• Title, Summary, Keyword: HAL

검색결과 263건 처리시간 0.041초

한국의 조우관과 중국의 할관 비교 연구 -조우의 상징적 의미와 변천과정을 중심으로- (A Study of comparing Korean Jowoo-Guan(조우관) and Chinese Hal-Guan(할관) - Focusing on transition and symbolism of the plume in the cap -)

  • 신경섭
    • 복식
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    • v.50 no.4
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    • pp.89-102
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this study was to research Korean Jowoo-Guan and Chinese Hal-Guan and study transition and symbolism of the birds feather in the cap. The culture of ancient Korea was influenced by North Asia prior to the influence of the Chinese culture, One of the remarkable thing, as the cultural factor of North Asia is the birds worship thought. Korean Jowoo-Guan was derived from the birds worship thought. So in dealing with the plume of Korean Jowoo-Guan, we must recognize Worship to the bird and the symbolical meaning of the bird. The results of study was as follow. 1. Korean Jowoo-Guan was influenced worship to the sun, so it's wearing symbolized the governing class. As the Social development and governing class, the feathering cap was developed to a gold crown, and also the gold crown of Samguk times had been influenced style of North Asia culture. But afterwards the symbolical meaning of the bird was waning, only decorative meaning was remained. 2. Chinese Hal-Guan was warn in Joo-dynasty, but the symbolism of the plume in the cap was not similar to Korean Jowoo-Guan. Chinese Hal-Guan was symbolized bravery of superfluous soldier than Worship to the bird. But afterwards the symbolical meaning of bravery of superfluous soldier was waning, only decorative moaning was remained. 3. Though neighbor countries have mutually influenced and have similar cultural style, they have symbolism of themselves

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운영체제의 이식성 향상을 위한 하드웨어 추상화 계층 구조 설계 (A Structure of Hardware Abstraction Layer for Improving OS Portability)

  • 이동주;김지민;유민수
    • 한국정보처리학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.3-6
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    • 2012
  • 최근 응용 특화된 다양한 구조의 프로세서가 확산됨에 따라 기존 운영체제를 다른 구조의 플랫폼으로 이식하는 비용이 증가하고 있다. 기존 운영체제에서는 소스 코드 수준에서 하드웨어 의존적인 부분을 HAL(hardware abstraction layer)로 구분하여 관리함으로써 이기종 플랫폼간의 이식성을 높이고자 하였다. 그러나 기존 HAL 구조는 대부분 하드웨어의 물리적인 구조만을 고려하여 설계되어 체계적인 이식 작업이 어렵다는 문제점을 가지고 있다. 이를 위해 본 논문에서는 하드웨어의 물리적인 구조와 운영체제의 기능적인 요소를 함께 고려한 HAL 구조를 제안한다. 제안하는 HAL 구조의 효용성은 S3C2410 에서 실행하는 운영체제를 Cell BE 플랫폼으로 이식하는 사례 연구를 통해 검증하였다.

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비정형작업 근골격계질환 위험요인의 노출평가: 일부 병원근로자에 대한 PATH-KOSHA 관찰도구 적용사례 (Exposure assessment of musculoskeletal disorder risk factors in non routinized work: An application of PATH-KOSHA observational tool to hospital workers)

  • 박정근;한영선
    • 한국산업보건학회지
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.412-422
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    • 2009
  • This study was conducted to assess exposure to musculoskeletal disorder(MSD) risk factors in hospital personnel who performed non-routinized work tasks. A tool ("PATH-KOSHA" version) was newly revised from PATH(Posture, Activity, Tools and Handling) method and uploaded into a personal digital assistant(PDA). The version was used, on a basis of direct-observation, to collect PATH data at the 2 hospital settings in different regions. Job analysis was performed to get various information (e.g., work and rest time, task type) as well. The data collected were visually checked for data cleaning and stored for future data analysis. A total of 1,992 PATH observations were made for 37 hospital workers. Exposure levels varied across 18 items of the MSD risk factors. The highest percent time spent on non-neutral postures was 53% for wrist deviation, followed by 47%(pinch grip), 35%(trunk posture), 23%(neck posture), and 20%(shoulder/arm posture). The highest percent time spent among hand activity level(HAL) variables was 55% for HAL-cat2 (HAL: 3.3 - <6.7). The percent time of items with respect to both loads with more than 5kg and contact stress was less than 4%. Vibration was not exposed in the study workers. Different aspects were discussed for findings. The study results showed that wrist deviation was highest in percent time spent on awkward posture while HAL-cat2 was highest in hand repetition. The study suggests that distal upper extremity posture and HAL should be primarily addressed and controlled in non-routinized work including the hospital settings.

