• Title, Summary, Keyword: Duplicated Designation

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Improving the Designation Criteria of Coastal and Marine Protected Areas through the Application of AHP (AHP를 이용한 연안.해양보호구역 지정기준 개선 연구)

  • Nam, Jung-Ho;Yook, Keun-Hyung
    • Journal of Environmental Policy
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    • v.6 no.3
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    • pp.57-89
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    • 2007
  • The Korean government has put mamy efforts into the protection of ecological values of coastal and marine ecosystems since the mid 1990s, recognizing ecological values and economic contributions of coastal and marine ecosystems. Rapid increase of coastal and marine protected areas in terms of number and size implies the innovative change of national policy regarding ecosystem protection. As of the end of 2006, the total number and size of the protected areas account for 425 and $10,666.8km^2$ respectively. Despite of this achievement, the current policy regime on the protected areas has not been quite successful dealing with in managerial issues. The ambiguity and the lacking objectivity of designation criteria have, been causes of pending issues such as conflict outbreaks, 'paper parks', duplicated designation, etc. This paper aims at improving current designation criteria based on AHP(Analytic Hierarchy Process). The suggestion of the study covers both the new designation criteria and the weighing factor on each criterion considering different ecological and socio-economic characteristics of 'wetland protected area' and 'marine protected area'.

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Application of IUCN Category Regarding the Designation of Overlapping Protected Areas (중복지정된 보호지역을 고려하기 위한 IUCN 카테고리 적용)

  • Kil, Sung Ho;Lee, Dong-Kun;Sung, Hyun Chan;Lee, Gwan-Gyu;Kim, Ho Gul;Koo, Meehyun;Mo, Yong Won
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.157-167
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study is to seek the application of IUCN categories of overlapping protected areas which is legally designated in South Korea. Different government departments in South Korea have managed and designated as protected areas. However, the protected areas due to different management agencies can be confused with restricting behaviors and supporting residents. The IUCN presents the reasonal standardization classifying the protected areas which could be applied all over the world. Six categories issued by the IUCN could be applied to deal with the problems of the overlapping protected areas. We suggested the application of the IUCN categories compared with legal frame in South Korea. Most areas are overlapped in designation, but the areas are important for ecology and landscape. Moreover, each protected areas in South Korea have zone districts. Comprehensively considered all these things, we made rationale matrix correlated with the IUCN categories and the zone districts of the protected areas in South Korea. For the result of this study, this matrix could be helped to the application of the IUCN categories in domestic protected areas. Although the protected areas has been recognized as regulatory regions, it is expected to expand and sustain the areas based on the matrix.