• Title, Summary, Keyword: Exhaustion from Work

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Taking a Closer Look at Bus Driver Emotional Exhaustion and Well-Being: Evidence from Taiwanese Urban Bus Drivers

  • Chen, Ching-Fu;Hsu, Yuan-Chun
    • Safety and Health at Work
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.353-360
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    • 2020
  • Background: Urban bus drivers work under conditions that are among the most demanding, stressful, and unhealthy with higher rates of mortality and morbidity as well as absenteeism and turnover. Methods: Drawing on the job demand-resource model, this study investigates the impacts of job characteristics on emotional exhaustion and the effects of emotional exhaustion on job outcomes (including job satisfaction, life satisfaction, organizational commitment, and turnover intention) in the context of bus drivers. Results: Using self-reported survey data collected from a sample of 320 Taiwanese urban bus drivers, results reveal that role overload and work-family conflict (as job demand factors) positively relate to emotional exhaustion, and organizational support (as a job resource factor) is negatively associated with emotional exhaustion. Emotional exhaustion has negative effects on both job satisfaction and organizational commitment. Job satisfaction positively leads to life satisfaction, whereas organizational commitment negatively relates to turnover intention. Conclusion: This study concludes that role overload and work-family conflict as two stressors related to job demands and organizational support as the job resource factor to affect emotional exhaustion which further influence well-being in bus driver context. The moderating effects of both extraversion and neuroticism on the relationship between job demands and emotional exhaustion are evident.

The Effects of Service Employee's Surface Acting on Counterproductive Work Behavior: The Mediating Roles of Emotional Exhaustion (서비스 종업원의 표면행위가 반생산적 과업행동에 미치는 효과에 관한 연구: 감정소모의 매개효과를 중심으로)

  • Kang, Seong-Ho;Chay, Jong-Hak;Lee, Ji-Ae;Hur, Won-Moo
    • Journal of Distribution Science
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.73-82
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    • 2016
  • Purpose - Counterproductive work behavior(CWB) was typically categorized according to the behavior whether it targets other people(i.e., interpersonal CWB: I-CWB). Employing organizations(i.e., organizational CWB: O-CWB) has emerged as major concerns among researchers, managers, and the general public. An abundance of researches has informed us about the understanding for the antecedents of CWB, whereas little is known about the antecedents of CWB directed distribution service in employee's emotional labor. Therefore, the purpose of this research is to propose a research model in which surface acting enhances emotional exhaustion as an emotional labor strategy, which eventually increases counterproductive work behavior(including I-CWM and O-CWB). Research design, data, and methodology - This empirical research data were gathered from the samples of full time frontline hotel employees(including front office, call center, food/beverage, concierge, and room service) in South Korea. Six hotels were selected ranged from four to five stars, including privately owned and joint-venture properties. A convenience sampling method was used to select hotels. Full time frontline hotel employees from the six hotels were surveyed using a self-administered instrument for data collection. With the strong support of hotel managers, a total of 300 questionnaires were distributed, and 252 responses were collected indicating a response rate of 84.0%. In the process of working with the 252 samples, structural equation modeling is employed to test research hypotheses(H1: The relationship between surface acting and Interpersonal counterproductive work behavior(I-CWB) is mediated by emotional exhaustion, H2: The relationship between surface acting and organizational counterproductive work behavior(O-CWB) is mediated by emotional exhaustion). SPSS 18.0 and M-Plus 7.31 software were used for the data analysis. Descriptive statistics were used to assess the distribution of the employee profiles and correlations between factors. M-Plus 7.31 software was used to test the model fit, validity, and reliability of the factors, significance of the relationship between factors, and the effects of factors in the model. Results - To test our mediation hypotheses, we used an analytical strategy suggested by Preacher & Hayes (2008) and Shrout & Bolger (2002). This mediation approach directly tests the indirect effect between the predictor and the criterion variables through the mediator via a bootstrapping procedure. Thus, it addresses some weaknesses associated with the Sobel test. We found that surface acting was positively related to emotional exhaustion. Furthermore, emotional exhaustion was a significant predictor from the two kinds of counterproductive work behavior. In addition, surface acting was not significantly associated with the two kinds of counterproductive work behavior. These results indicated that the surface acting by frontline hotel employees was associated with higher emotional exhaustion, which is related with higher interpersonal counterproductive work behavior(I-CWB) and organizational counterproductive work behavior(O-CWB). In sum, we confirmed that the positive relationship between surface acting and the two kinds of counterproductive work behavior was fully mediated by emotional exhaustion. Conclusions - The current research broadens the conceptual work and empirical studies in counterproductive work behavior literature by representing a fundamental mechanism that how surface acting affects counterproductive work behavior.