SMI Compatible Simulation Scheduler Design for Reuse of Model Complying with SMP Standard

  • Koo, Cheol-Hea;Lee, Hoon-Hee;Cheon, Yee-Jin
    • Journal of Astronomy and Space Sciences
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.407-412
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    • 2010
  • Software reusability is one of key factors which impacts cost and schedule on a software development project. It is very crucial also in satellite simulator development since there are many commercial simulator models related to satellite and dynamics. If these models can be used in another simulator platform, great deal of confidence and cost/schedule reduction would be achieved. Simulation model portability (SMP) is maintained by European Space Agency and many models compatible with SMP/simulation model interface (SMI) are available. Korea Aerospace Research Institute (KARI) is developing hardware abstraction layer (HAL) supported satellite simulator to verify on-board software of satellite. From above reasons, KARI wants to port these SMI compatible models to the HAL supported satellite simulator. To port these SMI compatible models to the HAL supported satellite simulator, simulation scheduler is preliminary designed according to the SMI standard.

Complete mesocolic excision in right hemicolectomy: comparison between hand-assisted laparoscopic and open approaches

  • Sheng, Qin-Song;Pan, Zhe;Chai, Jin;Cheng, Xiao-Bin;Liu, Fan-Long;Wang, Jin-Hai;Chen, Wen-Bin;Lin, Jian-Jiang
    • Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
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    • v.92 no.2
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    • pp.90-96
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: To demonstrate the feasibility, safety, and technical strategies of hand-assisted laparoscopic complete mesocolic excision (HAL-CME) and to compare oncological outcomes between HAL-CME and the open approach (O-CME) for right colon cancers. Methods: Patients who were scheduled to undergo a right hemicolectomy were divided into HAL-CME and O-CME groups. Measured outcomes included demographic variables, perioperative parameters, and follow-up data. Demographic variables included age, sex distribution, body mass index (BMI), American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status classification, previous abdominal surgery, tumor localization, and potential comorbidities. Perioperative parameters included incision length, operative time, blood loss, conversion rate, postoperative pain score, postoperative first passage of flatus, duration of hospital stay, total cost, number of lymph nodes retrieved, TNM classification, and postoperative complications. Follow-up data included follow-up time, use of chemotherapy, local recurrence rate, distant metastasis rate, and short-term survival rate. Results: In total, 150 patients (HAL-CME, 78; O-CME, 72) were included. The groups were similar in age, sex distribution, BMI, ASA classification, history of previous abdominal surgeries, tumor localization, and potential comorbidities. Patients in the HAL-CME group had shorter incision lengths, longer operative times, less operative blood loss, lower pain scores, earlier first passage of flatus, shorter hospital stay, higher total costs, similar numbers of lymph nodes retrieved, similar TNM classifications, and a comparable incidence of postoperative complications. The 2 groups were also similar in local recurrence rate, distant metastasis rate, and short-term survival rate. Conclusion: The results demonstrate that the HAL-CME procedure is a safe, valid, and feasible surgical method for right hemicolon cancers.

우리 나라 명수법에 대한 소고(III)

  • 김병덕
    • 한국수학사학회지
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.55-62
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    • 1999
  • We research the origin of noun-following noun, Hal-Pun-Li which describes rate and clear up the difference between Hal-Pun-Li and numeric nouns which express decimal fractions. Next, we point out the mistakes of encyclopedia of mathematics, the Korean dictionary and the textbook of mathematics in the primary school, related to the difference. And then we detect the problems of the contents in the textbook which cause them. Finally we think of the improvements of the textbook.

