• Title/Summary/Keyword: Job Stress

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Effects of Job Stress Factors on Psychological Job Stress and Job Satisfaction Levels of School Dietitians in the Seoul and Incheon Area (서울.인천 지역 학교 영양사의 직무 스트레스 요인이 심리적 직무 스트레스 수준과 직무 만족에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Gyoung-Mi;Lee, Sim-Yeol
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.143-151
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    • 2007
  • The effects of job stress factors on psychological job stress and job satisfaction levels of school dietitians were evaluated. Questionnaires were distributed to 163 elementary school foodservice dietitians in the Seoul and Incheon area. Statistical data analysis was completed using the SPSS program. The highest stress factor was the importance of the job followed by role ambiguity, autonomy and identity, communication and participation. When dealing with job stress, the subjects showed improved and positive behaviors when communicating and participating with each other. The analysis of the relationships between job stress factors and job satisfaction revealed that the importance of the job had a negative effect on jog satisfaction. while role conflict and overload, personal relationships, and experience accumulation had positive effects. Ample occupational experience and background had highly positive effects on school dietitians' job satisfaction level whereas negative results were shown concerning circulated appointments(p<0.01). Based on these results, we suggest that role conflict and overload should be reduced in order to lower job stress levels and enhance job satisfaction levels.

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Analysis of Relationship Between Job Stress and Fatigue According to The Type A/B Behavior Pattern of Physical Therapists

  • Wang, Joong San
    • Journal of International Academy of Physical Therapy Research
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.1135-1141
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    • 2017
  • Stress and fatigue are general physical aspects of our daily lives. It has been shown that physical therapists have different levels of job stress and fatigue according to the type A/B behavior patterns. This study collected data from 212 physical therapists between October 28 and November 23, 2016 using an anonymous, self-administered questionnaire. The study results showed the proportion of physical therapists with the Type A behavior patterns(TABP) was 18% greater than that of physical therapists with the Type B behavior patterns(TBBP). In this study, physical therapists with TABP were compared with physical therapists with TBBP. The results indicated that physical therapists with TABP were more inclined to experience higher levels of overall job stress and fatigue from the following stress factors: physical environment, job requirement, and job autonomy. Therefore, the stronger the tendency toward TABP, the stronger the feeling of job stress and fatigue from physical environment, job requirement, and job autonomy. Those with a tendency toward TBBP showed positive correlations between job requirement and the total job stress score; thus, the stronger the tendency toward TBBP, the stronger the feeling of overall job stress and fatigue from job requirement. This study suggests that it is necessary to manage the job stress and fatigue of physical therapists with both TABP and TBBP and to manage the job stress and fatigue of physical therapists with the type A behavioral pattern.

The Relationship of Post-traumatic Stress, Job Stress and Turnover Intention in Emergency Department Nurses (응급실 간호사의 외상후 스트레스, 직무 스트레스, 이직의도의 관계)

  • Han, Jeong Won;Lee, Byoungsook
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.340-350
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: This study was done to identify relationships among post-traumatic stress (PTS), job stress and turnover intention in emergency department (ED) nurses. Methods: Participants were 250 ED nurses who had worked for one month or longer in the ED one of three university hospitals or seven general hospitals in Daegu City or Gyeong Buk Province in Korea. Structured questionnaires were used to measure PTS, job stress, and turnover intention of participants. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, one-way ANOVA, path analysis, and stepwise multiple regression with the SPSS program. Results: There were significant relationships between PTS, job stress and turnover intention. PTS influenced turnover intention directly and was indirectly mediated by job stress. The experience of traumatic events influenced PTS, job stress, and turnover intention. Indirect experience of traumatic events in the ED was an important predictor, explaining 20.1% of PTS in high-risk post-traumatic participants. Conclusion: PTS can be an important factor for job stress and turnover intention. The direct and indirect experience of traumatic events can influence PTS, job stress, and turnover intention in ED nurses. Based on these results, strategies for managing PTS and relating job stress are recommended to reduce turnover intention in ED nurses.

