• Title, Summary, Keyword: GPR탐사

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Application of GPR to Prospect Archaeological Remains (유적발굴에 있어서 GPR탐사의 응용에 관한 연구)

  • 김소구;오현덕
    • The Journal of Engineering Geology
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.475-490
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study is to apply one of the geophysical methods, GPR to archaeology. Time slice of analysis method was used to interpret archaeological feature before excavation. Study areas are Pubcheonri burial mound group in Wonju, Songhakdong no. 1 tomb, Gosung in Kyungsangnamdo, and Yoshinogari 2 rows of jar-coffins burial in Saga Prefecture, Japan. We found a stone tomb, spreaded and piled stones from spoiled tombs of the Baekje Dynasty as archaeological features in Pubchonri, Wonju. Songhakdong no. 1 tomb in Gosung was the unique keyhole-shaped tomb in Kyungsangnamdo as we know. But we found that the tomb consists of 3 tombs and there are lots of stone tombs according to the GPR and excavation. From the GPR exploration and excavation, it turned out not be a keyhole-shape tomb. We also found jar-coffins burial in Yoshinogari, Japan. As a result GPR was very helpful to detect archaeological features and pattern before excavation in advance.

A Study of Geophysical Surveys for the Open Waste Dumping Landfill (I) (불량쓰레기 매립지에 대한 물리탐사 적용사례 연구(I))

  • 이재영;김학수
    • Journal of Korea Soil Environment Society
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.29-38
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    • 1996
  • Among many geophysical prospecting methods, GPR(Ground Penetration Radar) and electrical resistivity method have been applied to a open waste dumping landfill for measuring of the site area and depth. The surveying was limited to a boarder of the site and inside area because of the field situation. The data of GPR were recorded by 50MHz antenna, and dipole array was used for electrical resistivity survey in the same survey line for the integrated interpretation. The result of GPR clearly indicated the horizontal boarder of site. However, the data of GPR did not have enough to measure the depth of site clearly. The electrical resistivity method may show the effective information by integrated interpreation. These results coincided with results of the boring test. Therefore, a combination of GPR and electrical resistivity is a good method for surveying of suspective open waste dumping landfill area and it's depth.

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Three dimensional GPR survey for the exploration of old remains at Buyeo area (부여지역 유적지 발굴을 위한 3차원 GPR 탐사)

  • Kim Jung-Bo;Son Jeong-Sul;Yi Myeong-Jong;Lim Seong-Keun;Cho Seong-Jun;Jeong Ji-Min;Park Sam-Gyu
    • 한국지구물리탐사학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.49-69
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    • 2004
  • One of the important roles of geophysical exploration in archeological survey may be to provide the subsurface information for effective and systematic excavations of historical remains. Ground Penetrating Radar (GPA) can give us images of shallow subsurface structure with high resolution and is regarded as a useful and important technology in archeological exploration. Since the buried cultural relics are the three-dimensional (3-D) objects in nature, the 3-D or areal survey is more desirable in archeological exploration. 3-D GPR survey based on the very dense data in principle, however, might need much higher cost and longer time of exploration than the other geophysical methods, thus it could have not been applied to the wide area exploration as one of routine procedures. Therefore, it is important to develop an effective way of 3-D GPR survey. In this study, we applied 3-D GPR method to investigate the possible historical remains of Baekje Kingdom at Gatap-Ri, Buyeo city, prior to the excavation. The principal purpose of the investigation was to provide the subsurface images of high resolution for the excavation of the surveyed area. Besides this, another purpose was to investigate the applicability and effectiveness of the continuous data acquisition system which was newly devised for the archeological investigation. The system consists of two sets of GPR antennas and the precise measurement device tracking the path of GPR antenna movement automatically and continuously Besides this hardware system, we adopted a concept of data acquisition that the data were acquired arbitrary not along the pre-established profile lines, because establishing the many profile lines itself would make the field work much longer, which results in the higher cost of field work. Owing to the newly devised system, we could acquire 3-D GPR data of an wide area over about $17,000 m^2$ as a result of the just two-days field work. Although the 3-D GPR data were gathered randomly not along the pre-established profile lines, we could have the 3-D images with high resolution showing many distinctive anomalies which could be interpreted as old agricultural lands, waterways, and artificial structures or remains. This case history led us to the conclusion that 3-D GPR method can be used easily not only to examine a small anomalous area but also to investigate the wider region of archeological interests. We expect that the 3-D GPR method will be applied as a one of standard exploration procedures to the exploration of historical remains in Korea in the near future.

