• Title/Summary/Keyword: Analysis on Learners

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An Analysis of Structural Model on the Learning Intention of the Participants in the Robot Programming (로봇프로그래밍 학습참여자의 학습의도 구조모형 분석)

  • Shin, Seung-Young;Kim, Mi-Ryang
    • The Journal of Korean Association of Computer Education
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.61-73
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    • 2011
  • The analysis on learners made through the study focuses on the intention of the participants in the learning activities of the robot programming. Therefore, for the analysis of the learners' intention, which is tried in the study, TAM, the analysis tool used for understanding buying acts or buying intention of buyers in the business sector, is basically utilized, and the Flow theory is additionally applied, trying to know, through the quantum analysis methods, the factors to give influence on the intention for learners to take part in the robot programming lesson. For this, a quantum analysis was made by PLS analysis, a kind of structural equations. As the result of the analysis, it is confirmed that such factors as 'recognized utility' and 'recognized readiness' and 'Flow' give significant influence on the intention of learners' participation in the lesson. As the result of the synthetic analysis and in regard with the value of the programming lesson, it is found that the following factors give actual influence to the intention of learners: the group where learners belong or teaching-learning organizations together with creating social rapport, learning tasks given for learners, etc.

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In My Opinion: Modality in Japanese EFL Learners' Argumentative Essays

  • Pemberton, Christine
    • Asia Pacific Journal of Corpus Research
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.57-72
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    • 2020
  • This study seeks to add to the current understanding of learners' use of modality in argumentative writing. A learner corpus of argumentative essays on four topics was created and compared to native English speaker data from the International Corpus Network of Asian Learners of English (ICNALE). The relationship between learners' use of modal devices (MDs) and the devices' appearance in the school's curriculum was also examined. The results showed that learners relied on a very narrow range of MDs compared to those in previous studies. The frequency of use of MDs varied based on the topic and did not seem to be driven by cultural factors as has been previously suggested. Learners used more hedges than boosters on all topics, contradicting most previous studies. Curriculum was determined to have a direct correlation with MD use, and other important factors may include perception of topic and overreliance on certain MDs over others (the One-to-One principal). This research implies that learners' perception of topic should be explored further as a variable affecting MD use. Curricula should be designed based on frequency of MD use by English native speakers, and learners should receive instruction that teaches the norms of MD use in academic writing. The methodology used in the study to determine correlations between MD use and the curriculum has a wide range of potential applications in the field of Contrastive Interlanguage Analysis.

A Research on the Interlanguage of Chinese Speaking Korean Language Learners: Focusing on MLU and Characteristics Found in Vocabulary Usage (중국인 한국어 학습자의 중간언어 연구 - 평균발화길이(MLU)와 어휘적 특성을 중심으로)

  • Kim, Seon-Jung;Kim, Mok-Ah
    • Cross-Cultural Studies
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    • v.22
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    • pp.303-327
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    • 2011
  • This study aims to uncover the learner's language proficiency shown in the writing data of Chinese elementary/intermediate level learners. Language proficiency of the learners acquired by error analysis provides only partial information, and thus this study analyses the interlanguage of Korean learners in terms of 'Mean Length of Utterance, MLU' to discover the overall aspect of learner's language proficiency more symmetrically. The analysis of vocabulary area is to be enforced after generally studying the learner's language development aspect in accordance with MLU-m(orpheme) and MLU-(w)ord found in compositions by Chinese speaking Korean language learners. In terms of MLU, it has been slightly increased as the level of proficiency between elementary level and intermediate level learners; however, the morpheme seemed to be difficult to use, since the difference between Chinese learners and Korean university students has been notably shown. Vocabulary diversity, using aspect for each word class, and using aspect of the predicate are studied for vocabulary area; more various and numerous vocabulary tend to be used as the level of proficiency increases. In terms of predicate use, Chinese learners use less numerous vocabulary types.