The Effect of Work-Family.Family-Work Conflict on the Emotional Exhaustion of Hotel Culinary Employees (호텔 조리사들이 지각하는 일-가족.가족-일 갈등이 감정고갈에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Dong-Hee
    • Culinary science and hospitality research
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.213-227
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    • 2012
  • This study aims to discover an effect of conflicts between work-family family-work of hotel employees on their emotional exhaustion through an empirical analysis, and to propose relevant implications. Also, the study tried to identify which role a responsive strategy may play as a moderating variable from among such influential factors. In consideration of the sales and the number of rooms at hotels as of 2010, the study conducted survey research about seven hotels located in Seoul, and carried out research with 298 copies of effective samples. In order to confirm the effect of work-family family-work on emotional exhaustion, the study undertook a multiple regression analysis and performed a moderated regression analysis for confirming the moderation effect of a responsive strategy. As a result, only the conflicts between one's work and a family had a significant effect on emotional exhaustion, and a problem-oriented responsive strategy demonstrated a moderation effect of the conflicts between work-family family-work and emotional exhaustion. In this regard, hotels should be prepared with a system which enables hotel chefs to be more faithful to both their families and household affairs through the reasonable operation of workload or an instructive system at work, and it would be possible to deal with the symptom of emotional exhaustion by conflict management through a rational analysis of the cause of conflict, if any, as well as through an alternative to such a conflict.

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The Job Satisfaction and the Turnover Intention of Dietitians Working at Foodservice of the Correctional Institutions in Korea (교정시설 급식 영양사의 직무만족도와 이직의향)

  • Cho, In-Jae;Lee, Hye-Sang
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.321-328
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate how certain factors influence job satisfaction and turnover intention of the dietitians working at the correctional institutions. A total 47 sheets of questionnaires (complete enumeration) were distributed respectively to the dietitians during the period from March 20th to May 18th of 2008. A total of 38 questionnaires (response rate 81%) were analyzed by using SPSS (ver. 19.0). The dietitians were more satisfied with coworkers ($3.63{\pm}0.10$) and supervision ($3.19{\pm}0.13$) than with pay ($2.97{\pm}0.09$) and promotion ($2.55{\pm}0.08$). Among the job burnout dimensions, cynicism ($2.58{\pm}0.09$) was rated higher than exhaustion ($2.47{\pm}0.10$), while professional efficacy level ($3.40{\pm}0.08$) was relatively high. The work dimension of job satisfaction was negatively correlated with exhaustion and cynicism dimensions of job burnout (p < 0.001), and turnover intention (p < 0.01), but positively correlated with professional efficacy dimension (p < 0.001). The co-worker dimension was negatively correlated with exhaustion and cynicism (p < 0.05) and turnover intention (p < 0.01), while the supervision, the pay, and the promotion dimension were not correlated with the job burnout and turnover intention. The turnover intention was positively correlated with exhaustion and cynicism dimensions of job burnout (p < 0.001). A stepwise regression analysis revealed that i) professional efficacy was a factor to significantly increase the work dimension of job satisfaction, ii) exhaustion and cynicism to significantly decrease the work and the co-worker dimension of job satisfaction, respectively, and iii) exhaustion to significantly increase turnover intention. The managerial efforts of the institutions could be focused on the job burnout factors to effectively increase the work dimension and the co-worker dimension of the job satisfaction.

