• Title, Summary, Keyword: Adhesion Properties

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Adhesion Properties of Indigenous Dadih Lactic Acid Bacteria on Human Intestinal Mucosal Surface

  • Dharmawan, Jorry;Surono, Ingrid S.;Kun, Lee Yuan
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.751-755
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    • 2006
  • Dadih is Indonesian traditional fermented buffalo milk believed by the natives to have beneficial effects on human health. This may be due to the probiotic properties possessed by the lactic acid bacteria (LAB) involved in its fermentation process. It was discovered that ten strains of dadih lactic isolates possessed some probiotic properties in vitro. In this study, the adhesion properties of dadih LAB, in comparison with documented probiotic strains, were investigated in vitro by using mucin extracted from human faeces and Caco-2 cells as the models for human intestinal mucosal surface and intestinal cells respectively. The adhesion results showed the distinction of Lactobacillus reuteri IS-27560 in adhering to both mucus layer and Caco-2 cells. The competition assay for adhesion to the mucus layer between dadih LAB and selected pathogens indicated the competence of Lactococcus lactis IS-16183 and Lactobacillus rhamnosus IS-7257 in significantly inhibiting the adhesion of Escherichia coli O157:H7. Accordingly, these two strains may be potential candidates for use as probiotic strains. Overall, the adhesion properties of all dadih LAB strains were relatively comparable to that of Lactobacillus casei Shirota and Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG, the documented probiotic strains.

Synthesis of Adhesion Promoters with Improved Compatibility and Properties of UV-Curable Adhesives Containing Adhesion Promoters (상용성이 개선된 접착 증진제의 합성 및 이를 함유한 자외선 경화형 접착제의 특성분석)

  • Park, Jung-Hyun;Won, Jonh-Woo;Kim, Ju-Yeol;Yoon, Yoo-Jung;Kwon, Oh-Hyeong;Hwang, Jin-Sang
    • Journal of Adhesion and Interface
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.145-153
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    • 2018
  • In this study, adhesion promoters with acrylate and carboxylic acid moiety were synthesized from malenized polybutadiene and 2-hydroxyethyl acrylate for producing adhesive film with low water absorption and high adhesion. The surface properties, adhesion strength, mechanical properties and water absorption of adhesive films were characterized according to the amount of acrylate and carboxylic acid in the synthesized adhesion promoters. As the carboxylic acid in the adhesion promoters increased, the adhesion strength showed a tendency to increase and the mechanical properties also improved compared to the commercial adhesion promoter. The compatibility of adhesion promoters improved remarkably due to the presence of polybutadiene (hydrophobic nature), maleic anhydride (hydrophilic nature) and carboxylic acid (hydrophilic nature).

Characteristics Correlations Between Fiber-Reinforced and Interfacial Adhesion in Carbon fiber reinforced Cement composite Prepared by Slurry Method. (슬러리법에 의한 탄소섬유보강 시멘트복합체의 제조에서 보강섬유와 계면결착제와의 상관특성)

  • Choi, Eung-Kyoo
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Building Construction
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    • v.2 no.3
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    • pp.131-138
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    • 2002
  • The objective of the study is to examine the characteristic correlations between reinforcing carbon fiber and interfacial adhesion agent since the interfacial adhesion strength between reinforcing carbon fiber and matrices is believed to be an essential element influencing the physical properties in carbon fiber reinforced cement composite using slurry method. The integrity of interfacial adhesion between reinforcing fiber and cement not only affects the quality of fiber reinforced cement composite but also influences to a large degree the physical properties of the cement composite when producing carbon fiber reinforced cement composite using slurry method. Having analyzed the physical properties 1.e., water content, tensile strength, flexural strength and flexural toughness of carbon fiber reinforced cement composite specimens, C-PAM(cation polyacrylamide) was determined to be an optimum interfacial adhesion agent. The study has also demonstrated that interfacial adhesion strength varies largely on the content and type of the reinforcing fiber. Judging from magnified view of the tensile shear cross-section using VMS(video microscope system), interfacial adhesion strength between reinforcing fiber and matrices is affected by the type of interfacial adhesion agent. According to the result of the experiments, C-PAM was determined to be an ideal interfacial adhesion agent when using carbon fiber in producing carbon fiber reinforced cement composite with the optimum content of carbon fiber being established.