The Moderating Effect of Childcare Teachers' Sense of Humor in the Relation Between Their Job Stress and Happiness (보육교사의 직무스트레스와 행복감 간의 관계에 대한 유머감각의 중재효과)

  • Lee, Yu Shin;Kwon, Yeon Hee
    • Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.91-106
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    • 2019
  • Objective: The purpose of the present study was to examine the moderating role of childcare teachers' sense of humor in the relationship between their job stress and happiness Methods: Participants were 294 childcare teachers working at 83 childcare centers located in Busan and Gyeongnam. Teachers completed a rating scale in order to examine their demographic variables, job stress, sense of humor, and happiness. The collected data were analyzed using product-moment correlation and hierarchical multiple regression. Results: Childcare teachers' job stress was negatively correlated with their happiness. And childcare teachers' sense of humor had a positive relationship with their happiness. Hierarchical regression analysis indicated that the interaction of childcare teachers' job stress and sense of humor predicted their happiness. Childcare teachers' job stress was significantly associated with their happiness among those who demonstrated the lowest level of sense of humor. Childcare teachers' job stress had no relationship with their happiness, especially for those with the highest level of sense of humor Conclusion/Implications: We suggested that having a sense of humor might be valuable for childcare teachers in order to buffer the link between their job stress and happiness.

The Effects of Violent Experiences and Coping on Job Stress of Caregivers in Long-Term Care Facilities (요양보호사의 폭력경험과 대처방법이 직무스트레스에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Og Son;Oh, Jin Hwan;Lee, Kee Lyong
    • Journal of Korean Academic Society of Home Health Care Nursing
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.169-180
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to investigate factors that affect job stress among caregivers in long-term care facilities. Methods: Data were collected from 125 caregivers through a structured questionnaire targeting general characteristics, violent experiences, coping, and job stress from February 2 to March 10, 2015. Data were analyzed by t-test, ANOVA, and multiple regression using SPSS 21.0. Results: The rate of violence experienced by caregivers was 99.2% for verbal abuse, 99.2% for physical violence, 95.2% for physical threatening, and 62.3% for sexual abuse. The mean score for coping and job stress was above average. Job stress significantly differed by marital status, education level, facility size, and policy on workplace violence. The significant predictors of job stress included policy on workplace violence, violent experiences, and education level. The regression model explained 28.0% of the variance in job stress. Conclusion: To improve job stress of caregivers, it is necessary to establish policies for violence within the organization and to develop and apply various programs that allow caregivers to work safe from violence both physically and psychologically.

Comparing the Emotional Labor, Job Stress, and Nursing Performance of Nurses in the Comprehensive nursing care Ward and the General Ward (간호·간병통합서비스병동과 일반병동간호사의 감정노동, 직무스트레스 및 간호업무수행)

  • Choi, Ha-Na;Lee, Mi Hyang
    • Journal of Korean Academic Society of Home Health Care Nursing
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.139-146
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: This study aimed to improve nursing practice efficiency by analyzing and comparing the emotional labor, job stress, and performance of nurses in comprehensive nursing care wards and in general wards. Methods: The study surveyed 151 nurses in comprehensive nursing care and general wards. The results were analyzed by ${\chi}$ 2test, ANOVA, and Pearson's correlation coefficient. Results: There were no statistically significant differences in terms of emotional labor, job stress, and performance for the two different types of nurses. Statistically significant positive correlations were noted between job stress and emotional labor, nursing performance, emotional labor, and job stress in the comprehensive nursing care wards, and between job stress and emotional labor, and nursing performance in the general wards. Conclusion: A longer duration of direct nursing in comprehensive nursing care wards tended to increase, emotional labor and job stress. However, the quality of nursing provided to patients tended to improve. Therefore, it is necessary to establish an institutional plan for carrying out efficient nursing while reducing emotional labor and job stress among nurses in comprehensive nursing care wards.

The Relations of Nurses' Job Stress and Knowledge, Attitude and Care Behavior for Elderly Patients (간호사의 직무스트레스와 노인에 대한 지식, 태도 및 케어실천행위)

  • Yoon, Sook-Hee
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.593-600
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: This study was to examine the relation of nurses' job stress and knowledge, attitude and care behavior for elderly patient in hospitals. Method: One hundred ninety one nurses caring the elderly patients in hospitals in Ilsan, Busan and Gyeongsangnam-do were subjects. The data was collected between Sept. 21 and 31, 2009. Data was analyzed using t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation with SPSS/Win 17.0 and the fitness of pathway models with AMOS 5.0. Results: The mean scores of job stress and knowledge were in middle range, and attitude and care behavior were in a little higher range. The fitness of hypothetical model was excellent. Job stress had direct effects on attitude and care behavior, knowledge had direct effect on attitude and attitude had direct effect on care behavior. But the pathways related to job stress and attitude and job stress and care behavior were not significant. In modified model deleted the pathway between job stress and attitude, the pathway related to job stress and behavior also was not significant. Conclusion: Education related to the elderly for nurses to improve care behavior is needed continuously.