Effects of Work-Family Conflict among Public Social Welfare Officers on Turnover Intentions - Focus on the Mediating Effects of Exhaustion and Job Satisfaction - (사회복지전담공무원의 일가정갈등이 이직의도에 미치는 영향 - 소진과 직무만족의 매개효과를 중심으로 -)

  • Jeong, Kyu-Hyoung;Ryu, Ju-Hyun
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.11 no.7
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    • pp.337-344
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    • 2020
  • This study examines the effects of work-family conflict among public social welfare officers on turnover intentions and verifies the mediating effects of exhaustion and job satisfaction. For research and analysis, the data of a survey conducted by the Nowon District Research Organization were used to determine the actual state of welfare personnel in charge of the community center's home-visiting service, and an analysis was conducted of 146 public social welfare officers from 19 community centers located in the Nowon District. The analysis results show that work-family conflict affects exhaustion but does not have either a direct or indirect effect on turnover intentions. On the basis of these results, the study proposes policy and practical implications for a work-family compatibility support policy to reduce exhaustion and increase job satisfaction among public social welfare officers.

The Fatigue Experience of Shift Work Nurses (교대근무간호사의 피로경험)

  • Kho Hyo Jung;Kim Myung Ye;Kwon Young Sook;Kim Chung Nam;Park Kyung Min;Park Jung Sook;Park Young Suk;Park Cheong Ja;Shin Young Hee;Lee Kyung Hee;Lee Byung Sook;Lee Eun Joo
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.103-118
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    • 2004
  • The purpose of this study was to understand the process and investigate basic theory of fatigue experience of shift work nurses. The present study adopted grounded theory methodology on fatigue of shift work nurses. The participants for this study were 15 shift work nurses who were in the age of 25 to 35, the clinical experience of 2 to 14 years and the work department of ICU. ER. ward and delivery room. The data were collected from 2000 to 2003 by using interviews and observations. The contents of the interviews were tape-recorded and were drawn through repeated method. And then were analyzed into the concept, subcategories, and categories with the open coding process and axial coding was done to identify the relationships of the concepts and categories according to the paradigm models. The core category generated, which was a central phenomena of the exhaustion process. The causal condition is change events. The central condition of exhaustion were sorted as physical discomfort, decreasing vigor, psychological instability, feeling of sleeping desire, changing face impression and being heavy body. The intervening condition were discovered as social$\cdot$ psychology$\cdot$physical resist and positive$\cdot$negative interaction strategies. The consequences of the fatigue process is the short term exhaustion relief and long term residual exhaustion. The fatigue process of this study was 'break through exhaustion' of change event-exhaustion-resist-resolve intervention-adaptation. This study offers better understanding on fatigue process of shift work nurses and may facilitate more appropriate interventive strategies to support, information and knowledges according to fatigue process.

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A Case Study on Emotional Labor and Exhaustion from Work of Taekwondo Gym Instructors (태권도장지도자의 감정노동과 직무소진에 관한 사례연구)

  • Ryu, Dong-Soo;Kim, Soo-Jung
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.16 no.8
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    • pp.611-623
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    • 2016
  • This research used one of the qualitative research techniques, in-depth interview method, on Taekwondo Gym instructors in their 30s to 50s with over 10 years experiences in various age groups, to elicit the empirical cases of emotional labor and exhaustion from their work. It categorized the cases into 3 main subjects that identified 2 areas to emphasized in each subjects through the phenomenological classification method. First subject listed, "recognition of emotional labor of the instructors", highlighted "recognition as a manager" and "recognition as an educator". Second subject listed. "meaning and need of emotional labor at the Taekwondo Gym", highlighted "emotional labor as a business strategy" and "emotional labor for educational effects". Third subject listed, "exhaustion from work experienced by the instructors", highlighted "a sense of shame experienced in the field" and "directions for change".

