• Title/Summary/Keyword: 3D printing

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Selective Encryption Algorithm for 3D Printing Model Based on Clustering and DCT Domain

  • Pham, Giao N.;Kwon, Ki-Ryong;Lee, Eung-Joo;Lee, Suk-Hwan
    • Journal of Computing Science and Engineering
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.152-159
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    • 2017
  • Three-dimensional (3D) printing is applied to many areas of life, but 3D printing models are stolen by pirates and distributed without any permission from the original providers. Moreover, some special models and anti-weapon models in 3D printing must be secured from the unauthorized user. Therefore, 3D printing models must be encrypted before being stored and transmitted to ensure access and to prevent illegal copying. This paper presents a selective encryption algorithm for 3D printing models based on clustering and the frequency domain of discrete cosine transform. All facets are extracted from 3D printing model, divided into groups by the clustering algorithm, and all vertices of facets in each group are transformed to the frequency domain of a discrete cosine transform. The proposed algorithm is based on encrypting the selected coefficients in the frequency domain of discrete cosine transform to generate the encrypted 3D printing model. Experimental results verified that the proposed algorithm is very effective for 3D printing models. The entire 3D printing model is altered after the encryption process. The decrypting error is approximated to be zero. The proposed algorithm provides a better method and more security than previous methods.

Study on the Tendency of Interest of Fashion Product Development based on 3D Printing according to College Students' Fashion Life Style

  • Song, Hayoung;Lee, Jungmin
    • Journal of Fashion Business
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    • v.23 no.6
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    • pp.101-115
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    • 2019
  • 3D printing is attracting attention from all industries as it enables the development of personalized product design to meet consumer needs by establishing a mutual connection system between production, management and consumers. However, there are still limitations to applying them as apparel materials, and research on the recognition of 3D printing or the preference for fashion products is needed to actually commercialize 3D printing in the fashion industry. In this study on the development of various product designs using 3D printing technology in the fashion industry, an analysis of 255 questionnaires was conducted to determine the preferences and purchase intention trends of fashion product design using 3D printing for college students. Data analysis was performed with IBM SPSS Statistics (V.24). 'Fashion sensitive pursuit', 'Individuality & brand pursuit' and 'Functional convenience' was interested in fashion accessories using 3D printing technology and customized fashion apparel products using 3D printing. 'Functional Convenience-oriented' and 'Practical Purchasing-oriented' type showed that the functionality and durability of products made using 3D printing technology were important. And 'Individuality pursuit' type indicated that design and applied materials were important when producing products using 3D printing technology.

The Green Cement for 3D Printing in the Construction Industry

  • Park, Joochan;Jung, Euntae;Jang, Changsun;Oh, Chaewoon;Shin, Kyung Nam
    • Journal of Energy Engineering
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.50-56
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    • 2020
  • Currently, 3D printing technology is a new revolutionary additive manufacturing process that can be used for making three dimensional solid objects from digital films. In 2019, this 3D printing technology spreading vigorously in production parts (57%), bridge production (39%), tooling, fixtures, jigs (37%), repair, and maintenance (38%). The applications of 3D printing are expanding to the defense, aerospace, medical field, and automobile industry. The raw materials are playing a key role in 3D printing. Various additive materials such as plastics, polymers, resins, steel, and metals are used for 3D printing to create a variety of designs. The main advantage of the green cement for 3D printing is to enhance the mechanical properties, and durability to meet the high-quality material using in construction. There are several advantages with 3D printing is a limited waste generation, eco-friendly process, economy, 20 times faster, and less time-consuming. This research article reveals that the role of green cement as an additive material for 3D printing.

3D Printing Industry Trends

  • Park, Sehwan
    • International Journal of Advanced Culture Technology
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.30-32
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    • 2014
  • 3D printing technology polymeric material or plastic and metallic powder to suit the drafting of additive manufacturing would gradually products soars. 3D printing technologyapplication of a wide variety of industrial sectors. 3D printing technology enables raw materials consumption is less, the supply chain are shorter depending on the load and reduce the use of fossil fuels.Emergence of 3D printing technology so called the third industrial revolution in ICT market, quickly spread worldwide.In the future, 3D printing technology is simply beyond bio-technology, Nano-engineering, the manufacture of the product, incorporating a variety of technologies to improve the quality of life of human beings have played an important role will be.