A Study on Adhesion Friction Characteristics of Rubber for Tire Tread

  • Oh, Yumrak;Jeon, Seong-hee;Lee, Dong Youm;Kim, Hak-Joo;Kim, Jeong-Heon
    • Elastomers and Composites
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    • v.54 no.4
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    • pp.299-307
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    • 2019
  • Rubber friction properties include adhesion friction characteristics of the interface, hysteresis friction characteristics originating from repeated rubber deformations, and cohesion friction characteristics due to wear and tear. Cohesion friction is generally sufficiently small (< 3%) that it can be ignored, whereas adhesion friction has a relatively large contribution of 15%, but has not been investigated thoroughly. Therefore, through an adhesion friction study, the adhesion mechanism was examined and the relationship between friction characteristics and adhesion friction on dry surfaces was derived. The wet grip characteristics of tread rubber are fully described by the hysteresis characteristics of tires, but friction characteristics on dry roads are difficult to determine without adhesion factors. The results presented herein demonstrate that the combination of hysteresis and adhesion properties in the tread rubber sufficiently explained the characteristics of the dry grip. Based on the results of this study, technologies will be developed to determine the key factors governing adhesion friction characteristics and improve dry tire braking performance.

Thermal Conductivity and Adhesion Properties of Thermally Conductive Pressure-Sensitive Adhesives

  • Kim, Jin-Kon;Kim, Jong-Won;Kim, Myung-Im;Song, Min-Seok
    • Macromolecular Research
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    • v.14 no.5
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    • pp.517-523
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    • 2006
  • The effects of particle content, size and shape on the thermal conductivity (k) and adhesion properties of thermally conductive, pressure-sensitive adhesives (PSAs) were investigated. The matrix resins were thermally crosslinkable, 2-ethylhexyl acrylic polyol and ultraviolet (UV)-curable, random copolymer consisting of acrylic oligomer and various acrylates. We found that k increased with increasing diameter and particle aspect ratio, and was further enhanced due to the reduction of the interfacial thermal barrier when the coupling agent, which increases the adhesion between particles and the matrix resin, was used. On the other hand, adhesion properties such as peel strength and tack of the thermally crosslinkable resin decreased sharply with increasing particle content. However, for UV curable resin, increased particle addition inhibited the decrease in adhesion properties.

A Study for Mechanical and Platelet Adhesion Properties of Fluorinated Polyurethanes (불소화된 폴리우레탄의 기계적 물성과 혈소판 점착특성에 관한 연구)

  • 김형중
    • Polymer(Korea)
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.343-348
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    • 2001
  • The mechanical and the platelet adhesion properties of the fluorinated polyurethane elastomers synthesized with a perfluorinated polyether diol (Fomblin ZDOL$ZDOL^{(R)}$) and 4,4'-diphenyl methane diisocyanate (MDI) were investigated. The change of mechanical properties with the Fomblin content and the type of the polyether diol was investigated by applying a designed technique using in vitro platelet adhesion test. As a result, the tensile properties were affected by the content and the type of nixed polyether diols. Also the platelet adhesion of polyurethane elastomers decreased with increasing the extent of fluorination in the polymer.

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Correlation Study on Tire Belt Adhesion Properties and Durability Performance (타이어의 벨트 부착력과 내구성능 간의 상관성 연구)

  • Hong Seungjun;Lee Hoguen
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.29 no.6
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    • pp.804-808
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    • 2005
  • A pneumatic tire is made up of many flexible filaments of high modulus cord of natural textile, synthetic polymer, glass fiber, or fine hard drawn steel embedded in and bonded to a matrix of low modulus polymetric material. Adhesion property of these materials is very important in tire durability safety because belt-leaving-belt tread separation reduces the ability of a driver to control a vehicle, whether or not the separation is accompanied by a loss of air. In this study adhesion test of carcass-belt-tread is conducted on material properties of 5 PCR tire model, which are on sale in domestic market and analyzed adhesion properties. For those tire models FMVSS 109 indoor high speed durability test is conducted to analyze the correlation between adhesion force and high speed performance of tires and found the correlation between the two test results.

