• Title/Summary/Keyword: Adiponectin

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Correlation of Hemoglobin and RBC count with Adiponectin Level

  • Shim, Moon-Jung
    • Korean Journal of Clinical Laboratory Science
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    • v.44 no.4
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    • pp.222-228
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    • 2012
  • Adiponectin is secreted specifically by adipose tissue and regulates lipid and glucose metabolism. In addition, adiponectin has been found to inhibit inflammatory process and possibly atherogenesis. This study was done to compare hematological parameters, serum lipids with serum adiponectin level according to body mass index (BMI) and gender in eighty eight Korean adults aged 40 to 68. In this study, the association between serum adiponectin and other variables including RBC counts, hemoglobin, hematocrit and albumin were investigated. RBC, hemoglobin status, was inversely associated with serum adiponectin levels in normal adult women. Adiponectin levels were significantly lower in men than women (p<0.01). In men, serum adiponectin levels were negatively correlated with body mass index (BMI) (p<0.05). However, no correlations were found in women. These results might imply that the regulation of key adipokines such as adiponectin might be a strategy for the prevention or treatment of obesity-associated diseases.

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Correlations of Leptin, Adiponectin and Leptin/Adiponectin Ratio with Metabolic Disorders in the Childhood Obesity (소아 비만에서 Leptin, Adiponectin 및 Leptin/Adiponectin Ratio와 대사 장애의 연관성에 관한 연구)

  • Cho, Sung Jong;Kim, Eun Young;Moon, Kyung Rye
    • Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.48-57
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    • 2006
  • Purpose: To investigate the correlation of the serum leptin, adiponectin, and leptin/adiponectin ratio with metabolic disorders in the childhood obesity. Methods: Fifty children (25 obese and 25 non-obese) were recruited in the pediatric outpatient clinic of Chosun University Hospital from January 1st to June 30th 2005. Adiponectin, leptin, anthropometric parameters, glucose, LDL-cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, total cholesterol, triglyceride, and insulin levels were measured. The correlations of leptin and adiponectin levels with anthropometric parameters, glucose, insulin and lipids were analyzed by Pearson's correlation coefficients. Results: Insulin and leptin levels of the obese group were significantly higher than those of the non-obese group (p<0.05, p<0.001 respectively). HDL-cholesterol and adiponectin levels of the obese group were significantly lower than those of the non-obese group (p<0.005, p<0.05 respectively). In the obese group, leptin level was positively correlated with BMI and the percentage of body fat, but negatively correlated with adiponectin level. Moreover, adiponectin level of the obese group was negatively correlated with BMI and the percentage of body fat, but positively correlated with leptin level. In the non-obese group, only insulin level was positively correlated with adiponectin. In the obese group, leptin/adiponectin ratio was positively correlated with the percentage of body fat and leptin level. Also, leptin/adiponectin ratio was positively correlated with BMI and the percentage of body fat in the non-obese group. Conclusion: Leptin, adiponectin, and leptin/adiponectin ratio did not appear to have a major role linking various metabolic disorders in the childhood obesity, even though they were strongly associated with obesity indices. Also, leptin/adiponectin ratio was associated with obesity indices even in non-obese children.

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Serum level of the adiponectin and adiponectin I164T polymorphism in hypertensive adolescents (고혈압 청소년에서의 혈청 adiponectin치와 adiponectin I164T 유전자다형성)

  • Lee, Jung Ah;Gil, Joo Hyun;Hong, Young Mi
    • Clinical and Experimental Pediatrics
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    • v.52 no.2
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    • pp.187-193
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    • 2009
  • Purpose : Adiponectin is a molecule that plays an important role in the metabolic syndrome. In addition, its concentration is known to be decreased in obesity, type 2 diabetes, and coronary artery disease. Although a relationship between hypertension and serum adiponectin concentrations has been reported by several authors, such findings continue to be debated. We investigated whether hypoadiponectinemia is related to hypertension in adolescents and studied the associated genetic polymorphism. Methods : Forty hypertensive adolescents (Age 16-17 years old) and twenty normotensive matched subjects were included. Serum adipo-nectin, insulin, renin, aldosterone and angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) levels were compared. Their carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) and pulse wave velocity (PWV) were measured. Polymorphisms of the adiponectin I164T gene were investigated using polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Results : The hypertensive adolescents had significantly greater cIMT and PWV. In addition, the serum aldosterone, renin and insulin levels were significantly higher in the hypertensive group. The plasma concentrations of adiponectin did not differ significantly between the two groups. TC genotype was not found in our study subjects; they all had the TT genotype of the adiponectine gene. Conclusion : The results of our study showed that adiponectin levels were not significantly different in adolescents with hypertension. There was no distinctive genetic polymorphism observed in this group of patients. Further large scale studies are needed to clarify the association between genetic variations and adiponectin in hypertensive adolescents.