Learners' Different Views on Korean and Native Teachers of English

  • Kim, Ree-Na;Kim, Haedong
    • English Language & Literature Teaching
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.157-175
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study is to compare learners' view on Korean and native teachers of English with regard to competence of teaching skills. A total of 166 high school students attending the same high school in Korea participated in a questionnaire survey. The students were asked a series of questions about their five Korean teachers of English and three natives. The analysis of the results indicates that the learners believed Korean English teachers would be better in teaching vocabulary, grammar and reading than native English teachers. The learners answered native English teachers would be better in teaching speaking, listening, and writing. In the areas of the accuracy of classroom language, the level of teacher-centeredness, and the amount of cultural information given in a classroom, there were no significant differences in the learners' responses between Korea and native teacher of English. By recognizing the differences of the learners' views on two different types of ELT teachers, we suggest that it would be beneficial for learners if we would utilize their views in designing and administrating a team-teaching program.

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Code-Switching of English Learners in the TEE Program

  • Kim, Eunjeo;Choe, Sook Hee
    • English Language & Literature Teaching
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.99-118
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    • 2011
  • Research on strategic Code-Switching (CS) of second language learners in teaching English in English (TEE) program provides an elaborate framework for analyzing how learners manage to express themselves in spite of their limited knowledge of the target language. This research presupposes that L2 learners' CS presents innovative solutions for communicative strategy, and that CS used as communicative strategy can promote L2 learners' language acquisition. The major questions of current research involve examining the significant patterns of different functions of CS in L2 learners' interaction and investigating L2 learners' CS styles according to the different functions of CS. The implication of CS utility is regarded as a teaching technique in the TEE program. Recorded transcript is analyzed to trace the same pattern and the categorization of CS as well as to recognize the functions of CS and their ratio. Hence, this leads to the conclusion that learners' negotiation between code selection and communication intention occurs in patterns. The learners' CS tends to be predictable, reproductive, and systematic, as one of the language acquisition phases. Therefore, the attention to the CS in the TEE program should be redirected in communication substantiality toward the principles of pragmatics. As an additional advantage of the CS analysis, this research elaborates on a conceptual acceptance of CS as a set of learners' strategies in the TEE program.

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An analysis of corrective feedback and learner uptake in college EFL class: With a focus on teachers' and learners' attitude (대학에서의 영어 말하기 오류수정 피드백과 학습자 반응: 교사와 학습자의 태도를 중심으로)

  • Kim, Na-Yun;Lee, Eun-Joo
    • English Language & Literature Teaching
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.237-264
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    • 2009
  • The present study explores patterns of teachers' corrective feedback and learners' uptake in Korean EFL undergraduate classroom setting. It also examines consistencies and discrepancies in the perception of corrective feedback by teachers and learners. Teachers' and learners' preferences and perception of corrective feedback are further analyzed to determine whether or not those differ from actual practices in English language learning classrooms. The results of the study are as follows. First of all, teachers' corrective feedback type varied according to the learners' error type and English proficiency level. There was a lack of consistency between the teachers' feedback practices and the learners' error types. Second, for the phonological errors, learners' data witnessed the most frequent uptake on recast. For the other error types, however, the learners' uptake rates were high for the explicit corrective feedback. Third, the teachers' explicit knowledge of corrective feedback was rather low and the preferences differed from teacher to teacher. The teachers' feedback perception and preferences did not consistently reflect their actual practices. Finally, patterns of the learners' expectations of corrective feedback varied according to learners' proficiency level. Teachers' and learners' expectations of corrective feedback were also compared and some mismatches were detected.

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Teachers' Perspectives on Environmental Education and Expectations for Learners' Changes : An Ethnographic Case Study in Two Korean Middle Schools (교사의 환경교육 해석과 학습자 변화에 대한 기대 -두 중학교에서의 문화기술적 사례 연구-)