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GPR Exploration of Non-metallic Water Pipes Linked with Network RTK (네트워크 RTK와 연계한 비금속 상수관의 GPR 탐사)

  • Lee, Keun-Wang;Park, Joon-Kyu
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.296-301
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    • 2021
  • GPR is used for non-destructive investigations, ground investigations, and underground facilities exploration at construction sites. In this study, the applicability to GPR exploration of water pipes linked to Network RTK was presented. Data on the water supply pipes in the study site were acquired using GPR, and the location and depth of buried water pipes could be measured. The accuracy was evaluated from the GNSS observation performance and showed a deviation of -0.16m ~ 0.15m. This satisfied the equipment performance of the public survey work regulation, suggesting that the exploration of water pipes using GPR is possible. Because GPR does not require grounding installation, as in conventional metal pipe detectors, it will increase the efficiency of work for underground facility exploration. Exploration using GPR can acquire the location and depth of metallic and non-metallic underground facilities, so it can be utilized in the construction of a GIS system. If a comparison of the exploration characteristics is carried out, it will be possible to present various uses of underground facility exploration using GPR.

Evaluation of Van Khan Tooril's castle, an archaeological site in Mongolia, by Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR을 이용한 몽고 유적지 반 칸 투리일의 성 (Van Khan Tooril's castle)의 평가)

  • Khuut, Tseedulam;Sato, Motoyuki
    • Geophysics and Geophysical Exploration
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.69-76
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    • 2009
  • We report an implementation of the Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) survey at a site that corresponds to a ruined castle. The objective of the survey was to characterise buried archaeological structures such as walls and tiles in Van Khan Tooril's Ruin, Mongolia, by 2D and 3D GPR techniques. GPR datasets were acquired in an area 10mby 9 m, with 10 cm line spacing. Two datasets were collected, using GPR with 500MHz and 800MHz frequency antennas. In this paper, we report the use of instantaneous parameters to detect archaeological targets such as tile, brick, and masonry by polarimetric GPR. Radar polarimetry is an advanced technology for extraction of target scattering characteristics. It gives us much more information about the size, shape, orientation, and surface condition of radar targets. We focused our interpretation on the strongest reflections. The image is enhanced by the use of instantaneous parameters. Judging by the shape and the width of the reflections, it is clear that moderate to high intensity response in instantaneous amplitude corresponds to brick and tiles. The instantaneous phase map gave information about the location of the targets, which appeared as discontinuities in the signal. In order to increase our ability to interpret these archaeological targets, we compared the GPR datasets acquired in two orthogonal survey directions. A good correlation is observed for the alignments of reflections when we compare the two datasets. However, more reflections appear in the north-south survey direction than in the west-east direction. This is due to the electric field orientation, which is in the horizontal plane for north-south survey directions and the horizontally polarised component of the backscattered high energy is recorded.

A Sudy on the Underground Condition of Road Using 3D-GPR Exploration (3D-GPR탐사를 이용한 도로하부 지반상태에 대한 연구)

  • Lee, Sung-Ho;Jang, Il-Ho
    • Journal of the Korean GEO-environmental Society
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.49-58
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    • 2019
  • A study on the analysis of underground ground condition using 3D-GPR exploration was carried out in this paper. The test bed was constructed similar to the field, and the detection analysis was carried out for each depth of cavity and underground burial. Through this, we were able to know the permittivity of the ground by inversion, and we could confirm the depth of detection for the joint by accurate calculation. We confirmed the signal waveforms in the cavity under the road through 3D-GPR exploration, analyzed more quantitatively in subjective and empirical analysis. The subsidence and depth of the subsurface settlement can be observed through 3D-GPR survey, and ground condition change after the ground reinforcement can be confirmed through the exploration section.