An Effective Encryption Algorithm for 3D Printing Model Based on Discrete Cosine Transform

  • Pham, Ngoc-Giao;Moon, Kwnag-Seok;Lee, Suk-Hwan;Kwon, Ki-Ryong
    • Journal of Korea Multimedia Society
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.61-68
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    • 2018
  • In this paper, we present an effective encryption algorithm for 3D printing models in the frequency domain of discrete cosine transform to prevent illegal copying, access in the secured storage and transmission. Facet data of 3D printing model is extracted to construct a three by three matrix that is then transformed to the frequency domain of discrete cosine transform. The proposed algorithm is based on encrypting the DC coefficients of matrixes of facets in the frequency domain of discrete cosine transform in order to generate the encrypted 3D printing model. Experimental results verified that the proposed algorithm is very effective for 3D printing models. The entire 3D printing model is altered after the encryption process. The proposed algorithm is provide a better method and more security than previous methods.

The Current Status of 3D Printing Use in Fashion Industry and Utilization Strategies for Fashion Design Departments (패션 산업 내 3D 프린팅 사용 현황 및 패션디자인과 내의 활용방안)

  • Jeong, Hwa-Yeon
    • Journal of the Korea Fashion and Costume Design Association
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.245-260
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    • 2016
  • This study explored cases of 3D printing utilization in domestic and overseas fashion industries, and presented utilization strategies for fashion design departments in universities in future by grasping characteristics of newly appearing distribution types through 3D printing. Cases of producing costumes using 3D printing in fashion industry comprised a bikini using the material of Nylon12 that continuum fashion demonstrated, innovative 3D costumes by Iris Van Herpen, Tweed Suit using the material that Chanel manufactured with 3D printing technology, but they were limited to experimental fashion works due to limitations of 3D printer material and printing size. On the other hand, in fashion accessories, with jewelry and shoes at the head of the list, MCM and Kipling also demonstrated bags using this technology, and Elvis Pompilio and Gabriela Ligenza demonstrated 3D printing hat products as well. Except the above, as in glasses and neckties utilizing 3D printing, owing to reduced limitations of time, size and material, 3D printing was found to be utilized in fashion accessories other than costumes. Recently there has been a new consumption and distribution structure coming up focusing on 3D printing technology. That is, in overseas countries, content platforms sharing products modeled by oneself has rapidly appeared, and in our country as well, funnypoly, a 3D content platform appeared in 2015. The appearance of these new types of distribution structures means that the common people can produce design contents, and we believe that it may bring about a change in the traditional way of distribution structure. To walk in step with this change, it is believed that it is necessary for fashion design departments to raise college faculty members who can educate 3D printing, develop curriculum to educate 3D printing, and develop experiential programs connected with middle and high schools.

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A Survey for the Development of a 3D Printing Related Course in Fashion Design Department (3D 프린팅 관련 교과목 개발을 위한 기초 연구 - 전문대학 패션디자인과를 중심으로 -)

  • Jeong, Hwa-Yeon
    • Journal of the Korea Fashion and Costume Design Association
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.33-47
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study is to provide fundamental data for the development of new course on 3D printing in the fashion design department. In order to investigate the perception of and educational needs in 3D printing, the data were collected from 266 students (female 68.8%, male 31.2%) majoring in fashion design aged 18-25 living in the capital area. The results of this survey showed that when investigating perceptions of 3D printing, it was found that 68.8% of answerers had indeed heard of 3D printing. Regarding the path they came to know about 3D printing, mass media such TV was the most frequent answer (54.6%). On the other hand, to the question asking about their intention to take the subject if given, approximately 71% said "Yes". Also, if a modeling class were given, the division that they wanted to explore most in the fashion industry was fashion jewelry. Finally, to the question asking interest in starting a business, 71.1% answered that they had interest. Out of those that answered that they had interest, when questioned about in which field they wanted to start a business, the most frequent answer was fashion online shopping mall. Finally, NCS-based 3D printing courses were suggested in the Fashion Design area. As 3D printing techniques are actively applied to the fashion industry overseas, creative education is needed through the integration of fashion and 3D printing technology by introducing 3D printing related programs in colleges.