Adiponectin Level in Non-Pregnant Women, Pregnant Women without Diabetes and Pregnant Women with Diabetes

  • Jo, Yoon-Kyung;Im, Jee-Aee
    • Biomedical Science Letters
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.233-238
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    • 2008
  • Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a common complication during pregnancy and one of the main causes of adverse fetal-maternal outcomes. However, the pathogenesis of GDM has not been clearly stated. Adiponectin, an adipose tissue-derived plasma protein, is involved in regulation of insulin resistance and glucose hemostasis, and thus is a key modulator of insulin action and glucose metabolism. In this study, we investigated to compare serum adiponectin levels in pregnant women with diabetes, pregnant women who are without diabetes, and non-pregnant women, and to evaluate relationship between serum adiponectin. levels and metabolic parameters. Forty-one pregnant women with diabetes, fifty-nine pregnant women without diabetes and forty non-pregnancy women were recruited. Adiponectin levels were significantly lower in pregnant women with diabetes when compared to non-pregnant women and pregnant women without diabetes. Pregnant women without diabetes at second trimester had lower adiponectin levels compared to non-pregnant women. Adiponectin was negatively correlated with BMI, fasting insulin, HOMA-IR, total cholesterol, and triglyceride. In conclusion, this study confirmed that the decreased level of adiponectin precedes the onset of abnormal glucose level during pregnancy and also normal pregnant women had lower adiponectin levels compared to non-pregnant women. This knowledge may help to identify strategies for lowering the occurrence of GDM in women who are at high risk of developing the disorder.

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IL-2-enhanced NK Cell Cytotoxicity is Regulated by Adiponectin from Hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal Axis (Adiponectin에 의한 IL-2 증가 자연살해세포 독성의 조절)

  • Kim, Keun-Young;Yang, Young
    • IMMUNE NETWORK
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.6-12
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    • 2006
  • Background: The Hypothalamo-Pituitary-Adrenal (HPA) axis is an important regulator for the body's stress response. As a primary stress responsive system, HPA-axis secretes various neurotransmitters, hormones, and cytokines, which regulates the immune system. Natural killer (NK) cell which is plays an important role in the innate immune response, is specially decreased their numbers and loose cytolytic activity in response to stress. However, the effect of HPA-axis secreted proteins on NK cell activity has not been defined. Herein, we studied the effect of adrenal secreted adiponectin on NK cell cytotoxicity. Adiponectin which is well-known metabolic control protein, plays important roles in various diseases, including hypertension, cardiovascular diseases, inflammatory disorders, and cancer. Methods: Signal sequence trap was used to find stress novel secretory protein from HP A-axis. Selected adiponectin was treated mouse mature primary NK cells and then examined the effect of adiponectin to NK cell cytotoxicity and cytokine expression level. Results: We found that adiponectin which is secreted from adrenal gland, suppress IL-2 induced NK cell cytotoxicity. And also investigated cytolytic cytokines are suppressed by adiponectin. Conclusion: These data suggest that adiponectin inhibites NK cell cytotoxicity via suppression of cytotoxicity related target gene.

Association of Adiponectin Polymorphisms with Type 2 Diabetes in Korean Population (한국인에서의 아디포넥틴의 유전자다형성과 제2형 당뇨병과의 연관성)

  • Yoo, Min;Kim, Su-Won
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.19 no.10
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    • pp.1495-1498
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    • 2009
  • Type 2-diabetes is a typical polygenic disease complex, for which several common risk alleles have been identified. Adiponectin, which modulates insulin resistance as well as glucose and lipid metabolism, has recently been associated with type 2-diabetes (T2DM). Therefore, we investigated the genotype for the T45G and G267T polymorphisms in adiponectin genes in the Korean population and compared genotypes of patients with those of a control group. 100 patients (63 male, 37 female), who previously underwent T2DM and 100 controls (36 male, 63 female) participated in this study. There was a strong association between T45G polymorphism in the adiponectin gene and T2DM. The present study shows that adiponectin T45G polymorphism may be associated with the pathogenesis of T2DM. Further studies with a larger population may be needed for the development of diagnostic methods at genetic levels such as DNA chip.

Adiponectin Gene Cloning and Its Expression in Insect Cell Expression System

  • Yuh, In Suh;Sheffield, Lewis G.
    • Reproductive and Developmental Biology
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    • v.36 no.3
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    • pp.193-198
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    • 2012
  • This study was to examine expression of the recombinant full-length adiponectin (recombinant adiponectin) in insect ovarian cell culture system and to characterize structural properties of the recombinant adiponectin secreted in medium. Gene construct encoding the recombinant adiponectin contained N-terminal collagen-like domain (110 Amino Acids, AAs), C-terminal globular domain (137 AAs) and C-terminal peptides for detection with V5 antibody (26 AAs included adaptor peptide) and purification using the 6xHis tag (6 AAs). The approximate molecular weight of the product (monomer) was 35 kDa. Molecular mass species of the expressed recombinant adiponectin were monomer (~35 kDa), dimer (~70 kDa), trimer (~105 kDa) and hexamer (~210 kDa). The major secreted species were the LMW forms, such as monomer, dimer, and trimer. There was MMW of hexamer as minor form. HMW multimers (~300 kDa) were shown as a tracer or not detected on the SDS-PAGE in several experiments (data not shown). The multimer forms in this study were not compatible to those in animal or human serum and adipose tissue by other researcher's study in which the major multimer forms were HMW. By protein denaturing experiments with reducing reagent (${\beta}$-MeOH), anionic detergent (SDS) and heat ($95^{\circ}C$) on the SDS-PAGE, not all adiponectin multimers seemed to have disulfide bond linked structure to form multimers. The recombinant adiponectin which expressed in insect ovarian cell culture system seemed to have the limitation as full physiological regulator for the application to animal and human study.