Detection of Subsurface Ancient Remains in Sooseong Dang Area, Buan Using Ground Penetration Radar Technique (지하투과레이다 기법을 이용한 부안 수성당 지역의 지하 유적 탐사)

  • Lee, Hyoun-Jae;Jeon, Hang-Tak;Yun, Sul-Min;Hamm, Se-Yeong
    • The Journal of Engineering Geology
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.553-563
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    • 2019
  • In order to survey archaeological sites, drilling and excavation are carried out at the final stage. However, at the preliminary stage, non-excavation geophysical prospection is used for assessing underground archaeological ruins. Among the geophysical prospecting techniques, Ground Penetration Radar (GPR) prospection has effectively been applied to historical sites due to its high resolution at shallow depths. In this study, the GPR prospection was conducted to find underground ruins near Suseong-Dang, the place of ancient rituals in Buan area, Korea. First, the GPR prospection was conducted at three sites (Site-1, 2, and 3), and subsequently, the GPR prospection was carried out at Site-3 in more detail. As a result of the prospection, the underground layered structure of the survey area consists of three layers, which are soil layer, weathered rock, and sound rock from the surface. And the GPR anomaly to the archaeological structure was clearly identified at around 100-cm depth showing est-west direction that is parallel to the long-axis array. This GPR anomaly of irregular geomorphological features and intermittent distribution may be related to the ritual remains found in Suseong Dang. The GPR prospection could be effectively used to detect archaeological sites or remains buried in the ground.

A geophysical survey result over a hydrocarbon contaminated site (물리탐사를 이용한 국내 유류오염지역 조사 사례)

  • Song Yoonho;Park Sam Gyu;Seol Soon Jn;Choi Seong-Jun;Chung Seung-Hwan
    • 한국지구물리탐사학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.122-140
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    • 2001
  • We have applied the geophysical survey, mainly electric and electromagnetic (EM) methods, to a test site contaminated by hydrocarbon waste disposal and local spill. The multi-frequency, moving source & receiver EM survey along with ground penetrating radar (GPR) showed a fairly good performance in detection of buried metal pipes and objects. Magnetic survey measuring vertical and horizontal gradients were so sensitive to the small metallic objects spread over the surface that it's hard to discriminate the buried pipe. We chose electrical resistivity, EM and GPR survey to examine the soil contamination. Depth slices of resistivity distribution as the results of the inversion of resistivity and EM data coincided each other and closely matched the contaminated area determined by chemical analysis of the soil samples. GPR images did not show the reflection events related with contamination plume since there are no distinct spill in this site. We inferred the contamination using the penetration depth of the GPR energy, which could be used as auxiliary information to the resistivity and EM results. We summarized the applicability of each survey methods based on this results and proposed a desirable survey scheme for the determination of hydrocarbon contaminated site.

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Application of Radar Survey to a Granite Quarry Mine (화강암 석산 지역에서의 레이다 탐사의 적용)

  • Seol Soon-Jee;Kim Jung-Ho;Cho Seong-Jun;Yi Myeong-Jong;Chung Seung-Hwan
    • Geophysics and Geophysical Exploration
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.8-18
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    • 2001
  • To delineate the inhomogeneities including fractures and to estimate the freshness of rock borehole radar consisting of the reflection and tomography methods, and GPR surveys were conducted at a granite quarry mine. The borehole reflection survey using the direction finding antenna was also conducted to get the spatial orientations of reflectors. 20 MHz was adopted as the central frequency for the borehole radar reflection and tomography surveys and 100 MHz was for GPR. Through the interpretation of borehole reflection data using dipole and direction finding antenna as well as GPR images, which are good agreement with each other, we could determine the orientation of the major fractures in three dimensional way. Parts of travel time curves of tomography data showed the anisotropy, which is uncommon in granite quarry. By comparing the tomography data and TeleViewer images, the anisotropy effect in this area are closely related to fine fissures aligned in the same direction. The area confined by the two fractures, MF2 and MF5, might consist of the most fresh granite in the surveyed area, which was concluded from the borehole radar tomography, and GPR images as well as the distribution of anisotropy.

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A study on a Integrated analysis for survey of the cavity behind the Concrete (콘크리트 배면 공동탐사를 위한 복합적 해석 연구)

  • Noh, Myung-Gun;Oh, Seok-Hoon;Suh, Baek-Soo
    • 한국지구물리탐사학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.185-189
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    • 2009
  • Integrated analysis of GPR, impact echo and impulse response for detection of the rear cavity of concrete was performed on the test-bed which was made in the same scale and component ratio to the real concrete structure. GPR survey may roughly delineate the location of the cavity, but applying the IE and IR technique to the test-bed, the location was clearly identified.

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