Impact of the Customer Orientation and Job Satisfaction as a Result of the Consultant's Emotional Exhaustion at the Call Center (콜센터 상담원의 감정소진이 고객지향성 및 직무만족에 미치는 영향)

  • Cho, Sang-Eun;Yang, Hae-Sool
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.10 no.6
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    • pp.386-403
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    • 2010
  • This research studied the impact of the customer orientation and job satisfaction by lowering the desire of the kind for customers and the desire for fulfillment as a result of emotional exhaustion of the consultant who performs emotion labor at the call center. This research sets study model and hypothesis to verify that call center consultant's emotional exhaustion how to effect customer orientation and job satisfaction. We took questionnaires from 157 call center(financial institutes) consultant's in Seoul for the verification of the hypothesis. I show that the consultant's emotional exhaustion had negatively affected the customer orientation and job satisfaction. In this paper proposed the importance that the experience of the consultant's emotional exhaustion who is the main agent of the performance should be minimized by removing ad improving the factors to lower emotion exhaustion through lowering time pressure in the work performance reduce the consultant's emotional exhaustion, granting work autonomy and authority, and active support of relevant departments and the ongoing communication between the managers and consultant This study makes a significant meaning in that it proposed the consultant's emotional exhaustion was negative factor on the customer orientation and job satisfaction factor in operating call center worker.

A Study on the Effects of Emotional Labor on Counterproductive Work Behavior via Burnout (감정노동이 직무소진을 매개로 반생산적과업행동에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Kang, Mi-Young;Han, Na-Young;Bae, Sang-Wook
    • Management & Information Systems Review
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    • v.36 no.1
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    • pp.309-327
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    • 2017
  • Recently the importance of emotional labor has increased so this study aims to prove the effects of emotional labor(surface acting and deep acting) on counterproductive work behaviors(deviate from organization and individual deviation) using burnout(emotional exhaustion, personality disorder, decrease in sense of accomplishment) as a medium. 350 surveys were sent to employees such as workers from call centers, salesperson from department store, financial worker, hospital staff, flight attendant and workers from customer center who and worked with emotional labor and 300 surveys excluding insincere ones were used for analysis. The result is as follows. First, surface acting which is a type of emotional labor chosen by customer workers had a positive effect on burnout such as personality disorder and decrease in sense of accomplishment. Second, deep acting had a negative effect on personality disorder and decrease in sense of accomplishment but did not show any effect on emotional exhaustion. Third, personality disorder and decrease in sense of accomplishment among burnout had effect on counterproductive work behaviors(deviate from organization, individual deviation) but emotional exhaustion did not show any effect on work behaviors(deviate from organization, individual deviation). Based on the result of analysis, implication of this study and direction of future research were suggested.

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Emotion Labor and Emotional Exhaustion : The Role of Emotional Intelligence (감정노동, 감성지능이 종업원의 감정고갈에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Hong, Yong-Ki
    • Management & Information Systems Review
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    • v.25
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    • pp.243-273
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    • 2008
  • A new research paradigm is emerging within organizational behavior, in both theory and empiricism, based on the increasing recognition of the importance of emotions to organizational life. This paper suggest that emotion intelligence play a moderate variables in relationship of emotion labor and emotional exhaustion. More specifically, it is proposed that emotional intelligence, the ability to understand and manage emotions in the employee self and others, contribute to effective emotions management in organizations. Four major aspects of emotion labor, appraisal and expression of emotion in oneself, appraisal and recognition of emotion in others, regulation of emotion in oneself and use of emotion to facilitate performance, are described. Also, the emotional intelligence are consists of four aspects, frequency of appropriate emotional display, attentiveness to required displayed rules, variety of emotions to be displayed and emotional dissonance. Then I propose how emotional intelligence contributes to of relations the emotion labor and emotional exhaustion. The purpose of this research is to investigate the impact of emotion labor to employee's emotional exhaustion to explore the moderating effects of the emotional intelligence between the emotion labor and emotional exhaustion. To complete the research the data were collected through a questionnaire from 147 employees from service company. After multi-hierarchical regression analysis, the outcomes of this study are the employee's emotional exhaustion are affected negatively by the three factors: major aspects of emotion labor, regulation of emotion in oneself, use of emotion to facilitate performance, make the moderation effect between emotion labor and emotional intelligence. These results indicate that instilling in others an appreciation of the importance of work activities: encouraging of true expression individual emotions, generating and maintaining well emotional climate and cooperation situations, and managing a meaningful environment for an organizational life.

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