The relationship between serum adiponectin and inflammatory cytokines in obese Korean juveniles

  • Byun, Sung Hwan;Kwon, Eun Byul;Kim, Se Young
    • Clinical and Experimental Pediatrics
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    • v.57 no.12
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    • pp.533-537
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: Obesity is related to systemic inflammatory processes causing cardiovascular complications. Intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), CD40 ligand (CD40L), P-selectin are newly described mediators of inflammation and have a significant effect in atherosclerosis. Adiponectin has shown anti-inflammatory effects in adults. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between adiponectin and inflammatory mediators in children and adolescents. Methods: Fifty children or adolescents, twenty two with a body mass index (BMI) over 95th percentile, and twenty eight with a BMI below 75th percentile were included in the study. Serum soluble ICAM-1 (sICAM-1), P-selectin, CD40L, lipid profiles, aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, glucose and insulin were measured to evaluate associations with adiponectin. Comparison of these variables was performed between the obese and the nonobese group. Results: We found a adiponectin to be significant lower and sICAM-1 significant higher in the obese group compared to the nonobese group, but there were no significant differences in P-selectin and soluble CD40L. Adiponectin was negatively associated with ICAM-1 and P-selectin in the obese group. Conclusion: Negative associations of adiponectin with ICAM-1 and P-selectin in obese children and adolescents suggest that serum adiponectin level may represent the inflammatory status.

Comparison of Serum Adiponectin Levels According to Body Mass Index and Dietary Behaviors of Female University Students in Seoul (서울지역 여대생의 비만도 및 식습관에 따른 혈중 adiponectin 농도의 차이)

  • Kim, Mi Joung;Jun, Hyun Young;Rha, Hye Bog
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.354-364
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    • 2013
  • This study was conducted to determine whether dietary factors could be related with serum adiponectin concentrations in 243, year-three female university students living in Seoul. The mean of body mass index (BMI) and adiponectin levels of all subjects were $20.17kg/m^2$ and $11.07{\mu}g/ml$, respectively. When the subjects were divided into 3 groups based on BMI (underweight: < 18.5, normal: $18.5{\leq}&lt;23$, overweight and obesity: ${\geq}23$), serum adiponectin levels in underweight group was significantly higher than that in 'normal' or 'overweight and 'obesity' groups. Also when the subjects were divided into two groups by mean adequacy ratio (MAR), serum adiponectin concentration of the high MAR group (MAR > 75) was slightly higher than that the low MAR group ($MAR{\leq}75$). Serum adiponectin levels showed a negative correlation with body weight (p < 0.01) or BMI (p < 0.001) and a positive correlation with intakes of of animal or total protein (please clarify) or vegetable protein.Among the dietary behaviors, serum adiponectin levels of females who answered 'yes' to the question about 'eating breakfast' was significantly higher than that of those who answered 'sometimes' or 'No' (p < 0.05) and serum adiponectin levels were higher among those who reported higher fruit intakes. Overall, our results suggested that healthy lifestyle including acceptable BMI, eating breakfast and higher fruit consumption might play an important role in the prevention of obesity and enhancement of blood adiponectin levels.

Association Between Metabolic Syndrome and Adiponectin according to Sasang Constitution (사상체질에 따른 대사증후군과 Adiponectin의 상관성)

  • Yu, Jun-Sang;Koh, Sang-Baek;Park, Jong-Ku
    • Journal of Sasang Constitutional Medicine
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.122-130
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    • 2009
  • 1. Objectives: The objective of this study is to investigate the relationship between adiponectin and metabolic syndrome according to Sasang Constitution. 2. Methods: Six hundred sixty six participants were included in this cohort study. Sex, age, BMI(Body Mass Index), smoking, drinking, adiponectin level and Metabolic syndrome components were considerd. Sasang constitutional diagnosis was carried out by a sasang constitutional specialist using photos, questionnaires and PSSC(Phonetic System for Sasang Classification). 3. Results: In binary logistic analysis after adjustment of age, sex, BMI, smoking, drinking, adiponectin level and sasang constitution were related with Metabolic syndrome. 4. Conclusions: We suggest that adiponectin and sasang constitution are the important biomarker in Metabolic syndorme.

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