  • 김찬국;이동수
    • Hwankyungkyoyuk
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.101-114
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    • 2002
  • This study is an ethnographic case study aiming at understanding the environmental education (EE) classes of 'Discretionary Activity' which has recently been introduced into Korean middle school curricula. To show the characteristics of the classes, researcher described the phenomena unique to two schools. Two middle school teachers were included in this study as research participants. Qualitative approaches were used to understand the status quo of school environmental education, teachers's perspectives on EE and their expectations for learners' changes. Data were gathered using the methods of participant observation during two school terms and in-depth interview with two teachers and nine students. Ethnographic analysis/interpretation methods such as domain analysis were used to analyze the data. To verify the research methodology and conclusions, triangulation, members checking and peers debriefing were used. Research questions emerging through the circulative research process include 1) what are the teachers' perspectives on EE and how do the teachers' perspectives affect their EE teaching? 2) what are the teachers' expectations for learners' changes and how are teachers/researcher able to perceive learners' changes? Two research participants have different life experiences and perspectives on environment and EE. The perspectives had influence on the selection of the contents and the styles of their teaching. Teachers' expectations for learners' changes were also different according to the styles of the teaching.

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A Comparative Study on Oral Fluency Between Korean Native Speakers and L2 Korean Learners in Speech Discourse - With Focus on Speech Rate, Pause, and Discourse Markers (발표 담화에서의 한국어 모어 화자와 한국어 학습자의 말하기 유창성 비교 연구 -발화 속도, 휴지, 담화표지를 중심으로-)

  • Lee, Jin;Jung, Jinkyung
    • Journal of Korean language education
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.137-168
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to prepare the basis for a more objective evaluation of oral fluency by comparing speech patterns of Korean native speakers and L2 Korean learners. For this purpose, the current study focused on the analysis of speech materials of the 21st century Sejong spoken corpus and Korean learner corpus. We compared the oral fluency of Korean native speakers and Korean learners based on speech rate, pause, and discourse markers. The results show that the pattern of Korean learners is different to that of Korean native speakers in all aspects of speech rate, pause, and discourse markers; even though proficiency of Korean leaners show increase, they could not reach the oral fluency level of Korean native speakers. At last, based on these results of the analysis, we added suggestions for setting the evaluation criteria of oral fluency of Korean learners.

What Do Learners Do While Planning? Learners' Use and Perceptions of Planning for an Oral Narrative Task

  • Park, Su-Jung
    • English Language & Literature Teaching
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.223-248
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    • 2009
  • Previous research on the impact of pretask planning on subsequent second language (L2) production has mainly focused on the linguistic quality of planned production, while learners' thought processes and perceptions about planning have been relatively less explored. In addition, few previous planning studies have examined whether the learners did in fact follow the pretask instructions, thus leaving the role of pretask instructions in the planning process unexplored. Therefore, the present study investigated whether pretask instructions affect attentional allocation as well as what cognitive operations planners engage in and what their perceptions about planning are. Forty-three Korean EFL classroom learners were divided into two groups: before having time to plan for an oral story retelling task, one group received general instructions, while the other group received specific instructions. The findings, based on both quantitative and qualitative data analysis, indicated no large effects of pretask instructions on the planners' attentional focus. Rather, the qualitative analysis identified a number of other factors that influenced learners' decision making as well as their general processes and approaches to planning and their perceptions about planning and thinking aloud while planning. Implications for L2 teaching as well as limitations of the study are discussed.

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Vocabulary Size of Korean EFL University Learners: Using an Item Response Theory Model

  • Lee, Yongsang;Chon, Yuah V.;Shin, Dongkwang
    • English Language & Literature Teaching
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.171-195
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    • 2012
  • While noticing that there is insufficient interest in the assessment of EFL learners' vocabulary levels or sizes, the researchers developed two tests identical in form (Forms A and B) to assess the lexical knowledge of Korean university learners at the $1^{st}{\sim}10^{th}$ 1,000 word bands by adapting a pre-established vocabulary levels test (VLT). Of equal concern was to investigate if the VLT was equally a valid and reliable instrument to be used on measuring the lexical knowledge of EFL learners. The participants were 804 university freshmen enrolled in a General Education English Course from four different colleges. The learners were asked to respond to either Form A or B. While scores generally fell towards the lower frequency bands, multiple regression found the Korean College Scholastic Ability Test (CSAT) to be a significant variable for predicting the learners' vocabulary sizes. From a methodological perspective, however, noticeable differences between Forms A and B could be found with item response theory analysis. The findings of the study provide suggestions on how future VLT for testing EFL learners may have to be redesigned.

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