Effect of Ti Adhesion Layer on the Electrical Properties of BMNO Capacitor Using Graphene Bottom Electrodes (그래핀 하부전극을 이용하여 BMNO 케페시터의 특성 향상을 위한 Ti Adhesion Layer의 효과)

  • Park, Byeong-Ju;Yoon, Soon-Gil
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers
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    • v.26 no.12
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    • pp.867-871
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    • 2013
  • The Ti adhesion layers were deposited onto the glass substrate for transparent capacitors using $Bi_2Mg_{2/3}Nb_{4/3}O_7$ (BMNO) dielectric thin films. Graphene was transferred onto the Ti/glass substrate after growing onto the Ni/$SiO_2$/Si using rapid-thermal pulse CVD (RTPCVD). The BMNO dielectric thin films were investigated for the microstructure, dielectric and leakage properties in the case of capacitors with and without Ti adhesion layers. Leakage current and dielectric properties were strongly dependent on the Ti adhesion layers grown for graphene bottom electrode.

Emulsion Polymerization of Co-polymers Having Both Hydrophilic and Hydrophobic Side Chains and Their Adhesion Properties

  • Takahashi, S.;Shibamiya, N.;Kasemura, T.
    • Journal of Adhesion and Interface
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.13-19
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    • 2002
  • We have studied on the surface and adhesion properties for acrylic terpolymers, having both hydrophobic and hydrophilic side chains, synthesized via solution polymerization. In order to develop a waterborne material. we tried to synthesize these terpolymers via emulsion polymerization. The polymeric emulsion synthesized was mainly composed of methyl methacrylate (MMA), methoxy-polyethyleneglycol methacrylate (MPEGMA) having hydrophilic side chains and methoxypolypropyleneglycol methacrylate (MPEGMA) having hydrophobic side chains. The viscosities of this series increased with an increase in the content of the co-monomer such as MPEGMA and (MPEGMA). This behavior resulted in the increase in the diameter and heterogeneity of the emulsion particle via AFM observation. Furthermore. the tensile adhesion strength and 90-degree peel strength of the adhesive of these polymeric emulsions were measured. In the case of polymeric emulsion composed of the same content of both hydrophilic and hydrophobic component, the adhesion property showed the highest value. However, since the adhesion properties as a practical applicable adhesive were poor, some improvements were required. When the composition above was modified with butyl acrylate (BA), the improvement effect on adhesion strength was accepted. In particular, 90-degree peel strength increased up to a maximum of 400% of the original value.

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Influence of a Flexibilizer on Physical Properties of Crumb Rubber Modified Asphalt Sealants (폐타이어 고무분말 개질 아스팔트 실란트의 물리적 특성에서 유연제의 영향)

  • Kim, Jong-Seok
    • International Journal of Highway Engineering
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.33-40
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    • 2009
  • The use of the crumb rubber as an asphalt binder modifier may contribute to road maintenance and repair. The adhesion properties of the crumb rubber modified asphalt (CRMA) sealant have attracted interest due to brittle and adhesion failure of asphalt binders at low temperatures. In this study, the influence of a flexibilizer as a modifier for CRMA at low temperatures was investigated. Their properties were measured using the penetration, the softening point, the tensile and tensile adhesion tests at low temperature. The tensile adhesion strength and the strain of CRMAs were increased with increasing ductile deformation of the CR and the asphalt binder in the flexiblizer modified CRMAs. It was found that the flexibilizer concentration was an important factor for tensile and adhesion properties of CRMAs at low temperatures.

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