• Title, Summary, Keyword: CASA-NPP model

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Prediction of Rice Yield in Korea using Paddy Rice NPP index - Application of MODIS data and CASA Model - (논벼 NPP 지수를 이용한 우리나라 벼 수량 추정 - MODIS 영상과 CASA 모형의 적용 -)

  • Na, Sang Il;Hong, Suk Young;Kim, Yi Hyun;Lee, Kyoung Do;Jang, So Young
    • Korean Journal of Remote Sensing
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    • v.29 no.5
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    • pp.461-476
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    • 2013
  • Carnegie-Ames-Stanford Approach (CASA) model is one of the most quick, convenient and accurate models to estimate the NPP (Net Primary Productivity) of vegetation. The purposes of this study are (1) to examine the spatial and temporal patterns of vegetation NPP of the paddy field area in Korea from 2002 to 2012, and (2) to investigate how the rice productivity responded to inter-annual NPP variability, and (3) to estimate rice yield in Korea using CASA model applied to MOderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) products and solar radiation. MODIS products; MYD09 for NIR and SWIR bands, MYD11 for LST, MYD15 for FPAR, respectively from a NASA web site were used. Finally, (4) its applicability is to be reviewed. For those purposes, correlation coefficients (linear regression for monthly NPP and accumulated NPP with rice yield) were examined to evaluate the spatial and temporal patterns of the relations. As a result, the total accumulated NPP and Sep. NPP tend to have high correlation with rice yield. The rice yield in 2012 was estimated to be 526.93kg/10a by accumulated NPP and 520.32 kg/10a by Sep. NPP. RMSE were 9.46kg/10a and 12.93kg/10a, respectively, compared with the yield forecast of the National Statistical Office. This leads to the conclusion that NPP changes in the paddy field were well reflected rice yield in this study.

Estimation of Corn and Soybean Yields Based on MODIS Data and CASA Model in Iowa and Illinois, USA

  • Na, Sangil;Hong, Sukyoung;Kim, Yihyun;Lee, Kyoungdo
    • Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
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    • v.47 no.2
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    • pp.92-99
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    • 2014
  • The crop growing conditions make accurate predictions of yield ahead of harvest time difficult. Such predictions are needed by the government to estimate, ahead of time, the amount of crop required to be imported to meet the expected domestic shortfall. Corn and soybean especially are widely cultivated throughout the world and a staple food in many regions of the world. On the other hand, the CASA (Carnegie-Ames-Stanford Approach) model is a process-based model to estimate the land plant NPP (Net Primary Productivity) based on the plant growing mechanism. In this paper, therefore, a methodology for the estimation of corn/soybean yield ahead of harvest time is developed specifically for the growing conditions particular to Iowa and Illinois. The method is based on CASA model using MODIS data, and uses Net Primary Productivity (NPP) to predict corn/soybean yield. As a result, NPP at DOY 217 (in Illinois) and DOY 241 (in Iowa) tend to have high correlation with corn/soybean yields. The corn/soybean yields of Iowa in 2013 was estimated to be 11.24/3.55 ton/ha and Illinois was estimated to be 10.09/3.06 ton/ha. Errors were 6.06/17.58% and -10.64/-7.07%, respectively, compared with the yield forecast of the USDA. Crop yield distributions in 2013 were presented to show spatial variability in the state. This leads to the conclusion that NPP changes in the crop field were well reflected crop yield in this study.

Impact Assessment of Forest Development on Net Primary Production using Satellite Image Spatial-temporal Fusion and CASA-Model (위성영상 시공간 융합과 CASA 모형을 활용한 산지 개발사업의 식생 순일차생산량에 대한 영향 평가)

  • Jin, Yi-Hua;Zhu, Jing-Rong;Sung, Sun-Yong;Lee, Dong-Ku
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.29-42
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    • 2017
  • As the "Guidelines for GHG Environmental Assessment" was revised, it pointed out that the developers should evaluate GHG sequestration and storage of the developing site. However, the current guidelines only taking into account the quantitative reduction lost within the development site, and did not consider the qualitative decrease in the carbon sequestration capacity of forest edge produced by developments. In order to assess the quantitative and qualitative effects of vegetation carbon uptake, the CASA-NPP model and satellite image spatial-temporal fusion were used to estimate the annual net primary production in 2005 and 2015. The development projects between 2006 and 2014 were examined for evaluate quantitative changes in development site and qualitative changes in surroundings by development types. The RMSE value of the satellite image fusion results is less than 0.1 and approaches 0, and the correlation coefficient is more than 0.6, which shows relatively high prediction accuracy. The NPP estimation results range from 0 to $1335.53g\;C/m^2$ year before development and from 0 to $1333.77g\;C/m^2$ year after development. As a result of analyzing NPP reduction amount within the development area by type of forest development, the difference is not significant by type of development but it shows the lowest change in the sports facilities development. It was also found that the vegetation was most affected by the edge vegetation of industrial development. This suggests that the industrial development causes additional development in the surrounding area and indirectly influences the carbon sequestration function of edge vegetaion due to the increase of the edge and influx of disturbed species. The NPP calculation method and results presented in this study can be applied to quantitative and qualitative impact assessment of before and after development, and it can be applied to policies related to greenhouse gas in environmental impact assessment.

Impact Assessment of Vegetation Carbon Absorption and Economic Valuation Under Long-term Non-executed Urban Park Development (장기미집행공원 개발에 따른 도시 식생 탄소 흡수량에 미치는 영향 및 경제적 가치 평가)

  • Sung, Woong-Gi;Choi, Jae-Yeon;Yu, Jae-Jin;Kim, Dong-Woo;Son, Seung-Woo
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.21 no.10
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    • pp.361-371
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    • 2020
  • Since the implementation of the sunset law in 2020, concerns have been raised over the reckless development of long-term non-executed urban parks. In this study, the FSDAF method and CASA-NPP model were used to evaluate the annual average NPP of long-term non-executed urban parks in Seoul. Based on this, the carbon loss and economic value were assessed under five development scenarios. The total NPP value of long-term non-executed urban parks, except for the greenbelt area in Seoul, was 4,892.18 t C. In the first scenario, the NPP and cost were 4,892.18 t C of vegetation carbon and 1.18 billion won, 2,548.55 t C of vegetation carbon and 615 million won in the second scenario, 238.94 t C of vegetation carbon and 58 million won in the third scenario, 848.38 t C of vegetation carbon and 205 million won in the fourth scenario, and 1,596.00 t C of vegetation carbon and 385 million won in the fifth scenario. These results are meaningful for evaluating vegetation carbon and economic value loss according to five different development scenarios. The results of this study are expected to be useful for the preparation of measures to minimize the impact of the development of long-term non-executed urban parks.