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3D Printing Watermarking Method Based on Radius Curvature of 3D Triangle

  • Pham, Ngoc-Giao;Song, Ha-Joo;Lee, Suk-Hwan;Kwon, Ki-Ryong
    • Journal of Korea Multimedia Society
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    • v.20 no.12
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    • pp.1951-1959
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    • 2017
  • Due to the fact that 3D printing is applied to many areas of life, 3D printing models are often used illegally without any permission from the original providers. This paper presents a novel watermarking algorithm for the copyright protection and ownership identification for 3D printing based on the radius curvature of 3D triangle. 3D triangles are extracted and classified into groups based on radius curvature by the clustering algorithm, and then the mean radius curvature of each group will be computed for watermark embedding. The watermark data is embedded to the groups of 3D triangle by changing the mean radius curvature of each group. In each group, we select a 3D triangle which has the nearest radius curvature with the changed mean radius curvature. Finally, we change the vertices of the selected facet according to the changed radius curvature has been embedded watermark. In experiments, the distance error between the original 3D printing model and the watermarked 3D printing model is approximate zero, and the Bit Error Rate is also very low. From experimental results, we verify that the proposed algorithm is invisible and robustness with geometric attacks rotation, scaling and translation.

A Study on Types of 3D Printing Applications and Their Characteristics in Fashion Design (패션디자인의 3D 프린팅 적용 방법과 특성 연구)

  • Lee, Jung Soo
    • Journal of Fashion Business
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.130-143
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    • 2020
  • The development of three-dimensional (3D) printing technology is bringing new innovations to various fields such as health care, architecture, and fashion. 3D printing can be manufactured to suit the size of the consumer's body, modify the design to meet their tastes, and produce small quantities of various products. Therefore, 3D printing in the field of fashion has great potential. The purpose of this study was to investigate various application models of 3D printing for fashion design and analyze their characteristics after developing the fashion garment samples. First, the background of 3D printing was reviewed then, fashion designed by a 3D printing application was analyzed. As a result, four types of 3D printing applications were developed: object-attached, linkage, kinematics, and assembly. The object-attached type was the method of printing 3D material as an object in the intended shape and form and was attached to the garment by sewing. The linkage type referred to printing 3D material in small pieces of certain shapes that could be linked. The kinematics type was structures with hinges that could flex to fit the human body. The assembly type referred to developing 3D materials in female and male pieces such as nuts and bolts. By providing the advantages, disadvantages, trial-and-errors, and challenges of the 3D printing fashion design process, this study contributes to the effective applications and possibilities of future design.

Successful Examples of 3D Printing Technology-based Start-up Enterprises (3D 프린팅 기술 기반 창업 성공 사례)

  • Shim, Jin-Hyung;Yun, Won Soo;Ko, Tae Jo
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Manufacturing Process Engineers
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.104-110
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    • 2016
  • The process of three-dimensional (3D) printing (also known as "rapid prototyping" and "additive manufacturing") uses computer-created digital models to produce 3D objects with a desired shape by stacking materials through a layer-by-layer process. The industrial potential and feasibility of 3D printing technology were recently highlighted in President Obama's State of the Union address in 2013. Since his speech, worldwide investment in and attention toward 3D printing technology have increased explosively. In addition, a number of 3D printing technology-based start-up companies have been established and evaluated as emerging enterprises making successful business models. In this paper, successful start-up companies (domestic and overseas) based on 3D printing technology will be reviewed.