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위피 기반 LBS 단말 표준 플랫폼 개발 (Development of LBS Terminal Standard Platform based on WIPI)

  • 장정아;최혜옥;김경호
    • 정보처리학회논문지A
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    • v.14A no.5
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    • pp.309-316
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    • 2007
  • 본 고에서는 최근 기술 개발되고 있는 위피 기반 LBS 단말 표준 플랫폼에 대하여 소개하고 있다. 위피 기반 LBS 단말 플랫폼은 이동 통신 단말기에 탑재되어 응용 프로그램을 수행할 수 있는 환경을 제공하는 모바일 표준 플랫폼 규격에서 위치정보를 획득하기 위한 API 이다. 이러한 위피 기반 LBS 단말 표준 플랫폼은 위치정보를 획득하고 처리할 수 있도록 단말 HAL API, 위피 C API, Java API 의 세가지 규격으로 구성되어 있다. 이중 HAL 부문과 C 부문은 Generic I/O 기반으로 개발 정의하였고, 이에 대하여서는 본 고에서 상세히 설명한다. 이러한 표준 플랫폼을 통해 위치정보기반 컨텐츠의 활용, 모바일 단말기 개발자에게 위치정보의 활용할 수 있는 표준화된 방법을 제공할 수 있다.

IEEE 802.11 네트워크에서 효율적인 라디오 자원 측정 시스템 연구 (Efficient Radio Resource Measurement System in IEEE 802.11 Networks)

  • 양승철;이성호;김종덕
    • 한국정보통신학회논문지
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    • v.16 no.11
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    • pp.2437-2445
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    • 2012
  • 본 논문은 무선 매체의 점유 요인을 분석하여 효율적인 라디오 자원 측정 방법을 제안한다. 미디엄 점유 시간은 무선 단말이 현재 채널에서 802.11 프레임, 무선 간섭, 프로토콜 대기 시간에 의해 점유된 시간으로 다양한 분야에서 성능 측정 도구로 이용된다. 기존 연구들은 부분적인 요인만을 측정하고, 측정 도구에 대한 검증 및 다양한 라디오에 대한 확장성이 부족하다. 본 논문은 세분화된 점유 요인들의 측정 방법을 제안한다. 이를 위해 무선 칩셋의 레지스터 정보 수집, 가상 모니터 모드를 통한 프레임 분석을 위해 802.11n 기반 OpenHAL 디바이스 드라이버를 수정하였다. 뿐만 아니라 다양한 검증 방법을 통해 정확한 미디엄 점유 시간을 도출한다.

무선 센서 노드상의 저가형 플래시 메모리를 위한 하드웨어 추상화 구조 (Hardware Abstraction Architecture for Low Cost Flash Memories in Wireless Sensor Nodes)

  • 김창훈;권영직
    • 한국산업정보학회논문지
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.72-80
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    • 2009
  • 본 논문에서는 무선 센서 노드에 사용 가능한 저가형 플래시 메모리를 위한 하드웨어 추상화 구조(Hardware Abstraction Architecture: HAA)를 제안한다. 제안된 HAA는 3개 의 계층으로 이루어져 있으며, 세 개의 계층은 HIL(Hardware Interlace Layer), HAL(Hardware Adaption Layer), HPL(Hardware Presentation Layer)로 구성된다. 여기서 HIL은 상위 계층의 어플리케이션에 대해 플랫폼 독립적인 인터페이스를 제공하고, HAL은 하드웨어 추상계층에서 가장 핵심적인 부분으로서 하드웨어 자원 제어, 상태관리,논리적 명령어를 생성하며, HPL은 하드웨어 초기화 및 플래시 메모리와의 통신 부분을 담당한다. 제안된 HAA는 무선 센서노드에 가장 많이 사용되고 있는 Atmel사의 AT45DB 계열의 플래시 메모리에 적용되었으며, 4,384 바이트의 프로그램 메모리와 195 바이트의 데이터 메모리를 사용한다. 따라서 본 논문에서 제안된 HAA 구조는 3계층으로 설계되었기 때문에 소프트왜어 개발 측면에서 높은 유연성, 확장성, 재사용성을 제공하며, 낮은 메모리를 시용하기 때문에 무선 센서 노드용으로 적합하다 할 수 있다.

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