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Effect of Incivility Experienced by Clinical Nurses on Job Stress and the Moderating Effect of Self-efficacy (병원간호사가 경험하는 무례함이 직무 스트레스에 미치는 영향과 자기효능감의 조절효과)

  • Kim, Song Yi;Yoon, Sook Hee
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.8-17
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: The aim of this study was to analyze the effects of incivility experienced by clinical nurses on their job stress, and to identify the moderating effects of self-efficacy on the relationship between job stress and incivility. Methods: A structured self-report questionnaire was used to measure job stress, incivility and self-efficacy. Data were collected from 140 nurses currently working in three general hospitals of more than 300 beds. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, ANOVA, Scheffétest, Pearson correlation coefficient, hierarchical multiple linear regression with the SPSS Version 19.0 program. Results: Incivility from supervisors, patients and patients' families showed a significant effect on job stress and self-efficacy had an effect on incivility from patients and patients' families and also incivility from doctors and job stress. These variables have total explanatory power of 46.6% on job stress. Conclusion: The results indicate a need to recognize the seriousness and damage of incivility in order to reduce hospital nurses' job stress and to awaken nurses to the relationship of stress and incivility and establish institutional programs to combat incivility. Moreover, there is also a need to improve self-efficacy on the ward through hospital education and coaching.

A Review on the Job Stress Measurements in Nuclear Power Plant Workers for Human Error Prevention

  • Kim, Seon Soo;Luo, Meiling;Oh, Yeon Ju;Lee, Yong Hee
    • Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.47-58
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    • 2013
  • Objective: The aim of this study is to review the job stress measurement for applying in nuclear power plants(NPPs). Background: The standard and guideline to evaluate and manage the job stress is insufficient in NPPs. Although job stress might have a negative effect on task performance particularly it can be related with human error in NPPs. Method/Results: This paper considered the objective and subjective stress measurements. One of the questionnaire(Korean Occupational Stress Scale) and the experiment method was investigated to apply in NPPs. KOSS was analyzed about the inter item consistency and correlation with the workload, and relative importance. In the objective evaluation considered the experiment method for the physical and mental job stress and analyzed from the phased point of view. Conclusion/Application: The measurement and criteria to evaluate job stress for operators must be complemented on the job characters and environments in NPPs. This study may support to confirm and manage the job stress in NPPs. The study of more specific methodology on job stress in NPPs is required on the basis of this paper.

Relationships between Job Satisfaction, Resilience and Job Stress among Infection Control Nurses (감염관리간호사의 업무만족도 및 자아탄력성과 직무 스트레스와의 관계)

  • Cha, Kyeong-Sook;Lee, Hung Sa
    • Journal of muscle and joint health
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.251-260
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships between resilience, job satisfaction, and job stress among nurses working at general hospitals. Methods: This study was a descriptive study using a questionnaire. The resilience scale, satisfaction scale and job stress scale were used. The data from 194 infection control nurses, who work for below 3 years at general hospitals, were collected from March 2 to September 30, 2017. Data were analyzed using SPSS 22.0 Win program. Results: In this study, job stress showed significant negative correlations with resilience (r=-.14, p=.043) and job satisfaction (r=-.50, p<.001). However, there was a significant positive correlation with infection control experience (r=.32, p<.001). Also, the level of job requirement stress and job autonomy stress scored higher than other sub-dimension of job stress. Job satisfaction was the most significant predictor (β=-.43, p<.001) in job stress. Conclusion: The findings of this study suggest that systematic training courses and education programs for new infection control nurses should be developed to decrease nurses' job stress and increase their resilience. Holding this program can help reduce nursing job stress and help to adapt individuals to existing changes.