures pervious areas with various LID IMPs. The SWMM simulated result using design storm data and the US EPA suggested CN values for various LID IMPs implies that how environment-friendly urban land use planning with the LID adoption is important for sustainable development at urbanizing watershed.

Analysis of the Efficiency of Non-point Source Pollution Managements Considering the Land Use Characteristics of Watersheds (유역의 토지이용 특성을 고려한 비점오염원 관리방안 적용에 따른 저감 효율 분석)

  • Choi, Yujin;Lee, Seoro;Kum, Donghyuk;Han, Jeongho;Park, Woonji;Kim, Jonggun;Lim, Kyoungjae
    • Journal of Korean Society on Water Environment
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    • v.36 no.5
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    • pp.405-422
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    • 2020
  • Land use change by urbanization has significantly affected the hydrological process including the runoff characteristics. Due to this situation, it has been becoming more complicated to manage non-point source pollutions caused by rainfall. In order to effectively control non-point sources, it is necessary to identify the reduction efficiency of the various management method based on land use characteristics. Thus, the purpose of this study is to analyze the reduction efficiency of non-point source pollution management practices targeting three different watersheds with the different land use characteristics using the Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT). To do this, the vulnerable subwatersheds to non-point source pollution occurrence within each watershed were selected based on the streamflow and water quality simulation results. Then, considering the land use, low impact development (LID) or best management practices (BMPs) were applied to the selected subwatersheds and the efficiency of each management was analyzed. As a result of analysis of the non-point source pollution reduction efficiency, when LID was applied to urban areas, the average reduction efficiencies of SS, NO3-N, and TP were 5.92%, 4.62%, and 10.35%, respectively. When BMPs were applied to rural areas, the average reduction efficiencies of SS, TN and TP were 35.45%, 4.37%, and 10.16%, respectively. The results of this study can be used as a reference for determining appropriate management methods for non-point source pollution in urban, rural, and complex watersheds.